|Publication number||US2954778 A|
|Publication date||Oct 4, 1960|
|Filing date||Nov 16, 1956|
|Priority date||Nov 16, 1956|
|Publication number||US 2954778 A, US 2954778A, US-A-2954778, US2954778 A, US2954778A|
|Inventors||Lebert Herbert A|
|Original Assignee||Mac Farland Aveyard & Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (31), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 4, 1960 H. A. LEBERT 2,954,778
AUXILIARY FILTRATION MEANS FOR FILTER-TYPE C IGARETTES Filed Nov. 16, 1956 Herbert A. L eberf IN VEN TOR.
United States Patent AUXILIARY FILTRATION MEANS FOR FILTER-TYPE "CIGARETTES Herbert A. Lebert, Millbr ae, Califi, assignor to Mac- Farland Aveyard & Company, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Delaware Filed'Nov, 16, 1956, Ser. No. 622,656 l Claim. or. 131-137) which the smoke is drawn and forced under pressure,
said device having a passage or orifice with a venturirestriction so that the smoke, upon discharge at the proximal or discharge end of the passage, is directed at a barrier with smoke tars being impinged upon the barrier.
In addition, the pressure in and through the passage of the device creates a high velocity and forces the smoke against a barrier or baffle, a filter-tip for example, and in so doing causes the tars and distillation products to collect and deposit on and adhere to the rearward surface of the filter.
Briefly summarized, the inventive concept herein disclosed is as follows:
A venturi or small orifice of critical size (.0006 to .0007 square inch in area) the dimension of which can be slightly increased or decreased depending on the amount of tar removal desired in relation to the ease of draw that is desired.
An impingement barrier on the discharge side and close to the venturi orifice or passage whereby tars are impinged upon the impingement barrier.
In carrying out a preferred embodiment of the invention the ready-to-use adaptation comprehends, in combination, a conventional cigarette, a filter-tip therefor which may be connected to or utilized separately from the cigarette, means being interposed between and communicatively joining the cigarette and filter-tip, said means having a smoke passage therethrough embodying a centralized venturi-restriction. The underlying principle involved in the foregoing assemblage and any equivalent variations thereof involves drawing and forcing smoke from the inner end of the cigarette through the passage, including the venturi-restriction, thereby increasing its velocity and directing the high velocity smoke stream against a barrier positioned upstream of the discharge end of the smoking structure for removal of heavy tars and other deleterious substances from the tobacco smoke.
Other objects, features and advantages will become more readily apparent as the following description proceeds and the accompanying drawing.
In the drawing, wherein like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the views:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a cigarette with the improved filtration means embodied in the filter-tip and ready for use;
Fig. 2 is a view in elevation, on an enlarged scale, with portions broken away and appearing in section and taken approximately on the plane of the line 22 of Fig. 1;
Figs. 3 and 4 are enlarged cross-sections on the lines --3 and 44, respectively, of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged perspective view of one embodiment of the auxiliary filtration device;
Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing a modification of the invention; and
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the filtration device depictedinFig. 6. 7
With reference first to Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive, the cig arette 8 is conventional and is characterized, as usual, by a paper wrapper or cylinder 10 containing the usual filler oftobacco 12. The filter-tip 14 comprises a suitable filter 16 and a sleeve-like jacket and connector 18 therefor. In the instant invention in order to make room for the inserted filtration device or means 20 the forward end portion of thejacket 18 is elongated at 22 and the extended end portion 24 of the wrapper 10 is telescopically fitted therein and suitably connected thereto. It is in this space between the tobacco filler 12 and the'filter 16 that the added or auxiliary filtration means or device 20 is mounted. It is to be stated here that the device 20 can be made of metal, commercial plastics of an appropriate grade or any molded material. It can be incorporated in the cigarette at the time of manufacture, as is obvious, -or made'separately as seen in Figs. 6 and 7. It is of proper diameter and length, as shown, and is preferably circular in cross-section. As seen in Figure 5 the intake or distal end is denoted at 26 and the discharge or proximal end at 28. Concave depressions are formed in the respective end portions and define an intake chamber or pocket 30 (Fig. 2) and a discharge chamber or pocket 32. The axial bore, which constitutes the venturi-restriction is denoted at 34. The body is therefore said to have a passage through, including the concavities or recesses 32 and an intervening venturirestriction 34.
