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Publication numberUS2967557 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 10, 1961
Filing dateNov 23, 1956
Priority dateNov 23, 1956
Publication numberUS 2967557 A, US 2967557A, US-A-2967557, US2967557 A, US2967557A
InventorsWilliam O Tait, Norman A Wilkes
Original AssigneeReeves Instr Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Captive screw with sleeve to prevent engagement of the screw head with the work
US 2967557 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 10, 1961 w, o TAlT r 2,967,557

CAPTIVE SCREW WITH SLEEVE .TO PREVENT ENGAGEMENT OF THE SCREW HEAD WITH THE WORK Filed NOV. 23, 1956 INVENTORS WILL/AM 0, 72/7 y A/URMAN A. l V/L/ru A GENT Q MAM/I E5 United States Patent .0

'CAPTIVE SCREW WITH SLEEVE T ENGAGEMENT OF THE 'SCREW WITH THE WORK William '0. Tait, Locust Valley, and Norman A.-.Wilkes,

'Plainview, N.Y., assignors to Reeves Instrument Corporation, Garden City, NgY., a corporation of NcW York Filed Nov. 23, 1956, Ser. No. 624,071

4 Claims. (Cl. 151-"69) electrical and mechanical components are mounted and a front panel'attached to one side of, thechass is. These assemblies may be installed withinthe housing orsupporting frame by providing guides attached to each side of the chassis which cooperate with guides, located; within thesupporting frame. The assemblies are slid into the supporting frame upon these guides. .Thefasteners are ,usually attached to the front panel near each side for engaging with suitable receptacles, afiixed to the supporting frame. When the front panel is moved into.-position against the supporting frame, it is important that the -fasteners be properly aligned so they will not be damaged by striking the frame or mating receptacles. Fasteners for this application should .beeasily operated byv band, should not mar the exposed surface of the front panel, and should be readily removable from the panelvplithout damaging either the fastener or the-panel.

In one type of prior art fastenerthe engaging element or stud is maintained perpendicular to the panel by a retaining cup which completely surrounds the stud. .This cup, while keeping the stud in the de sired positiomfor engagement with the receptacle, prevents operation of the fastener without a screw driver or oth er tool. Thefastener is usuallly secured to the panel .by inserting it in an 7 opening in the panel and then flaring over the lower-part of the cup. Removal of the stud is prevented byjflaring the top of the cup over the head of the stud. fSuchfasteners cannot be readily removed from *the panel and require the use of special tools in their assembly.

Other known captivated fasteners provide an accessible knurled knob to permit rotation by hand. 'Suclrfasteners, however, generally permit the rotated elementto hear against the panel or other stationary surface when'the fastener is engaged, thereby scratching or qtherwisemarring the exposed panel surface after prolonged use. "Furthermore, fasteners of this typeare not"provided-;with

means for maintaining their alignment normal-to-the panel surface when they are 'di'sengaged from their"receptacle. A panel member havingapIuraIity f such fasteners is not readilyattached-toea cabinet,-andconsiderable difficulty is oftenencountered in-the alignment of. all ofthe fasteners with their receptacles.

In, accordance with our invention afastenertisapro- .vided which has its longitudinalaxis maintainedJlonnal I t ther-pa me b l i p inav o nd ng :th istu zlhe ns is h i com re o wee ta a a a ot eh e th u an a n la .1. nnlar v-rnember telescoping inside the cap. g'lheannular member,,prevcnts marringof the surface, ofthe panel member by, the cap as the fastener, is. rotated and also ,;helps to .maintain alignment of rthe stud. ,The fastener is assembled. and secured {to the panel; JDQHFQQfbYHIQfiHS .v-ofral mn re ain n igs-w i rm -bereadi aemeve and does not require theuse of special tools foninstallation. a

It is a principal object of. thisinvention to provide an improved fastening device which, when disengaged, is positioned with its axis substantially normal to thepanel 'member to which it is secured. 7

Another object is to provide a fastener that isrelatively simple, attractive in appearance, and whose operation does not mar the exposed portion of the panelto which it is attached.

A further object is to provide a fastener which gnay be moved into exact alignment with its receptacle ,wi thout damaging either the fastener or receptacle.

