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Publication numberUS2963546 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 6, 1960
Filing dateSep 17, 1958
Priority dateSep 17, 1958
Publication numberUS 2963546 A, US 2963546A, US-A-2963546, US2963546 A, US2963546A
InventorsHodne Ingard B
Original AssigneeTeletype Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Latching means for teletypewriter carriage
US 2963546 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 6, 1960 I. B. HODNE 2,963,546 LATCHING MEANS FOR TELETYPEWRITER CARRIAGE Filed Sept. 17, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 A l:- V LII'LI'I I! I! IIu 1| 2:- I 66 INVENTOR m I INGARD a. HODNE 49 BY 56 We 4 57 v v ATTOR,

Dec. 6, 1960 LB. HODNE LATCHING MEANS FOR TELETYPEWRITER CARRIAGE Filed Sept 17, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 mvsmon INGARD B. HODNE FIG.

ATTORNEY United States Patent O LATCHING MEANS FOR TELETYPEWRITEB CARRIAGE FilcdSept. 17, 1958, Ser. No. 761,610

7 Claims. (Cl. 178-23) This invention pertains to printing telegraph apparatus and more particularly to carriage control devices therefor.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a means for protecting the movable carriage of a portable teletypewriter during the shipment or transportation thereof.

Another object of the invention is to provide a carriage latching mechanism for a code signal controlled carriage of a telegraph printer which is eflective automatically under the. control of the printer cover to govern the movement of said carriage.

Under certain conditions of operation, it is necessary that printing telegraph apparatus be capable of withstanding the shock and bouncing of rough handling and transportation over any type of terrain, particularly in military use. These conditions necessitate latching the movable carriage of the printer. This could be done by manually fastening the. carriage of the printer to one of the side plates. This method, however, would be objectionable if the unit were inadvertently operated without freeing the carriage, as the positive spacing drive would probably disable the spacing mechanism in trying to move the constrained carriage.

To overcome this difiiculty, there is provided in accordance with the present invention, a carriage latch which is effective automatically, upon placement of the printer cover in position, to initiate a carriage return operation followed by the automatic latching of the type carriage in its beginningofdine position, whereby said carriage will be safely locked against shifting so long as. the cover is in place; for example, during shipment or transportation. Upon removal of the printer cover, the carriage will be released automatically, and the carriage return shaft will be restored to its normal operative condition.

The foregoing objects and features of the invention will be more apparent in the following detailed description of the invention when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 is an elevational view of the latching arrangement according to the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a partial plan view of a telegraph printer embodying the present invention;

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view of the carriage return mechanism, and

Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmental view of the device according to the invention, with the printer cover in place. 7

Having reference to Figs. 1 and 2, the latching mechanism according to the present invention relates to a page printer or recorder of the type, for example, disclosed in copending application, Serial No. 734,907, filed May 13, 1958, by R. W. Nordin. Referring to Fig. 2, the movable type carriage 11 is adapted to travel to and fro across the printer, with respect to the platen 12, on track. 13. In the embodiment shown, the carriage 11 carries a type wheel 14 and a spring loaded print hammer 2,963,546 Patented Dec. 6,. 1960 r 15 actuated. in the manner disclosed in said copending application.

Accompanying each printing operation is a character spacing operation which is eifectuated under the control of the mechanism shown in Fig. 3, wherein, as more fully described in said copending application, the shaft 16 is rocked once during each printing cycle, to cause the lever arm 17 fixed thereto, to oscillate; which motion is communicated through link 18 to a spacing lever 19 mounted pivotally on the shaft 21. Carried on arm 22 of said lever 19 is a spacing pawl 23 which cooperates with a spacing ratchet 24 carried on the spacing drum 25.

As disclosed in said copending application, the type carriage 11 is attached to a cable 26 (Fig. 2) which extends around a pair of pulleys 27 (only one of which is shown) and is wrapped around the spacing drum 25, the ends of said cable 26 being secured to opposite ends of said drum 25, in a manner such that, upon rotation of said drum 25, during the character spacing operation, a coiled carriage return spring 76 inside the drum 25 will be wound to store energy therein to effectuate a carriage return operation, as will presently appear.

