Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2963828 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 13, 1960
Filing dateJun 13, 1957
Priority dateJun 13, 1957
Publication numberUS 2963828 A, US 2963828A, US-A-2963828, US2963828 A, US2963828A
InventorsBelliveau Philip J
Original AssigneeBelliveau Philip J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building blocks and means for assembling same
US 2963828 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 BUILDING BLOCKS AND MEANS FOR ASSE1VIBLING SAME Philip J. Belliveau, Martindale Road, Auburu, Maine Filet] Inne 13, 1957, Set. N0. 665,450

2 Claims. (C1. 50-425) This invention relates to building blocks and rneans for assembling same.

The invention is more particularly concerned with building blocks of rectangular form which are provid'ed with a pair of nght angularly disposed intersecting grooves in opposed parallel faces thereof and Wherein oonnecting means are provided for the blocks which are disposed in said grooves.

The present invention is for the improved Wall coustruction and method of construction which can be easily manufactured and laid With or without cement one block on another without staggering and when so laid can bc interlooked as between each block by use of connecting metal straps.

A primary object of the invention is to provide rectangul=ar building blocks, each of which is provided with intersecting grooves in the opposed horizontal faces thereof and an aperture extending through the block from the bottom Walls of the -grooves a1: the intersections. thereof and wherein means are provided for extension through said apmturcs and for disposition within said grooves for securing horizontally disposed abutting blocks in .position.

A further object of the invention is the provision of building block securing means which are of highly simple construction =and which are capable of quick and easy assembly with the blocks for expediting the laying thereof.

Other objects and adva.ntages -of the invention Will become apparcnt in the course of the following detailed description, taken in connection With the accompanying dmawings, wherein- Fig. 1 is an isometric view of four juxtaposed building, blocks constructed in accordance with the present invention and wherein a pair of pins involved in the block connecting means are shown in osition in the respective blocks.

Fig. 2 is a central vertical sectional view of one of the blocks.

Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing a further advanced step in the connection of the blocks.

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 and showing a still furthcr advanced step in the connection of the blocks.

Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 1 and showing a still further advanced step in the connection of the blocks.

Fig. 6 is an isometric view showing four juxtaposed rectangular building blocks completely connected against longitudinal separation and further showing four similar blocks connected together against longitudinal separation and on Which the first four connected blocks are supported.

Rcferring now in detail to the drawings, and first to Figs. 1 ancl 2 thereof, each block 10 in each of its vertically spaced horizontal faces is providcd With a pair cf right angularly disposed intersecting grooves 11 and 12 and each block 10 is further provided with a vertioal aperture 13 whose opposite ends open through the bot- 2963,828 Patented Dec. 13, 1960 tom Walls of the grooves 11 and 12 centrally of the intersect.ions thereof.

The connecting means comprises a plurality of steel plus 14 and a plusality of metallic plates or straps 15, all of the pins am of like dimensions and all of the straps are of like dimensions and the latter have letter sulfix designations in tha description of the successive positioning thereof.

As indicated in Fig. 1, two pins 14 are in position but all four Will, 01 course, be disposed in the respective apertures 13 in the initial step of block securement.

The second stcp of assembling the four blocks 10 is indicated in Fig. 3, wherein a strap 15 is positioned in each 01 the grooves 11 in the upper faces of the blocks:

At this point, it is to be observed that the pins 14 a1e initially loose in the apertures 13 and same are of a length tba-t they finally projcct above the last applied straps whereby pins dropped into the apertures in a succeeding layer of blocks will be pushed upwardly by the projecting ends of the pins in the preceding layer of blocks and each of the straps; 15 is provided With a pin receiving aperture 16 adjacent each end thereof. Fufthermore, tne thicknass of the straps is equal to one-half the depth of the grooves. Upon positioning the straps 15 in position in Fig. 3, same arc welded to tl1e pins 14.

The third step of assembly is indicated in Fig. 4, wherein two additional straps 15 a1e laid in grooves 11 With the apertures 16 in adjacent ends thereof receiving tha pins 14 and the stnaps 15 are welded to the pins.

lt is to be noted that the upper faces of blocks 10 and the upper faces of straps 15 are flush.

