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Publication numberUS2972769 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 28, 1961
Filing dateJul 24, 1959
Priority dateJul 24, 1959
Publication numberUS 2972769 A, US 2972769A, US-A-2972769, US2972769 A, US2972769A
InventorsCooper Jr Albert S, Keating Esmond J, Walker Albert M
Original AssigneeCooper Jr Albert S, Keating Esmond J, Walker Albert M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Scrubbing machine for on-location cleaning of pile-type floor covering
US 2972769 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 28, 1961 E. J. KEATING ET AL SCRUBBING MACHINE FOR ON-LOCATION CLEANING OF FILE-TYPE FLOOR COVERING Filed July 24, 1959 INVENTORS ESMOND J. KEATING ALBERT S. COOPER JR. ALBERT M. WALKER the suction means.

CLEANING or PILE-TYPE FLOOR COVER- ING Esmond J. Keating, Albert S. Cooper, Jr., and Albert M. Walker, New rleans, La., assignors to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture 1 7 Filed July 24, 1959, Ser. No. 829,469

2 Claims. (Cl. 15-321) (Granted under Title 35, US. Code (1952), see. 266) Anon-exclusive, irrevocable, royalty-free license in the invention herein described, throughout the world for all purposes of the United States Government, with the power to grant sublicenses for such purposes, is hereby granted to the Government of the United States of America.

This invention relates to a scrubbing machine for onlocation cleaning of pile-type floor coverings, such as pile-type rugs and carpets, and particularly to a scrubbing machine of the type disclosed in copending application Serial No. 618,654, filed October 26, 1956, and now Patent Number 2,923,956. The invention will accordingly be described with reference thereto.

The scrubbing machine described in said. copending application provides a scrubber having means for receiving detergent solution and converting it to suds and having also a brush with downwardly projecting bristles, rotat- States Patent 0 able about a vertical axis, for scrubbing the floor covering with the thus-generated suds whereby the floor covering is cleaned and the suds pick up and hold soil and lint. Means for feeding the detergent solution to the scrubber are also provided.

The scrubbing machine further includes a receiver for receiving the soil-and-lint'laden suds, resulting from the scrubbing of the floor covering, from the scrubber wherein the suds are reconverted to the liquid form. Means for conveying the soil-and-lint laden suds from the scrubber to the suds receiver are additionally provided. I

The instant invention is a scrubbing machine of the type described above in which an improved suds receiver is provided for use in place of the one disclosed in said copending application and has as one of its objects the provision of a scrubbing machine having a receiver of the'type described above which is adapted for continuous operation.

screen trap adapted, by virtue of its structure, mounting,

Another object is to provide such a scrubbing machine in which the receiver is equipped with a and positioning, to separate the lint from the-soil-andthe description of the invention.

The invention will'no'w be described with reference to' the annexed drawing in which: Fig. 1 is a-three dimensional view, partially broke away, of the scrubbing machine illustrating the scrubber and the improved suds receiver, and A t Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional viewof thesuds receiver of Fig. 1' in reverse position to that shown in Fig. 1. loaded clamps, as iorexample, clamps"i 57,',holdf,thet V Other objects will be apparent from lint laden. suds entering therein, in such amanner as to 2,972,769 Patented Feb. 28, 1961 Referring with more particularity to the drawing, the scrubbing machine is provided with a scrubber 11 having means for receiving detergent solution from a detergent solution supply container 12 and converting it to suds. Means for feeding the detergent solution to the scrubber are 'also provided and include a positive displacement pump 13, driven by any prime mover (not shown), which conveys detergent solution from container 12 through hose 14 and discharges it into spray tube'15 of the scrubber. Air for generating spray is supplied by a blower fan 16, mounted on scrubber handle 17, having its discharge connected to spray tube 15 by hose 18. Detergent solution is generated into a fine spray in spray tube 15 and the dire spray is blown into suds pregenerator section 19 which contains suds producing means (not shown), the structural details of which are disclosed in said copending application Ser. No. 618,654. The suds pregenerator section is mounted between prime mover 20 and brush 21, the latter having downwardly projecting bristles 22, and being rotatable about a vertical axis. The brush functions to scrub the floor covering with the suds generated by the said suds-producing means, whereby the floor covering is cleaned and suds pick up and hold soil and lint. The soil-and-lint laden suds are thereafter conveyed from scrubber 11 through flexible hose 23, one

end of which is flared, and then through communicating conduit 24, one end of which is also flared, into suds receiver 25 where, as will be described hereafter, the lint is separated from the soil laden suds and the suds converted back to detergent solution and removed from the receiver.

