|Publication number||US2954933 A|
|Publication date||Oct 4, 1960|
|Filing date||Jan 20, 1959|
|Priority date||Jan 21, 1958|
|Publication number||US 2954933 A, US 2954933A, US-A-2954933, US2954933 A, US2954933A|
|Inventors||Ch Clare Maurice|
|Original Assignee||Ch Clare Maurice|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (7), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 4, 1960 MOISTENING DEVICE FOR OFFSET PRINTING MACHlNES AND THE LIKE M. CH. CLARE 2,954,933
Filed Jan. 20, 1959 United States Patented Oct. 4, 1960 hice MOISTENING DEVICE FOR OFFSET PRINTING MACHINES AND THE LIKE Maurice Ch. Clare, 1 Rue Hubert Grison, Thiverny, Oise, France Filed Jan. 20, 1959, Ser. No. 787,938
Claims priority, application France Jan. 21, 1958 5 Claims. (Cl. 239-220) lt is known that in offset printing machines the printing action depends on ink transfer from a plate carried by a roller and including both printing surfaces, adapted to have ink retained thereon but to repel water, and nonprinting surfaces, which repel the ink but have a hydrophilic, i.e. water-absorbent, character, to a print-receiving surface. In operation, a certain amount of water has to be supplied to the plate.
The most widely used moistening device for this purpose includes a felt-lined roller adapted to oscillate between on the one side, a revolving roller having a bottom portion dipping into a moistening tank and, on the other side, a set of rollers associated with the plate. This set of rollers generally includes two felt-lined rollers in tangential relation to the plate and so-called moistening table roller contacting both said last-mentioned rollers and arranged to contact the oscillating roller -at periodic intervals.
kThis conventional moistening device has a number of drawbacks, and in particular, it is complicated and does not permit of conveniently adjusting the degree of moistening action along the length of the path. It is known, in this connection, that less water should be supplied to the non-printing portions than to the printing portions of the plate.
The object of this present invention is to provide a moistening or wetting device, especially though not exclusively for printing machines of the kind specified above, which device essentially comprises a revolving brush the bristles of which are adapted to be charged with Water, as by immersion or dipping into an appropriate tank, and a member arranged to cause a gradual bending of the bristles of the brush followed by a sudden straightening thereof so as to discharge a spray of fine droplets of the impregnating liquid.
This spray may be discharged either directly against the plate or against a wetting roller or against a wetting table. As a further alternative, the spray might even be discharged against -an intermediate roller, preferably felt-lined, contacting the wetting table.
The degree of moistening as thus produced can very conveniently be adjusted in any of various ways, for instance by varying the speed of rotation of the brush, or by varying the degree of bending to which the bristles are subjected or again by controlling the amount of space presented 4for discharge of the spray jet. In connection with this latter method, such space may be modified in a non-uniform manner along the length of the plate so as accurately to correlate the amounts of water spray discharged with the surface areas of the printing and non-printing surfaces.
The ensuing description made with reference to the accompanying drawings, given by way of example but not of limitation, will provide a clear understanding of the manner in which the invention can be carried into practice (it being understood that the features standing out from the drawing and the text form a part of the invention.
Fig. l is a partial view, in elevation and in section on line III-lll of Fig. 2, of a modification of the moistening device;
Fig. 2 is a section on line lV-IV of Fig. 1.
In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, there is provided a tank 101 of elongated form mounted parallel to the cylinder 102 to be moistened on the frame 1GB: of the machine. The tank is filled .with an overflow pipe iiiand with an inlet fitting 109 for maintaining a constant level of liquid therein as supplied from an overhead reservoir not shown.
The brush 113 secured on the shaft 114 is adapted to be rotated in the direction shown by arrow f in Fig. 2. The bristles of the brush 113 are distributed in annular arrays 126:1. In this example each annular array includes a number of tufts 120b uniformly spaced around the periphery of the brush. 'Ihe annular arrays of tufts are axially equispaced and are angularly offset as from each array to the next so that the tufts are positioned along a number of parallel, long-pitch, helices.
The deflector member 121 extending parallel to the axis of the brush comprises a bar with at sides, e.g. square in cross section, mounted in the sides of the tank 101 by way of eccentric trunnions 130 so that the bar can be moved to a variable extent into the path of travel of the tufts 1202 when the brush is revolving and to retract it away from said path of travel in an idle condition. The member 121, in that portion of it lwhich is arranged to be brought into the path of the tufts 12015, is formed with notches 131 registering with each of the annular tuft arrays 120e, thesidesV of each notch converging in the direction of movement of the bristles.
In the exemplary embodiment being described, the notches 131 are triangular in cross section, but they might assume other forms, c g. semi-circular. The notches 131 are formed obliquely in the flat side of the member 121 so that the cross section of the notch will gradually decrease as the tufts 120b advance.