When the shaft 16 rocks back and forth once for each printing cycle, the arm 17, through link 18, will oscillate lever 19 to actuate the pawl 23 to rotate'the drum 25 one angular step to cause the cable 26 to advance the carriage 11 one character space (toward the right, as viewed in Fig. 2). Iuxtapositioned to the spacing pawl 23 is a detent pawl 28.

Referring again to Fig. 3, the carriage return function lever 29, as more fully described in said copending application, carries pivotally thereon one end of a link 31, the other end of which is connected pivotally to the end of a lever arm 32 pivotally carried on a stud 33 mounted in the side frame. Projecting from the pivotal connection ,between the link 31 and the arm 32 is a stud 3.4 which cooperates with an arm 35 of a'U-shaped bell crank lever 36 clamped to. the carriage return shaft 37, the other arm of which terminates in a laterally directed portion 39 adapted to span the extremities of both the spacing pawl 23 and the detent pawl 28. When the carriage return function lever 29 is selected, in the manner disclosed in said copending application, its extremity 41 will be presented into the path of the oscillating'bail 42. When the bail 42 is oscillated, the. carriage return function lever 29 will be actuated rightwardly (as viewed in Fig. 3.). The link 31, being connected to lever 29- will also be actuated rightwardly, thereby causing the stud 34, through its camming action with arm 35, to rotate the, lever 36 counterclockwise to thereby cause the laterally directed extremity or portion 39 to lift both of the pawls 23 and 28 away from the ratchet 24. Thus,the carriage return spring 76 is now free tounwind and efieet the return of the type wheel carriage 11 to the left or beginning-of-line position, as is well known in the art.

The type carriage 11 is provided with a latch or hoole member 40 (Fig. 2) adapted to cooperate, as will here-v inafter appear, with a latching slide member 44 slidably mounted on the side frame 45. Referring to, Fig. 1, the slide member 44 is provided with a slot 46 through which slide member 44 is cooperably related slidably with a stud 47 fixed tothe. side frame 45. Slide member 44 is provided with a slot 48 adapted to. have latching rela. tion with the latch or hook member 40. .The slide mem. ber 44 is formed at its lower extremity with a laterally directed portion 49 which is slotted to receive a. projection 51 integrally formed on a lever 52 mounted pivotally on Lever 52 is normally biased clockwise about stud shaft 53 (as viewed in Fig. l) by a contractile spring 56 distended between the extremity 57 of lever 52 and a stud 58 fixed to side frame 45. Ann 59 of lever 52 is connected pivotally to one end of a link 61, the other end of which is pivotally connected to a member 62 carried freely (rotationwise) on the carriage return shaft 37. Member 62 is provided with a lug 63 terminating in a laterally directed portion 64 which cooperates with a pin 65 mounted fixedly in the carriage return shaft 37. Normally, the carriage return shaft 37 is free to be rocked counterclockwise in response to a carriage return signal (as will hereinafter appear) to initiate the carriage return function or operation without affecting the members 62, 61 and 52 just described, in which event the pin 65 will merely move away from the lug 63. However, as will presently be seen, the shaft 37 may be rocked counterclockwise independently of signals by the lug 63 acting on the pin 65 to initiate a carriage return operation merely by placing the printer cover down over the printer.

As seen in Figs. 1 and 4, the lever 52 carries thereon a stud 66 adapted to cooperate with the printer cover 67. In the present embodiment, the cover 67 comprises an inner lining 68, an outer lining 69 and intermediate sound proofing material 71. The lower rail 72 of the cover 67 is adapted to rest on a supporting rail 73 of the base portion 74. Secured to the rail 72 of the cover 67 in appropriate position to cooperate with the stud 66 is an angle member 75.

In the normal operation of the telegraph printer shown in Fig. 2, the received signals will cause the printing of characters, as disclosed in said copending application, and the operation of the character spacing mechanism to rotate the spacing ratchet 24 counterclockwise (as viewed in Fig. 3) to move the type carriage 11 step by step rightwardly, as viewed in Fig. 2. Then, when a carriage re turn signal is received, the carriage return function bar 29 will be selectively operated to bring projection 41 thereon into the path of bail 42 to impart rightward movement to bar 29 and link 31 connected thereto, which, as previously described, will, through stud 34 and arm 35 cause the member 36 through projection 39 to disengage the spacing pawl 23 and detent pawl 28 from the spacing ratchet 24, thereby permitting the carriage return spring 76 to rotate the cylinder 25 to return the type carriage 11 to the left to the beginning of line position, whereat the latch or the hook member 40 will be projected through the opening provided therefor in the side frame 45, and also through slot 48 in the slide member 44, but no physical cooperation between latch 40 and member 45 will occur at this time because the slide 44 is still in its upward position shown in Fig. 1 (and is not yet conditioned for latching by the placement of the cover over the printer, as will presently appear), so that the printing and character spacing operations may again take place.