The fourth step of assembly is indicated in Fig. 5 wherein a pair 01 additional straps 15 are disposed in overlying relation to each of the grooves 12 .amd in intersecting relation to the straps 15 and With the adjacent end apertnres 16 receiving tne pins 14 and to which the straps 15 are welded.

The fifth a.nd final step of assembly of thc blocks is indicated in Fig. 6, Wherein an additional strap 15 is positioned ovcr adjacent ends of each alined pair of straps 15 and which are also welded to the plus 14. lt is to be noted that the pins 14 project slightly above the straps 15 for urging the pins upwardly in the apertures 13 in a succeeding layer of blocks.

As is indicated in Fig. 6, the straps 15 and 15 rast in the bottorn grooves 12 cf a succeeding layer of blocks.

While the connecting means aIe shown for an assernbly of four blocks only, it is apparent that the projecting apertured ends of the st1=aps are readily connectible to ins 14 disposed in other groups of blocks.

Having set forth the invention in accordance With a preferred structural embodiment thereof, what is claimed and desired to be secured by U.S. Letters Patent is- 1. A building block assembly comprising four rectangular blocks in side Wall engagcment With each other, a pair of right angularly disposed grooves in each of the upper and lowcr faces of each of said blocks, said grooves intersecting in tl1e Ve1tioal center of blocks W1'th their ends opening through the vertical sidc Walls of the block intermediate the vertical corners thereof and said grooves having right angularly disposed bottom and side Walls, a vertical aperture in each of said blocks opening through the bottorn walls of the grooves at the intersections thereof, a pin of a lcngth slightly greater than the height of the blocks disposed Within the aperture in each block and projecting upwardly to a point above the upper face thereof, a first strap disposed within aligned grooves in a first pair of said blocks and a second strap being disposed within aligned grooves Within a second pair of said blocks said aligned grooves in said first and sccond pair of blocks being parallel said first and second straps each being in the upper faces 015 said blocks, said straps each hairidg al1pertuidthiarein adjacent each end thereof V through which the upper ends of said pins extend said pins being secured to said straps, a further two pair of apertured straps disposed in superposed relation to the fi1'st (and Second straps, 'said further two pair of straps being flush with the upper faces of said blocks and having Opposite apertured end portions protruding beyond a first opposite side WallS of the blocks, the apertures in adjacent ends of said superposed further two pair cf straps receiving the upper ends of said pins 211d being secured thereto, a further apertured strap disposed upon and in intersecting relation to each strap f the said further two pairs of protruding straps with each of said intersecting straps having lower faces in the plane of the upper faces of said block, said intersecting stnaps are aligned in pairs having opposite apertured end portions of each pair thereof protruding beyond a second opposite side Walls of' said blocks Which are disposed in right angular relation to said first side Walls, adjacent =apertured end portions of said aligned pairs of intersecting straps resting upon and intersecting said furthe1 two pairs cf protruding straps said pins extending through the aperture in said adjacent end portions of said aligned pairs of intersecting straps, two additional straps disposed in superposed rela= tion to each aligned pair of said intersecting straps with a corresponding pair of said pins extending through said additional straps apertures therein, and all said apertured straps being of rectangular form and cross section and of a width corresponding to that cf the grooves and 015 a depth equal to one half of the depths of said grooves.

