|Publication number||US2966711 A|
|Publication date||Jan 3, 1961|
|Filing date||Oct 2, 1957|
|Priority date||Oct 4, 1956|
|Publication number||US 2966711 A, US 2966711A, US-A-2966711, US2966711 A, US2966711A|
|Inventors||Birger Fernberg Eric|
|Original Assignee||Ft Products Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (4), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 3, 1961 E. B. FERNBERG FASTENERS 2 Sheets-$heet 1 Filed COL-'2, 1957 Jan. 3, 1961 i E. B. FERNBERG 2,966,711
FASTENERS Filed Oct. 2, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG.9
United States Patent O FASTENERS Eric Birger Fernberg, Northwood, England, assignor to RT. Products Limited, London, England, a company of Great Britain Filed ea. 2, 1957, Ser. No. 687,674
Claims priority, application Great Britain Oct. 4, 1956 1 Claim. (Cl. 24-73) The present invention relates to an improved fastener which is particularly, although not exclusively, suitable for securing a trim pad to the inside of the steel body or door panel of an automobile.
Preferred forms of the invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings, in which:
Figures 1, 2 and 3 show three stages in shaping a blank to form a fastener,
Figures 4, 5, 6 and 7 are respectively a plan, front and side elevation and perspective view of the fastener formed from the blank of Figures 1 to 3, and
Figures 8 to 11 are illustrations of modifications of the invention, Figure 11 being a section on the line AA of Figure 10.
At 20 in Figure 1 is shown a blank in the form of a rectangular strip of steel out of which has been punched an elongate hole 21. The hole lies along the length of the strip and is wider at one end 22 than the other. The hole leaves two arms 23 and 24 and two closed ends 25 and 26.
As shown in Figure 2, the next step in the process is, simultaneously or in sequence, to force apart the two arms 23 and 24, shear out the arms at the right hand end to the shape shown, and twist the arms.
The sheared-out right-hand end of the strip is to constitute a snap-engaging stud portion of the final fastener and henceforth therefore will be called a stud 26, having a closed nose 27 and two limbs 28 and 29.
The left-hand end of the strip is to constitute a base 30 of the finished fastener.
It will be seen that the arms 23 and 24 have maximum displacement at about the line 31, the original shape of the rectangular blank being shown in broken lines.
The two arms 23 and 24 are twisted in opposite senses. Those portions of the arms constituting the stud-limbs 28 and 29 have their inside edges pushed up from the plane of the-paper, with respect to the outer edges, so that the narrow inside edges can be seen at 28' and 29 in the plan view of Figure 2.
Those portions of the arms 23 and 24 which lie in the base portion 30 adjacent the line 31, have their outside edges twisted upwardly from the plane of the paper.
The next step is illustrated in Figure 3. Here the twist of the stud limbs 28 and 29 has been increased until intermediate portions of the limbs are in approximately parallel planes which are perpendicular to the plane of the paper. Thus in the plan view of Figure 3 only the edges 28 and 29 can be seen at these intermediate positions. The two limbs have also been formed with opposed outwardly directed snap-engaging elbows 32 and 33, whilst the temporary twist in the arms 23 and 24 has been removed so that these portions are again flat and in the plane of the paper.
The strip is then bent, approximately at right angles, in the neighborhood of the transverse line 31 so that the stud 26 stands perpendicular to the base 30.
2,966,711 Patented 'Jan. 3, 1961 Finallythe base is bent twice at approximately right angles into the shape of a book.
The final shape of the fastener is illustrated in Figures 4 to 7. After being thus formed the fastener is preferably rendered resilient and rust-proof in any convenient manner.
It can be seen that the hole 21 extends into the base 30 and around the web thereof. This feature of the fastener ensures high resiliency in the stud portion. 7
The resiliency of the stud is also enhanced by the bend in the nose 27 of the stud, this bend being about a line parallel with the plane containing the limbs of the stud. It will be noted that the neutral surface of the curved nose .27 is substantially normal to the base 30 and intersects the plane of compression of the limbs 28 and 29. The neutral surface is the surface or interface between the surface portion of the nose 27 which is in tension and the surface portion which is in compression. In other words, the neutral surface is that surface where the longitudinal stress is zero.
The fastener may be used, in well known manner, to hold one member, such as a trim pad, to an apertured panel, the hook engaging an edge of (or a hole in) the pad and the stud snapping through the aperture in the panel.
