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Publication numberUS2954556 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 27, 1960
Filing dateOct 10, 1956
Priority dateOct 10, 1956
Publication numberUS 2954556 A, US 2954556A, US-A-2954556, US2954556 A, US2954556A
InventorsYang Richard F H
Original AssigneeAndrew Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cross polarized dual feed
US 2954556 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 27, 1960 R. F. H. YANG 2,954,556

cRoss PQLARIZED DUAL FEED Filed oet. 1o. 195e :s sheets-sheet 1 17 lll '11 12 IN V EN TOR.

Sept. 27, 1960 R. F. H. YANG CROSS POLARIZED DUAL FEED 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct. l0, 1956 Sept. 27, 1960 R. F. H. YANG 2,954,556

A CROSS POLARIZED DUAL FEED Filed oct. 1o, 195e s sheets-sheet s @gf 4Q.

United States Patent @hice Patented Sept. 27, 1960 cRoss PoLARIzED DUAL FEED Richard F. H. Yang, Orland Park, Ill., assignor to Andrew ICorporation, a corporation of Illinois Filed Oct. 10, 1956, Ser. No. 615,199

19 Claims. (Cl. 343-727) The present invention relates to a cross polarized dual feed for antennas, and more particularly for a parabolic reector or lens antenna.

In the utilization of parabolic reflector or lens antennas, it sometimes would be desirable to use the antenna for simultaneous reception and transmission or for transmission at two diiferent frequencies. This can be accomplished in accordance with the present invention by a cross polarized dual feed.

It, therefore, is an object of the present invention to provide means whereby a parabolic reflector or lens antenna may be used simultaneously for transmission and reception.

Another object of the invention is to provide an arrangement whereby a parabolic reflector or lens antenna may be operated simultaneously at the same or two different frequencies.

A further object is to provide an antenna feed means which are cross polarized.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a dual antenna feed connected to a triaxial feed line.

Other and further objects of the invention subsequently will become apparent by reference to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure 1 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the device comprising the present invention;

Figure 2 is a partial longitudinal cross-sectional View normal to the view of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a transverse cross-sectional view as seen in the direction of the arrows along the line 3-3 of Figure l;

Figure 4 is a transverse cross-sectional View as seen in the direction of the arrows along the line 4-4 of Figure l;

Figure 5 is a transverse cross-sectional view as seen in the direction of the arrows along the line 5 5 of Figure l;

Figures 6 and 7 are longitudinal cross-sectional views of modifications of the present invention, to which dipole members have been applied;

Figure 8 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a further modication of the present invention;

Figure 9 is a longitudinal cross-sectional View taken at 90 from the view shown in Figure 8;

Figure l0 is a transverse cross-sectional View of the device in Figure 8 as seen in the direction of the arrows along the line 1010;

Figure l1 is another longitudinal cross-sectional View of a further modification of the present invention;

Figure 12 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view taken at 90 from the View shown in Figure ll; and

Figure 13 is a transverse cross-sectional View as seen in the direction of the arrows along the line 13-13 of Figure l1.

The present invention shown in the drawings comprises a cross polarized dual feed, which is shown connected to a triaxial feed line having an inner conductor 11, an intermediate conductor 12 and an outer conductor 13.

The cross polarized dual feed comprises a surface of revolution member 14 having an end 15 connected to the end of the outer conductor 13. The cylindrical cavity member 14 adjacent to its open end is provided With a support flange 16 for carrying a closure member 17, which preferably is of insulating material which is transparent to the radiant energy to be directed to the left of Figure 1 to the parabolic or lens antenna. The member 17 therefore is at or adjacent to the focal point of the parabolic antenna.

The cavity member 14 is divided into three sections, an anterior section 18, an intermediate section 19 and a posterior section 20. The intermediate section 19 serves as an isolation section and has two iins 21 and 22 eX- tending along a diameter between the outer conductor 13 and the inner surface of the cylindrical member or cavity 14. The intermediate conductor is connected by an annular ring 23 to the inner surface of the outer conductor 13 in the proximity of the intermediate cavity section 19.

The postior portion or section of the cavity 20 has the outer conductor 13 provided with two diametrically arranged tuned slots 24 and 25. The inner conductor 11 at the midpoint of the slots 24 and 25, and in a direction normal to the plane of these slots, is connected at `26 to the inner surface of the outer conductor 13.

The anterior section 18 is provided with two slots 27 and 28 in the outer conductor 13 normal to the plane of the slots 24 and 25 in the posterior section 20. The intermediate conductor 12 is connected by a conductor 29 to the outer conductor 13 at the longitudinal middle of the slots 27 in a plane perpendicular thereto. If desired, the anterior and posterior sections 18 and 20 of the cavity 14 may be tuned to different frequencies to provide for the simultaneous transmission on two frequencies, or they may be tuned to transmitting and receiving frequencies which in some instances may be the identical frequency. For impedance matching .the slots 25, 26, 27 and 28 may be loaded by dipoles located 90 from the slots as seen in the transverse cross-sectional plane through the slots. The lengths of such dipoles and the longitudinal positions vary in accordance with the irnpedance matching to be accomplished.

While the intermediate section 19 has been shown as employing two radial fins 21 and 22 in the same or diametrical plane, these could be replaced by a series of parallel conductors or rods. The intermediate section 19, therefore, isolates the posterior and anterior sections, which in turn are polarized apart. This arrangement, therefore, provides a minimum of coupling between these section and thereby minimizes cross talk.

In connection with the arrangement illustrated in Figures l to 5 it has been stated that the impedance matching slots 25, 26, 27 and 28 may be loaded by dipoles located 90 from the slots as seen in the transverse crosssectional plane through the slots. Such an arrangement is illustrated in Figures 6 and 7 showing dipole members 30, 31, 32 and 33. While there may be some preference to providing a surface of revolution which is cylindrical as the member 14 in Figures 1 through 5, other considerations may require surfaces of revolution which might be conical, such as the surface 14A of Figure 6, or a combination of a conical section and a cylindrical section, such as 14B of Figure 7. These merely illustrate that other surfaces of revolution may be employed.

In some instances the length of the `device must be shortened as compared to the constructions shown in Figures 1 through 5. While the arrangements in Figures l through 5 are believed to be the most desirable and most eicient, other considerations may require the engineerng solutions illustrated as further modifications of the present invention. Accordingly, one such modication is illustrated in Figures 8, 9 and 10. Therein it will be noted that a pair of dipole members are provided, such as the member 34 with its insulator 35 connected to the intermediate conductor 12 and the corresponding dipole member 36 and its insulator 37 also connected to the intermediate conductor 12. It will be noted that these dipole members 34 and 36 are located 90 from two slots 43 and 44 in the intermediate conductor 12. The end of the intermediate conductor 12 is connected through a connector 42 to the inner surface of the outer conductor 13. The outer conductor is provided with two slots 38 and 39, and the outer conductor is provided with dipole members 40 and 41 located 90 from these latter slots. Here it will be observed that although there is preserved a longitudinal relative displacement of the radiation couplings for the two polarizations, the spacing is somewhat less than in the previous case, the slots being located in longitudinal positions which are partially overlapping, thus permitting shortening of the structure without producing longitudinal coincidence of the points of maximum field strength.

Still another modification is illustrated in Figures ll, l2 and 13. Therein the outer conductor 13 is provided with two dipole members 45 and 46 located 90 from two slots 51 and 52 which are half slots in the outer conductor 13, an inward extension of the element 45 serving as a shorting termination between the conductors 12 and 13. The intermediate conductor 12 is provided with two full slots 47 and 48, and dipole members 49 and 50 are arranged 90 from the slots 47 and 48.

These modilications illustrated in Figures 8 through 13 provide an arrangement where a comparatively shorter axial member is required as contrasted with the more elaborate construction of the devices such as shown in Figures l through 7.

While for the purpose of illustrating and describing the present invention a particular embodiment has been shown in the drawings, it is to be understood that the invention is not to be limited thereby since such modications or variations are contemplated as may be commensurate with the spirit and scope of the invention set forth in the accompanying claims.

I claim as my invention:

l. A feed element for parabolic antennas comprising a triaxial feed line connected to a cavity, said cavity having a surface of revolution with an open end facing said antenna and being coaxial with said feed line, said cavity being divided into anterior, intermediate and posterior sections, said intermediate section having diametrical fins extending from the outer conductor of said line to the inner surface of said cavity to form an isolation section, said anterior section having two slots in the outer conductor normal to the plane of said fins and a connection from the intermediate conductor to the outer conductor normal to said slots, said posterior section having two slots in the outer conductor in the plane of said ns and a connection from said inner conductor to said outer conductor normal to said slots.

