|Publication number||US2952344 A|
|Publication date||Sep 13, 1960|
|Filing date||Feb 17, 1959|
|Priority date||Feb 17, 1959|
|Publication number||US 2952344 A, US 2952344A, US-A-2952344, US2952344 A, US2952344A|
|Inventors||Jr Arthur W Pope|
|Original Assignee||Waukesha Motor Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 13, 1960 A. w. POPE, JR
EXHAUST MANIFOLD SLIP JOINT CONSTRUCTIONS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 17, 1959 Sept. 13, 1960 A. w. POPE, JR 2,952,344
EXHAUST MANIFOLD SLIP JOINT CONSTRUCTIONS Filed Feb. 17, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. C214 z/z ATTORAIZ'VS 2,952,344 Patented Sept. 13, 1960 United States Patent Ofice EXHAUST MANIFOLD SLIP JOINT 'CONSTRUCTIONS Arthur W. Pope, Jr., Waukesha, Wis., assignor to Wankesha Motor Company, Waukesha, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin Filed Feb. 17, 1959, Ser. No. 793,851
4 Claims. (Cl. 189--36) @This invention relates to improvements in exhaust manifold slip joint constructions.
Exhaust manifolds have always presented an expansion problem because of the excessive heat from the exhaust gases therein as compared with the relatively cool cylinder block.
Heretofore it has been necessary for a manifold either to slip at the joint where it attaches to the relatively cool cylinder block or to compress the metal in the manifold in an amount corresponding to the relative expansion between the manifold and cylinder block, in which case if the endurance limit of the metal in the manifold is exceeded, it will crack. In small engines the differential expansion between the cylinder block and manifold is sufficiently small and the clamping pressure sufliciently low that it has been possible to use a one-piece manifold successfully. On larger engines it has heretofore been necessary to make the manifold in several sections with expansion joints between the sections. Expansion joints, however, are expensive and frequently develop leaks. On turbocharged diesel engines it is particularly important to have gas tight manifold joints in order to maintain full gas pressure for driving the turbine.
It is a general object of the present invention to provide an improved exhaust manifold slip joint construction which makes it practical to utilize one-piece manifolds in relatively large engines, such asdiesel engines, without having cracking of the manifold result. A more specific object of the invention is to provide a device as above described wherein there is an improved 1 arrangement for clamping the port flanges of the manifold to the cylinder block, which arrangement reduces the sliding friction at each port to one-half the normal amount. This makes it possible to slip the joints between the manifold and cylinder block without loading the metal of the manifold runner above its endurancelimit. A further more specific object of the invention is to provide a construction as above described, wherein a novel roller arrangement is utilized between the manifold port flange clamping nuts andthe flange to eliminat'ethe sliding frictionbetween said clamping nuts and the backs of the flanges, thereby leaving only the friction between the gaskets and cylinder block.
Other objects of the invention are to provide an improved exhaust manifold slip joint construction which is relatively simple and inexpensive, which is fool-proof in operation, and which is well adapted for the purpose described.
With the above and other objects in view, the invention consists of the improved exhaust manifold slip joint construction, and all of its parts and combinations, as set forth in the claims, and all equivalents thereof.
In the accompanying drawings, illustrating one complete embodiment of the preferred form of the invention, in which the same reference numerals designate the same parts in all of the views:
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary top view looking down on the exhaust manifold of an engine, parts being broken away;
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the exhaust manifold as it is positioned when assembled, the cylinder block being omitted;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view looking approximately as indicated by the line 33 of Fig. 2 showing a manifold port extension engaging within its gasket and showing an outer portion of a cylinder block exhaust port boss, part of the manifold flange and its roller being shown in crosssection, and the roller and slip joint being in the extreme hot position;
Fig. 4 is a similar view showing a midposition of the roller and associated parts; and
Fig. 5 is a similar view showing the extreme cold position of the roller and associated parts.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, the numeral 10 designates the cylinder block of an engine such as a diesel engine, said cylinder block having the usual outwardly projecting bosses 11 containing exhaust ports (not shown). Projecting outwardly from the cylinder block are the usual clamping bolts 12. A one-piece exhaust manifold 13 comprises a runner section 14, having the usual tubular branches 15, terminating in vertically elongated port flanges 16, the latter having tubular projections 17 each of which seats within a gasket 18 on the adjacent boss 11. Each of the gaskets is generally cupshaped in cross-section as is clear from Figs. 3, 4 and 5. There are openings in the port flange extensions 17 which communicate through registering openings in the gaskets with the exhaust ports of the cylinder block 10, in the usual manner.
