US 2972994 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 28, 1961 M. FERENS HAIR CURLERS Filed April 22, 1957 INVENTOR Marcello Ferens Un te ePenmQ,
HAIR CURLERS Marcella Ferens, Box 84, Darragh, Westmoreland County, Pa.
Filed Apr. 22, 1957, Ser. No. 654,254
3 Claims. (Cl. 132-40) This invention relates to hair curlers and particularly to a hair curler adapted for use with permanent wave solutions.
The home permanent wave produced by adding a curling solution to the human hair and curling the hair onto mechanical curlers of various sorts has been in use for a considerable period of time. All of the hair curling devices heretofore available have, however, been subject to the difficulty that the hair after being treated with the curling solution must be removed from the curling device prior to neutralization. As a result, the neutralizing step not infrequently removes a portion of the curl or undesirably affects the curl. Moreover, the curling devices heretofore used provided rubber elastic or cloth ties which tended to undesirably indent the hair where they crossed it and tend to cause brittleness at that point.
The present invention provides a hair curling device which eliminates the need for removing the curler between the first step of treating with the curling solution and the second step of neutralizing as is the case in the present curling mechanisms.
I provide a perforated hollow cellulose tube having attached thereto on its outer periphery the edge of a sheet of parchment preferably rectangular in shape; a hank of fibrous material is attached at one end of the hollow cellulose member. The hair to be curled is wound onto the paper cylinder along with the parchment until the hair is completely wound onto the cylinder. The free end of the hank of fibrous material is passed over the hair and forced into the open end of the cylinder opposite its fixed connection with the bank of fibrous material. Preferably, the hank of fibrous material is wool. The parchment is preferably perforated. The wool has sufficient grip on the strands of human hair to prevent the curler from raveling or unrolling. At the same time, the wool and the parchment are sufiiciently porous to pennit the free entry of the neutralizing solution and its gradual evaporation from the hair leaving the hair completely waved on the curler. When the curl is dry, the end of the hank of wool is removed from the end of the cylinder and the hair unrolled from the curler after which the usual steps of combing and completing the wave are carried out.
In the foregoing general description of this invention,
I have set out certain advantages, purposes and objects of this invention. Other objects, purposes and advantages will be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings in which,
Figure 1 is an isometric view of a curler according to my invention;
Figure 2 is an isometric view showing the beginning of the curling operation; and
Figure 3 is an isometric view showing the completed curl on the curler.
Referring to the drawings, I have illustrated a hollow paper cylinder having perforations 11. Preferably the cylinder 10 is about one inch long and one-half inch in diameter although any convenient and desired size 2,972,994 Patented Feb. 1961 may be used. Attached to the Iouter periphery of the K cylinder 10 is arectangle of permanent wave parchment 12 having perforations or slashes 13; A hank of wool 14 is fixed to one end of the cylinder 10.
The curler of this invention is used as follows:
A portion of the curling solution is placed on the hair. The end of the hair 15 is placed on the cylinder 10 between the cylinder and the parchment 12. The end is then rolled around the cylinder 10 with the parchment lying between the first few turns of hair. When the curl has been completed, the hank of wool 14 is passed over the completed curl and the end 16 is forced into the open end 10a of the cylinder 10 opposite its connection with the hank of wool. The wool holds the curl in place upon completion. The balance of the curling solution is then applied to the wool and permitted to dry to set the curl. Neutralizing solution is then applied directly to the completed curl without unrolling. The perforated cylinder 10, parchment 12 and wool 14 acting to carry the neutralizer into the curl without being detrimentally affected thereby and, moreover, acting through the capillarity of the structure itself to carry the neutralizing solution to all parts of the curl. When the curl is dried after the neutralizing step, the end of the wool 16 is removed from the hollow end 10a of the cylinder 10 and the hair unwound from the curl. The curler may be repeatedly used in the same manner.
The curler of this invention is inexpensive to make and is highly efficient in carrying both the curling solution and neutralizing solution into the body of the curl so that the highest efiiciency in the curling operation can be obtained and the need for the intermediate step of unrolling the curler prior to neutralization is eliminated. Moreover, the wool leaves no tie mark on the curl and eliminates the undesirable indentation caused by conventional ties. It is, of course, possible to use the curler in cur-ling operations where permanent wave solutions are not involved and in such curling operations, the curler has the same great advantages of holding the hair without leaving any mechanical marks thereon and without in any way damaging the hair.
While I have illustrated a presently preferred embodiment of my invention, it may be otherwise embodied within the scope of the following claims.
1. A hair curler comprising a perforated hollow cellulose tube open at each end, a sheet of parchment attached along one of its edges to the periphery of the tube and adapted to lie between successive layers of hair and a hank of soft, unwoven wool-like fibrous material fixed at one end to one end of the tube and adapted to pass over the hair curled on the tube and be inserted in the end of the tube opposite the fixed end of the fibrous material.
2. A hair curler comprising a perforated hollow cellulose tube open at each end, a rectangular sheet of perforated parchment paper attached along one of its edges to the periphery of the tube on a line generally parallel to the axis of the tube and adapted to lie between successine layers of hair and a hank oflong, unwoven, soft wool-like fibers fixed at one end to one end of the tube and adapted to pass over the hair curled on the tube and have its opposite end inserted in the end of the tube opposite the fixed end of the fiber.
3. A hair curler comprising a perforated hollow cellulose tube open at each end, a rectangular sheet of perforated parchment paper attached along one of its edges to the periphery of the tube on a line'generally parallel to the axis of the tube and adapted to lie between successive layers of hair and a bank of unwoven, soft wool fibers fixed at one end to one end of the tube and adapted to pass over the hair curled on the tube and have its ops smeae posite end inserted in the end of the tube opposite the fixed end of the fiber.
References Cited in the file of this patent Seidel .V....,. L June 27, 19,39
Reiter July 31, 1945 Roth Aug.'7, 1951 Gudat July 8, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS