US 295593 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. F. THAYER.
METHOD OF ATTAGHINGBUTTONS, 850.
No. 295,593, Patnted Mar. 25, 1884.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFF CE.
JAMES F. THAYER, OF PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND.
METHOD OF ATTACHINGBUTTONS, 84C.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 295,593, dated March 25, 1884. Application filed December 15, 1883. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JAMES F. THAYER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Providence, in the county of Providence and State of Rhode Island, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Methods ofAttaching Buttons, 8m; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters or figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
Mypresent invention relates to an improved method of fastening fabrics or other mate rials together; and it'consists of two tubular rivets or eyelets of unequal diameters, each provided with an exterior flange at one end thereof, the shank of the smaller eyelet adapt ed to pass within the shankof the larger one in opposite directions through the fabric or material, when by suitable means said eyelets are forced or pressed together endwise, the smallend of each at the same time being deflected outwardly against the flange of its fellow eyelet, thereby completing the method of attachment, all as will be more fully hereinafter set forth. I
In the accompanying sheet of drawings, Figure 1 represents, enlarged in vertical cen tral section, two flanged eyelets of unequal diameters in position preparatory to clinching. Fig. 2v represents the same when secured or clinched according to my invention, as used for attaching layers of fabricor other material together. Fig. 3 represents, also in vertical central section, a button secured to the garment or fabric under my improved method. Fig. 4 represents a modification of the fastening wherein a washer is shown in combination therewith.
Ain the drawings represents the tubular fastening, composed of the two eyelets or hollow rivets a and b, each provided with an exterior flange, a b, respectively. The shank or neck of the eyelet a is larger than that of the eyelet 12, thereby adapting the latter. to be inserted and clinched within the shank of the former, all as fully shown. In Fig. 4, I have represented a modification'of the fastening,
whereby a washer or. plate, 10, is interposed between the fabric or material Fandthe flange of the larger eyelet, a, said washer, whenso used in combination, serving as a backing or stiffening plate. for the fabric.
The manner of applying and securing the eyelets according to my improved method is as follows: The fabric or material (as in Fig. 2) is first punctured or perforated to receive the shank of the larger eyelet, a, after which the shank of the smaller eyelet, b, is inserted within the shank of the former, when, now, the ends 0 0 thereof are deflected outwardly against the rounded shoulders e and 0 of the flanges b a, respectively, of said eyelets b a, all as fully shown. The manner or means of deflecting the said ends 0 e is not deemed essential to this specification, as any suitable setting-instrument or other well-known device may be readily adapted for the purpose.
I do not limit myself to the relative position of the parts, as they may be reversed, as in Fig. 4, the larger eyelet being then inserted from the under side of the fabric.
I am well aware that eyelets of various forms and sizes have been used singly before, and therefore I do not claim such, broadly; but
WVhat I do claim is 1. That improvement in the art of securing layers of fabric or other material together which consists in perforating the same, then passing eyelets throughsuch perforation from opposite sides, one within the other, and finally pressing together the eyelets endwise, whereby they are interlocked, and the thickness of material held firmly together, all substantially as shown and set forth.
2. The combination, with layers of fabric or other material, of the flanged eyelets a b, one within the other, their flanged ends resting upon opposite sides of the fabric or material,
and interlocked, substantially as shown and set forth.
In testimony whereof I have affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JAMES F. THAYER.