Other objects and advantages of the inventionayillbe apparent from the following description, the appended claims, and the drawing of which: l

- Fig. 1 isa side view partially in section .of the fastener assembly disengaged'from its receptacle.

Fig. 2 is an exploded side view partially insection of thefastener assembly.

Fig.3 is a side view partially in section of the fastener assembly engaged with its receptacle.

Fig. 4 is, a side view partially in section .of a modified "form of ourfastener.

Fig. 5 is a side view partially in section of another form of the'fastener.

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the fastener attached to a panel member.

-Referring to;Fig. l, apanel member 10 is 'shown ready for securing to the side wall 11 of a box, supporting frame, or other structure. Panel 10 is provided with an aperture 12 through which the threaded portion 13 and shank 14 of stud 15 has been inserted. A receptacle 16 is fixedly attached to side wall 11- by suitable means such as rivets 17 and is adapted to be releasably engaged with stud 15. Stud 15 may =be threaded, as shown, ormay use any other suitable engaging means. A portion of receptacle 16, having a diameter slightly larger than retaining ring 25, is left unthread- .ed sothat if the'panel 10 and side wall- 11 are-brought the-closed end of hollow cylindrical-cap 18; The-outside surface of cap 18 is preferably knurled to-permit easy -turning--and;-may be provided with a screw driver slot 19 orother operating-means.

=A;helica-1 spring 20, having an innerdiameterslightly I ---larger than the diameter of stud 15, isplaced overthe stud-so as to surround shank portion 14. An annular c'up21 is then placed over and surrounds helical spring '20 with its-open end toward cap 18.

.Annularcup 21'comprises a sleeve portion r22 aud diameter of the sleeve is slightly less than the inner-:di;

ameten of cap-.18. The length d of sleeve:22. is=prefserably slightly. greater than the inside depth-fd ofcap 18. Thediscz23 of cup 21 hasan aperture:24.through which stud;.15 may be inserted but 'which issmaller in diameter than the inner diameter ofhelical; spring 20.

' To assemble the fastener to panelmember 10..the,

threaded portion 13 of stud 15 is'projectedthrough aper ture 12 of panel 10, and retaining ring 25 is placed in groove 26-cut in shank 14 of the stud thereby securing L the fastener to-the panel member.

Spring 26 should be of sufficient length to assure that,

when the fastener is in the disengaged position sh'own in Q'Fig. 1, it will bear against cap 18 so that the cap andatj I taghedstud;15,are forced. to a position in which-there:

gatented Jan. 10, 1961 a disc-portion which partially encloses one end ofthe sleeve. The inner diameter of the sleeveis greaterethan .the outerdiameter of helical spring while the outer taining ring 25 presses against the surface of panel member 10. Cap 18 and annular cup 21 are so proportioned that when the fastener is in the disengaged position the edge of cap 18 will overlap the open end of the cup, thereby concealing helical spring 20.

In order to join panel to side wall 11 of the supporting frame the panel is brought into alignment with and touching the supporting frame, and the threaded portion of stud is inserted in the unthreaded portion of receptacle 16. Any small mis-alignment that may exist between the fastener and the receptacle may be compensated for by moving the fastener laterally in aperture 12 of panel 10, the aperture being made large enough to permit some lateral displacement of stud 15. Since the fastener is held in substantially the correct position by helical spring 20, it cannot be jammed between the panel and side wall. Moreover, spring permits some angular movement of stud 15 and the stud can be moved into alignment with receptacle 16 without damaging the threads of either the stud or the receptacle. The threaded portion 13 of stud 15 is engaged with the threaded portion of receptacle 16 by pressing cap 18 toward the panel and rotating the cap. When the stud has been fully engaged compressing spring 20, the open end of annular cup 21 bears against the inside surface of cap 18 and the closed end is in contact with the outside surface of panel member 10, as shown in Fig. 3. The edge of cap 18 does not touch the panel and, therefore, the panel is not damaged by rotation of the cap 18 and stud 15.