The suds receiver 25 is provided with an outer container30 havinga solid bottom 31, having an inlet port 32 in its wall through which the soil-and-lint laden suds are received from the scrubber, and carrying, on the outer surface of the wall, a nipple 33 having a threaded outer surface adapted to receive mating nut 34-. The suds receiver is also provided with an inner container 35 having an open bottom, an inlet port 36 in its Wall, and a solid tight-fitting'removable lid'37. The inner container is mounted within, and spaced from the inner wall of the outer container by hollow spacer 38 which joins the walls of both-the inner and outer containers through rivets 39 and 40. The inner container is further supported by leg 41, fixed thereto, as by welding, which is positioned within the outer container diametrically opposite spacer 38. The passageways of port 32, nipple 33, port 36, and spacer 38 are concentric thereby effectingthrough communication. The bottom of the inner container is spaced from thebottom of the outer container forming areservoir therebetween for the collection of detergent solufor removably suspending the basket within. the inner; containerj so that it may be detached for the cleaningof the lint therefrom. Such mean s include a metal ba1 1d,'.47 which surrounds, andis ffixed to, ;the top of the basket,

and which-carriesfa pin 48 on its-outer surface; Band Q r 47 is adapted to fit'snugly within-a similar band 49, se-= curedto the underside of lid 37 by brackets 51 and 52,

'whereuponpin 48 will engage'a slot 55 in. said;band49. and,' whe n turned therein, will forma conventional bayo:

net mounrsuspending thebasket from 1id'37.QSpr1 n down tightly when the scrubbing machine is in operation and, when released by hand, permit the lid to be raised and the attached basket lifted from the inner container after which the bayonet joint may be disengaged and the basket detached and cleaned of lint. A band 58, similar to band 47, encircles the screened bottom of the basket 45. By virtue of this structure, mounting, and positioning, the basket 45 is adapted to separate the lint from the soil-and-lint laden suds entering the receiver without contaminating, with lint, the suds-breaking barrier, also contained therein, which is subsequently employed, as will be described hereinafter, to reconvert the resulting lint-free suds to detergent solution.

Also contained within the inner container, and positioned below, and communicating with, the basket, are means for reconverting the lint-free suds, upon contact therewith, to detergent solution which thereupon flows through the open bottom of the inner container and collects in the reservoir formed between the bottom of the inner container and the bottom of the outer container, as indicated by the liquid level 64). Such means are, for example, a porous suds-breaking barrier, such as bronze turnings 61 having a suitable defoaming agent disposed thereon. Means are also provided for supporting the suds-breaking barrier and include, for example, wire screen 62 which supports turnings 61, and which, in turn, is supported by spider 63 composed of crosspieces 64 and 65 which are crossed at right angles to each other and fastened at the intersection. Both screen 62 and spider 63 fit snugly at the bottom of the inner container.

Means are also provided for conveying the reconverted detergent solution, as it collects in the reservoir formed between the bottoms of the inner and outer containers, out of the receiver. In this operation, the reconverted liquid detergent solution which collects in the reservoir is pumped out of the outer container through conduit '70 by the action of pump 71 driven by a power source, as for example, one activated by V-belt pulley 72 andthe solution then conveyed away from the outer container to another container or drain through drain hose 73. The conduit 70, the upper end of which passes through the top of the outer container, is sealably fixed thereto, as by welding. The lower or inlet end of conduit 70 is positioned within the outer container just below the bottom of the inner container and the action of pump 71 keeps the level of detergent solution below the bottom of the inner container. As a result of this structure, the use of the receiver is adapted for continuous operation. A further major advantage resulting from the maintenance of the level of the detergent solution below the bottom of the inner container is to prevent the detergent solution from being re-aerated by suction means, to be described hereafter, which is used to draw the soil-and lint laden suds into the receiver, thereby avoiding a re-sudsing or re-foaming of the detergent solution with the consequent undesired passage of such newly formed suds through the suction means. Pump 71 and theV-belt pulley 72 attached thereto, are fixed bybrace 75,]tosuction fan housing 80, the function of which will be explained hereafter.

Communication between hose 23, which conveys the soil-and-lint laden suds from the scrubber to the suds receiver, and the basket 45 is efifected by conduit 24 which is positioned within the concentric passageways .of port 32, nipple 33, port 36, spacer 38, and port 46, its flared end extending outside the outer container. Conduit 24 is fixed in this position by. coupling its flared end with the flared end of hose 23 by means of nut 34 which screws tightly on the threaded surface ofnipple 33 thereby effecting a leakproof joint.

