|Publication number||US2956570 A|
|Publication date||Oct 18, 1960|
|Filing date||Mar 27, 1957|
|Priority date||Mar 27, 1957|
|Publication number||US 2956570 A, US 2956570A, US-A-2956570, US2956570 A, US2956570A|
|Original Assignee||Edwin Stanford|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (22), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1960 E. STANFORD HAIR TREATING DEVICE Filed March 27, 1957 INVENTOR.
EDW/A/ (IVAN/0R0 HAIR TREATING DEVICE Edwin Stanford, 241 E. Main St., Bergenfield, 'NJ.
Filed Mar. 27, 1957, Ser. No. 648,856
2 Claims. (Cl. 132-116) The present invention relates to hair applicators and more particularly to a fountain type comb or hair treating device.
It is one of the primary objects of the present invention to provide means facilitating the discharge of a liquid or similar substance from a supply source through predetermined outlets of a hair treating device during application of the latter to the hair of a person in a controlled manner.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide means affording a regulated supply of a liquid or like treatment substance from a compressible plastic container in finely divided form onto the hair to be treated, while the comb or similar applicator is applied thereto.
Still a further object of the present invention is to provide means automatically cutting ofi the supply of a treatment liquid or fluid to a hair treatment device if discharge of such liquid or fluid is undesired during subsequent treatment of the hair.
Yet a further object of the present invention is to provide means conducive to controlling of fluid flow through the discharge openings positioned between a container for supplying liquid or similar fluid under pressure and the perforated applicator through which said fluid is discharged for application to the hair of a person.
These and other objects of the invention will become further apparent from the following detailed description, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, showing preferred embodiments of the invention.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is an elevational view of a hair treating device embodying the invention, parts being shown in section;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken along lines 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view of a modified control device used in connection with the invention;
Fig. 4 is an end view, partly in section of the control device seen in Fig. 3, the section being taken along lines 44 of Fig. 3, and
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary, longitudinal, sectional view through a portion of the hair treating device of Fig. 1 with a tubular insert for regulating flow conditions of the treatment liquid.
Referring now more particularly to the drawing there is shown in Fig. 1 an applicator or hair treating device having a compressible container 11 made from any suitable plastic material, such as polyethylene having reinforcing ribs 13 and a threaded end or neck 12.
Over threaded neck 12 engages a screw cap 14 which may form an integral part of the hair applicator or treatment device 15 proper, as shown. The end of the hair treatment device can, however, be connected to cap 14 in any other suitable manner such as by a hollow screw bolt establishing communication between channel 16 and the interior of the squeeze type bottle or container 11.
Between the end 12a of the neck 12 and the abutting 2,956,570 Patented Oct. 18, 1 960 wall 14a of the screw cap 14 there is inserted a gasket 17 of relatively firm rubber and further a control device 18 made of relatively soft rubber. Control device 18 is made from a flat disk-shaped piece of rubber having a preshaped central portion 19 with a slot or closable opening 20 directed toward the channel 16 of support or applicator 15. Gasket 17 has a central opening 170 as more clearly seen in Fig. 2.
Channel 16 communicates through a plurality of outlet means 21 with the teeth or contacting means 22 of the comb-shaped applicator 15 which terminates at its front end in a hair sectioning portion 23, generally used in beauty shops by the beautician treating the hair.
From the foregoing disclosure it can be readily visualized that upon grasping the handle-shaped container 11 by the hand of the operator and upon compression of said container liquid substance from the interior of said container will be passed through the diaphragm-shaped control device 18 and the slot 20 which is momentarily forced open in a discharge regulating manner into the channel 16, whence the substance is evenly distributed through the outlets 21, which are spaced from each other in a predetermined manner, and then discharged between the skin contacting teeth 22 of the device. The control device 18 and its central portion 19 with slot 20 are so shaped and dimensioned that generally only a suitable quantity of liquid substance corresponding to the diameter of the channel 16 is squeezed out in one direction and in a finely divided form so that an even dis tribution of the liquid or fluid through discharge outlets 21 is attained.
In some instances it might be suitable to insert in channel 16 a control tube 16a having perforations 16b registering with the discharge outlets 21. Control tube 161: has an extension 16c adapted to be inserted in a'recess 16d of the applicator or hair treatment device 15. This control tube 16a terminates in an end bushing 24 adapted to firmly engage the inner wall of channel 16 which wall is located adjacent the diaphragm-shaped control device 18, 19, 20 (see Fig. 5
It will thus be seen that the applicator may be used in the usual way by employing first sectioning device 23 and subsequently the comb with teeth 22 while either liquid or fluid is applied to the hair as desired.
