|Publication number||US2965314 A|
|Publication date||Dec 20, 1960|
|Filing date||Jun 6, 1956|
|Priority date||Jun 6, 1956|
|Publication number||US 2965314 A, US 2965314A, US-A-2965314, US2965314 A, US2965314A|
|Inventors||Salomon Salomon M|
|Original Assignee||Bird Machine Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (8), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 20, 1960 s. M. SALOMON FLUID INLET DEVICE Filed June 6, 1956 United States Patent FLUID INLET DEVICE Salomon M. Salomon, Brookline, Mass., assignor to Bird 1 Machine Company, South Walpole, Mass., at corporation of Massachusetts Filed June 6, 1956, Ser. No. 589,663
4 Claims. (Cl. 239-597) a1 configuration having a substantially uniform fluid velocity throughout.
A further object is to provide an improved waterfeed construction for a suction box adapted to clean and condition the felt belts of paper making machines.
Other and further objects will be apparent from the drawing and from the description which follows.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a plan view, partly broken away, showing one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a view in side elevation, partly broken away and in section;
Fig. 3 is a view in section taken along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2; and
Fig. 4 is a view in section taken along the line 44 of Fig. 2.
In a preferred embodiment as shown in the drawing the device includes a suction box 10 having an outlet 12 in its bottom through which suction may be applied by any conventional means such as a vacuum pump. A cover plate 14 is bolted to the upper open face of box 10 and is provided with a plurality of suction openings 16, 16 communicating with the interior of box 10.
Box 10 is also provided with a plurality of elongated passages 20, 20 each of which is closed at one end 22, as seen in Fig. 3, and opens at its opposite end into a manifold or header 24 to which water or other washing fluid may be supplied through pipe 26 opening into one end of header 24. Water, steam or any other suitable fluid may be supplied under pressure from any suitable source. Header 24 is provided with a separate cover plate 28 held in place by means of bolts 30, 30 which are threaded into box 10, as seen in Fig. 4. A sealing gasket 32 may be provided to ensure adequate sealing around the margin of cover plate '28.
Passages 20, 20 are provided with a plurality of spaced aligned apertures 34, 34 along their upper walls, the apertures being graduated in size from the inet end of passage 20 to the terminal or closed end 22, the smallest aperture being adjacent closed end 22. Each row of apertures 34 opens into an elongated chamber 40, the upper portion of which is formed by cover plate 14 and tapers in cross-sectional configuration adjacent its upper end to an elongated slot aperture 42 which is approximately equal in length to the length of the row of aligned apertures 34, 34 and which has a width less than that of the smallest aperture 34. Each chamber 40 and its Ice corresponding passageway 20 together form a conduit for supplying a stream of water or other fluid through slot 42.
In the operation of the preferred embodiment cover plate 14 lies beneath the porous sheet 4-4 such as a felt belt or Fourdrinier wire (Fig. 2) which is to be cleaned and conditioned, the belt or wire advancing across the top of cover plate 14 from right to left as seen in Figs. 1 and 2 with each passage 20 and chamber 40 extending transversely to the direction of travel of the belt. As the belt advances, being held closely against the face of cover plate 14 by the suction applied through suction openings 16, 16 from the interior of suction box 10, water, steam or any other suitable fluid is introduced under pressure through pipe 26, being distributed through header 24 into the several passageways 20, 20. As the water advances through passageways 20 toward the closed end 22 thereof, a portion of the water is forced upwardly through apertures 34, 34 toward belt 44. Surprisingly enough, despite the graduation in size of apertures 34, 34 the velocity and volume (rate of flow) of the stream of Water ejected through each of them is substantially the same.
The streams of water passing into chamber 40 are directed by the converging walls of the chamber into slot apertures 42, 42. Because the width of elongated slot aperture 42 is less than the diameter of the smallest orifice 34 and the cross-sectional area of the slot is less than the total area of all the orifices 34, 34, the streams of water are merged to issue from slot apertures 42, 42 in the form of a stream or sheet of fluid which is substantially continuous lengthwise of the slot and of substantially uniform velocity therealong.
