US 2955481 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 11, 1960 F. JACKEL 2,955,481
ELASTIC GEAR- AND SPROCKET WHEELS Filed March 24, 195s FIGURE IUI 2,955,481 a ELASTIC \GEAR- AND SPROCKET WHEELS Fritz Jackel, Bielefeld, Germany, assignor to Lemforder Metallwaren G. m.b.H., a corporation of Germany This invention relates to gear and sprocket wheels comprising a metallic center part or hub element and a rim part or teeth element made of an elastic material.
Gear and sprocket wheels comprising a metallic hub element and an elastic teeth element are known in the art. In the gear andsprocket wheels of conventional construction, the elastic rim part is fastened to the metalliccenter part by means of bolts or rivets or if made of a castable imaterial, cast around the metallic center part. While the ifirst construction is time consuming and expensive, cast- ;ing, as heretofore practiced, does not result in a solid connection between the hub element and therim element.
It is an object of the present invention to provide elastic gear and sprocket .wheels that can be rnade in a simple and inexpensive manner. Another object of the present ,invention is to provide elastic gear and sprocket wheels in which the elastic rim part or teeth element is firmly anchored in the metallic center part or hub element. A further object .is to provide gear and sprocket .wheels which run smoothly and noiselessly. A further .object is ,to provide a gear wheel having on its rim a .set ofexteriorteethas well as a.set .of interior .teeth, both sets of. teeth being adapted to receive or supply motion by ,engaging the teeth of .other gear wheels. A further object eis'rto provide agear .wheeladapted to form a part .of a .disc clutch of the typeused onmotorcycles, the exterior or interior teeth of said gear wheel engaging the discs or lamellae of theclutch'. Still further objects will bet pme a nhre harm the .tqllowih dess p with r ence to the accompanying drawing which illustrate certain preferred gear and sprocket wheels made in accordance with and embodying this invention.
In the drawing:
Figure I is a fragmentary sectional view of one embodiment of the present invention.
Figure II is a fragmentary sectional view of another embodiment of the present invention.
Figure III is a fragmentary sectional view of a third embodiment of the present invention.
In accordance with this invention, generally speaking, the foregoing objects and others are accomplished by providing gear and sprocket wheels comprising a central metallic member and an elastic teeth element forming exterior and/ or interior projections, i.e. teeth or sprockets, said central metallic member being drum-shaped and said teeth element being made of an elastic, abrasionresistant material, such as polyurethane rubber, which is cast around said central metallic member and anchored in said central metallic member through holes in the circumference thereof.
Referring more particularly to the drawing, the gear wheel represented in Figure I comprises the drum-shaped central metallic member 1 which may consist of drawn stainless steel sheet metal, cast iron or wrought iron. Central metallic member 1 has a hub portion 1a, a wall portion 1b, and a rim portion 10. Rim portion of the central metallic member 1 is provided with the holes 2. Due to the holes 2, the teeth element 3, which east around the central metallic member 1, is firmly anchored in the latter. A material which is particularly well suited for making the elastic teeth element 3 S Polyurethane rubber known under the tradename Vulkollan. The elastic teeth element 3, which extends over the whole Width of the rim portion 10 of central metallic member 1, forms two sets of teeth, i.e. the exterior teeth ,4 and the interior teeth 5. i l i If the gear wheel illustrated in Figure I is a part of a disc clutch as used on motorcycles, the exterior teeth may engage with a power supply pinion (not shown in Figure I), while the interior teeth 5 may mesh with the ,discs or lamellae 6.
The use of the gear wheels of this invention in disc clutches results in several advantages. In the first age, the so-called disc or lamellae rattling, i.e. rattling of the discs in the clutch, is eliminated. In the second place, it is possible-to give the clutch an advantageous, flat shape. Furthermore, clutches containing the gear wheels of this invention run noiselessly and have a long service life.
The embodiment of the invention shown in Figure II is similar to that illustrated in Figure I I-Iowever, the rim portion 10, provided with the anchor holes 2, and the elastic teeth element 3 are wider with the result that the interior e t eh a e w t th discs .Q lame la 6 and at h s me ime w th 11 r me r h qhs 7 which receive or supply motion. V
The embodiment of the invention illustrated in Figure III is representative of a clutch element in which, for
st uct r as s. th last .dr v wh e and the d s s .are of different sizes. This clutch element is charactervized by having a particularly high torsional elast'city.
