|Publication number||US2962946 A|
|Publication date||Dec 6, 1960|
|Filing date||Oct 24, 1956|
|Priority date||Oct 24, 1956|
|Publication number||US 2962946 A, US 2962946A, US-A-2962946, US2962946 A, US2962946A|
|Inventors||Neff Wayne W|
|Original Assignee||Neff Wayne W|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (19), Referenced by (16), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 6, 1960 w. w. NEFF DRAG BROOM APPARATUS Filed Oct. 24, 1956 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 M3 mm ww NW V L I:
INVENTOR. WAYNE W NE FF Y ATTORN E v Dec. 6, 1960 w.-w. NEFF DRAG BROOM APPARATUS Filed 001;. 24, 1956 f m r (1V1 N no n ul N l Q t 1 R x Q Q N A 5 Q v, 3 5 h 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.
WAYNE W. Nzrr Dec. 6, 1960 w. w. NEFF 2,962,946
DRAG BROOM APPARATUS Filed Oct. 24, 1956 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 IN V EN TOR.
WAYNE W. Nzrr ATTORNEY Dec. 6, 1960 w. w. NEFF DRAG BROOM APPARATUS 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Oct. 24, 1956 w Aw L a INVENTOR. WAYN W N 5 rr BY ATTORNEY United States PatentG DRAG BROOM APPARATUS Wayne W. Nefi, 679 Vine NE., Warren, (thin Filed Oct. 24, 1956, Ser. No. 618,012
2 Claims. (CI. 9444) The present invention relates to apparatus for smoothing the top surface of a layer of gravel or the like, more particularly to drag broom apparatus, and principal object of the invention is to provide new and improved apparatus of such character.
When resurfacing roads and the like, it is a common expedient to first spread a layer of gravel over the road to fill any depressions therein. The gravel is then distributed to present a smooth upper surface and a suitable binder such as a liquid asphaltic solution or the like is then poured over the layer of gravel to bond such layer to the underlying road.
In the past, drag brooms have been drawn over the spread gravel to smooth the top surface thereof; however, .those heretofore used were not entirely satisfactory. Most of the prior art drag brooms were little more than a framework having suitable brushes attached to the underside thereof. These drag brooms were then drawn behind a towing vehicle with the bristles of the brushes riding upon the gravel to be smoothed. While some of the prior art drag brooms functioned satisfactorily, they had one serious disadvantage in that transporting the drag broom to and from the job presented a problem. It was necessary to load the broom on a truck, transport it to the job, and then unload it. Since the broom is necessarily heavy in order to function properly, unloading it from the truck at the job site and loading it on the truck once again for transport elsewhere required the services readily become apparent from a study of the following description and from the drawings appended hereto.
In the drawings accompanying this specification and forming a part of this application there is shown, for purpose of illustration, an embodiment which the invention may assume, and in these drawings:
Figure l is a side elevational view of drag broom apparatus constructed in accordance with the present invention,
Figure 2 is a plan view of the apparatus shown in Figure 1,
Figure 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary longitudinal-sectional view of the apparatus but with certain parts in another position,
Figure 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of the apparatus, and
Figure 5 a still further enlarged, fragmentary perspec- 4 of axially spaced, non-steerable rear wheels12and a swivel mounted front wheel 13. In the presently disclosed embodiment, frame 11 comprised a pair of spaced tubular frame members 111 to each of which is welded a depending rib 14 for strengthening purposes. Cross members 15 are welded between the members 111 and the latter are arched upwardly, intermediate the wheels 12 and 13, to provide adequate road clearance for a purpose to become clear. A platform 15a is provided at the rear of the trailer between wheels 12, 12 for an operator who may, if desired, ride thereon during operation of the apparatus.
The front of the trailer carries a tongue 16 which provides a draft connection whereby the trailer may be drawn behind a truck or other towing vehicle (not shown). It is an important feature that tongue 16 is pivotally secured to the trailer at 17 to provide for independent relative vertical movement between the trailer and the towing vehicle. In this way, the trailer will be unaffected by vertical movement of the towing vehicle as it passes over undulations in the surface to be smoothed.