Fig. 4 shows another embodiment of this invention. In this form the annular cup is replaced by an annular member 27 which surrounds the stud and is positioned between panel member 10 and helical spring 20. The annular member 27 is of sufficient length to assure that the open end of cylindrical cap 28 will overlap it when the stud is fully disengaged from its receptacle. Stud 29 comprises two sections of diiferent diameters. Stud section 30, having the greater diameter, is surrounded by spring 20 and the upper part of annular member 27. The other section 31 of stud 29 passes through aperture 12 in panel 10. Step 32 resulting from the change in diameter of stud 29 is located outside of hollow cap 28 so that when the fastener is fully engaged with its receptacle, step 32 will bear against the surface of panel member 10, thereby preventing contact of the edge of cap 28 with the panel.

Still another embodiment is shown in Fig. 5. In this form the hollow cylindrical cap 33 comprises two portions, the portion 34 adjacent to the closed end having a smaller inner diameter than the other portion 35. When the fastener is engaged, the annular member 36 telescopes within the portion of the hollow cap having the larger inner diameter and rests against step 37 which results from the change in inner diameter of the cap. The length of annular member 36 is made greater than the distance between the open end of portion 35 of cap 33 and step 37 to prevent contact of the edge of the cap with the panel when the fastener is fully engaged.

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the fastener which is typical of all of the forms presented since the outward appearance of each embodiment is almost identical. The knurled cap is easily rotated by hand and when pressed in toward the panel is prevented from marring the panel surface by one of the means previously described. The annular member or sleeve conceals the spring and stud, thus contributing to the attractive appearance of the fastener while providing a bearing surface against the panel.

The fastener components may be held together before installation in the panel member by the same retaining ring that is used to secure the fastener to the panel after installation. The retaining ring would, of course, be removed prior to insertion of the stud in the Panel aperture and then replaced after insertion of the stud.

The fastener can also be slightly modified to provide a unit which will remain assembled when the retaining ring is removed. This may be accomplished in the embodiment of Fig. 1 by reducing the entire outer diameter of the sleeve with the exception of a small portion near its open end. After assembly of the helical spring and cup on the stud, the portion of the sleeve having the larger outer diameter is inserted inside the cap and the open end of the cap is peened over toward the stud. Since the inner diameter of the open end of the cap will now be less than the outer diameter of the open end of the sleeve, the cup cannot be removed from the assembly although it may telescoped within the cap.

The fastener is easily manufactured, assembled, and attached to the panel member. Since simple retaining means may be used, flaring or similar operations which would make it difficult if not impossible to remove the fastener from the panel without damage are eliminated. When a number of fasteners are used to attach a panel to a supporting frame no difliculty is encountered in engaging them simultaneously since each of the fasteners is prealigned and may be moved smoothly into its receptacle.

As many changes could be made in the above construction and many diflierent embodiments of this invention could be made without departing from the scope there of, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

What is claimed is:

1. A fastening device adapted for attaching a panel member to a supporting frame, said supporting frame including receptacle means, comprising in combination, a hollow cap having an open end and a closed end, a stud having one end rigidly attached directly to the inner surface of said hollow cap, the other end of said stud extending outside said hollow cap, said other end having a threaded region for positive engagement with said receptacle means, a cylindrical member surrounding said stud, said cylindrical member having an outer diameter less than the inner diameter of the open end of said hollow cap, said cylindrical member telescoping within said hollow cap and having an end surface situated outside of said hollow cap for abutting against one side of said panel member, helical spring means surrounding said stud, said spring means being partially compressed between the inside of said hollow cap and said cylindrical member by insertion of the other end of said stud through an aperture in said panel member, and retaining means attached to and carried by said stud at a fixed position thereon between said cylindrical member and the threaded region of said stud, said fixed position being spaced from said threaded region and said hollow cap, said retaining means having a portion protruding from said stud for abutting against the other side of said panel member for holding the fastening device to said panel member, said hollow cap having an internal abutment surface for abutting the other end surface of said cylindrical member, the distance from said internal abutment surface to the open end of said cap being less than the axial length of said cylindrical member.

