US 2970318 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 7, 1961 s. NORDLING 2,970,318
HOODS Filed April 5, 1958 U i d. S t s Paten HO0DS.--
Selma Nor-tiling; 179 LaBrea, IjagunaBeach', cam:
Filed Apr. 3; 1958,.Ser.-No'..f126;221t
IClairn. (or. was:
so as to include a front portion which isfa'dapted to encircle the face of the wearer. and which is secured by various fastening means beneath thechin of 'an individual. Structures of this type frequently d'o not adequatelyfengage the head of an" individual'so as to provid'eadequate protection against the wind or" the; lilierpassing; around aniedge, of. the headcoveryr'frlso-many of these-prim structures do not' provide" sufficientcoverage over .the ears ofan individual'irr orderto adequately protecttl'iese parts of the human body.
An object of this invention is to provide hoods of the general type indicated in the preceding discussion which may be easily and conveniently formed out of a single piece of flat material. An additional object of this invention is to provide hoods which are adapted to be secured firmly with respect to the head of an individual by means of two bands, one of which extends around the head of an individual and the other of whichex-tends around the neck, both of these bands serving together so as to firmly hold an entire hood in place. A further object of the present invention is to provide a hood structure which, when used, provides several layers of material about the ears of an individual where such additional protection is frequently required.
Various other objects and advantages of this invention will be fully apparent to those skilled in the art to which this invention pertains from a consideration of the remainder of this description including the appended claim and the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a hood of the present invention laid out in a flat plane;
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view showing a hood of the present invention used as a snood;
Fig. 3 is a side elevational view similar to Fig. 2 showing this hood used so as to provide complete protection to the head of an individual;
Fig. 4 is a front elevational view showing the hood worn as indicated in Fig. 3; and
Fig. 5 is a rear elevational view showing the hood worn as indicated in Fig. 2.
In all figures of the drawing like numerals are used to designate like parts or features of an individual for convenience of illustration and explanation. The accompanying drawing is primarily intended so as to clearly indicate a presently preferred embodiment of this inven- 2,970,318 lfatented Feb. 7 1881 tion and so as to indicate several manners in-which a hood of this invention may be=utilized;
As an aid tounderstanding. the invention it may be stated in essentially summary form that it concerns hoods which are adapted to be worn'as head coverings. Each of these hoods of this invention is preferably formed out of: a: single piece of generally rectangularmaterial. Upon this piece of material means are located whereby a front edge of it may besecured. aroundthehead of an individual and whereby an opposite edge of it maybe secured around the neck of an, individual. Withthis type of construction two separate: bands are, in effect, utilized so. as to hold the hoods. inv place; and as a result of this construction thepiece of. material" is folded: so that a plurality of layers of material are located so as to cover the ears.
In Fig. 1 of the drawings'there is shown a hood 10 of the present invention which: is preferably formed out of a single piece 12 of generally rectangular. material.
form. to the shape of the head of an individual. when this bond is used.
As indicated in Fig. l'the piece. 12 hasa front edge 16, aback edge 18 and side edges. 20. These side edges '20 are each... preferably formedsso. as-tohave diverging end portions 22 immediately-adjacent to the front edge 16. The side edges 20 are each also preferably-provided with tucks 24' adjacent to 'the' bacleredge 18 50? as? to pie-'5 ivide flap-like corners-26 betweenathe back 'Jedgef18 and" these: side edges, Preferably. coeacting' snaps; 28 are located midway along the tucks 24: sothat" the. portion of the:: piece: 12. extending; generally along: the. b'acki edge 18 may be secured around the neck of an individual in the form of a band as hereinafter described.
Also, preferably midway between the snaps 28 and parallel to the back edge 18 gathering means 30 are located on the piece 12 so as to be spaced from this back edge 18. These gathering means are designed so as to hold the piece of material 12 closely about the back of the, neck of an individual in order to provide a close fit for the entire hood 10, when the snaps 28 are secured together. Preferably the gathering means 30 consist of a plurality of rows of elastic shirring capable of giving" as may be required in use.