Trailer 10 is adapted to carry means for smoothing the top surface of a layer of gravel or the like as before mentioned and, in the present embodiment, such means comprised a rectangular frame structure 18 formed of longitudinally extending frame members 19 and transversely extending frame members 20 which are welded or otherwise secured together to provide a rigid structure. By means later to be disclosed, brush means are secured to the underside of the frame structure for engagement with the gravel to be smoothed. Also secured to and extending transversely of frame members 19 are a pair offrame members 21 which are. disposed between frame members 20 in diverging relationwith each other. Secured to and overlyingframe members 20, 20 and 21, 21 are a pair of longitudinally extending members 22, each of which is disposed adjacent a respective frame member 19. t f
Means are provided for connecting frame. structure 18 to trailer 10 and it is an important feature of the present invention that such means maintainthe frame structure in position beneath the trailer while permitting the frame structure to float freely upon the surface to be smoothed. In other words, relative horizontal movement between the frame structure andthe trailer, both fore and aft of the trailer as well as from side to side thereof is limited while relative vertical movement between the frame structure and the trailer is unrestricted, within'c'ertain limits of course, so that the frame structure may float upon and follow the layer of gravel over which it is drawn.
It has been found that chains provide satisfactory means for connecting the frame, structure to the trailer; accordingly, a chain 23 connects the forward end of each member 22 of frame structure 18 with the forward end of the trailer while a chain 24 connects the rear end of each member 22 with the'rear of the trailer. A suitable turnbuckle or the like 25 is interposed in each chain 23, 23 and 24, 24 to permitthe chain lengths tobeadjusted.
As previously mentioned, frame structure 18 has brushes secured to its underside and one of the features of the present invention is the construction which provides for ready replacement of the brushes with alminimum of lost time. I
As best shown in Figures2 and 3 channel-like members 26, each having a web portion 27 and spaced flange portions 23 are secured by welding or the like to the underside of respective frame members 20, 20 and 21, 21. Channel members 26 are so secured to the frame structure that their flanges 28 extend downwardly from the frame structure. As most. clearly shown in Figure 5,.theflang9 portions of each channel 26 are turned inwardly toward each other to provide aligned lips 29 which are spaced from each other and below web portion 27.
Each channel 26 is adapted to carry a plurality of brushes in end to end relation and each brush of the present embodiment comprises a head 30 from which bristles 31 protrude. Channels 26 are proportioned to slideably receive the brush heads with their bristles extending between the spaced lips 29. With this construction, vertical movement of the brushes relative to the channels is limited by engagement of brush head 30 with the underside of web portion 27 and by engagement with lips 29 which underlie the brush heads. Horizontal movement of the brushes transversely of the channels is limited by engagement of the brush heads with the facing surfaces of the flanges 28. It will therefore readily be apparent that the brushes are confined by respective channels whereby their movement relative thereto will be limited to movement longitudinally of respective channels.
Means are provided to prevent escape of the brushes from respective channels 26 and in the present embodiment, as best shown in Figure 5, each channel is herein shown provided with a bolt 32 which passes through aligned apertures formed in respective flanges 28 and which is held in position by a nut 33. While only one end of each channel is herein disclosed as being closed by respective bolts 32, it will readily be understood that the opposite end of each channel may also be closed in the same or any other suitable manner. To replace the brushes in any channel 26 when such brushes become worn or for any other reason, it is only necessary to remove the appropriate bolt 32 and then slide the brushes longitudinally out of the channel. New brushes may then be slid into the channel and their escape therefrom then blocked by installing the bolt 32.
While the construction thus far described provides workable drag broom apparatus, there is also provided means for elevating the frame structure from its working position shown in Figure 1 to the elevated position shown in Figure 3. It is an important feature of the present invention that While means are provided for elevating the frame structure, such means does not interfere with the previously mentioned free floating movement of the frame structure in its working position.
As best seen in Figures 2 and 4, a pair of longitudinally spaced brackets 34 are welded or otherwise secured to each trailer frame member 111 and each pair of brackets rotatably supports a rock shaft 35. Each rock shaft 35 has arms 36 welded or otherwise secured thereto and each arm 36 is pivotably connected to one end of respective links 37 whose other ends are pivotably connected to respective lugs 38 carried by the frame structure 18. Note that each link 37 is slotted at its point of connection with its arm 36 so that a lost motion connection is thereby provided.
