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Publication numberUS2968104 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 17, 1961
Filing dateMay 27, 1959
Priority dateMay 27, 1959
Publication numberUS 2968104 A, US 2968104A, US-A-2968104, US2968104 A, US2968104A
InventorsIto Yonezo
Original AssigneeIto Yonezo
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Head model with hairs
US 2968104 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 17, 1961 VYONEZO ITO HEAD MODEL WITH HAIRS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 27,1959

IN VEN TOR. y0/v20 I70 YONEZO ITO HEAD MODEL WITH HAIRS Jan. 17, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 2'7, 1959 INVENTOR. ya/viza {770% BY M I! W WZ zrrmz/myy United States Patent HEAD MODEL WITH HAIRS Yonezo Ito, 33 2-chome Asakusa Kaminarimon, Daito-ku, Tokyo, Japan Filed May 27, 1959, Sex. No. 816,197

Claims. (Cl. 35-59) This invention relates to a human head model provided with hairs and adapted to be used for training. purposes of apprentices in the fields of hair dressing, make-up, beauty culture, face massage and the like, or to serve as showing model to exhibit hair styles, hair accessories and the like.

The invention resides in a head model with hairs firmly embedded therein, characterized in that a hollow shell of relatively thin wall and formed of soft synthetic resin is provided at its upper and back portion thereof with hairs directly embedded therein, said hairs, however, passing through the wall of said shell to secure firm grip thereof, a mass of light-weight, foamed, elastic and granular substance is filled into the inner space of said shell in the presence of adhesive mixed therewith, the shell is closed at the bottom end and the thus assembled is then carried by a supporting means.

The main object of the invention is to. provide a head model, wherein depilation may not be fearedv in the case of hairdressing, -washing and -drying.

A still further object of the invention is to'provide support means for the head model, which is adapted to be detachably fixed to a table or the like stationary body for the purpose of supporting the model and to be easily set to an inclined or the vertical position thereof, as desired for ready use. I

Still another object of the invention is to provide supporting means for the model adapted for positioning the model on a table or the similar stationary body.

The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the invention will appear more fully hereinafter from a consideration of the detailed description which follows, taken together with accompanying drawings, wherein several embodiments of the invention are illustratedby way of example. It is to be expressly understood, however, that the drawings are for illustration purposes only,,and are not to be construed as defining the limits of theinvention.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 shows a side elevation of an embodiment of the head model constructed according to the invention;

Figure 2 is an enlarged vertical section through part of the head model illustrated in Figure 1;

Figures 3-6 represent an embodiment of the supporting assembly for use with the head model proper, and more specifically:

Figure 3 shows a side view thereof;

Figure 4 illustrates an enlarged side view of essential parts thereof, part of which is,,ho.wever, illustrated in section;

Figure 5 shows a side view ofthe stand base attachment fitted thereto;

Figure 6 is a plan view, thereof;

Figures 7-11 show a further embodiment of; the supporting means, and more specifically:

Figure 7 is a side elevation thereof;

Figure 8 shows an enlarged side view of essential parts thereof, part of which is, however, illustrated in section;

Figure 9 is a front view of essential parts thereof, part of which is, however, shown in section;

Figure 10 is a bottom view of the head model; and Figure 11 is a plan view of the upper part of the supporting means. Now, referring to the drawing, especially Figures 1 and 2, 1 denotes a model of human head, extending, however, to the upper breast in a unit, thus forming more specifically a bust, and comprising a moulded, thin-walled shell of relatively soft plastic material, preferably polyvinyl chloride, the bottom end of said shell proper being opened. Natural or artificial hairs 2 completely pass through and firmly set to the wall of upper and back portion of the head, while in the inside space of the bust-a mass of light-weight particles 3 of elastic material, for instance, comprising foamed polyethylene, having a specific gravity of about- 0.01, said particles being, however, introduced into said inside space in the presence of a proper quantity of adhesive, such as magnesia, for the purpose of obtaining full and permanent contact between said mass and the, inside wall surface of the bust, to form. a light,- Weight unit mass together with each other. The bottom end of the shell 1 is closed by a bottom cover plate 4 which is connected through, for instance, a universal joint or ball pivot 7 with a fixing stand 6.