However, when the cover 67 is placed over the printer and is caused to rest on the rail 73, the bracket 75 on the cover 67 will impinge against the stud 66 and cause the slide 44 to be drawn downwardly against the action of spring 56 to bring the slot 48 into latching relation with the latch or book member 40, as indicated in Fig. 4. The slide 44 and lever 52 will move as a unit due to the yieldable spring connection 54 therebetween. At the same time, the lever 52 will be rotated clockwise about its pivot 53 to actuate the link 61 rightwardly (Fig.1) and thereby rotate the member 62 counterclockwise, which through the coaction between projection 64 and pin 65 will rock the carriage return shaft 37 counterclockwise, thus simulating the action imparted automatically to shaft 37 by stud 34 and arm 35 (Fig. 3) in response to received signals. The rocking of the shaft 37 in this manner by the placement of'the cover 67 over the printer will cause the pawls 23 and 24 to be lifted out of engagement with the ratchet 24 to permit the carriage return spring 76 to rotate the cylinder 25 to return the type carriage 11 leftwardly (Fig. 2) to its beginning-ofline position.

However, under this condition, the hook member 40 will cam the slide 44 upwardly, stretching the spring 54 momentarily, and become latched behind plate 44 as shown in Fig. 4. The spacing mechanism and the carriage return mechanism will thus become immobilized, and the type carriage 11 will be locked against any shitting movement, as long as the printer cover 67 is in place.

Although a certain embodiment of the invention has been shown in the drawings and described in the accompanying specification, it is understood that this invention is not limited thereto, but is capable of modifications and rearrangement without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination, a recorder, a carriage movable to effect character spacing, signal responsive means, character spacing means, means controlled by said Signal responsive means for efiectuating the operation of said 'character spacing means, carriage return mechanism, means controlled by said signal responsive means for efiectuating a carriage return operation, a case for said recorder comprising a base portion and a cover portion, a latch carried by said carriage, a latching means cooperable with said latch, said latching means conditioned upon the placement of said cover portion onto said base portion for consummating a latching engagement with said latch, and further means controlled by said cover portion, said further means effective independently of said signal responsive means to initiate a carriage return operation to establish said latching engagement, whereby said carriage is rendered immovable for the duration of said placement.

2. In combination, a recorder, a carriage movable to effect character spacing, signal responsive means, character spacing means, means controlled by said signal responsive means for effectuating the operation of said character spacing means, carriage return mechanism, means controlled by said signal responsive means for efifectuating a carriage return operation, a case for said recorder comprising a base portion and a cover portion, a latch carried by said carriage, a latching means cooperable with said latch, said cover port-ion and said latching means having cooperating facilities, whereby upon placement of said cover portion onto said base portion said facilities are elfective to condition said latching means for latching engagement with said latch, and further means controlled by said facilities, said further means effective independently of said signal responsive means to initiate a carriage return operation to establish said latching engagement, whereby said carriage is rendered immovable for the duration of said placement.

3. In combination, a recorder having a movable carriage, means for moving said carriage to effect character spacing, said carriage having a latching position, means for moving said carriage into said latching position, a cover for said recorder, a latch carried by said carriage, latching means mounted on said recorder and conditioned upon the placement of said cover on said recorder for retentive engagement with said latch, and additional means mounted on said recorder and operable upon the placement of said cover on said recorder to initiate operation of said means for moving said carriage to said latching position, said conditioned latching means becoming effective upon movement of said carriage into said latching position to latch said carriage in said latching position to preclude transmission of shock through the walls of said cover to said carriage.

