US 2954139 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P 0 H. v. OWENS 2,954,139
TEAR STRIP FOR SEALS Filed Dec. 12, 1956 INVENTOR: HOWARD V. OWENS B AIT'Ys Unitc This inventionrelatesto shrinkable closure seals for on containers, such as bottles, whichseals are conls'tructed so thatth'ey may be easily removed from the bottles. More'parti'cularly, the seals of'the present invention are of the so-called viscose or cellulose? jtyp'e, whereby the seal may be applied 'over' the top of a tight closure seal. I p v 1 The present invention provides a shrinkable closure seal having a row bfperfora'tions arranged circumferenly therearound defining a lowermain body portion .e nd a removable upper bodyp'ortion, The line'of perforations is preferably "arranged at'the junct'u're'of the Rottleclo's'ure and the bottle neck, "the line 'of perforations being inter'rupted by a pair 'of en larg ed openings in circumferential spaced 'relat'ions hipdefiried b'y punchedout portions. The pair of enlarged 'openings is"arranged so that at least one enlarged perforation is arranged between the smaller perforations, andthu's dfi nelon'e or :nor ebridges connecting thefto'p rent ble' portion with the bottom body portion. The 'enlar opening s may be of most any desirable shape, such as"roun'd,foval, and the like, and serve 'to define therebetween'a"tab'or tear strip portion which maybebroken loose atthe line of perforations and pulled vertically upwardly'to remove a portion of upper removable section. A free corner of the removable section may then be grasped andthe entire upper removable section 'ofthe'seal torn jofll along the line of perforation circumferentially of the seal. The line of perforations may comprise spaced apart circular holes, or they may be 10f any desiretzl shap'eor configuration, except they should preferably haverounded edges as to avoid any sharp edges 'o'r notches, since break or crack after the seal has been dried'on' the container. Also, the enlarged openings 'interruptingthejl rie of smaller perforations are preferably constructed fwith rounded edges for the same reason, namely, to prevent tearing or cracking of the "seal after it has been applied to the container top and dried. The line of perforations and the cut-outs which form the openings are each formed by punching through the flattened tube which is double thickness when punched and in its wet form. The seals are made from a continuous tube which becomes flat during processing, the flattened tube beingcut to length preferably at the same time as the punching operation.
It has been the goal of manufacturers of seals to pro-v sharp edges or corners would likely cause 'tli'e seajl to container closure in wet form, and when dried forms a v vide a seal which is permanent, 'reliabl'e and attractive on containers, and still permits the seal to be quickly and easily'removed without the us eof any special tools. It has been necessary, in most instances, to use a sharp instrument such as a knife to cut'the seal loose, which is undesirable since it is'necessary to have an available tool when removing the seal "and quite'often the person'r'emoving the seal is injured by the use of such a sharp instrument. In those few instances where a tear strip 2 er-tabhas been provided, difiicultieshave beenencoun- :te'red in constructingthe seal so that it is substantially as strong as a seal without any perforations or lines of :cut', and in maintaining the cost of the punching operationat a' minimum. The present'invention overcomes all of the .inherent'disadvantages of the conventional, shrinkable seals.
Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to pro- ,vide 'animproved shrinkable closure seal for containers having a portion-thereof which is easily removable without the useof special tools, v
Another object of this invention resides in the provision of a shrinkabl'eclosure seal having an upper section which' rn'ay be'easily removed therefrom, wherein all parts of the closiurefseal: are dried under tension in 'order to provide a more rigid and stronger seal.
f'Still another object of thisdnvention is in the provision of a shrinkable closure seal having a line of perforations cirtmmferentially therearound, wherein the line of perforations is aligned along the juncture of the closures and the container and a pair of circumferentially 'spaced cut-outs are provided along the line of perforaftion's inforder to defin e a tab for permitting easy and quick removal of the seal and access to the bottle closure without the use of any special tools.
Still another "object of this invention is to provide a shrinkable seal for containers having a tab for removing a portion of the seal'from'the container for access thereint o,-wh'erein nearly all parts-of the seal are'allowed to dryunder'tensionthereby giving a stronger and more durable seal and eliminating the possibility of cracking which leads to future deterioration thereof.