As is above explained, the head model comprises a thin walled shell 1 formed of relatively soft synthetic material and the inner space of said shell is filled with elastic granular fillers adhered with each other as well as with the inside wall'of the shell, thus the shell of the model as a whole providing an elasticity similar to that of human body. Thus, in the case of exercising make-up, beauty culture, face massage and the like training,,the apprentice will feel substantially same touch as that which is obtainable with the living human face. In addition thereto, the hairs are, as is again referred to hereinbefore, firmly and fixedly attached to the shell 1 by passing through the wall thereof, depilation may not befeared in the exercise of hairdressing. Wi'th this model, hair-washing and -drying may be also carried out without any trouble.

Figures 36 illustrate several embodimentsof support,- ing means for'the model. In a preferredembodiment for the purpose as shown Figure 4, a detachable mounting yoke 11 of the vise type is provided with .a receiving socket 12, .anda hollow pillar 13 is inserted telescopically at the lower end thereof in the socket and adjustably fixed in position by means of a fixing screw 14. The upper contracted end.15 of. the hollow pillar embraces. loosely the spherical end 17 of a connecting member 16, the reduced stem of which passing through the opening. 18 pruvided at said contracted end. A handle lever 20 is provided with a shaft 21 passing laterally throughthe pillar 13 at its relatively upper part, said shaft being. in turn provided with an. eccentric portion 22, upon .which a dished bearing piece 19 for the above mentionediball end 17 bears. The connecting member 16 is provided witha male screw 23 at the upper end thereof, which is adapted to be screwed in afemale receptacle 24 fitted in the bottom cover plate 4. The above described supporting as,- sembly serves naturally as supporting meansforthe model generally denoted by the reference character A.

The supporting yoke 11' is formed as shown in a channel, the lower leg of which isprovided with a female screw 25, which meshes with a screw bar 26 provided with a handle lever 27 pivoted thereto. An abutting disc '28 is fixed to or made integral with the upper end of the bar 26.

A supporting projection, such as an edge of a table 29," as V a I shown a chain-dotted line in Figure 4, is embraced by the upper leg of yoke, 11 and the'disc 28and tightly. fixed therebetween by tightening the bar 26. A lateral pin 30 is fixedly mounted within the inner space of the socket 12 and engages in a pair of longitudinal slots 31 provided at the lower end of the hollow pillar 13, thus effectively preventing the latter from turning about its longitudinal axis.

The head model A is fixed in position by the action of an upwardly directing force exerted by the eccentric 22 integral with handle shaft 21 and acting upon the ball end 17 of connecting rod 16 by means of bearing piece 19. When the tightening pressure acting upon the ball end 17 is released by turning the handle lever in a suitable direction, the model A may thus be tilted to any desired degree. When it has been properly positioned, the model may be retightened thereat, by operating the handle lever 20 in the opposite direction.

In a modification shown in Figures and 6, the member 32 is a portable base, which is provided a receiving socket 33 on the upper surface thereof. When the supporting pillar 13 together with the model A is drawn-0E from the similar socket 12 of yoke 11 and inserted in the present socket 33 until the slots 31 engage with a pin 35 similar to that 30 shown in Figure 4, and then a fixing screw 34 is tightened, the thus assembled portable unit may be transferred to any desired position and set thereat ready for use.