A suction fan 81, positioned in fan housing .80 and communicating with inlet port 36 of the inner container, furnishes the suction means for drawing the soil and-lint laden suds through the inlet port 32 "of the outer container, then through the communicating inlet port 36 of the inner container, then through the screen trap, or basket 45, interposed between port 36 of the inner container and the suction fan, which thereupon traps the lint in its mesh, and the resulting lint-free suds thence drawn into contact with the suds-breaking barrier 61, interposed between the basket 45 and thesuction fan, whereupon they are reconverted to detergent solution which flows into and collects in the reservoir. The fan housing is provided with an inlet 82 which communicates with the interior of the outer container and with the open bottom of the inner container, and also includes a vent outlet 83 for venting the exhausted air.

In the operation of the scrubbing machine, the suds are generated in the scrubber and the floor covering cleaned with the thus-generated suds. Thereafter, by the action of suction fan 81, the resulting soil-and-lint laden suds are conveyed to the suds receiver through hose 23 and conduit 24 whereupon they enter basket 45. Here the lint is separated from the suds and the resulting lintfree suds then contact the suds breaker 61 which converts the suds to detergent solution which collects in the reservoir. The collected detergent solution is then pumped through conduit 70 by pump .71 and led away from the outer container through drain hose 73 at a rate suflicient to maintain the level of the detergent solution below the bottom of the inner container.

When it is desired to clean the basket from accumulated lint, nut 34 is unthreaded to separate the flared ends of hose 23 and conduit 24, whereupon conduit 24 be comesfree and may be withdrawn from its position, relativeto basket 45. Clamps 57 are then manually released and the rmulting freed lid 37 then raised to lift the attached basket out of the inner container which may then be detached from the lid and cleared of lint as hereinbefore described. 7

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:

l. A scrubbing machine for the on-locatio'n cleaning of a pile-type floor covering comprising a scrubber having means for receiving detergent solution and converting it to suds and having also a brush with downwardly projecting bristles, rotatable about a vertical axis, for scrubbing the floor covering with the thus-generated suds whereby the floor covering is cleaned and the suds pick up and holdsoil and lint, means for feeding the detergent solution to the scrubber, a receiver for receiving the soiland-lint laden suds from the scrubber, and means for conveying the soil-and-lint laden suds to the suds receiver, said receiver comprising an outer container having a solid bottom and having an inlet port in itswall through which the soil-and-lint laden suds are received'from the scrubber, an inner container positioned and supported within said outer container and spaced from the inner wall of said outer container, said inner container having an inlet port in its wall communicating with said inlet port of said outer container forreceivingthe soil-and-lint laden'suds therefrom, having an open bottom spaced from the bottom of the outer container thereby forming a reservoir between said bottoms of the inner and outer container for collecting detergent solution asthe suds are subsequently reconverted thereto, and having a tight-fitting removable lid, a screen trap, detachably mounted within said inner container for separating the lint from said soil-and-lint laden suds and holding the lint thereon thereby producing lint-free suds, a suds-breaking barrier communicating with said screen trap for reconverting the lint-free suds, upon contact therewith, to detergent solution which thereupon flows into said reservoir and collects therein, means for supportingsaid suds-breaking barrier, and suction means communicating with said inlet port of the inner container, said screen trap being interposed between said inlet port of the inner container and said suction means, said sudsbreaking barrier being interposed between said screen trap and said suction means, said suction meansbeing adapted to-draw thesoil-and-lint laden suds through the inlet port of said outer container, then through the communicating inlet port of said inner container, then through said screen trap, and thence through said suds-breaking barrier as a result of which the lint is separated from the soil-and-lint laden suds by said screen trap and collected therein thereby producing lint-free suds which are reconverted to detergent solution upon contacting the suds-breaking barrier, whereupon the resulting reconverted detergent solution flows into and collects in the reservoir, a conduit, the inlet end of which is positioned within the outer container below the bottom of the inner container, means for conveying the reconverted detergent solution, as it collects in the reservoir, through said conduit out of said receiver at a rate sufiicient to maintain the level of the detergent solution below the bottom of the inner container, and

means for removing the screen trap holding the "acct?" mulated lint collected therein for cleaning.

