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Publication numberUS2976190 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 21, 1961
Filing dateMay 27, 1957
Priority dateMay 27, 1957
Publication numberUS 2976190 A, US 2976190A, US-A-2976190, US2976190 A, US2976190A
InventorsMeyer Louis C
Original AssigneeMeyer Louis C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cigarettes
US 2976190 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

L. C. MEYER March 21, 1961 CIGARETTES Filed May 27, 1957 INVENTOR. [OZ/A5 C fife ex" Aria/m2? Patented Mar. 21, 19 61 United States. Patent Office CIGARETTES Louis C. Meyer, Rte. 1, Box 160, Mount Morrison, Colo.

Filed May 27, 1957, Ser. No. 661,748

1 Claim. (Cl. 131-17) This invention relates to a cigarette. One of the principal objections to cigarettes is the intense heat developed at the point of combustion which frees various tars and other deleterious substances, and forms vapors thereof, which are believed to be harmful to a smoker. It appears that if the temperature at and adjacent the area of combustion be reduced, the amount of injurious vapors will be similarly reduced, together with the harmful effects of cigarette smoking. It is, of course, well known that all metals have a relatively low specific heat and that they will absorb heat in proportion to their specific heats. Therefore, if the combustion zone can be brought into close proximity with the surfaces of metallic bodies, the result will be to lower the temperature of the combustion zone.

The principal object of this invention is to provide a cigarette in which the surfaces of metallic bodies will be continuously maintained in and about the zone of combustion of a cigarette to absorb heat therefrom and reduce the overall temperature of the cigarette.

Another object of the invention is to employ a metal for this purpose which will have a relatively low specific heat and which will be relatively light in weight, and to incorporate the metal in the cigarette in such a form that, as the cigarette is consumed, the metal will fall away in and with the cigarette ash so as not to interfere with normal smoking habits.

A further object is to provide a cigarette in which metallic surfaces will be positioned in contact with the tobacco content so that they will act to condense and collect the various nicotine and tar vapors to reduce the amount of the substances reaching the mouth of the smoker.

Other objects and advantages reside in the detail construction of the invention, which is designed for simplicity, economy, and efficiency. These will become more apparent from the following description.

In the following detailed description of the invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawing which forms a part hereof. Like numerals refer to like parts in all views of the drawing and throughout the description.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 illustrates a paper strip from which the improved cigarette may be made;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged, longitudinal section through a cigarette formed from the paper of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a similar longitudinal section through a cigarette, illustrating a first alternate form of the invention; and

Fig. 4 is a similar sectional view illustrating a second alternate form of the invention.

In the preferred form of the invention a cigarette is formed from a strip of conventional cigarette paper to one surface of which metal particles 11 have been applied. The metallic particles are preferably formed from aluminum flakes applied to the paper in any desired manner, such as by pressing them against the surface of the paper so that they will mechanically adhere thereto;

2 spraying them onto the paper with any suitable harmless bonding material; or in other ways which may occur to the manufacturer. Regardless of the method of application, the strip of cigarette paper 10 is completely coated on one side with metallic bodies or particles, such as flocculent aluminum foil.

When'the cigarette is formed, as shown in Fig. 2, the surface of the paper 10 containing the metal particles 11 is faced inwardly in contact with a tobacco core 12. The mouth end of the cigarette is preferably, but not necessarily, provided with any of the conventional cigarette filters 13 to prevent metal particles and tobacco from being drawn into the mouth of the user.

As the cigarette is consumed, the metallic particles will always surround the area of combustion and will act to absorb heat therefrom, and will also act as metallic condensing surfaces upon which the vapors produced by the combustion may condense and collect. As the cigarette is consumed, the metallic particles will fall away with the paper and tobacco ashes.

One of the principal features of the invention is the placing of metallic surfaces in and about the zone of combustion. The arrangement shown in Figs. 1 and 2 accomplishes this. However, it may be accomplished, at least in part, in other ways, such as by intermixing flocculent metal foil or flake particles'1'4 with the tobacco,

shown at 15 in Fig. 3, before the cigarette is formed. The action of the metallic particles 14 and the use thereof is similar to the preferred form previously described.