As each portion of the belt advances from each slot aperture 42 to the adjacent suction opening 16, the water or steam first is forced into the felt, then is withdrawn therefrom by the suction. Accordingly, the belt is subjected to a cleaning and conditioning treatment which is substantially uniform widthwise of the belt because of the uniform velocity of the stream of washing fluid along its length.
It will be understood that the fluid inlet construction of the present invention is adapted to be used either with or without a suction box and that the precise shape and arrangement of suction openings forms no part of the present invention. The device is useful with either cylinder or Fourdrinier paper making machines. In addition, the belt or wire may be spaced from apertures 42, 42 instead of being in contact with or immediately adjacent to cover plate 14. The device of the present invention may also be used for applying fluid such as a coating liquid to the paper formed on the paper making machine.
Although specific embodiments of the invention have been described herein, it is not intended to limit the invention solely thereto, but to include all of the obvious variations and modifictions within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
1. Apparatus for cleaning and conditioning an advancing felt belt or wire of a paper making machine comprising an elongated passageway of uniform diameter along its length having one end closed. and having a plurality of spaced aligned apertures along its wall, said apertures being graduated in size with the smallest adjacent said closed end, means for introducing cleaning fluid under pressure into the other end of said passageway to provide a plurality of jets of fluid of substantially uniform velocity flowing outwardly through said apertures and an elongated chamber disposed adjacent said passageway with said apertures opening into one side of the chamber, the chamber having a slot along its side Opposite said apertures, said slot having an area less than the total area of' all the apertures to provide a sheet of fluid issuing through said slot of substantially uniform velocity frornend to end of said slot.
2. Apparatus for cleaning and conditioning an advancing felt belt or wire of a paper making machine comprising a plurality of spaced, substantially parallel, elongated passageways, a manifold communicating with one end of eachof said passageways for supplying cleaning fluid under pressure thereto, the other end of each passageway being closed, each passageway having a row of spaced orifices along its top, said orifices being graduated in size with the smallest adjacent said closed end, an elongated chamber disposed adjacent each said passageway and having said orifices opening into its bottom, each said chamber tapering in cross-sectional configuration adjacent its top to an elongated slot aperture, the length of said slot aperture being substantially equal to the length of said row of orifices and the area of said slot aperture being less than the total area of all the orifices to provide an upwardly directed sheet of fluid issuing through each said slot of substantially uniform velocity along the length of said slot.
3. Apparatus for cleaning and conditioning an advancing felt belt or wire of a paper making machine which comprises an elongated conduit closed at one end, means for supplying washing fluid under pressure to the other end of said conduit, an elongated slot orifice extending along a wall of said conduit, and means within said conduit for substantially equalizing the velocity of the stream of fluid issuing through said slot orifice along the, length thereof, the last said means comprising a wall having a row of spaced apertures of graduated size parallel to said slot orifice, the largest aperture being adjacent the water supply end of the conduit.
4. In a suction box for cleaning and conditioning the felt belt or wire of a paper making machine, water jet ejecting means comprising an elongated conduit closed at one end, means for supplyingwater under pressure to the other end of, said conduit, an, elongated slot orifice extending along a wall of said conduit, and means within said conduit for substantially equalizingthe velocity of at stream of fluid issuing through said orifice along the length thereof, the last said means. comprising a. wall having a row of spaced apertures of graduated size parallel to said slot orifice, the largest aperture being adjacent the water supply'end of theconduit.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 150,401 Creigh May 5-, 1874- 759,452 Lotz May 10, 1904" 1,005,290 Overholt Oct. 10, 1911 1,016,435 Overholt Feb. 6, 1912- 1,273,349 Filbin s J uIy- 2-3, 1918- 1,714,668 Higgins et al. May 28, 1929 1,751,960 Veenstra Mar. 25, 1930 2,243,607 Rosen et al. May'27, 1941 2,245,109 Lapeyrouse June 1-0, 1941 2,776,169 Aschenbrenner Jan. 1', 1957' FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain Nov. 9, 1911
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|U.S. Classification||239/597, 134/122.00R, 239/601, 239/560, 239/553.3, 239/568|