2. The fastening device as defined by claim 1, wherein the inner surface of said hollow cap is cylindrical, said stud being coaxially aligned with said cap, said cylindrical member including a sleeve portion and an inwardly extending annular disc portion at one end of said sleeve portion, said annular disc portion comprising the end surface of said cylindrical member for abutting against one side of said panel member, said helical spring means being situated within said sleeve portion in compression between the inner surface of the closed end of said hollow cap and the inner surface of said annular disc portion, the length of said cylindrical member being longer than the depth of said cylindrical cap for preventing the open end of said hollow cap from engaging the outside surface of said panel member when said fastening device is engaged.

3. The fastening device as defined by claim 1, wherein the inner surface of said hollow cap is cylindrical and includes first and second portions of difierent diameters, said first portion being adjacent to the closed end of said cap and having a diameter smaller than the diameter of said second portion, said stud being coaxially aligned with said hollow cap and having one end rigidly attached directly to the inner surface of the closed end of said cap, said cylindrical member telescoping within said second portion of said hollow cylindrical cap and having an outer diameter greater than the inner diameter of said first cylindrical portion of said cap, said helical spring means surrounding said stud and compressed between the inner surface of the closed end of said hollow cap and one end of said cylindrical member, the length of said cylindrical member being longer than the length of said second cylindrical portion of said hollow cap for preventing the open end of said hollow cap from engaging the outside surface of said panel member when said fastening device is engaged.

4. A fastening device comprising a hollow cap having a closed end and an open end, said cap having an inner cylindrical surface of uniform diameter, a stud coaxially disposed relative to said cap, said stud having one end rigidly attached to the closed end of said cap and its other end extending outside of said cap, said other end being threaded, said stud having a circular groove located out side said hollow cap in spaced relationship with the threaded end of said stud, a cylindrical member having a sleeve portion and an inwardly extending annular disc portion, said cylindrical member being coaxially disposed upon said stud between said circular groove and the closed end of said hollow cap, the length of said cylindrical member being slightly longer than the depth of said hollow cap and approximately equal to the spacing between said circular groove and the open end of said hollow cap, said sleeve portion telescoping within said hollow cap in sliding contact with said inner cylindrical surface of said cap, the inner surface of said annular disc portion being in sliding contact with the outer surface of said stud, a helical spring surrounding said stud and situated within said cylindrical member and said hollow cap, said spring being in compression between said annular disc portion and the closed end of said cap, and retaining means attached to and carried by said circular groove in said stud, said retaining means having a portion protruding beyond the outer surface of said stud.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,403,655 Tirrill Jan. 17, 1922 1,419,974 McLaughlin June 20, 1922 1,472,405 Amberton Oct. 30, 1923 1,609,772 Rank Dec. 7, 1926 2,831,520 Clarke Apr. 23, 1958

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1403655 *Apr 20, 1920Jan 17, 1922Clamert Mfg CompanySecuring device
US1419974 *Mar 10, 1921Jun 20, 1922James MclaughlinShackle, chain coupling, or the like
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US1609772 *May 15, 1926Dec 7, 1926Rank Alwine TheresiaHand-bag latch
US2831520 *Jul 20, 1954Apr 22, 1958Northrop Aircraft IncTelescoping captive screw holder with stop means for screw
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3180389 *Mar 2, 1962Apr 27, 1965Frank CharlesFastener-captive front panel
US3189058 *Aug 15, 1962Jun 15, 1965Westinghouse Electric CorpMethod and apparatus for retaining a fastener on a wiring or other device
US3245450 *Jun 29, 1962Apr 12, 1966Deutsch Fastener CorpSelf-retracting screw
US3437119 *Jul 26, 1967Apr 8, 1969Standard Pressed Steel CoCaptive bolt unit
US4660873 *Sep 19, 1985Apr 28, 1987Sholund Richard JDoor securing device
US4702505 *Sep 6, 1984Oct 27, 1987Asc IncorporatedConvertible top latch mechanism
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US8197168 *Feb 1, 2010Jun 12, 2012Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.Captive screw
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Classifications
U.S. Classification411/349, 411/999
International ClassificationF16B5/02, F16B41/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16B5/0208, Y10S411/999, F16B41/002
European ClassificationF16B41/00B, F16B5/02A