At each end of each of the port flanges 16, the outer side has a flat bearing surface 19 on which a roller 20 is adapted to roll, there being an elongated opening 21 extending through the bearing surface at each end of each port flange for receiving one of the clamping bolts 12. The rollers are made from suitable bar stock.
Each of said bolts extends loosely through an opening 22 in one of the rollers 20, which opening is of substantially greater diameter than the diameter of the clamping bolt. As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the inner end of each roller is guided by a shoulder 23 in order to maintain the axis of the roller at right angles to the direction of roller travel. A nut 24 on the outer end of each clamping bolt is tightened downwardly to maintain the clamped relationship between parts.
It is to be noted that one of the clamping bolts closest to the center, such as the bolt 12', is used without a roller and said bolt extends through a hole 21 in the adjacent port flange which is not elongated as are the holes in the other port flanges.
When the manifold is not particularly hot the roller of Figs. 3, 4 and 5 will be in a mid position as in Fig. 4. When, however, the manifold is extremely hot, as when the engine is in operation, with the cylinder block maintained relatively cool, then the port flange shown in Figs. 3, 4 and 5 will tend to shift toward the left due to expansion of the runner 14. This will cause the gasket 18 to slip toward the left as in Fig. 3, on the face of the boss 11 of the cylinder block, Fig. 4 showing the center or mid position of the gasket for comparison. If the nut 12 were bearing directly against the outer face of the port flange as was heretofore customary, there would also have to be slippage between said flange and nut with resulting friction. In other words, with prior constructions there was sliding friction both between the nut and port flange and between the gasket and cylinder block.
With the present invention where the rollers 20 are used, as the gasket slips from the position of Fig. 4 to the position of Fig. 3 during expansion, the roller will merely roll from the position of Fig. 4 to the position of Fig. 3, thisbeing permitted by the large hole 22 in the roller, as illustrated. Due to this rolling action, friction on top of the flange is practically eliminated so that there is only the friction between the gasket 18 and cylinder block bosses 11. Thus, the sliding friction at each flange is reduced to one-half the normal amount. This makes it possibleto slip the joints between the manifold and cylinder block without loading the metal of the'manifold run ner above its endurance limit; When the exhaust manifold cools down to an extreme cold position, the metal of the runner will contract and the gasket 18 will slip in the opposite direction to Fig. 3 or to the position shown in Fig. where it overhangs the right-hand edge of the boss 11. During such action, the roller 20 rolls to a reverse position from that of Fig. 3 to eliminate the usual friction between the nut 12 and the flange. When initially assembling the manifold the rollers are preferably turned to the cold position because the manifold is cold at the time. This, however, is not essential as each roller will eventually find its own proper position during the first heating and cooling cycle.
The bolt 12, where the roller is omitted and where there is a close-fitting bolt hole 21', is employed as close to the midpoint of the length of the manifold as is possible so that there will be a point near the center of the manifold Where substantially no sliding action takes place. It is to be understood that each roller adapts itself to the proper position for expansion or contraction depending upon which side of the center of the manifold it is on.
It is obvious that due to the halving of the amount of sliding friction, a relatively large exhaust manifold such as is used in diesel engines can be made in one piece Without danger of cracking during use. This eliminates the necessity of having large manifolds formed of multiple sections, with expansion joints between the sections, such expansion joints being undesirable in turbotype diesel engines because of the danger of leakage.
It is to be understood that the present invention is not to be limited to the exact details of construction shown and described, for obvious modifications will occur to persons skilled in the art.