In the modification seen in Figs. 6 and 7 the cigarette, which may be said to be a regular type minus the popular filter-tip, is denoted by the numeral 35 and the wrapper at 36 and the tobacco filler at 38. It may be stated in this connection that it is within the purview of the invention to utilize either the regular or filter-type cigarette. In fact one may purchase filter-type cigarettes and cut or remove the filter-tip therefrom and use it in the manner seen in Fig. 6. Or, the filter-tip may be made and sold separately for use in conjunction with the novel added auxiliary filtration device 40. In any event the filter-tip is denoted by the numeral 42. The device 40 is basically the same as the device 20 but is generally made of metal although other materials may, obviously, be employed. It is more in the nature of a coupling. To this end the cylindrical body portion 44 has an axial restricted-venturi bore therethrough opening into the respective concavities or recesses 46 and 48 comparable to the recesses 30 and 32 already mentioned. The bore is denoted at 50. Here again the bore and recesses provide an open ended passage in communication with the cigarette. Bell-mouth cups are added on the respective ends one cup being denoted at 52 for the reception of the end of the cigarette as seen in Fig. 6 and the other bell-mouth cup being denoted at 54 for reception of the filter 42.
As is perhaps clear the passage area or diameter of the passage or orifice 50 can be varied to meet the particular degree of filter action desired. In typical samples which have been used a diameter of of an inch has been used as -a compromise for an acceptable taste requirement. The area of the passage may comprise approximately .0007 square inch which corresponds to the area of a hole having a diameter of of an inch.
In both forms of the invention it will be seen that the smoke from the cigarette is drawn into the pocket 30 or 46 as the case may be and is forced through the bore 34 or 50 at which time its velocity is increased. The
barrier inner end of the filter 14 or 42 provides a baflie,
that is "impingement "bafiie "for "tars "and "other deleterious impurities. It follows that the unwanted distila'ltion products and particles are precipitated out of the smdke'befiore" it is 'Tdraw'nbyway df'fIhC'filtBI-EfiP into the mouth of the user.
Repeated experiments with the embodiments of the out 'departingftoxn'the spirit of the invention "Orthe scope of the invention as claimed.
In a 'tob acco smoking structure comprising a cigarette holder including a body having "a longitudinal smoke structed tosupport an end'face of theti'p in close prox- I passage therethrough' and a filter tip of filteringmaterial imity to a discharge end of said passage so as to form an impingement barrier "on the -tip "at the downstream "side i of said smoke passage, said impingement barrier presenting a flow-interrupting mass of solid matter in the path of and confronting substantially all of the smoke in the stream wherebp harmful tar particles are deposited upon the barrier substantially solely by impingement as disting nshed -from rexpausion, the recess for receiving said tip being Tof'shorter-longitudinal length than that of i said tip so that said filter tip mayproject outwardly from the" confines ofthe hol der for-engagementby the mouth of'the user.
References Cited ..in,the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 269,256 Bourgeois Dec. 19, 1882 1,554,353 Johnson Sept. 22, 1925 1,605,059 Oakes et al. Nov. 2 1 926 "2,511,898 Brothers .'J1Ine 20, 1950 "2,544,206 Wilson Mar. 6, 1951 2,686,524 Kershaw Aug. 17, 1954- "27V6'4;513 Brothers Sept. .25, 1956 "FOREIGN PATENTS 210;087 Switzerland Aug; 16, 1940 7 639,174 Great Britain June 21, 1950 696,600 Germany Sept. 25, 1940 760,727 Great Britain Nov. 7, 1956 1;072,925 France Mar. 17, 1954
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US269256 *||Dec 19, 1882||Cigarette|
|US1554353 *||Jan 7, 1925||Sep 22, 1925||Johnson Henry W||Cigar and cigarette holder|
|US1605059 *||Sep 13, 1924||Nov 2, 1926||Hamm Philip T||Cigarette|
|US2511898 *||Oct 24, 1947||Jun 20, 1950||Cigarette holder|
|US2544206 *||Mar 9, 1948||Mar 6, 1951||Charles C Wilson||Smoking pipe|
|US2686524 *||Aug 24, 1950||Aug 17, 1954||Jr Thomas F Irvine||Nozzle-type filter for use in pipes or cigarette holders|