In order to more positively close channel 16 from the interior of the handle-shaped container 11 it is further proposed to employ a flap or disk-shaped control device 25. This control device 25 consists of a rubber or plastic flap valve body 26 which is swingably suspended from a rivet 27 as more clearly seen in Fig. 3. The free end of flap 26 is provided with a core or iron piece 28 adapted to coact with a magnet 30 set in a ring-shaped member 29 adapted to be rotated in a recess 31 of the cap 14.
As can be more clearly seen from Fig, 4 when ring 28 is moved in the direction of arrow A the magnetic flux from magnet 30 attracts core piece 28 to such an extent that the flap body 26 may be easily moved into a position 26a indicated by dotted lines whereby opening of channel 16 will be at least partially exposed, thereby establishing communication between channel 16 and the interior of the container 11. Flap 26 has further a centrally enlarged portion 26b which normally covers opening 16a of channel 16 and thus obstructs the latter.
After ring member 29 has been moved in the direction of arrow A so that magnet 30 assumes a position 30a as indicated in dotted lines this ring member 29 may be readily returned in the direction of arrow B by one finger of the hand of the operator, whereupon flap body 26 is again placed in front of opening to close the same and prevent passage of liquid from the container 11 into the channel 16 and discharge openings 21,
It will be noted that a washer 32 may be employed to tightly connect cap 14 with the neck 12 of container 11.
It is to be remarked that the materials employed for the bottle or container as well as for the control device and applicator for the hair, skin or like body part should be resistant to ammonium or such other liquid or viscous substances usually applied during treatment or grooming of hair and the like.
It will be realized that instead of rivet 27 other suitable means may be used made from plastic materials to form a pivot for flap 26. Consequently, the parts of the hair treating device are generally made only from plastic materials with the exception of the magnet 30 and the core piece 28.
The hair treating device according to the invention may be further modified by replacing the teeth 22 by plastic bristles or by adding such bristles to the device 15 in a location opposite the comb teeth 22 so that a combined comb and brush device may be used in connection with the fountain type device.
It can thus be seen that there has been provided according to the invention an applicator device for use in connection with the treatment of hair which is characterized by a compressible container for receiving a liquid and like substance and terminating in a neck, a cap for closing said neck, a comb-shaped device having a row of teeth, means connecting said comb-shaped device through said cap with said container, said combshaped device being provided with a channel extending lengthwise of said comb-shaped device therewithin, discharge outlets in communication with said channel and terminating between teeth of said comb-shaped device, and control means positioned adjacent said channel and retained in position between said comb-shaped device and said neck and adjacent said channel, said control means including means for automatically controlling the flow of liquid from said compressible container commensurate with the compression exerted on the latter by an operator. Various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention and it is intended that such obvious changes and modifications be embraced by the annexed claims.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patents, is:
l. A fountain type comb and like hair treating device comprising in combination, a compressible container for receiving a liquid substance and formed with an open neck portion having an end face, a comb-shaped member secured to said container at said open neck portion, said comb-shaped member being formed with a hollow shank portion having an open end and a closed end, a plurality of spaced teeth extending laterally therefrom, said hollow shank portion having a plurality of perforations intermediate said teeth, means for securing the open end of said shank portion to the open neck portion of said container, and a rubber member provided with an openable slot normally closed and extending transversely to the open end of said shank portion and located on the end face of said neck portion, whereby when said compressible container is actuated the slot of said rubber member is opened commensurate with the pressure exerted on said container to permit passage of said substance to said shank and through said perforations to said teeth.
