US 2961167 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 22, 1960 M. SKAIST 2,961,167
CONTROLLED EVAPORABLE DEODORANT BOTTLE Filed Oct. 29, 1958 .57 Z6 27 J 55 r M M f if I I 7 Y a A? /7 INVENTOR 3? flbEE/J 1529151 ATTORNEYS United States Patent CONTROLLED EVARORABLEE DEOD GRANT BO TLE Morris Skaist, Baltimore, Md., assignorjo Tabtrol Company, lncc Baltimorg Md.
Filed on. 29, 1 9ss, ser;No. 770,415
"1laim.- 401. 239-45) Thepresent invention relates to controlled evaporable deodorant bottles and is an improvement on my Evaporable Deodorant Bottle, Patent 2,787,496 issued April 2, 1957.
The primary object of the invention is to provide an evaporable deodorant bottle in which the rate of evaporation can be minutely controlled.
Another object of the invention is to provide an evaporable deodorant bottle in which the evaporation control elements can be quickly and easily adjusted to vary the rate of evaporation as required.
A further object of the invention is to provide an evaporable deodorant bottle of the class described above which is inexpensive to manufacture, simple to use and which is effective in providing controlled evaporation through a variety of adjustments.
Other objects and advantages will become apparent in the following specification when considered in the light of the attached drawings, in which:
Figure l is a perspective view of the invention;
Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical section taken along the line 22 of Figure 1, looking in the direction of the arrows with the bottle removed;
Figure 3 is a top plan view of the invention; and
Figure 4 is a fragmentary exploded perspective view of the invention with the bottle broken away for convenience of illustration.
Referring now to the drawings in detail wherein like reference characters indicate like parts throughout the several figures, the reference numeral indicates generally a controlled evaporable deodorant bottle constructed in accordance with the invention.
The bottle 10 in use contains a deodorizing liquid material and has an externally threaded conventional neck 11 formed integrally thereon.
A metallic cap 13 is provided with a cylindrical side wall 14 having internal screw threads 15 formed therein. A circular disk wall 16 is formed integrally with the cylindrical side wall 14 and extends across the upper end thereof. The cap 13 is provided with an externally flaring lip 17 around the peripheral free edge thereof opposite the wall 16.
The wall 16 of the cap 13 is provided with a pair of spaced apertures 18 through which is threaded a wick 19 so that a portion 21) thereof will overlie the cap 13 between the apertures 18, as best seen in Figure 2. The wick 19 has depending spaced leg portions 22, 22 which extend into the bottle 10 when the cap 13 is in position on the neck 11 with the screw threads 15 threaded thereon.
A cloth disk 23 is centrally positioned over the cap 13 and has the peripheral edge portion 24 thereof brought downwardly into contact with the outer face of the cylindrical wall 14 of the cap 13, terminating adjacent the lip 17, as best shown in Figure 2.
The cloth disk 23 is arranged in contact with the portion of the wick 19 so that fluid may flow therebetween Patented .Nov. 22, .1 960 by'ca'p'illaryaction. A-bandr25 of annular' form is;position'edin contact with the peripheraledge: portion 24 of thencloth disk 23 so as1to clamp the cloth-disk .23 to the cap 13', =as b est seen in Figure 2.
A cap =generallyl indicated at 26, is provided 1. with a cylindricah siclewall fl and a;-top wall28. The cap: 26 is adapted to be positioned overhthezgcap 13 :with the cylindrical :side:wall 27:in contact with the band 25' to seal the cloth disk 23 and wick 19 from the atmosphere. l he :top wall 28 has a'central :opening' formedtherein to"receive; -an upstanding cylindrical;:member-29. The
cylindrical member 29; has tar-circular side -wall 30 and a top w'all 31 integrally formed. thereon. An annular bead 32 is formed -in -the eircular sidewall 30remote from the top -wa1ll 31to engage against the upper edge of the at 33 to engage under the top wall 28 securing the cylindrical member 29 tightly to the cap 26. The top wall 31 of the cylindrical member 29 is provided with a sector shaped opening 34 extending therethrough.
An adjustable closure 35 is provided with a cylindrical side wall 36 which engages over the side wall 30 and has a top wall 37 in contact with the upper face of the top wall 31, as can be best seen in Figure 2. The closure 35 has an outwardly flaring lip 38 formed on the lower end of the cylindrical wall 36 to engage the bead 32.
The top wall 37 is provided with a sector shaped opening 39 having the same shape, size and relative position as the sector shaped opening 34 so as to completely align with the sector shaped opening 34 in one position of rotation of the closure 35 with respect to the cylindrical member 29. The degree of alignment of the sector shaped opening 39 with the sector shaped opening 34 can be controlled by rotary movement of the closure 35 with respect to the cylindrical member 29 and the size of the sector shaped openings 34, 39 is such that in one position of adjustment of the closure 35 with respect to the cylindrical member 29, the openings 34, 39 are completely out of alignment, sealing off the cloth disk 23 and wick 19 from the atmosphere.
In the use and operation of the invention, a highly concentrated, slowly evaporating deodorant liquid is placed in the bottle 10 and the cap 13 with depending wick 19 is fastened thereon with the wick 19 immersed in the deodorant liquid. Cap 26, with the openings 34, 39 out of alignment, is engaged over the cap 13 to seal the bottle 10 for shipping purposes and during periods when the deodorant is not needed.
The wick 19 through the portion 20 thereof will maintain the cloth disk 23 in a wet condition. The surface of the cloth disk 23 is of sufiicient size to provide a considerable area of evaporation so that the effectiveness of the device will be very great.
When the amount of evaporation from the disk 23 is too great, the closure 35 is rotated on the cylindrical member 29 to reduce the effectiveness of the openings 34, 39 until the amount of evaporation is reduced to the desired point.
Having thus described the preferred embodiment of the invention, it should be understood that numerous structural modifications and adaptations may be resorted to without departing from the scope of the appended claim.
What is claimed is:
An evaporable deodorant dispensing device comprising a liquid deodorant containing receptacle of the type having an externally threaded neck, an internally threaded cylindrical metallic wall adapted for cooperation with the threads of said neck, an annular flange on said cylindrical metallic wall, an upwardly convexed metallic wall extending across one end of said cylindrical wall and integrally joined thereto, said last named wall having a pair of spaced apertures extending therethrough, a wick threaded through said apertures with depending opposite end portions extending into said receptacle, a cloth disk overlying saidilast named walland said cylindrical 'Wall in contact with said disk,'an annular band clamping,- said cloth disk to said cylindrical wall, acap engaged over said cloth disk and said band, said cap comprising a cylindrical side wall closely engaging said annular band,
' a head at the bottom edge of said side ,wall engaging said annular flange on said cylindrical metallic wall and atop wall having a centrally positioned opening therein, a cylindrical member of lesser diameter than said cap and having a side wall with a concaved bottom bead,
' said cylindrical member, a top wall integrally formed on said closure member and contacting the top wall of said cylindrical member, said top wall of said cylindrical member and said top wall of said closure member each having a sector shaped opening which may be aligned on turning movement of said closure member with respect to said cylindrical member. 9
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITEDSTATES PATENTS V V I 1,662,938 Richmond Mar. 20, 1928 1,732,028 Reiner Oct. 15, 1929 2,029,219" Bourland Y. Jan; 28, 1936 2,202,796 Hermani g May 28, 1940 2,572,329 Foster Oct. 23, 1951 2,609,230 Raleigh Sept. 2, 1952 2,710,708 Keskitalo June 14, 1955 2,787,496 Skaist Apr. '2, 1957