2. A building block assembly comprising four rectangular blocks in side Wall engagement with each other, a pair of right angularly disposed grooves in each of the upper and lower faces of each of said blocks, said grooves intersecting, in the ventical center of the block with their ends opening through the vertical side Walls of the block intermediate the verhical corners thereof and said grooves having right angularly disposed bottom and side wall, a vertical aperture in each of said blocks opening thmugh the bottom walls of the grooves at the intersections thereof, a pin of a length slightly greater than the height o'f the blocks disposed witha'n the aperture in each block and projecting upwardly to a'point above the upper face thereof, a first strap disposed within aligned groovos in a fizrst Wahof said blockS and a second strap being disposed aligned grooves a second pair o f said blocks said aligned groo.ves in said first and second pair of blocks being parallel-said first and second straps each being in the upper faces 05 said blocks, said straps each having an aperture therein adjacent each end thereof through which the uppga ends of sadd pins extend said pins being secured to said straps; a further two pairs of apertured straps disposed in superposed relation to the first and second straps sa.id funther two pair of straps being flush with upper faces of said blocks and having opposite apertured end pontions protruding beyond a first opposite side walls of the blocks, theapertures inadjacent ends of said superposed further two pairs 0f straps receiving the upper ends of said plus andfbeing sei:ured thereto, a further aportured strap disposed upon and in intersecting relation to each strap of the said further two pairs of prot ruding straps with each of said dntersectng straps having lower faces in the plane of the uppcr faces of said block, said intersecting straps am aligned in pairs having opposite apertured end portions of each pair thereof protruding beyond a second opposite side Walls of said blocks -which a-re disposed in might angular relation to said first side walls, adjaoent apentured end portions of said aligned pai1s of intersecting straps resting uptm and intersecting said fur ther two pan'Is-of protruding said pins extending throngh the aperture in said adjacent end pombions of said aligned pairs of intersecting straps, and two additional straps disposed in superposed relation to eaoh ligned pacu of said intersecting straps with a. coxrresponding pair of said pins extending through. said additional straps apertumes therein.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 872,364 Pierce Dec. 3, 1907 956,632 Finch May 3, 1910 2121,943 Bern Inne 28, 1938 2,141,397 Locke Dec. 27, 1938 2,250 Blaski July 22 1941 2676482 Wilson Apr. 27, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 385,502 G*reat Britain of 1932