4. In combination, a recorder having a frame and a carriage movable to effect character spacing, character spacing means, said carriage having a latching position,

means for moving said carriage into said latching position, a cover for said recorder, a latch mounted on said carriage, latching means mounted on said frame and conditioned upon the placement of said cover on said recorder for retentive engagement with said latch, and additional means mounted on said frame and operable upon placement of said cover to initiate operation of said means for moving said carriage into said latching position and to disable said character spacing means, said conditioned latching means becoming effective upon movement of said carriage into said latching position to engage said latch and restrain said carriage in said latching position and in spaced relation to the walls of said cover.

5. In combination, a base, a recorder having a frame mounted on said base, a carriage mounted on said recorder and movable longitudinally to effect character spacing, character spacing means, said carriage having a latching position,means for moving said carriage into said latching position, a cover for said recorder constructed to fit over said recorder and adapted to be attached to said base, the internal dimensions of said cover exceeding the overall dimensions of said recorder a pre determined amount, a latch mounted on the carriage, latching means mounted on said frame and conditioned upon placement of said cover over said recorder for engagement with said latch, and trip means mounted on said frame and operable upon said cover placement to disable said character spacing means and to actuate said means for moving said carriage into said latching position, said conditioned latching means becoming effective upon movement of said carriage into said latching position to engage said latch and restrain said carriage from longitudinal movement with the ends of the carriage spaced from the walls of said cover.

6. In combination, a recorder having a frame and a carriage movable to effect character spacing, character spacing means, a carriage return mechanism, a cover for said recorder having internal dimensions exceeding the overall dimensions of said recorder a predetermined amount, a latch mounted on one end of said carriage, latching means mounted on one end of said frame and conditioned upon the placement of said cover on said recorder for engagement with said latch, additional means mounted on said frame and effective upon said cover placement to effect a carriage return operation and to render said carriage non-responsive to said character spacing means, said conditioned latching means effective upon said carriage return operation to engage said latch and restrain said carriage from movement with the ends of said carriage spaced from the walls of said cover, and said additional means effective upon removal of said cover to render said carriage again responsive to said character spacing means.

7. In combination, a recorder having a frame and a carriage movable longitudinally from a beginning of line position to effect character spacing, character spacing means, a carriage return mechanism for moving said camage to said beginning of line position, a cover for said recorder having internal dimensions exceeding the overall dimensions of said recorder a predetermined amount, a latch mounted on one end of said car-riage, latching means mounted on one end of said frame adjacent said beginning of line posit-ion and conditioned upon placement of said cover on said recorder for engagement with said latch, and additional means mounted on said frame and effective upon said cover placement to render said carriage non-responsive to said character spacing means and to actuate said carriage return mechanism to move said carriage to said beginning of line position, said conditioned latching means efiective upon movement of said carriage to said beginning of line position to engage said latch and restrain said carriage from longitudinal movement with the ends of said carriage spaced from the walls of said cover, said additional means effective upon removal of said cover to deactuate said carriage return mechanism and to render said carriage again responsive to said character spacing means.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,599,822 Kurowski Sept. 14, 1926 1,631,223 Rothermund June 7, 1927 FOREIGN PATENTS 832,761 Germany Feb. 28, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1599822 *Oct 28, 1921Sep 14, 1926Underwood Typewriter CoTypewriting machine
US1631223 *Feb 8, 1921Jun 7, 1927Underwood Typewriter CoTypewriting machine
DE832761C *Feb 9, 1951Feb 28, 1952Gossen & Co Gmbh PWagenfeststeller fuer Schreibmaschinen
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4773773 *Nov 26, 1986Sep 27, 1988Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaPrinter equipped with a mechanism for locking the carriage of a printing head
US4808020 *Feb 20, 1987Feb 28, 1989Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaCarriage fixing mechanism for printing apparatus
US7068401May 31, 2002Jun 27, 2006Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.Optical scanning apparatus having a carriage locking device
US7724276Nov 3, 2003May 25, 2010Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.Optical assembly lock/unlock apparatus and method
US20030231357 *May 31, 2002Dec 18, 2003Johnson Bruce L.Optical scanning apparatus having a carriage locking device
US20050094217 *Nov 3, 2003May 5, 2005Erika MolchanOptical assembly lock/unlock apparatus and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification178/23.00R, 400/663
International ClassificationH04L13/18, H04L13/00
Cooperative ClassificationH04L13/18
European ClassificationH04L13/18