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Publication numberUS2958325 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 1, 1960
Filing dateOct 10, 1956
Priority dateOct 10, 1956
Publication numberUS 2958325 A, US 2958325A, US-A-2958325, US2958325 A, US2958325A
InventorsJohn M Claydon, Bettman Ernest
Original AssigneeConnecticut Bandage Mills Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical splint
US 2958325 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 1, 1960 J. M. CLAYDON ET Al. 2,958,325

SURGICAL SPLINT Fi-led Oct. 10, 1956 INVENTORS. JOHN M. CLAYDON BY ERNEST B2: MAN

ATTORNEY United States Patent SURGICAL SPLINT John M. Claydon, Trumbull, Conn., and Ernest Bettman, WhitePlains, N.Y., assignors to Connecticut Bandage 1Vlills, 'Inc., a corporation of Connecticut Filed Oct. 10, 1956, Ser. No. 615,045

12 Claims. (Cl. 128-90) This invention relates to improvements in surgical splints capable of use on various parts of the body for immobilization and includes sheet material from which such splints may be formed.

An object of the invention is to provide surgical splints which are bendable or moldable to conform with the curvature of the body member to which they are applied and form retaining so as to remain in desired position for healing of such member.

Another object of the invention is to provide bendable form-retaining splints which include as a part thereof a layer of absorbent foam rubber or equivalent cushion or bandage material.

A further object is to provide bendable form-retaining splints of the above character having scored or equivalent weakened areas to facilitate bending or molding thereof into the curvature or configuration desired to fit any anatomical situation.

Still another object of the invention is to provide laminated sheet material which may be readily cut whereby to form surgical or fracture splints of the above character of any desired size or shape.

Among other objects and advantages, the splints of the present invention are adapted to be applied to any portion of the body with a minimum of effort; are capable of being molded to apply emphasized pressure at any particular portion of the body member to which they are applied; are light in weight; are X-ray penetrable; and may be easily removed and reapplied such as when suture removal or inspection is necessary.

Still other objects and advantages will be apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein a preferred embodiment of the principles of the invention has been selected for exemplification.

In the drawings:

Fig. l is an outer plan view of a surgical splint or surgical splint sheet material constructed in accordance with the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the device shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2; and

Fig. 4 is an enlarged perspective view of the splint of Figs. 1-3 shown bent in a form suitable for application to a human forearm such as in the treatment of Colles fracture.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, wherein like numerals refer to like parts, the s lint or splint sheet material indicated in its entirety at includes an outer layer 12 of bendable or moldable form-retaining material which in a preferred form of the invention may be sheet aluminum or like material. To facilitate bending or molding of such outer layer 12 to a body member, weakened areas such as a series of scored lines 14 are formed along its length preferably at the outer face thereof. Although such scored lines 14 are shown as parallel and eoui-spaced as is preferred for general purposes, the invention con- 2,958,325 Patented Nov. 1, 1960 templates that such scored lines 14 or equivalent weakened areas may be formed or disposed in any other manner more desirable for specific applications of the splint. In many cases, the elongated score lines 14 only are sufficient to provide the bendable or moldable characteristics necessary for application of the splint to an arm or leg for example. However, in some cases it is advantageous to provide other weakened areas such as the series of transverse scored lines 16 running substantially the width of the sheet 12. Just as the scored lines 14, the lines 16 are preferably but may not necessarily be parallel and equi-spaced as shown.

The inner layer 18 may be of any suitable cushion or bandage material but in the form of the invention found most efiicient the inner layer 18 consists of absorbent foam rubber Such foam rubber possesses the further important advantages of compressing and retracting so as to stabilize the splint and is capable of self-adjustment when the usual swelling of the body member subsides. As shown, the inner layer 18 is preferably coextensive with the inner surface area of the outer layer 12 and is bonded or otherwise suitably secured thereto either directly or through the medium of an interposed backing layer which may be a separate member or the elastic surface skin on the contacting face of the foam rubber sheet 18.

As will be apparent from Fig. 4, which illustrates the split in general form for application to a Colles fracture, the splints of the present invention are readily capable of being bent or molded in a wide range of form-retaining curvatures or forms to fit practically all anatomical situations and that the degree of pressure exerted by the splints on any particular part of the body member may be readily varied as desired.

It is to be understood that the particular construction and arrangement of parts herein illustrated and described are merely representative of the principles of the present invention which embrace all such modifications thereof as come within the scope of the following claims.

We claim:

1. A surgical splint comprising, an outer layer of bendable form-retaining sheet material, the said outer layer being provided with scored areas to facilitate bending thereof, and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber secured to said outer layer.

2. A surgical splint comprising, an outer layer of bendable form-retaining sheet material, the said outer layer being provided with substantially parallel scored areas to facilitate bending thereof, and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber secured to said outer layer.

3. A surgical splint comprising, an outer layer of bendable form-retaining material, the said outer layer being provided with substantially transversely disposed scored areas to facilitate bending thereof and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber secured to said outer layer.

4. A surgical splint comprising, an outer layer of bendable form-retaining sheet material, the said outer layer being provided with substantially transversely extending series of scored lines, the lines of each series being substantially parallel, and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber secured to said outer layer.

5. A surgical splint comprising, an elongated outer layer of bendable form-retaining sheet material and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber substantially coextensive with said outer layer and secured thereto, the said outer layer being provided with scored areas extending substantially its length.