Figures 7-11 illustrate still further modifications of supporting means for the head model A. In Figures 7 and 8, especially in the latter, 40 represents a supporting yoke, again made in a channel, the lower leg of which is also provided with a female screw 41, which meshes with a screw rod 43. This rod is provided at its upper end with a bearing disc 42 and at its relatively lower part with a handle 59 pivoted thereto, as in the previous embodiments. From the upper leg of yoke 40, a couple of side plates 44 extend upwards in parallel relation to each other and a depending planar leg 46 from a mounting plate 45 at right angles thereto is pivotally inserted between said side plates 44, said plate being pivoted by means of a pin 47 fixedly passing through said member 44. A cup-shaped member 48 is fixed on the outer surface of one of said plates 44 as shown in Figure 9 and a pin 49 provided with an operating knob slidably passing through the cup 48, a spring 50 inserted within the inner space of the latter, urging the pin to move inwardly and thus it being abutting against the planular leg 46. The leg plate 46 is provided with a plurality of spaced holes 51 cut therethrough, said holes being arranged along an are about the pivot pin 47 as the centre. Normally, the pin 49 engages in any selected one of the aforementioned holes 51, thus the leg plate 46 being fixed at a suitably tilted angle between the stationary side plates 44. The head model A is provided with a bottom cover 52 and a guide rail 53 formed in a tapered channel, when viewed in plan, is fixed on to the under surface of the cover 52, as is more clearly seen from the inverted plan view illustrated in Figure 10. The guide rail 53 receives slidably the mounting plate 45. When the plate 45 is fully inserted and engaged by the rail 53, it is prevented from being drawn out unintentionally from the engaged position by means of a stop pin 54, which is resiliently attached by a leaf spring 56 to the leg plate 46 and adapted to fit in an opening 55 cut through the bottom cover 52 at a suitable position thereof.

As already explained, since the guide rail 53 is formed in the shape of a tapered channel in plan, the mating plate 45 is also shaped in the similar form. A cam 57 is pivoted on the mounting plate 45 and serves for an adjustable abutting means for the spring 56. When a handle 58 fixed with the cam 57 is rotated in one or the other direction, the pin 54 will emerge upwardly from the opening 55 out of the latter, or submerged therein. On the other hand, the handle 59 serves as an operating member, by means of which the screw rod 43 may be turned as desired. The bottom plate 52 is provided with 4 a resilient buffer means 60 at each corner on the lower surface thereof.

When the yoke 40 is engaged by a stationary projecting edge such as that of a table, the screw bar 43 is turned in the tightening direction, thus the attached model A is ready for use under the set condition. At this moment, when the pin 49 is drawn out by means of the attached knob from the engaging hole 51, the leg plate 46 and thus the mounting plate 45 together with the head model A is released from the fixed position and may be tilted about the pivot pin 47. When the desired tilting is realized, the pin 49 is released and engages in the hole 51 in the leg plate 46 by the urging force exerted by the spring 50, thereby the model A is set at the inclined angle. When the pin 54 is disengaged from the engaging opening 55 in the bottom cover 52 and the model is laterally moved until its attached bottom cover 52 is disengaged from the mounting plate 45, the model may be transferred to any other position and positioned thereat, if wanted.

While several embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described in detail, it is to be expressly understood that the invention is not limited thereto. Various changes may also be made in the design and arrangement of the parts without departing from the spirit of the invention and the scope of the appended claims, as the same will now be understood by those skilled in the art.

WhatIclaim is:

1. A head model with hairs firmly embedded therein, characterized in that a hollow shell of relatively thin wall and formed of soft synthetic resin is provided at its upper and back portion thereof with hairs directly embedded therein, said hairs, however, passing through the wall of said shell to secure firm grip thereof, a mass of light-weight, foamed, elastic and granular substance is filled into the inner space of said shell in the presence of adhesive mixed therewith, the shell is closed at the bottom end and the thus assembled is then carried by a supporting means.

2. A head model as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said supporting means comprises a connecting means tiltably connected through a ball joint provided with a clamping means with a supporting pillar at its upper end, said pillar being carried by a detachably fixing means to a stationary support such as a table or the like.

3. A head model as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that said supporting means comprising a supporting member, which is tiltably pivoted to a further member adapted to be detachably fixed to a stationary support such as a table or the like, said supporting member being provided with means to provisionally fix any desired tilted position thereof.

