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Publication numberUS2971082 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 7, 1961
Filing dateJun 26, 1958
Priority dateJun 26, 1958
Publication numberUS 2971082 A, US 2971082A, US-A-2971082, US2971082 A, US2971082A
InventorsFrank Dean
Original AssigneeFrank Dean
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sputnik cap
US 2971082 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

D. FRANK SPUTNIK CAP Feb. 7, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 26, 1958 nn n h Feb. 7, 1961 D. FRANK SPUTNIK CAP 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 26, 1958 INVENTOR. DEAN FRANK United States Patent SPUT'NIK CAP Dean Frank, Box 194, Burke, S. Dak.

Filed June 26, 1958, Ser. No. 744,724

2 Claims. (Cl. 240-60) I This invention relates to head coverings and more particularly to a novelty head piece.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a special purpose head piece having self-contained illuminatmg means that will provide suflicieut light for performmg various tasks in the dark.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a head piece having self-contained signal means for warning approaching motorists of the presence of an individual along a highway.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a head piece of the above type that is comfortable to wear, attractive in appearance, and which is completely selfcontained with all sources of illumination completely hidden within the interior thereof.

Other objects of the invention are to provide an illuminated head piece bearing the above objects in mind which is of simple construction, has a minimum number of parts, is inexpensive to manufacture and efficient in operation.

For other objects and for a better understanding of the invention, reference may be had to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a head piece made in accordance with the present invention;

Figure 2 is an enlarged longitudinal cross sectional view I of the head piece shown in Figure 1;

Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevational view of certain parts of the apparatus shown in Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a transverse cross sectional view taken along line 44 of Figure 2;

Figure 5 is a transverse cross sectional view taken along line 55 of Figure 2; and

Figure 6 is a perspective view of a head piece made in accordance with the present invention in operative use.

Referring now more in detail to the drawing, a head piece 10 made in accordancewith the present invention is shown to include a hollow segmental spheroidal shell 12 that is preferably constructed from translucent molded plastic material. This shell 12 includes a plurality of radially outwardly extending integral spikeslS of preferably hollow triangular cross sectional configuration constructed of the same translucent molded plastic material as that of said shell.

The shell 12 further includes a head harness 15 that has an adjustable head band 16 for adjusting the sides of the harness to fit a head of substantially any size;

A plurality of rivets 17 or other suitable fastening elements secure a plate 18 formed of insulating material such as molded plastic transversely within the interior of the shell intermediate the head harness 15 and the outermost portion thereof. This plate 18 has a base 19 secured thereto which supports a lamp socket 20 having rivet 24 to the opposite end of the plate 18 formed of insulating material maintains the terminal of a dry cell 25 in constant contact with the base of the lamp 21. A switch 27 rotatably supported upon a conductor 28 is selectively movable by means of a handle 26 between an open and closed circuit relationship with the lamp and dry cell. When in the circuit closed position as shown in Figure 3 of the drawing, the closed switch 27 will effect current to travel through the conductor 28 to the lamp 21. However, when rotated to the open circuit position 27A, the lamp 221 is deenergized. The dry cell 25 is properly positioned between the lamp base and the spring plate 23 by means of a sleeve 30 which is also secured, such as by rivets 31 to the insulation plate 18.

In actual use, energization of the lamp 21 will enable a sufiicient amount of light to pass downwardly through the space between the plate 13, head harness 15, and the outer periphery of a shell 12 to enable the workman to perform tasks in the dark. The illumination of the lamp 21 further illuminates the translucent shell 12 and the outwardly extending spikes 13 so as to provide a visible warning of the presence of a person in the area. The attractive nature of the head piece further enhances its appearance and is not readily mistaken for conventional lamps that are along a roadway, thus enabling this hat to be safely worn by stranded motorists or mechanics repairing vehicles along the side of the road.

While various changes may be made in the detail construction, it shall be understood that such changes shall be within the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.