What I claim is: h
1. In a slip joint a first member having a joint surface and having a projecting bolt adjacent said surface, a second member having a joint surface on one side which is positioned against the joint surface ofsaid first member for slipping movement and having *a bearing face on its opposite side, there being an opening extending from said bearing face through said second member loosely receiving said bolt, clamping means on an outer portion of said bolt having a bearing face, and a roller rollably positioned between said bearing face of the clamping means and the bearing face of said second member and having a transverse hole through which said bolt loosely extends, said clamping means acting through said roller to clamp said first and second members together and said roller substantially eliminating friction between the clamping means and second member when slippage occurs at the joint.
2. In a slip joint a first member having a joint surface and having a projecting bolt adjacent said surface, a second member having a joint surface on one side which is positioned against the joint surface of said'first member for slipping movement and having a bearing face on its opposite side, there being an opening extending from said bearing face through said second member loosely receiving said bolt, clamping means on an outer portion of said bolt having a bearing face, a roller rollably positioned between said bearing face of the clamping means and the bearing face of said second member and having a transverse hole through which said bolt loosely extends, said clamping means acting through said roller to clamp said first and second members together and said roller substantially eliminating friction between the clamping means and second member when slippage occurs at the joint, and shoulders extending transversely of said hearing faces on the port flanges engaging the ends of said rollers to guide the latter in rolling movement, i" i 3. In a slip joint a first member having a joint surface 'and having'a projecting bolt adjacent said surface, ase'cond member having a joint surface ,on one side which is positioned against the joint surface of said first member "forslipping movement and having a bearing face on its opposite side, there being an openingextending fromsaid bearing face through said second member loosely receiving said bolt, a nut threaded on the outer end of said bolt, and a roller rollably positioned between said nut and bearing face and having a hole through which said bolt loosely extends, said nut acting through said roller to clamp said first and second members together and said roller'substantially eliminating friction between the nut and second member during slippage at the joint. e
4. In a slip joint afirst member having a joint surface and having a projecting bolt adjacent said surface, a second memberhaving a joint surface on one side which is positioned against the joint surface of said first= member for slipping movement and having a bearing face on its opposite side, there being an opening extending from-said bearing face through said second member receiving'said bolt which is elongated in a direction to allow movement relative to the bolt during slipping'movement at the joint, a nut threaded on the outer end of said bolt, and a roller rollably positioned between said nut and bearing face and having a hole of substantially larger diameter than the bolt through which said bolt loosely extends, said nut acting through said roller to clamp said first and second members together and said roller substantially eliminating friction between the nut and second member during slippage at the joint. t 1
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,250,343 Zigler July 22, 19.41 2,388,924 Mercier Nov. 13, 1945 2,694,583 Zitza et al Nov. 16,1954 2,764,266
Haworth Sept. 25,1956
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2250343 *||Feb 18, 1938||Jul 22, 1941||William P Lincoln||Bolted joint|
|US2388924 *||May 4, 1943||Nov 13, 1945||Mercier Pierre Ernest||Exhaust manifold for internalcombustion engines|
|US2694583 *||Aug 4, 1949||Nov 16, 1954||Glenn L Martin Co||Laterally and angularly adjustable manifold mounting|
|US2764266 *||Feb 6, 1953||Sep 25, 1956||Rolls Royce||Separable joints|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4081959 *||Jul 1, 1976||Apr 4, 1978||Nissan Motor Company, Limited||Arrangement for supporting a thermal reactor to an engine proper|
|US4184329 *||Oct 14, 1977||Jan 22, 1980||Aktiengesellschaft Adolph Saurer||Device for connecting an exhaust manifold through the cylinder head of a multi-cylinder internal combustion engine|
|US4214444 *||Mar 6, 1978||Jul 29, 1980||Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Exhaust manifold for an internal combustion engine|
|US6210067 *||Dec 14, 1998||Apr 3, 2001||The Aerospace Corporation||Clip flexure slider washer bearing|
|US6224288 *||Dec 14, 1998||May 1, 2001||The Aerospace Corporation||Corrugated slider washer bearing|
|U.S. Classification||403/83, 60/323|