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US872364 *Sep 24, 1906Dec 3, 1907James Stanwood PierceCement block.
US956632 *Dec 8, 1909May 3, 1910Stanley W FinchToy building-block.
US2121943 *May 4, 1937Jun 28, 1938Joseph P BemBrick and block wall reinforcing
US2141397 *Sep 14, 1937Dec 27, 1938Locke Earl RayBuilding system
US2250175 *Feb 5, 1940Jul 22, 1941Blaski John FTrussless roof construction
US2676482 *Jan 2, 1951Apr 27, 1954Wilson Howe EWall of reinforced spaced building blocks
GB385502A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3315427 *Mar 12, 1965Apr 25, 1967Frye Norman VConstruction arrangement
US3353315 *Mar 12, 1965Nov 21, 1967George BarkerGrooved panel with load-bearing strips
US3713257 *Oct 19, 1970Jan 30, 1973Design Prod IncFree-standing panel system
US4802320 *Nov 3, 1987Feb 7, 1989Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc.Retaining wall block
US4825619 *May 26, 1987May 2, 1989Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc.Block wall
US4914876 *Dec 20, 1988Apr 10, 1990Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc.Retaining wall with flexible mechanical soil stabilizing sheet
US4942709 *Mar 22, 1989Jul 24, 1990Waldron Michael PDisplay panels and connector system therefor
US5017049 *Jul 26, 1990May 21, 1991Block Systems Inc.Composite masonry block
US5062610 *Jun 7, 1990Nov 5, 1991Block Systems Inc.Composite masonry block mold for use in block molding machines
US5205097 *Feb 11, 1991Apr 27, 1993Harvey Gary LInterlocking block pier assembly
US5249950 *Jan 30, 1992Oct 5, 1993Block Systems Inc.Heated stripper shoe assembly
US5294216 *Feb 6, 1991Mar 15, 1994Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5474405 *Oct 15, 1993Dec 12, 1995Societe Civile Des Brevets Henri C. VidalLow elevation wall construction
US5487623 *Aug 18, 1993Jan 30, 1996Societe Civile Des Brevets Henri C. VidalModular block retaining wall construction and components
US5490363 *Oct 13, 1994Feb 13, 1996Anchor Wall Sytems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5507599 *Mar 31, 1993Apr 16, 1996Societe Civile Des Brevets Henri C. VidalModular block retaining wall construction and components
US5589124 *Jun 6, 1995Dec 31, 1996Block Systems, Inc.Method of forming composite masonry blocks
US5624211 *Feb 14, 1994Apr 29, 1997Societe Civile Des Brevets Henri C. VidalModular block retaining wall construction and components
US5704183 *May 23, 1995Jan 6, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5709062 *Jul 15, 1996Jan 20, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5711129 *May 4, 1995Jan 27, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Masonry block
US5791827 *Nov 6, 1995Aug 11, 1998Arvai; LouisConcrete retaining wall built from stacked concrete blocks of different configurations
US5795105 *Jun 7, 1995Aug 18, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5797706 *Jun 24, 1994Aug 25, 1998Societe Civile Des Brevets Henri VidalEarth structures
US5827015 *Sep 2, 1997Oct 27, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5879603 *Nov 8, 1996Mar 9, 1999Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Process for producing masonry block with roughened surface
US6029943 *Feb 28, 1997Feb 29, 2000Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Splitting technique
US6113318 *Aug 7, 1998Sep 5, 2000Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US6142713 *Sep 25, 1998Nov 7, 2000Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US6178704Jul 1, 1999Jan 30, 2001Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Splitting technique
US6183168Feb 3, 2000Feb 6, 2001Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US6250850Aug 19, 1999Jun 26, 2001Rockwood Retaining Walls, Inc.Block with multifaceted bottom surface
US6312197Sep 18, 2000Nov 6, 2001Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US6568143May 3, 2001May 27, 2003Withrow Block, L.L.C.Interlocking construction components
US6616382Sep 17, 2001Sep 9, 2003Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US6857240Jan 24, 2003Feb 22, 2005Macalister Lawrence RCinderblock alignment clip
US6978580 *Nov 8, 2002Dec 27, 2005Ryan ClarkSolid core concrete block and method of making a concrete block retaining wall
US7048472Jun 11, 2003May 23, 2006Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US7328537Oct 18, 2002Feb 12, 2008Westblock Systems, Inc.Wall block, system and method
US7360970Dec 8, 2005Apr 22, 2008Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US7384215Aug 5, 2003Jun 10, 2008Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US7591447Aug 31, 2004Sep 22, 2009Westblock Systems, Inc.Wall block, system and mold for making the same
US7934345Nov 10, 2005May 3, 2011Marsh Roger FSystems for building construction by attaching blocks with bolts and vertically spaced flat bars
US7971407May 21, 2008Jul 5, 2011Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc.Wall block and wall block system for constructing walls
US8099918Apr 18, 2008Jan 24, 2012Marsh Roger FSpecial and improved configurations for unitized post tension block systems for masonry structures
US8667759Mar 14, 2012Mar 11, 2014Westblock Systems, Inc.Wall block system
US8850763 *Oct 25, 2007Oct 7, 2014Roger F. MarshSuper unitized post tension block system for high high strength masonry structures—with SuperStrongBloks
US8893447Dec 5, 2013Nov 25, 2014J Kevin HarrisUse devices for mechanically secured block assembly systems
US8931223 *Jan 21, 2014Jan 13, 2015Tie-Cast Systems, Inc.Masonry reinforcement system
US9086268 *Oct 2, 2013Jul 21, 2015Jonathan E JonesConcrete block spacer system
US20050108973 *Aug 31, 2004May 26, 2005Westblock Systems, Inc.Wall block, system and mold for making the same
US20140130434 *Jan 21, 2014May 15, 2014Tie-Cast Systems, Inc.Masonry reinforcement system
USRE34314 *Feb 6, 1991Jul 20, 1993Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc.Block wall
USRE37278 *Jun 11, 1993Jul 17, 2001Keystone Retaining Wall SystemsRetaining wall block
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/564, D25/113
International ClassificationE04B2/02, E04B2/04, E04B2/08
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2002/0247, E04B2/08
European ClassificationE04B2/08