|Publication number||US296432 A|
|Publication date||Apr 8, 1884|
|Publication number||US 296432 A, US 296432A, US-A-296432, US296432 A, US296432A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (13), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
REFRIGERATOR FOR COOLING CONTENTS OF BOTTLES, SANS, 6w.
110.296. 132. Patented Apr. 8,1884.
E y '3 Y L \z t v WITNESSES: INVENTOR:
ilnrrnn STATES PATENT Fries.
BERNHARD MOEBIUS, OF CHIHUAHUA, MEXICO.
REFRIGERATOR F-OR COOLING CONTENTS OF BOTTLES, CANS, 86C.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 296.432, dated April 8, 1884.
Application filed October 27, 1683. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, Bnnnnann MOEBIUS, of Chihuahua, Mexico, have'invented a new and Improved Refrigerator, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
The object of my invention is to provide a new and improved refrigerator for cooling the contents of bottles, cans, or other vessels, or cooling liquids or gases passing through pipes.
The invention consists in a fibrous bag or covering to be passed over a bottle or other vessel, part of the said covering extending into a liquid which is absorbed by the fibers and is evaporated, thereby cooling the contents of the vessel.
The invention also consists in details and parts of construction, as will be fully described and set forth hereinafter.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which similar letters of reference indicate corsponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved refrigerator. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of the same and a bottle contained in the same. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of the same, showing it surrounding a can. Fig. 4 is a modification of the same, showing it applied on a pipe.
The refrigerator is constructed of two bags or sacks, A and A, made of cotton or other fibrous material having great capillary powers, the sack A being contained within the sack A. A series of eyes, a, are secured in each bag or sack near the upper edge, and through the eyes a of each sack or bag a separate cord, B or 13*, is passed, the cords alternately resting against the inner and outer surfaces of the sacks or bags. A cup, 0, adapted to receive the bottom of a bottle, D, or can E, &c., is held by hooks F and chains G to the outer sack, A, the said hooks permitting of attaching or detaching the cup very easily. The bags A A are sewed together at b about onethird of thehei ght from the top, to prevent the ice, &c.,. from dropping down to the bottom of the space between the bags. The bottle D, containing the liquid'to be cooled, is placed into the inner bag, A, and the upper end of the said inner bag is drawn closely around the neck of the bottle by means of the cord B. The space between the sacks or bags A and A is filled with cracked ice J at the neck of the bottle, and then the upper end of the sack or bag A is drawn together by means of the cord B. In a like inannera can, E, can be placed in the bags, as shown in Fig. 3. Fruit-jars, milk and cream vessels, 850., can be placcdinto the bags in a like manner. If liquids passing through pipes are to be cooled, a piece of fabric, K, is passed and held around the pipe L, and the ends of the fabric are dipped into water contained in a tank, M,
arranged below the pipe.
In place of filling the space between thetwo bags with ice, a freezing-inixtureforinstance, ice and snow, or a chemical freezing-mixtureor pieces of sponge, asbestos, or other fibrous material, can be placed between the bags A A. The bags can be made of any fibrous material; but preferably they are woven in the same manner as lamp-wicks, so that they will have great capillary power,and will fitvery closely against the bottle, can, 8:0. The bottle, surrounded by the refrigerating-bags, is placed in a window or door opening, or other place where there is a draft, which evaporates the water drawn upward by the fibers of the bags. As the refrigerating-bags have quite a large surface, a considerable quantity of liquid will be evaporated, and by this great evaporation the contents of the bottle or other vessel will be cooled very rapidly. The water that is formed by the melting of the ice or freezing mixture collects in the cup 0, and is drawn upward again by the fibers of the bags.
The device shown in Fig. 4 operates in a like manner.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The combination, with a bottle or other vessel, of two sacks or bags passed around the. same, and of a freezing-mixture held between the two bags, substantially as herein shown and described;
2. The combination, with the two'sacks or bags A Aone contained within the other-of the eyes a, fastened in the sacks or bags at or near the upper edge, and of the cords B B, passed through the said eyes, substantially as herein shown and described.
3. The combination, with the sacks A A, of the basin or cup O, suspended below them, substantially as herein shown and described.
4. The combination, with the sacks or bags A A, of the chains G and the basin or cupO, substantially as herein shown and described.
5. The combination, with a bottle or other vessel,of two sacks or bags of fibrous material, and pieces of fibrous or other material held between the two bags, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
6. The combination, with a bottle or other Vessel, of two sacks or bags of fibrous material, pieces of fibrous or other material held between the two bags, and the outer liquid-holding vessel, whereby the bags are kept saturated by their lower portions being in contact with the cooling-liquid, while the balance of the outer surface is exposed to the air to facilitate cooling by evaporation, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
7. A refrigerator for bottles, 820., consisting of two bags, A A, of which the latter is contained within the former, the two bags being sewed together at I), substantially as herein shown and described.
W. VERMII-IREN, FR. RnIMnRs.
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