2. A dual feed element for parabolic antennas comprising a triaxial feed line connected to a cavity having a surface of revolution, said cavity having a closed end with an open end facing said antenna and being coaxial with said feed line, said cavity being divided into anterior, intermediate and posterior sections, said intermediate section having conductive members extending from the outer conductor of said line to the inner surface of said cavity to form an isolation section, said anterior section having two oppositely arranged slots in `the outer conductor normal to the plane of said fins and a connection from the intermediate conductor to the outer conductor normal to said slots, said posterior section having two oppositely arranged slots in the outer conductor .in the plane of said iins and a connection from said ulmter conductor to said outer conductor normal F9 Said s o s.

3. A dual feed element for parabolic antennas comprising a triaxial feed line connected to a cavity having a surface of revolution, said feed line having an inner, an intermediate, and outer conductors, said cylindrical cavity having an open end facing said antenna and being coaxial with said feed line, said cavity being divided into anterior, intermediate and posterior sections, said intermediate section having conductive members extending -from the outer conductor of said line to the inner surface of said cavity and a conductive member extending from the intermediate conductor to the outer conductor, said anterior section having two resonant longitudinal slots in the outer conductor normal to the plane of said fins and a connection from the intermediate conductor to the outer conductor normal to said slots, said posterior section having two resonant longitudinal slots in the outer conductor in the plane of said ns and a connection from said inner conductor to said outer conductor normal to said slots.

4. The combination of claim 1 with a radiant energy transparent cover for the open end of the cavity.

5. A feed element for parabolic antennas comprising a triaxial feed line connected -to a cavity, said cavity having a surface of revolution with an electromagnetically open end facing back along the feed line and being coaxial with said feed line, said cavity having anterior and posterior sections, said anterior section having at least two oppositely located partial slots in the outer conductor, said posterior section having two oppositely located slots in the intermediate conductor in a plane normal to the plane of the slots in the outer conductor, the outer conductor terminating forwardly of the slots in the intermediate conductor and a connection from the inner conductor to the intermediate conductor in a plane normal to the slots of said intermediate conductor.

6. A feed `element in accordance with claim 5 in com bination with a pair of dipole elements connected to said outer conductor normal to the slots therein, and a pair of dipole elements connected to the intermediate conductor normal tothe slots therein.

7. A feed element in accordance with claim l in combination with a pair of dipole elements for each pair of slots of said outer conductor located in planes normal to said slots and in planes bisecting said slots longitudinally.

8. A feed element for parabolic antennas comprising a triaxial feed line connected to a cavity, said cavity having a surface of revolution with an electromagnetically open end facing back along the feed line and being coaxial with said line, said outer conductor and said intermediate conductor Ihaving diametrically opposite longitudinal slots therein at different longitudinal locations and in mutually perpendicular planes, the inner conductor being connected to one of said other conductors normal to the slots therein.

9. A feed element according to claim 8 in combination with dipole elements located normal to the slots in said conductors in planes at the longitudinal centers of said slots.

l0. A coupler for cross-polarized microwave transmissions comprising at least one tubular conductor having first and second pairs of longitudinal slots, the members of each pair being diametrically opposed and respective pairs being in mutually perpendicular planes, and means within the conductor to mutually isolate transmissions through the respective pairs of slots, the pairs of slots being longitudinally spaced on the conductor, and each pair of slots having associated therewith a pair of opposed dipole elements extending from the conductor in longitudinal correspondence with the slots and perpendicular to the plane of the slots.

11. A coupler for cross-polarized microwave transmissions comprising a triaxial transmission line having concentric annular transmission paths each having innermost and outermost conductors, a pair of diametrically opposed longitudinal slots in an end portion of at least one of the outermost conductors to couple transmissions from one of the transmission paths to the exterior and means at the end of the other transmission path to couple transmissions from that path to the exterior in cross-polarized relation to those from the other, the coupling slots of the one transmission path being longitudinally displaced from the coupling means of the other, and means on the exterior, in the region between the coupling slots and the coupling means, to isolate one from the other for one of the polarizations.

12. A coupled assembly for cross-polarized microwave transmissions comprising, in combination, the coupler of claim ll and a conducting wall surrounding the end thereof, the isolating means comprising conductors connecting the transmission yline and the wall in one of the directions of polarization.