Along the end portions 22 a series of pairs of coacting snaps 32 are attached to the piece of material. In placing the hood upon the head 34 of an individual as indicated in Fig. 2 of the drawing two of the co-acting snaps 32 are secured together so as to form a band of the portion of the piece of material 12 adjacent to the front edge 16. Such a band, as illustrated, encircles the head of an individual so as to extend generally across the forehead and generally over the ears. The use of a plurality of snaps 32 on the divergent end portions 22 permits this band to be formed of different dimensions so as to fit virtually anyhead size.
7 When the hood 10 is worn as indicated in Fig. 2 of the drawings it may be considered a snood since the front edge 16 of the piece of material 12 forms a band extending around the head of an individual and since the remainder of the hood falls loosely over the rear of the shoulders and the back of the neck.
In order to provide additional protection against wind and the like, the snaps 28 are brought from the position occupied when the hood is worn as indicated in Fig. 2 around the neck so as to be located underneath the chin of the head 34, and these snaps are then attached to each other. In this configuration a fold as indicated in Figs. 3, 4, and 5 of the drawing is created so that three layers of the hood itself or six layers of fabric in the case of a lined hood are located over ears of an individual so as to provide adequate protection in this area of the head 34 where additional protection against cold or the like is normally required. When the hood 10 is used in this manner the gathering means 30 are located at the back ofthe head so as to hold the hood 10 with respect to lthe neck in order to prevent wind or the like from coming up underneath the hood and also so as to provide sufiicient give in order to enable the hood to adjust as the head of an individual is turned, bent or the like. Further, the back edge 18 extends from the neck so as to overlie part of the back and shoulders so as to provide za'dequate protection in these areas. As will be realized tra n the drawings the front edge 16 firmly engagesthe head so as to prevent wind or the like individual, said piece of material having a front edge, a back edge and side edges, said side edges adjacent the front diverging from one another toward said front edge in being provided with a tuck adjacent to and spaced from said back edge so as to diverge from one another toward said back edge; snap means located on-s-aid diverging portions of said side edges adjacent to said front -edge whereby said front edge may be secured in the 'form of a band around the head of an individual by securing said snap means to one another at the back of the head of an individual; snap means located on the tucks of said side edgesadjacent to said back edge whereby said piece of material adjacent to the back edge therefrom coming up. underneath the hood generally in the.
region of the hair" on the head 34. It is preferred with the present invention to utilize a hood such as the hood 10 in which the bias of the fabric extends diagonally across the piece 12 so that this entire piece has additional give to enable it to conform to the head of "an individual. Those skilled in the art to which this invention pertains will realize that hoods such as the hood 10 may be easily and cheaply manufactured with a minimum of ditficulty and that these hoods will provide adequate protection for the head of an individual. Because of the fact that a number of minor changes may be made in the construction of the hood 10 without changing its essential nature, this invention is to be considered as being limited only by the-appended claim.
Iclaim: A hood adapted to be worn by an individual'which comprises: asingle piece of generally rectangular knitted material the bias of'which extends diagonally across said piece of material, said piece of material being capable of stretching to conform to the shape of the head of an of may be secured in the form of a band around the neck of and beneath the chin of an individual, said piece of material when so secured providing a fold over the ears of an individual; and elastic shirring means formed on said piece of material adjacent to and spaced from said back edge and intermediate the ends thereof so as to provide a. shoulder covering portion along said back edge capable of lying smoothly around the back of the neck, said elastic shirring means being spaced from said back edge substantially the same distance as said tucks, said elastic shirring means gathering said piece of material at the'back of the head of an individual when said piece of material is secured by both of said means so as to closely fit said piece of material to the head of an individual.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,499,911 Dalzell -July 1, 1924 1,819,558 Husman Aug. 18, 1931 1,005,361 Rollins et a1. June 18, 1935 2,431,568 Kovitz Nov. 25, 1947 2,435,945 Redmond Feb. 10, 1948 2,804,626 Rossiter Sept, 3, 1957