4. A head model as set forth in claim 2, characterised in that said supporting means is detachably connected with the head model proper.

5. A head model as set forth in claim 3, characterised in that said supporting means is detachably connected with the head model proper.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 769,454 Ankers Sept. 6, 1904 972,480 Southwick Oct. 11, 1910 1,387,161 Morrill Aug. 9, 1921 2,152,311 Jacobson Mar. 28, 1939 2,508,974 Soditch et al. May 23, 1950 2,636,460 Seiderman Apr. 28, 1953 2,670,570 Gnaizda Mar. 2, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US769454 *May 6, 1904Sep 6, 1904John M AnkersToy-support.
US972480 *Feb 24, 1910Oct 11, 1910Edward K SouthwickLight-holder.
US1387161 *Mar 1, 1920Aug 9, 1921Morrill Gertrude MDisplay-fixture
US2152311 *Jun 11, 1935Mar 28, 1939Emanuel JacobsonSeamless rubber figure
US2508974 *Nov 24, 1948May 23, 1950Lyle ChandlerLantern holder
US2636460 *Aug 31, 1951Apr 28, 1953Maurice SeidermanMethod of application of hairsimulating fiber
US2670570 *Oct 15, 1951Mar 2, 1954Gnaizda Morris SDoll wig
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3099895 *Dec 7, 1961Aug 6, 1963American Doll & Toy CorpArm and leg joint construction for toy figures
US3354578 *Jul 24, 1964Nov 28, 1967Mattel IncFigure toy having compressed elastomeric stuffing and bonded cover
US3445917 *Sep 14, 1965May 27, 1969Mattel IncMethod of manufacturing stuffed toys
US3464150 *Jul 6, 1967Sep 2, 1969Nasco Doll IncRotatably supported doll's head
US3518786 *Apr 30, 1968Jul 7, 1970Dolly Toy CoBlock with resilient foam core and plastic cover
US3949125 *Mar 8, 1974Apr 6, 1976Roberts Arthur HMolded solid plastics articles and a method for their manufacture
US4403962 *Dec 11, 1981Sep 13, 1983Vista Leonard AMannequin head for training
US4559021 *Dec 27, 1983Dec 17, 1985Mattel, Inc.Poseable doll head
US5252074 *Oct 25, 1991Oct 12, 1993Pivot Point International, Inc.Magnetic three-dimensional analysis system for hairdressing education
US5676584 *Sep 27, 1996Oct 14, 1997Perryman; Joyce A.Doll with interchangeable faces
US5863623 *Apr 19, 1996Jan 26, 1999Arcata Community Recycling CenterBark encased plastic sheeting
US5971763 *Jun 30, 1998Oct 26, 1999Yau; PeterMethod of teaching, training and practice cosmetology techniques and a make-up mannequin kit for use therewith
US6109921 *Jun 28, 1999Aug 29, 2000Yau; PeterMake-up mannequin head and make-up mannequin kit for use therewith
US6629872 *Sep 24, 2002Oct 7, 2003Jeremy Chi Kong CheungMethod for manufacturing a pet mannequin for training pet trimming technicians
US7934974May 3, 2011Mattel, Inc.Compact styling head
US20060008780 *Jan 22, 2003Jan 12, 2006Pivot Point International, Inc.Hair educational tool
US20080014828 *Mar 28, 2007Jan 17, 2008Emily KellyBeauty preparation toys
US20130264451 *Feb 26, 2013Oct 10, 2013Tae Bong JungManikin holder
WO2000000943A1 *Jun 29, 1999Jan 6, 2000Peter YauA make-up mannequin head and make-up mannequin kit for cosmetology training
WO2003063112A1 *Jan 22, 2003Jul 31, 2003Pivot Point International, Inc.Hair educational tool
Classifications
U.S. Classification434/94, 428/16, 273/DIG.400, 264/109, 446/394, 273/DIG.500
International ClassificationG09B25/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S273/04, G09B25/00, Y10S273/05
European ClassificationG09B25/00