6. A surgical splint comprising, an elongated outer layer of bendable form-retaining sheet material and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber substantially coextensive with said outer layer and secured thereto, the said outer layer being provided with scored areas extending substantially its width.

7. A surgical splint comprising, an outer layer of bendable form-retaining sheet aluminum, the said outer layer being provided with scored areas to facilitate bending thereof, and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber bonded to said outer layer.

8. A surgical splint comprising, an outer layer of bendable form-retaining sheet aluminum, the said outer layer being provided with substantially parallel scored areas to facilitate bending thereof, and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber bonded to said outer layer.

9. A surgical splint comprising, an outer layer of bendable form-retaining aluminum, the said outer layer being provided with substantially transversely disposed scored areas to facilitate bending thereof and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber bonded to said outer layer.

10. A surgical splint comprising, an outer layer of ben dable form-retaining sheet aluminum, the said outer layer being provided with substantially transversely extending series of scored lines, the lines of each series being substantially parallel, and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber bonded to said outer layer.

11. A surgical splint comprising, an elongated outer layer of bendable form-retaining sheet aluminum and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber substantially coextensive with said outer layer and bonded thereto, the said outer layer being provided with scored areas extending substantially its length.

12. A surgical splint comprising, an elongated outer layer of bendable form-retaining sheet aluminum and an inner layer of absorbent foam rubber substantially coextensive with said outer layer and bonded thereto, the said outer layer being provided with scored areas extending substantially its width.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 392,157 Lee Oct. 30, 1888 896,674 Walker Aug. 18, 1908 1,837,691 Thigpen Dec. 22, 193-1 1,992,904 Preston Feb. 26, 1935 2,217,821 Shiner Oct. 15, 1940 2,506,464 Millheisler May 2, 1950 2,573,715 Kelly Nov. 6, 1951 2,759,475 Van Swaay Aug. 21, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 436,109 Great Britain Oct. 4, 1935

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US392157 *May 8, 1886Oct 30, 1888 Metallic splint
US896674 *Mar 19, 1908Aug 18, 1908Chauncey A WalkerSurgical splint.
US1837691 *Jul 1, 1927Dec 22, 1931Thigpen Rembert HSurgical splint
US1992904 *Sep 6, 1932Feb 26, 1935Preston John LJaw brace
US2217821 *Jul 15, 1938Oct 15, 1940Shiner Frank ABath mat and the like
US2506464 *Sep 7, 1948May 2, 1950Millheisler John AAdjustable fingerstall
US2573715 *Dec 22, 1947Nov 6, 1951Leroy Kelly VictorDigit guard
US2759475 *Sep 30, 1953Aug 21, 1956Henri Van SwaayForm for making splints and the like
GB436109A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3032033 *Jan 2, 1959May 1, 1962Ramirez Raymond RPre-formed surgical cast and method
US3635787 *Nov 7, 1967Jan 18, 1972Glass Lab CoMolding strip
US3788307 *May 1, 1972Jan 29, 1974Kistner HOrthopedic splint
US3938509 *Dec 9, 1974Feb 17, 1976Barber Lois MHand splint
US3942522 *Oct 11, 1974Mar 9, 1976National Research Development CorporationSurgical splints and materials therefor
US4328270 *May 2, 1980May 4, 1982Momchilo KostovskiArt of making latch hooked articles
US4537184 *Sep 27, 1983Aug 27, 1985Williams Jr James TPortable orthopaedic splint system
US5527265 *Aug 16, 1994Jun 18, 1996Mckeel; William H.Orthopedic airflow cast pad and method
US5782780 *Jul 31, 1996Jul 21, 1998Breg, Inc.Method of forming a contoured orthotic member
US5827212 *Oct 22, 1997Oct 27, 1998Gaskill; J. RichardSplinting device for auricular hematoma
US5916184 *Jan 28, 1998Jun 29, 1999Mckeel; William H.Orthopedic airflow and water proof cast padding material and method of making a cast
US6082683 *Aug 31, 1998Jul 4, 2000Yates; Paul M.Formable cushion
US6821261Dec 11, 2001Nov 23, 2004Dj Orthopedics, LlcOrthopedic brace having length-adjustable supports
US6913582Jan 27, 2003Jul 5, 2005Ebi, L.P.Universal hand splint
US7097627May 7, 2002Aug 29, 2006Dj Orthopedics, LlcOrthopaedic brace having a range of motion hinge with an adjustable-length strut
US7128723Sep 24, 2004Oct 31, 2006Dj Orthopedics, LlcOrthopedic brace having length-adjustable supports
US7988653Jan 8, 2009Aug 2, 2011Breg, Inc.Orthopedic elbow brace having a length-adjustable support assembly
US8517965Nov 15, 2005Aug 27, 2013Djo, LlcOrthopedic brace having length-adjustable supports
US20020072695 *Dec 11, 2001Jun 13, 2002Doty Del RayOrthopedic brace having length-adjustable supports
US20150008302 *Jul 3, 2013Jan 8, 2015Eagle FanFlexible support apparatus
EP1487390A2 *Mar 7, 2003Dec 22, 2004Board of Regents, The University of Texas SystemConformable bi-laminate compression bolster and method for using same
Classifications
U.S. Classification602/6, 428/43, 144/252.1
International ClassificationA61F5/058, A61F13/15
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/05866, A61F2013/8476, A61F2013/51492, A61F2013/530802
European ClassificationA61F5/058H4B