|US2764513 *||Apr 2, 1954||Sep 25, 1956||Brothers Abe R||Cigarette with means for removing deleterious products of combustion|
|CH210087A *||Title not available|
|DE696600C *||Jul 31, 1938||Sep 25, 1940||Max Schultze||Zigarettenspitze mit abnehmbarem Brennerkopf und einer Rauchfilterpatrone|
|FR1072925A *||Title not available|
|GB639174A *||Title not available|
|GB760727A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3064657 *||May 19, 1961||Nov 20, 1962||Walter Shriner||Cigarette smoke filtration device|
|US3103221 *||Apr 6, 1960||Sep 10, 1963||Walter Harris||Cigarette filter|
|US3172410 *||Sep 13, 1962||Mar 9, 1965||Achilles Corp||Cigarette|
|US3343547 *||Sep 22, 1964||Sep 26, 1967||Robert M Ward||Cigarette filter|
|US3388707 *||May 17, 1965||Jun 18, 1968||Walter Harris||Tobacco smoke filter|
|US3771534 *||Sep 30, 1971||Nov 13, 1973||Kuehne O||Combination filter and cigarette holder|
|US4460001 *||Aug 23, 1982||Jul 17, 1984||Celanese Corporation||Process for preparing compound filter|
|US4469112 *||Aug 23, 1982||Sep 4, 1984||Celanese Corporation||Compound filter|
|US4517996 *||Mar 25, 1983||May 21, 1985||Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation||Ventilated filter and smoke dispersing mouthpiece|
|US4942887 *||Jun 9, 1988||Jul 24, 1990||Fabriques De Tabac Reunies, S.A.||Filter mouthpiece for a smoking article|
|US7878963||Mar 28, 2007||Feb 1, 2011||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with a restrictor|
|US7987856||Dec 22, 2006||Aug 2, 2011||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with bypass channel|
|US8109277||Mar 6, 2008||Feb 7, 2012||Philip Morris USA Inc,||Smoking article filter with annular restrictor and downstream ventilation|
|US8235056||Dec 18, 2007||Aug 7, 2012||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with concentric hollow core in tobacco rod and capsule containing flavorant and aerosol forming agents in the filter system|
|US8235057||Mar 7, 2008||Aug 7, 2012||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with open ended filter and restrictor|
|US8240315||Dec 20, 2006||Aug 14, 2012||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with improved delivery profile|
|US8353298||Jul 11, 2007||Jan 15, 2013||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with impaction filter segment|
|US8353302||Mar 7, 2008||Jan 15, 2013||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking articles with restrictor and aerosol former|
|US8424539||Aug 7, 2007||Apr 23, 2013||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with single piece restrictor and chamber|
|US8424540||Oct 9, 2009||Apr 23, 2013||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with valved restrictor|
|US8434499||Jan 18, 2011||May 7, 2013||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Filter design for improving sensory profile of carbon filter-tipped smoking articles|
|US8905037||Oct 15, 2009||Dec 9, 2014||Philip Morris Inc.||Enhanced subjective activated carbon cigarette|
|US9060546||Jan 10, 2011||Jun 23, 2015||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with a restrictor|
|US9138016||Mar 25, 2011||Sep 22, 2015||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking articles with significantly reduced gas vapor phase smoking constituents|
|US20080047571 *||Jul 11, 2007||Feb 28, 2008||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with plate impactor|
|US20080163877 *||Dec 18, 2007||Jul 10, 2008||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking article with concentric hollow core in tobacco rod and capsule containing flavorant and aerosol forming agents in the filter system|
|USD741540 *||Dec 1, 2014||Oct 20, 2015||Louis Freese||Smoking tip device|
|DE1298029B *||Feb 18, 1965||Jun 19, 1969||E R T Etablissement De Rech S||Filterstoepsel fuer Tabakwaren, insbesondere fuer Zigaretten|
|DE3153420C2 *||Apr 22, 1981||Dec 24, 1992||British-American Tobacco Co. Ltd., London, Gb||Title not available|
|DE3410060A1 *||Mar 19, 1984||Oct 4, 1984||Brown & Williamson Tobacco||Ventilierter filter und rauchdispergierendes mundstueck|
|WO2014183073A1 *||May 9, 2014||Nov 13, 2014||Loec, Inc.||Flavor vortex device|
|U.S. Classification||131/187, 131/207, 131/339, 131/202|
|International Classification||A24D3/00, A24D3/04|