Art of making hammocks
US 296460 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
2 Shets-Sheet 1.
Patented Apr. 8; 1884.
ART 0F MAKING HMMOGKS.
(N Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
A, o. Roon l ART 0F MAKING HAMMOGKS. y NoK 296,460K Patented Apr. 8, 1884.
@rb/rm end, showing it .on the machine.
UNITED STATES ATENT* rricn.
ALBERT O. ROOD, OF NEWT YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO'VINGEN'I I. TRAVERS, OF SAME PLACE.
ART 0F MAKING HAMMOGKS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 296,469, ated April 8, 1884.
Application filed November 17, 1583. (No model.)
T0 @ZZ whom, it 112,603/ concern:
Be it known that I, ALBERT O. ROOD, a resident of New York city, in the county and State of New York, have invented an Improvement in the Art of Making Hammocks, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a, plan view of finished hammock-body and a partly-iinished hammock Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal section of the machine on which a hammock formed in accordance with my mode may be made, showing a hammock on it in process of having one of its ends inished. Fig. 3 is a top view of a hammock having one of its ends iinished and the other in process of construction. Figs. 4, 5, and 6 are diagrams showings different stages of progrlss in the manufacture of' the hammock en s.
This invention has for its object to simplify the mode of constructing hammocks, and particularly the en ds thereof, which are the parts of hammocks containing the converging threads and the suspension eyes or loops.
The invention consists, principally, in forming the hammock-body with loops in the ends thereof in any known manner; in then forming each end of the hammock by drawing a cord, from which the converging strands are to be made,` through the loops at the ends of the hammock-body in a straight line, and
4in then drawing this thread from between said loops, forming of it the converging strands of the hammock end, and finally uniting these strands into a terminal eye, all as hereinafter more fully described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, the letter A represents a suitable table, which should be a little longer than the full length of the hammock to be made thereon, atleast not shorter, and which in itssupporting-frame B has bearings ior supporting the reels C C, which reels contain the cord or thread that is to be Worked into the hammock ends. Ihe hammock-body D is placed on this itable A, and when the iirst end of the hammock is to be attached to the body l)-as, for instance, is indicated in Fig. l-the end of the body which is for the time being not to be joined to the hammock end has drawn through it a stick or bar, E2, which rests against pins a c, that project from the face of the table A, as shown. By this bar E2 and pins or projections c, I am enabled to draw the hammock end, which is to be formed at the other end of the body D, pr0porly taut. In now making the hammock end I take a single or double strand (see Figs. 4 and 6) from the reel C beneath and pass it in a straight line through the little end loops b that are formed on the hammockbody D, and then fasten the free end of the thread or cord E to a pin, d, which projects from the table A. This is clearly shown in Fig. 4l. l I now insert the finger or any other instrument between the end loops b b that are nearest the tied end ofthe cord lf3, (in Fig. et I have marked these end loops I and 2,) and, taking hold of the cord between these loops, draw it into a loop of snrlicient length to per mit me to place it over the pin d and over another pin, c, which projects from the table A in line transversely with the pin d. The lines of cord which are marked f g in Fig. -6 show how the part of the cord E which was thus withdrawn from between the little end loops I and 2 is laid around the pins d c. It will be seen from this ligure that the two lines of strand which are thus drawn frombetween the loops 1 and 2 are crossed before they are slipped over the pins d ethat is to say, the strand f, which was nearest pin d, is carried to pin e, and the strand g is carried to d. This is the preferable arrangement. In Fig. 5, which differs from Fig. 6 simply in showing the cord E to be doubled instead of single, the lines j' and g are also clearly shown. After the rst layer of cord around the pins d e has been located the ringer is inserted between the end loops 2 and 3 and another part ofthe cord E drawn out, as clearly appears from Fig. 6, which part is drawn to a suflicient extent to allow it to be laid over the pins d c after becord E, as it is being drawn over the pins (l e, is nncoiled from the reel C. "When the i'lrst IOO wIO
end of the hammock has been completed to the extent stated, (see Fig. 1,) the end of the cordE is cut off the reel, as at h in Fig. l, and tied to the first end that was tied to the pin d. NOW that much of the hammock end that extends between the pins d e in a straight line is wound by coiling around it a thread or cord of suitable thickness. .This wound portion will be just long enough to make from it the end eye, 11, of the hammock, (see Fig. 3,) the pins d c being spaced with that object in view. When this winding has been completed, the hammock end is slipped off the pins d e, or these pins are withdrawn, and a single pin, j, is inserted in a hole formed for its reception near the end of the table A and through the l woundpart of the hammock end', which is then closed yaround said pin by further'winding of a thread to complete the formation of the eye t', as indicated in Fig. 3. Vhen one end of the hammock has been thus entirely completed, the rod EZ is withdrawn and the other end formed of a cord or thread, in the same manner as has been described with reference to the rst end.
I have found that by drawing the cord in a straight line through the end loops b b, and then gathering it up to form of it the converging threads of the hammock end, much loss of time which at present is occasioned in the manufacture of hammock-ends is avoided and fully as good results are obtained.
Instead of hanging two reels on or near the table A, one reel alone may be used, as the* thread E can be taken therefrom for forming rst one and then the other ,en d of the hammock.
Y I claim as my invention- 1. The art of making hammocks which consists in forming the hammock-body with loops b b in the ends thereof in any known manner, then forming each end of the hammock by drawing the cord E, from which the hammock end is to be made, in a straight line through the end loops b b of the hammock-body, and in then drawing said cord from between said end loops b b,'forming of it the converging strands of the hammock end and in nallyv uniting these strands into a terminal eye, t', substantiallyas herein shown and described.
2. The art of making hammocks which consists in forming the hammock-body with loops b bin the ends thereof in any known manner, then forming each end of the hammock by drawing the cord E in a straight line through the loops b b that are at the ends ofthe hammock-body D, in then drawing this cord out from between the end loops b and holding it temporarily, in then coiling or winding the outer part of this cord, and in then forming from this coiled or wound portion the eye i at the end of the hammock, substantially as herein shown and described.
v ALBERT O. ROOD.
CHARLES G. M. THoMAs, HARRY M. TURK.