Four important advantages accrue to the fastener described and its method of manufacture.
The first is that a very large saving of material is achieved as a result of the forcing apart of the limbs. One may start with a strip of given width and expand it to a width which may be up to as much as 50% greater.
The second is that the final dimensions of the stud can be adjusted by appropriately varying the extent to which the arms 23 and 24 and limbs 28 and 29 are forced apart. For a large panel aperture the limbs are forced further apart and for a small one are pushed only a little way apart.
Thus fasteners accommodating a range of panel aperture sizes can be produced from starting strip of the same width. The finished fasteners are usually wider than the starting strip.
The third advantage is that not only does the presence of the elongate hole afford great resilience in the fastener, but by choice of the length of the hole, the resilience can be adjusted.
The fourth advantage is similar to the first and arises from the bend in the nose 27 of the fastener, this bend increasing the resilience ,which can be given to the fasten- In Figure 8 is shown a modified fastener in which the limbs have not been forced apart, but in which a bend 34 in the nose of the fastener is formed about a line 35 inclined a little to the plane containing the limbs. Nevertheless, the line about which bending occurs remains very approximately parallel to this plane. The elbow is formed in one limb only, and shoulders are formed at the roots of the limbs to the distance by which the stud enters a panel aperture.
As shown in Figure 9 the line 36 about which the bend 37 in the nose occurs is curved, remaining, however, approximately parallel to the plane containing the limbs.
The fastener illustrated in Figures 10 and 11 has a bend 38 in the nose similar to that of Figure 8 and in addition has those portions 39 and 40 of its arms lying in the stud twisted, in opposite senses, so that their inner edges are higher than their outer edges. The bend in the nose and the twist of the arms both increase the resilience of the fastener.
The bend in the nose of the fastener may be either convex or concave. Similarly the limbs of the fastener may have their bends of opposite sense to that described above.
What I claim is:
A fastener formed from a. single strip of resilient sheet material being bent to produce a clip-like base portion having two substantially parallel legs formed by a reverse bend, and an upstanding stud portion disposed substantially normal with respect to the base portion, the mate rial of the strip being of substantially. continuous and regular smoothly contoured form throughout to prevent concentration of stress and formed with a totally enclosed elongate hole disposed longitudinally of the strip extending into both the base portion and the stud so as to render the stud laterally compressible, the stud being formed with two limbs with a curved nose joiningsaid limbs and a bent portion on said nose formed so that a section taken throughsaid nose and parallel to the base portion presents a concave surface in which the concavity is in the direction oposite the bend between the legs of the clip-like base portion, said bent portion being substantially sym metrically about the plane transverseto the plane of compression of said limbs, the curved neutral surface-of said curved nose beingsubstantially normal to the legs of the base portion, said limbs being twisted approximately ninety degrees in opposite directions between said nose and the base, and a snap-engaging outwardly extending elbow formed in at least one of said limbs and being located approximately midway between the upper leg of the base portion and saidnose.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2135417 *||Oct 4, 1937||Nov 1, 1938||Albert H Tinnerman||Adapting sheet metal for receiving bolts, screws, or the like|
|US2136981 *||Mar 21, 1936||Nov 15, 1938||George E Gagnier||Fastener|
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|US2366114 *||Apr 16, 1943||Dec 26, 1944||Detroit Harvester Co||Method of forming screw-receiving fasteners|
|US2618033 *||Mar 16, 1950||Nov 18, 1952||Tinnerman Products Inc||Cable clamp or the like|
|US2657442 *||Oct 23, 1948||Nov 3, 1953||United Carr Fastener Corp||Mounting clip|
|US2803048 *||Nov 9, 1953||Aug 20, 1957||Ft Products Ltd||Fastener|
|GB528294A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3234678 *||Aug 1, 1963||Feb 15, 1966||United Carr Inc||Ornamental letter assembly|
|US3403881 *||Apr 3, 1967||Oct 1, 1968||United Carr Inc||Moulding clip|
|US3545080 *||May 16, 1967||Dec 8, 1970||Amp Inc||Method of making resilient pins|
|US6223910 *||Oct 30, 1998||May 1, 2001||Perfect Curve, Inc.||Device for storing and displaying caps|
|U.S. Classification||24/294, 24/458|