As may be seen from Figure III, the central .rne tallic member of this embodiment of the present ihyention ,con- .si .Q two d um-shap m b s 0 and 11 wh h'a e arranged in such a man ner ,as to be ,capableofrotating .within each other with the drum walls or;o uterhubs 12 and 13 parallel to each other. Drum' 10 has the elastic teeth e n 4 cas a oun t a m por on lc. Te elemen :1 orms th ihte iorte th d5. which e hwith the discs (lamellae) -.-:=.D m is su rqunrledahy th elastic teeth element 16 which form the exterior teeth 17 intended to receive motion.
The power transmission from drum 11, which receives the motion to drum 10, is efiected by the voluminous, torsion-elastic transmitting element 18 consisting of the same elastic material as the circumferential casting 16 i which forms the outer teeth 17'. The transmitting element 18 is connected with the circumferential casting 16 through the holes 2 arranged in the rim portion of the drum 11. The transmitting element 18 has on its interior circumference the teeth 19 which engage with the teeth 20 on outer hub 12. The interior teeth 19 as well as the teeth 20 are preferably wave-shaped.
The elastic teeth element of the gear and sprocket wheels of the present invention may be made of any suitable material. Materials that combine elasticity with abrasion resistance are preferred materials of construction for this part. A particularly suitable elastic material is cast polyurethane rubber made by processes that are known per se (see for example U.S. Patents 2,620,516; 2,621,166; 2,729,618; 2,764,565 and 2,778,810). The following example describes a procedure to make a polyurethane rubber of the required elasticity and hardness by at first preparing a liquid reactive mixture comprising 3 other suitable formulation for making polyurethane rubber may also be utilized.
Exdmple 1,000 parts by weight of an hydroxyl polyester obtained by thermal esterification of about 11 mols of adipic acid with about 12 mols of ethylene glycol and having an hydroxyl number of about 52 and an acid number of about 1 are heated at a temperature of about 135 C. and under a vacuum of about 12 mm. until the formation of bubbles has stopped and the polyester is completely free from water. Now, 400 parts by weight of naphthylene-LS-diisocyanate are added at 135 C. while stirring. As soon as the temperature starts to drop, 110 parts by weight of butylcne glycol-1,4 are stirred into the mixture at about 135 C. Theresulting mixture is poured into a mold and maintained therein at a temperature of about 110 C. for about 24 hours to form a polyurethane rubber having the following characteristics:
Tensile strength kg./cm. 350 Elongation at break percent 500 Permanent set do 12 Tear resistance kg./crn. 96 Resiliency 39 Load at 300% elongation 86 Shore hardness degree 95-97 a portion of the material extending through said anchor holes to the inside of said n'm, said portion inside said rim having interior teeth formed thereon.
2. The gear wheel of claim 1 wherein said elastic ma- 4. The gear wheel of claim 3 which is part of a disc clutch and wherein the exterior teeth are adapted to engage with a power-supplying pinion and the interior teeth are adapted to mesh with the discs of said clutch.
5. The gear wheel of claim 3 wherein the elastic teeth element and the central metallic member are sufiiciently wide to allow the interior teeth to engage with clutch discs and simultaneously with a power receiving element.
6. The gear wheel of claim 3 wherein the elastic teeth element and central metallic member are sufliciently wide to allow the interior teeth to engage with clutch discs and simultaneously with a power-supplying element.
7. The elastic gear wheel of claim 1 wherein the central metallic member comprises two drum-shaped members positioned to rotate within each other and each having an outer Wall parallel to the other.
8. The elastic gear wheel of claim 7 wherein one drum shaped member has a first elastic element cast around its rim and anchored thereto, said first element having interior teeth formed thereon which are adapted to mesh with clutch discs, and the other drum shaped member has a second elastic element cast around its rim and anchored thereto, said second elastic element having exterior teeth formed thereon which are adapted to receive motion.
9. The elastic gear wheel of claim 8 wherein said other drum-shaped member contains a voluminous torsionelastic transmitting member having interior teeth, said transmitting member being anchored to said elastic element through anchor holes extending through said other drum-shaped member.
10. The elastic gear wheel of claim 9 wherein all of said interior teeth are wave-shaped.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 284,290 Gilliland Sept. 4, 1883 680,654 Gomber Aug. 13, 1901 1,352,125 Harrah Sept. 7, 1920 2,064,435 Loefller Dec. 15,1936 2,111,590 Hoof Mar. 22, 1938 2,198,008 Tknayan Apr. 23, 1940 2,827,796 Erickson Mar. 25, 1958 2,839,942 Le Van June 24, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 481,657 Italy June 6, 1953