2. A device according to claim 1, including a central portion forming part of said slotted rubber member and extending forwardly from and being ofiset with respect to the remainder of said rubber member, said central portion being located partly into said hollow shank portion.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 753,968 Farmer Mar. 9, 1904 1,113,843 Smith Oct. 13, 1914 1,635,176 Dorment July 12, 1927 1,827,425 Ellzey Oct. 13, 1931 1,964,860 Rabe et a1 July 3, 1934 2,336,717 'Crimmins Dec. 14, 1943 2,594,318 Langdon Apr. 29, 1952 2,596,296 Shields May 13, 1952 2,897,826 Divito Aug. 4, 1959 FOREIGN PATENTS 467,334 Italy Dec. 3, 1951
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US753968 *||Oct 16, 1903||Mar 8, 1904||Arthur J Farmer||Device for applying liquids to the scalp.|
|US1113843 *||Nov 10, 1913||Oct 13, 1914||Gertrude Smith||Fountain shampoo-comb.|
|US1635176 *||Jul 18, 1924||Jul 12, 1927||Dorment Frank C||Applicator|
|US1827425 *||Dec 22, 1930||Oct 13, 1931||Ellzey Vernon S||Comb|
|US1964860 *||Jul 22, 1932||Jul 3, 1934||Boos Fred O||Collapsible tube|
|US2336717 *||Feb 2, 1943||Dec 14, 1943||Crimmins Francis E||Hair and scalp treating device|
|US2594318 *||Mar 19, 1947||Apr 29, 1952||Langdon Jesse D||Valved coupling|
|US2596296 *||Dec 16, 1948||May 13, 1952||Shields Lavelle W||Comb|
|US2897826 *||Jan 6, 1958||Aug 4, 1959||Di Vito Salvatore S||Fountain comb and formula measuring and mixing device|
|IT467334B *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3101086 *||Sep 25, 1961||Aug 20, 1963||Di Vito Salvatore S||Combined dispenser and comb|
|US3112846 *||Dec 21, 1959||Dec 3, 1963||American Can Co||Aerosol can package|
|US4516591 *||Mar 14, 1983||May 14, 1985||Hierholzer Melvin C||Highlighting applicator|
|US4602651 *||Jul 17, 1984||Jul 29, 1986||Roppatte Jr Michael||Liquid applicator device with hair-parting wand|
|US4727893 *||Oct 8, 1986||Mar 1, 1988||L'oreal||Device for applying a treatment product to a head of hair, with a tress by tress application procedure|
|US4813439 *||Jun 9, 1987||Mar 21, 1989||Susan Morgan||Hair treatment solution applicator|
|US4850729 *||Apr 7, 1987||Jul 25, 1989||David N. Kramer||Decontaminating composition and delivery system therefor|
|US4881558 *||Jan 26, 1988||Nov 21, 1989||Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien||Rotatable liquid hair treatment medium applicator|
|US5024243 *||Jan 10, 1990||Jun 18, 1991||Snyder Susan L||Comb for practicing selective hair coloring|
|US5125423 *||Apr 20, 1989||Jun 30, 1992||Schering, Aktiengesellschaft||Applicator for treating the skin|
|US5289833 *||Mar 19, 1992||Mar 1, 1994||Mcdonald Charles E||Multi-toothed dispenser, comb applicator and bottle|
|US5482058 *||Feb 9, 1994||Jan 9, 1996||Garconnet; Michael||Liquid dispensing comb|
|US5937865 *||Mar 31, 1999||Aug 17, 1999||Dhaliwal; Namneet K.||Hair coloring applicator|
|US6035806 *||Nov 10, 1998||Mar 14, 2000||Ldg Enterprises, Inc.||Fluid applicator comb with reservoir handle|
|US7077146||Jan 24, 2003||Jul 18, 2006||Eckerson Judy V||Hair root coloring system|
|US7232466||Feb 6, 2003||Jun 19, 2007||Revlon Consumer Products Corporation||Method and compositions for providing natural appearing hair color|
|US7380555||Oct 28, 2005||Jun 3, 2008||Lillian Stricklen||Braid separation system|
|US20040154108 *||Feb 6, 2003||Aug 12, 2004||Saroja Narasimhan||Method and compositions for providing natural appearing hair color|
|US20070000070 *||Jun 30, 2005||Jan 4, 2007||Vena Lou Ann C||Method and kit for applying lowlights to hair|
|DE3018984A1 *||May 17, 1980||Nov 26, 1981||Hans Fuhs||Hair tinting appliance with dye container - uses dye container as handle and has combined brush, comb and spray head|
|EP0611209A1 *||Feb 9, 1994||Aug 17, 1994||Michel Garconnet||Comb for controlled distribution of hair treating liquid|
|WO1988009632A1 *||Jun 2, 1988||Dec 15, 1988||Evdokiou, Dimitrios||Hair treatment liquid delivery apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||132/116, D28/25, 222/212, 222/207, 401/286, 401/270|
|International Classification||A45D24/26, A45D24/00|