What I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. In an electrically illuminated head covering comprising, in combination, a hollow spheroidal shell, an adjustable head harness secured and arranged horizontally within said hollow shell, a plate formed of insulating material rigidly secured within the interior of said shell, said plate arranged horizontally and intermediate said head harness and the outer extremity of said hollow shell, said shell embodying at least seven radially outwardly extending integral translucent spikes of hollow crosssectional configuration, an electric light bulb mounted on said rigid plate and positioned with its filament so as to be visible through said translucent spikes, a source of electrical current supported within said hollow shell, an electrical conductor and a pivotal type switch means for connecting said source and said light bulb in the same circuit, said switch means operable in a vertical position to close said circuit and in a horizontal position to open said circuit, said switch means pivotally mount ed between said plate and the upper portion of said shell.

2. In an electrical illuminated head covering comprising, in combination, a hollow spheroidal translucent shell, an adjustable head harness secured and arranged horizontally within said hollow shell, a plate formed on insulating material rigidly secured within the interior of said hollow shell, said plate arranged horizontally intermediate said head harness and the outer extremity of said hollow shell, a plurality of integral radially, outwardly, translucent spikes of hollow cross-sectional configuration, extending from the outer surface or" said hollow shell, an electric light bulb mounted on the upper surface of said plate, a dry cell battery, said battery held in constant" wardly' between said shell and said head harness and thfoughsaid translucents'hell and said integral translucent spikes, a pivotal switchmeans for contacting said spring means when in a vertical position, an electrical conductor between said switch means and said light bulb, for connecting said spring means, said battery, and said light 5 bulb in the same circuit when light is desired to flow from said shell and spikes said switch means operable Lina vertical position .to close said circuit and in :a horizontal position to open said circuit, said switch means pivotally mounted between said plate and the upper por- 10 ti'on of said shell.

References Cited in the file or this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Kempy Jan. 1, 1918 Scott June 14, 1949 Rothchild l Mar. 21, 1950 Prupis June 2, 1953 Bowers June 21, 1955 DArbelofi Nov. 22, 1955 Hesse Apr. 9, 1957 Campanell Dec. 10, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1251537 *Feb 1, 1917Jan 1, 1918Karl KempnyBullet-proof helmet.
US2473394 *Mar 6, 1948Jun 14, 1949Clarence W ScottSafety headgear for pedestrians and workmen
US2501006 *Sep 19, 1949Mar 21, 1950Rothchild AaronCap for children
US2640980 *Dec 11, 1950Jun 2, 1953Ralph G GrossmanIlluminated head covering
US2710965 *Apr 21, 1952Jun 21, 1955Fibre Metal Products CompanyHeadgear for skullguards
US2724769 *Mar 24, 1953Nov 22, 1955Arbeloff Vladimir A DIlluminated apparel
US2788439 *Feb 14, 1956Apr 9, 1957Gilbert S HessePortable dome light
US2816284 *Apr 24, 1957Dec 10, 1957Campanell SamuelSafety light assembly
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3104644 *Feb 6, 1961Sep 24, 1963Burton William EWater skier safety device
US3254444 *May 20, 1963Jun 7, 1966Gordon PatersonAmusement and educational head gear
US3274382 *May 1, 1964Sep 20, 1966Fattori Lazzaro APortable battery powered safety light and reflector plate construction therefor
US3358137 *Nov 22, 1965Dec 12, 1967Sinclair Fraser CorpIlluminated safety helmet
US3676664 *Aug 11, 1970Jul 11, 1972Patrick T CorvettiWork and safety lamp
US5357409 *Mar 12, 1993Oct 18, 1994Glatt Terry LIlluminated safety helmet
US6056413 *Dec 29, 1997May 2, 2000Urso; Charles L.Cap lamp
US6363539 *Dec 15, 1998Apr 2, 2002Sumitomo Bakelite Company LimitedComposite helmet
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/106, 2/209.3, D11/124, 2/173.5, 116/202, D26/134, 273/DIG.170, D29/102, 362/807, D26/51
International ClassificationA42B1/24
Cooperative ClassificationA42B1/242, A42B1/004, Y10S362/807, Y10S273/17
European ClassificationA42B1/00C, A42B1/24B