13. A dual feed element for parabolic antennas comprising a triaxial transmission line having mutually isolated transmission paths between its intermediate conductor and its inner and outer conductors, respectively, a cavity surrounding the end portion of the transmission line and having an electromagnetically open end facing parallel to the axis of the transmission line, and means on the end portion of the transmission line and within the cavity to couple such transmission paths to the interior of the cavity in cross-polarized relation at longitudinally displaced regions.

14. The dual feed element of claim 13 wherein the means to couple the outer transmission path to the cavity comprises a pair of diametrically opposed longitudinal slots in the outer conductor.

15. The dual feed element of claim 14 wherein the outer conductor extends beyond the slots, the coupling means for the inner transmission path including a radiation path traversing the outer conductor at a point beyond the slots.

16. The dual feed element of claim 15 wherein the outer conductor extends beyond the intermediate conductor and the outer transmission path terminates at the end of the intermediate conductor, so that the outer conductor serves to bound the end of the inner transmission path.

17. The dual feed element of claim 14 wherein the coupling means for the inner path comprises a pair of diametrically opposed longitudinal slots in the intermediate conductor in a plane perpendicular to the plane of the first slots, and dipole elements extending into the outer conductor through end portions of the lirst slots and connected to the intermediate conductor and lying in the plane of the rst slots.

18. The dual feed element of claim 13 wherein the coupling means for the outer transmission path are on the extreme end of the outer conductor and the inner and intermediate conductors extend beyond the portion of the outer conductor, the coupling means for the inner transmission path being on said extending end.

19. A coupled assembly for cross-polarized microwave transmissions comprising at least one tubular conductorhaving tirst and second pairs of longitudinal slots, the members of each pair of slots being diametrically opposed and respective pairs being in mutually perpendicular planes and longitudinally displaced, means within the conductor to mutually isolate transmissions through the respective pairs of slots, means on the exterior of the conductor in the region longitudinally between said pairs to isolate the pairs for one polarization, and a conducting wall surrounding the slotted portion of the tubular conductor, whereby the transmissions are excited in the enclosure formed by the wall in cross-polarized relation.

References Cited in the iile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,422,184 Cutler June 17, 1947 2,552,146 Brown May 8, 1951 2,556,900 McArthur Sept. 4, 1951 2,660,674 Brown Nov. 24, 1953 OTHER REFERENCES Electronics, September 1954, pages 162-164.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2422184 *Jan 15, 1944Jun 17, 1947Bell Telephone Labor IncDirectional microwave antenna
US2552146 *May 8, 1948May 8, 1951Gen ElectricDuplex directive antenna system
US2556900 *Feb 24, 1948Jun 12, 1951Buschhorn Forrest LOutboard motor lock
US2660674 *Oct 14, 1948Nov 24, 1953Rca CorpSlotted antenna system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3417400 *Apr 25, 1966Dec 17, 1968Administrator Of The Nat AcronTriaxial antenna
US3581311 *Nov 29, 1968May 25, 1971Patelhold PatentverwertungLinearly polarized microwave feed assembly for parabolic antennas and the like
US4011566 *Jul 25, 1975Mar 8, 1977The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air ForceIn-line coax-to waveguide transition using dipole
US4197549 *Aug 17, 1977Apr 8, 1980Harris CorporationSlot antenna
US4282528 *May 3, 1979Aug 4, 1981Communications Patents LimitedPlural antennas having a sleeve dipole
US4855750 *Aug 22, 1988Aug 8, 1989Kabelmetal Electro Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter HaftungDipole exciter for an antenna
US4907008 *Apr 1, 1988Mar 6, 1990Andrew CorporationAntenna for transmitting circularly polarized television signals
US5003321 *Sep 9, 1985Mar 26, 1991Sts Enterprises, Inc.Dual frequency feed
US6522305Feb 9, 2001Feb 18, 2003Andrew CorporationMicrowave antennas
US7205952 *Aug 30, 2004Apr 17, 2007Rf Technologies Llc - A Ferrite CompanyBroad band slot style television broadcast antenna
DE1616300A1 *Jan 9, 1968Apr 1, 1971Patelhold PatentverwertungDipolantenne fuer linear polarisierte Wellen
DE3735226A1 *Oct 17, 1987Apr 27, 1989Kabelmetal Electro GmbhDipolerreger fuer eine antenne
Classifications
U.S. Classification343/727, 343/784, 343/770, 343/756
International ClassificationH01Q19/10, H01Q19/13
Cooperative ClassificationH01Q19/136
European ClassificationH01Q19/13C1