The embodiment just described operates as follows. As the brush is rotated in the direction shown by arrow f, the tufts of bristles dip into the body 112 of water or other liquid contained in the tank and pick up liquid therefrom. If the detlector member 121 is in the position shown in Fig. 2, the tufts become gradually bent down in the notches 131 and, as the bristles are suddenly released and stand proud in moving out of the notches, they discharge the water droplets with which they were charged in a fanlike spray 132 (Fig. 2) against the surface to be moistened.
Due to the gradually decreasing width of the notches the ends of the tufts are constricted every time the tufts move through a notch, thereby averting an undesirable flaring-out of the tufts with repeated use, a condition that would eventually impair the water-absorbing capacity of the brush.
As in the tirst embodiment described, the degree of wetting can be adjusted all along the brush 113 by the provision of movable obstacles disposed in front of the deflector member 121. For this purpose, a bar 133r is mounted between the end flanges of the tank 101 parallel to the brush and above it. The bar 133 is formed with threaded holes 134 in which threaded rods 13S are engaged having knurled knobs 136'on their upper ends and cylindrical members or heads 137 on their lower ends. In the present example, such cylindrical heads or plugs substantially correspond in diameter with the combined width of three consecutive tufts. The heads 137 are provided all along the length of the brush and are closelyspaced, all but tangent to one another. By operating the knobs 136 selected portions of the fan-like spray jet can be masked off.
The bar 133 further advantageously serves to secure a ap 138, made e.g. of transparent plastic material,
whereby the upper part of the tank can be sealed. The ap 138 is secured to the bar 103 by way of screws 139.
It will be understood that various modilications may be -made in the forms lof embodiment illustrated and described, as by replacing certain components .thereof .b y functionally equivalent ones, without exceeding the scope of the present invention.
What .I claim is:
1. A moistening device, vespecially for otlset printing machines, comprising in combination, .an elongated tank containing a Abody .of liquid, a brush comprising a cylindrical body having resilient bristles arrangedin a plurality of annular arrays distributed along the length of said body, means for supporting said `brush with its yaxis horizontal above said .tank ,at such a distance .of said body .of that -said ,brush dips in said liquid, means for rotating said brush about said axis, an elongated bristle deecting member extending Iparallel to said axis anda portion of which is adapted tobeinterposed in the circumferential path of travel of said bristles, said portion of .said deecting member being provided with a plurality of notches each ,registering with one of the said annular arrays, the width dimensions of said notches decreasing in the direction of relative displacement of the bristles, whereby the bristles .of each array are .subiected to a lateral constrictingaction during their movement past the deeeting member.
2. A moistening deviceas claim d in .claim 1, wherein the saidnotches are formed in a' flat face .of said de- 4 ilecting member, the depth of said notches decreasing in the sense of relative displacement of said bristles.
3. A moistening device as claimed in claim l, wherein said arrays are constituted by tufts regularly arranged about the aX-is of said brush, the diameter of the end of said tufts being less than the Amaximal width of said notches.
4. A moistening device as claimed in claim l further comprising a support parallel to the axis of said brush and a plurality of obstacles movably .supported by said support, said obstacles being adapted to be selectively brought behind said vdeflecting mem-ber with respect of the direction of rotation of said brush whereby the eiective volume of liquid delivered'bysaid brush-*may be varied along the length of said brush.
5. A moistening device as claimed in claim 4 wherein said obstacles are provided by cylindrical heads mounted on said supporting .member by means of adjustable screw rods. l
vReferences .Cited in the le of this patent UNITED srATEs PATENTS 1,882,439 Murphy Oct. l1, 1932 2,250,340 Wolfendcn July 22, 194,1
FOREIGN PATENTS 1.0,880 .Great .Britain Oct. l1, 1845 163,459 Germany -...r...- Sept. 3, 1904
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1882439 *||Jun 12, 1929||Oct 11, 1932||Frank J Murphy||Machine for treating furs|
|US2250340 *||Jan 14, 1941||Jul 22, 1941||Harry C Wolfenden||Dye-spattering machine|
|*||DE163459C||Title not available|
|GB184510880A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2986337 *||Dec 16, 1960||May 30, 1961||Clare Maurice Ch||Moistening device for offset printing machines and the like|
|US3411441 *||Jun 24, 1966||Nov 19, 1968||Miehle Gross Dexter Inc||Brush-type moistening mechanism|
|US4044673 *||Jul 23, 1976||Aug 30, 1977||Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Aktiengesellschaft||Dampening unit for offset printing machines|
|US5255603 *||Feb 12, 1993||Oct 26, 1993||The Procter & Gamble Company||Ink reservoir baffle|
|DE19500967A1 *||Jan 14, 1995||Jul 18, 1996||Schaaff & Meurer Gmbh||Liq. film applicator to stationary or moving support|
|DE19500967C2 *||Jan 14, 1995||Jul 10, 2003||Schaaff & Meurer Gmbh||Vorrichtung zum Auftragen von Flüssigkeiten|
|WO1986001748A1 *||Sep 10, 1985||Mar 27, 1986||Bo Winterskov||Method and apparatus for the laying out of a stripe on a road surface|
|U.S. Classification||239/220, 101/148|
|International Classification||B41F7/00, B41F7/28|