comprising an outer container having a solid bottom and having an inlet port in its wall through which the soiland-lint laden suds are received, an inner container positioned and supported within said outer container and spaced from the inner wall of said outer container, said inner container having an inlet port in its wall communicating with said inlet port of said outer container for receiving the soil-and-lint laden suds therefrom, having an open bottom spaced from the bottom of the outer container thereby forming a reservoir between said bottoms of the inner and outer containers for collecting detergent solution as the suds are subsequently reconverted thereto, and having a tight fitting removable lid, 21 screen trap, detachably mounted within said inner container for separating the lint from said soil-and-lint laden suds and holding the lint thereon thereby producing lint-free suds, a suds-breaking barrier communicating with said screen trap for reconverting the lint-free suds, upon contact therewith, to detergent solution which thereupon flows into the said reservoir and collects therein, means for supporting said suds-breaking barrier, and suction means communicating with said inlet port of the inner container, said screen trap being interposed between said inlet port of the inner container and said suction means, said sudsbreaking barrier being interposed between said screen trap and said suction means, said suction means being adapted to draw the soil-and-lint laden suds through the inlet port of said outer container, then through the communicating inlet port of said inner container, then through said screen trap and thence through said sudsbreaking barrier as a result of which the lint is separated from the soil-and-lint laden suds by said screen trap and collected therein thereby producing lint-free suds which are deconverted to detergent solution upon contacting the suds-breaking barrier whereupon the resulting reconverted detergent solution flows into and collects in the reservoir,

a conduit, the inlet end of which is positioned within the outer container below the bottom of the inner container, means for conveying the reconverted detergent solution, as it collects in the reservoir, through said conduit out of said receiver at a rate suflicient to maintain the level of the detergent solution below the bottom of the inner container, and means for removing the screen trap holding the accumulated lint collected therein for cleaning.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,389,101 Ohrvall Aug. 30, 1921 1,647,005 Keefer Oct. 25, 1927 2,633,595 Berberian Apr. 7, 1953 2,649,758 Cowgill Aug. 25, 1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 763,304 France Feb. 12, 1934

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3072950 *Jul 11, 1960Jan 15, 1963Hoover CoSuction washing appliance
US3496592 *Apr 24, 1969Feb 24, 1970Jones Judson OPortable apparatus for cleaning and partially drying carpets
US3561733 *Jul 30, 1968Feb 9, 1971Westvaco CorpVacuum slurry system
US3602938 *Oct 29, 1969Sep 7, 1971Vacu Maid IncVacuum system for removing water from synthetic turf
US3663984 *Apr 3, 1970May 23, 1972Carpetech CorpPortable vacuum carpet and upholstery cleaning apparatus
US3774260 *Jan 31, 1972Nov 27, 1973Carpetech CorpVacuum pick-up system
US4111829 *Jan 3, 1977Sep 5, 1978Societe Nationale Elf Aquitaine (Production)Device for destroying foam
US4167798 *Sep 23, 1977Sep 18, 1979Gerhard KluglCleaning apparatus for textiles
US4393538 *Sep 9, 1980Jul 19, 1983Tennant CompanyScrubber with foam and spray suppressor
US5331713 *Jul 13, 1992Jul 26, 1994White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Floor scrubber with recycled cleaning solution
US5850668 *Jul 12, 1996Dec 22, 1998Shop Vac CorporationSelf-evacuating vacuum cleaner
US5918344 *Oct 8, 1996Jul 6, 1999Shop Vac CorporationSelf-evacuating vacuum cleaner
US5920955 *Feb 11, 1997Jul 13, 1999Shop Vac CorporationSelf-evacuating vacuum cleaner
US5946769 *Jan 13, 1997Sep 7, 1999Sprinkle; RichardSelf-contained, closed-loop, hard surface and carpet cleaning apparatus
US5966775 *Nov 25, 1996Oct 19, 1999Shop Vac CorporationSelf-evacuating vacuum cleaner
US6009596 *Jan 6, 1998Jan 4, 2000Shop Vac CorporationSelf-evacuating vacuum cleaner
US6079076 *Jul 31, 1997Jun 27, 2000Shop-Vac CorporationVacuum cleaner collection bag
US6112366 *Jan 20, 1999Sep 5, 2000Shop Vac CorporationOutlet priming self-evacuation vacuum cleaner
US7297189 *Sep 24, 2004Nov 20, 2007Jessey RogerJR dust clean vacuum
DE1816838B2 *Dec 24, 1968Jan 11, 1973Svenska Utvecklings AbVorrichtung zum waschen von personen, insbesondere bettlaegerigen patienten
DE1816838C3 *Dec 24, 1968Aug 16, 1973Svenska Utvecklings AbVorrichtung zum waschen von personen, insbesondere bettlaegerigen patienten
EP2162243A1 *Jun 5, 2008Mar 17, 2010Nordic ground Support Equipment IP ABCleaning device and graffiti removal
Classifications
U.S. Classification15/321, 15/353, 96/179
International ClassificationA47L11/30, A47L11/29
Cooperative ClassificationA47L11/4033, A47L11/4022, A47L11/305, A47L11/4027
European ClassificationA47L11/40E4, A47L11/40D2D, A47L11/40E, A47L11/30B2