Each shaft 35 carries an arm 39 to which, in the present embodiment, opposite ends of a cable 40 are secured (see Figure 2). Cable 40 passes over a pair of rollers 41 secured to one of the cross members adjacent respective trailer frame members 111 and over a roller 42 carried by the piston rod 43 of a fluid cylinder 44. Cylinder 44 is suitably secured to one or more of the cross members 15 and in the present embodiment, is connected to a hand pump 45 having an actuating lever 45a positioned for easy access to an operator riding upon platform 15a. In the position of parts shown in Figure 2, actuation of the actuating lever 45a of the hand pump 45 will force fluid into the cylinder to move piston rod 43 to the left. This will exert a pull on cable 40 and rotate rock shafts 35. Rotation of rock shafts" 35 will exert an upward pull on links 37 to thus elevate frame structure 18. When it is desired to lower the frame structure, the fluid in the cylinder will be allowed to return to the pump (by actuating a valve, not shown) and the weight of the frame structure will then return piston rod 43 to the position shown in Figure 2.
It is undesirable to hold frame structure 18 elevated by means of fluid cylinder 44 for protracted periods since, in the event of slight leakage of the cylinder, the frame structure would eventually settle. Accordingly, latch means are provided to positively hold the frame structure in an elevated position for transport or storage.
With reference to Figure 3, an upstanding plate 46 is carried by the forward transverse frame member 20 of frame structure 18 and a similar plate 47 is carried by the rear transverse frame member 20. Each plate 46, 47 is apertured to pass respective rods 48, 49 which extend longitudinally of the trailer and which are mounted for reciprocable movement in an axial direction in the following manner.
Rod 48 extends through a tube 50 which is secured to supports 51, 52 which extend between and are secured to respective ribs 14 of trailer frame members 111. Rod 49 is positioned below rod 48 and is slideably supported by a hanger '53 depending from tube 50. The right hand end of each rod 48, 49 is pivotably secured to a lever 54 which is pivoted to the trailer in position for easy access by the operator riding upon platform 15a.
In the position of parts shown in Figure 3, frame structure 18 is in its elevated position and is latched therein by virtue of the fact that rods 48, 49 extend through the apertures in respective plates 46, 47. When it is desired to lower the frame structure, lever 54 will be shifted so as to withdraw the rods from their respective plates. This, it will be apparent, will permit the frame structure to descend under the influence of gravity until it rests upon the surface to be smoothed.
In operation and assuming frame structure 18 is latched in its elevated position shown in Figure 3 and that the trailer is attached to a suitable towing vehicle by means of tongue 16, the trailer may be drawn to the site where it is to be used.
Upon arrival at the site and upon being drawn onto the gravel to be smoothed, lever 54 will be actuated to release the frame structure and allow it to come to rest upon the gravel to be smoothed (see Figure 1). The trailer will then be drawn by the towing vehicle while the brushes carried by the frame structure 18 smooth the upper surface of the gravel. As before described, the frame structure floats freely upon the surface of the gravel while being maintained in alignment beneath the trailer.
When it is desired to once again ready the apparatus for transport or to replace worn or damaged brushes, it is only necessary to actuate lever 45a to raise the frame structure 18 and to then latch the latter in its elevated position shown in Figure 3 by actuating lever 54. With the frame structure thus elevated to raise the brushes from the road surface, the trailer may be transported to another site or the brushes may readily be replaced, as before described, if such replacement is required.
In view of the foregoing it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that I have accomplished at least the principal object of my invention and it will also be apparent to those skilled in the art that the embodiment herein described may be variously changed and modified, without departing from the spirit of the invention, and that the invention is capable of uses and has advantages not herein specifically described, hence it will be appreciated that the herein disclosed embodiment is illustrative only, and that my invention is not limited thereto.
1. Apparatus for smoothing the surface of a layer of gravel or the like, comprising a rigid longitudinally arched rectangular vehicle chassis having front and rear ground engaging wheels and a rigid rectangular frame having ground engaging brushes removably mounted therebeneath, said frame being flexibly connected to said chassis for universal floating movement relative thereto to compensate for irregularities in the gravel surface to be smoothed, the flexible connection including flexible chains connecting the front and rear ends of said frame to said chassis, a pair of parallel rock shafts journaled in and extending longitudinally of said chassis on opposite sides thereof, -a pair of longitudinally spaced arms extending from each of said rock shafts, and a pair of longitudinally spaced links pivotally secured to each side of said frame, said links having pin and slot connections with said arms on said rock shafts, an intermediate arm carried by each of said rock shafts, said latter arms being connected by a flexible cable having its intermemediate portion in engagement with anti-friction rollers journaled on said chassis, hydraulic means engaging said cable and means for actuating said hydraulic means for exerting pull on the cable ends to rotate said rock shafts and thus elevate said frame relative to the chassis to disengage said brushes from the surface to be smoothed, and means for locking said frame in elevated position, disengagement of said locking means permitting said frame to be lowered by gravity and of its own weight into brushing engagement with said gravel surface, said flexible chains between said frame and chassis and said pin and slot connections between said links and rock shaft arms affording universal floating movement of said frame relative to said vehicle chassis within limits in horizontal and vertical planes to facilitate efficient smoothing of said gravel surface.