A furtl'lerobject-bf'the invention consists in the provision "of 'a -new a'ndnovel method for forming a seal whereby one or more enlarged holes or cutouts are provided within a line 'o'f perforations, the holes prefparts, in which:
Fig. 1 is a art View of a cellulose'or viscose type of seal in its wet state and embodying the invention;
Fig. "2 is a perspective view of the seal of Fig. 1 applied to a bottle-after dehydration;
Fig. '3 is a view -sirnilar to Fig. '2 showing the tab asbeing partially removed during the process of removing a portion ofthe seal from the bottle;
Fig. 4 is a'view similar to Fig. 3 showing the tear tab during removal and 'showing the manner in which the circumferential tear strip is then torn along the line of perforations on *the seal;
"Fig. '5 is a-plan view of a cellulose or a viscose type o f seal, in its Wet state, similar to Fig. 1, but illustrating a modification ofth-e invention;
Fig. 6 is a pl'an similar to Figs. 1 and 5, illustrating still another modification of the invention; and
Fig. '7'is aview 's'iinilar'toFigs. 1,5 and 6, but showing a further modified arrangement.
The particular se'a'l, generally designated by the nunieral '10, herein shown for the purpose of illustrating the invention, maybe 'fonned of any suitable colloidal material, suchas viscose, or cellulose, which will shrink upon'losso'f moisture, and/ or solvent or a swelling agent. The colloidal material, in the'seals, is extnided by aiCOn-fililifllls method in the form of a seamless tubing'which assumes a flattened state during regeneration or other'process'ing. The tubing is soft and wet, and in its flattened state is in two plies, wherein it is then 'subjeotedto cutting, punching, and perforating operations through both the thicknesses simultaneously, thereby permitting a flattened cut and punched seal, as seen in Fig. 1.
The seal may be made totally clear and-transparent, or it may be made opaque, or it may be treated to render it opaque. This depends upon the wants and needs of the user. Where the seal may be employed on hott les needing a government tax stamp, a portion of the seal will be transparent in order to make the tax stamp visible and another portion of the seal may be opaque or provided with printing thereon.
Referring now particularly-to Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 4, the seal 1i) includes a main lower body portion 11 and an upper removable portion 12 separated by a line of perforations 13. The line of perforations 13may comprise circumferentially arranged perforations spaced below the top edge 14 of the seal at a distance so that it aligns With the juncture of the closure or cap and bottle. This line of perforations may be positioned at any desirable place between the top edge 14; and the bottom edge 15 of the seal depending upon-the manner in which it is to be employed. Cut-outs are provided along the lines of perforations to define oval-shaped holes 16 which may be offset slightly from the line of perforations in a direction towards the top edge 14 of the seal. As seen in Fig. 1, only a single hole or cut-out 16 is shown, but the seal in this figure is in its flattened wet state with double ply thickness so that when it is expanded as seen in Fig. 2, a pair of spaced holes or cut-outs 16 are shown. The seal is shown in Fig. 2 in its dried state on the neck 17 of a bottle having a closure cap 18 arranged over the upper open end, and which forms, with the bottle, a lineof juncture 19. It will be noted that the line of juncture 19 is preferably aligned With the line of perforations 13 of the seal 10.
The circumferentially arranged perforations in the line of perforations 13 define a plurality of bridges 20 which connect the main body portion 11 of the seal with the removable portion 12. Similarly, a pair of bridges 21 are defined by a single perforation in spaced relationship between the oval cut-outs 16. The spaced oval cut-outs 16 define therebetween, and above the line of perforation, a tear tab or tongue 22 which is employed for removing the removable portion 12 of the seal from the bottle neck 17 and cap 18.
Since the material of which the seal is made of is much stronger and durable when dried under tension, as opposed to being dried by laying the seal on any fiat surface where it would not be under tension, the bridges 21 connecting the tab 22 to the body portion 11 of the seal enable this area of the seal to be much stronger in its dried state than if the tab was cut so that it was already separated from the body portion 11. When a seal of the type herein disclosed is dried on a bottle neck and cap as illustrated in Fig. 2, it is dried under tension, since it would shrink even more if it were not restrained by the contours of the bottle neck and cap.
The removable portion 12 of the seal 10 is removed by first grasping the tab 22 and breaking it away from the main body portion 11 at the bridges 21, as seen in Fig. 3. A better hold of the tab may then be had in order to pull it vertically upwardly and tear the seal along the dotted lines 23, Fig. 3. Then, a corner of the removable portion may be grasped, such as indicated at Y 24 in Fig. 4 and the removable portion may be circumferentially torn along the bridges 20 until the entire removable portion has been removed from the lower body portion 11. The cap 18 may then be removed from the neck of the bottle 17 by unscrewing, or by whatever other operation is necessary.