2. Apparatus for smoothing the surface of a layer of gravel or the like, comprising a rigid longitudinally arched rectangular vehicle chassis having front and rear ground engaging wheels and a rigid frame having ground engaging brushes removably mounted therebeneath, said frame being flexibly connected to said chassis for universal floating movement thereto to compensate for irregularities in the surface to be smoothed, the flexible connection including flexible chains connecting the front and rear ends of said frame to said chassis, a pair of parallel rock shafts journalled in and extending longitudinally of said chassis on opposite sides thereof, a pair of longitudinally spaced arms extending from each of said rock shafts, and a pair of longitudinally spaced links pivotally secured to each side of said frame, said links having pin and slot connections with said arms on said rocks shafts, actuator means for rotating said rock shafts in a direction to elevate said frame relative to the chassis and to thus disengage said brushes from the surface to be smoothed, and means for locking said frame in elevated position, disengagement of said locking means permitting said frame to be lowered by gravity and of its own weight into brushing engagement with the surface to be smoothed, said flexible chains between said frame and chassis and said pin and slot connections between said links and said rock shaft arms affording universal floating movement of said frame relative to said vehicle chassis within limits in horizontal and vertical planes to facilitate efiicient smoothing of said surface.
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|US267433 *||Nov 14, 1882||jacob|
|US1035551 *||Jan 7, 1910||Aug 13, 1912||Charles Doering Jr||Display-rack.|
|US1407214 *||May 26, 1920||Feb 21, 1922||Leon Osborn||Toothbrush|
|US1663965 *||Apr 16, 1926||Mar 27, 1928||Eoad dbagk|
|US1978773 *||Mar 1, 1933||Oct 30, 1934||Trant Jr John H||Asphalt spreader|
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|US2695552 *||Aug 5, 1950||Nov 30, 1954||Baltes Alphonse J||Apparatus for concrete finishing|
|FR567728A *||Title not available|
|FR573286A *||Title not available|
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|US4244662 *||Jun 7, 1979||Jan 13, 1981||Olson James L||Snow groomer|
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|US5018587 *||Feb 8, 1990||May 28, 1991||Gandy Company||Brush attachment|
|US5085537 *||Sep 24, 1990||Feb 4, 1992||Alexander Laditka||Methods and apparatus for dispensing, mixing, and applying coating constituents to traffic surfaces|
|US5251998 *||Feb 3, 1992||Oct 12, 1993||Alexander Laditka||Methods and apparatus for dispensing, mixing and applying coating constituents to traffic surfaces, and traffic surfaces coated using such methods|
|US5360287 *||Oct 12, 1993||Nov 1, 1994||Alexander Laditka||Methods and apparatus for dispensing, mixing and applying coating constituents to traffic surfaces, and traffic surfaces coated using such methods|
|US6679652 *||Jun 25, 2002||Jan 20, 2004||Anthony J. Suriano||Concrete finishing tool|
|US6966725||Nov 25, 2003||Nov 22, 2005||Cochran Norman L||Apparatus for spreading aggregate material on a road berm|
|US9572416 *||Sep 8, 2010||Feb 21, 2017||The Toro Company||Turf groomer for natural and artificial turf surfaces|
|US20030155739 *||Feb 21, 2002||Aug 21, 2003||Regis Morin||Small cross-country ski path tracer attachment for ATV|
|US20050084331 *||Nov 25, 2003||Apr 21, 2005||Cochran Norman L.||Apparatus for spreading aggregate material on a road berm|
|US20120096661 *||Sep 8, 2010||Apr 26, 2012||Pizano Miguel A||Turf groomer for natural and artificial turf surfaces|
|US20150201554 *||Jan 21, 2014||Jul 23, 2015||William John McCarthy||Brush attachment for greens mower|
|EP2269484A1 *||Jul 2, 2010||Jan 5, 2011||Actiwork||Chevron brush|
|U.S. Classification||404/101, 15/78|
|International Classification||E01C19/00, E01H1/02, E01C19/15, E01H1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||E01C19/15, E01H1/02|
|European Classification||E01C19/15, E01H1/02|