Since the shape of the cut-outs 16' need not be exactly oval as seen in Fig. 1, another embodiment is disclosed in Fig. 5, wherein the holes or cut-outs 16a, circular in shape, are shown on the seal 10A. Otherwise, this modified seal is the same as. that glisclpsed in Fig,
1; and the removable portion 12 is removed from the body portion 11 in the same manner as above described in connection with the embodiment of Fig. 1.
Still another embodiment of the invention is shown in Fig. 6, wherein the seal is designated by the numeral 10B, and wherein the cut-outs are oval in shape with a longitudinal axis coincident with the line of perforations, these cut-outs being indicated by the numeral 161). Another difference between this embodiment and the other shown is that a pair of perforations 25 are shown to be in spaced relationship between the adjacent flattened edge of the seal and the adjacent end of the cutout 16b. This will give five bridges 26 connecting the tab with the main body portion 11of the seal rather than the pair of bridges as seen in Figs. 1 and 5. It will be appreciated that any number of perforations may be employed between the spaced cut-outs which define the tabs.
In Fig. 7 there is shown a modified form of seal provided with a semicircular hole or cutout 16c, whereupon there will be provided a single circular cutout or hole, inasmuch as the semicircular hole or cutout is formed through the two plies of the flattened tube. Dehydration of the seal leaves a somewhat irregular formation about the periphery of the hole 16c, thus providing an edge or ledge which may be grasped and pulled outwardly to permit the tear-off part of the seal arranged above the line of perforations to be easily torn off. Also, during dehydration a perforation adjacent the hole 160 may become merged with the hole to provide a tab to tear off the upper part of the seal.
While the present invention has been described in connection with locking a cap on the neck of a bottle, it will be understood that it may be applied to any other type of container in a similar fashion.
It will be understood that modifications and variations may be effected without departing from the scope of the novel concepts of the present invention but it is understood that this application is to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.
The invention is claimed as follows:
1. A tubular shrinkable seal adapted to be applied over the neck of a container having a closure thereon for securing the closure to the container, said seal comprising a main body portion, an upper removable portion, a line of perforations circumferentially arranged and separating said portions, said line of perforations defining a plurality of circumferentially arranged bridges interconnecting said portions, and a pair of cut-outs substantially larger than said perforations along the line of perforations spaced so that at least one perforation is therebetween, each cut-out being circular in shape with the center thereof being generally coincident with the line of perforations, said cut-outs defining a tab therebetween which is connected at its bottom end to said main body portion by at least two bridges, said entire tab portion intimately engaging the neck of said container when the seal is dehydrated, whereby the entire seal may be dried under tension on a container and yet provide a portion easrly removable for access to the container.
2. A tubular shrinkable seal adapted to be applied over the neck of a container having a closure thereon for securing the closure to the container, said seal comprising a main body portion, an upper removable portion, a line of perforations circumferentially arranged and separating said portions, said line of perforations defining a plurality of circumferentially arranged bridges interconnecting said portions, and a pair of cut-outs substantially larger than said perforations along the line of perforations spaced so that at least one perforation is therebetween, each cut-out being oval in shape and having its major axis generally coincident with the line of perforations, said cut-outs defining a tab therebetween which is connected at its bottom end to said main body portion by at least two bridges, said entire tab portion intimately engaging the neck of said container when the seal is dehydrated, whereby the entire seal may be dried under tension on a container and yet provide a portion easily removable for access to the container.
3. In combination, a bottle having a neck and a closure thereon wherein said neck and closure define a line of juncture, and a dehydrated cellulose tubular seal over said neck and closure sealing said closure to said bottle, said seal comprising a main body portion on said neck below said line of juncture, a removable portion above said line of juncture, a line of perforations circumferentially arranged between said portions defining bn'dges for connecting the portions together, a pair of cut-outs substantially larger than said perforations along said line of perforations spaced so that at least one 15 perforation is therebetween and defining a tab portion therebetween which is connected at its bottom end to said main body portion by at least two bridges, said cutouts being substantially larger than said perforations, and said entire tab portion intimately engaging said container neck, whereby removal of said tab portion and said removable portion allows removal of said closure.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,261,875 Dunn Nov. 4, 1941 2,361,449 Benzinger Oct. 31, 1944 2,361,499 Ritchie Oct. 31, 1944 2,666,542 Price Jan. 19, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 974K709 France Oct, 4, 1950