Another method for placing metallic surfaces in the zone of combustion is illustrated in Fig. 4 in which ribhon-like strips of metal foil 16 are wrapped into the cigarette with the tobacco filling. This form has all of the advantages of the previous forms, but has the disadvantage that the ribbons may not be so easily disposable in the ash, as in the preceding forms.

While aluminum'has been described as the preferred metal for use in the cigarette, other metals may be employed. For instance, iron particles should be satisfactory due to the relatively low specific heat of this particular metal.

While a specific form of the improvement has been described and illustrated herein, it is to be understood that the same may be varied, within the scope of the appended claim, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed and desired secured by Letters Patent is:

A cigarette comprising a paper wrapping, tobacco en closed in said wrapping, and loose, independent, separated, metal fiake particles having a relatively low specific heat uniformly intermixed with said tobacco throughout the entire length and breadth of the cigarette tobacco, so that the metal particles will always be present in the combustion zone as the cigarette is consumed, said metal particles being of a size and spaced a sufficient distance apart to continuously fall away from the cigarette with the ashes as the combustion zone travels from the point of combustion toward the mouth of the user for continuously extracting the heat from the combustion zone thereby lowering the temperature of said zone.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,972,718 Sharlit Sept. 4, 1934 2,003,690 Lewton June 4, 1935 2,049,320 Ruben et al July 28, 1936 2,185,293 Copeman Jan. 2, 1940 2,192,569 Williams et al. Mar. 5, 1940 (Other references on following page) 3 UNITED STATES PATENTS v Thiele May 14, 1946 Great Britain Dec. 17, 1934 Italy June 22, 1949 Great Britain Oct. 24, 1940 France May 21, 1927 OTHER REFERENCES Time (pub.) Making Cigarette Safe, Apr. 22, 1957, page 50.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1972718 *Aug 28, 1930Sep 4, 1934Sharlit HermanTreatment of tobacco
US2003690 *Mar 28, 1933Jun 4, 1935Lucy O LewtonTobacco product
US2049320 *Dec 2, 1933Jul 28, 1936Elsbeth RubenCigarette
US2185293 *Jul 24, 1930Jan 2, 1940Copeman Lab CoCigarette and process of treating same
US2192569 *Sep 3, 1936Mar 5, 1940Williams Harold SilvaMagnetic cigarette and support therefor
US2400176 *Sep 20, 1941May 14, 1946Standard Oil CoCatalytic conversion
US2669995 *Apr 28, 1950Feb 23, 1954Troy Arnold IDisposable filter and holder
US2785681 *Apr 29, 1952Mar 19, 1957Frank FesslerFilter
FR626721A * Title not available
GB421236A * Title not available
GB528190A * Title not available
GB187400476A * Title not available
GB191219694A * Title not available
IT449559B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3106210 *Oct 8, 1958Oct 8, 1963Reynolds Metals CoSmoking tobacco
US3183914 *Jan 24, 1962May 18, 1965Charles C CohnCigarette
US3395714 *Jun 15, 1964Aug 6, 1968Wilhelm KahaneCigarette having plastic sheet lined wrapper
US4236532 *Sep 11, 1978Dec 2, 1980Gallaher LimitedSmoking rod wrapper
US4452259 *Jul 10, 1981Jun 5, 1984Loews Theatres, Inc.Smoking articles having a reduced free burn time
US4598720 *Apr 29, 1984Jul 8, 1986Gabriel Naeem BPelleted cigarette
US4630620 *Jan 30, 1981Dec 23, 1986Gabriel Naeem BCigarette with condensing surface therein
US4715389 *Sep 15, 1986Dec 29, 1987R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanySegments of aluminum screens and carbonized tobacco stem impregnated with nicotine in tobacco
US4793365 *Sep 14, 1984Dec 27, 1988R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanySmoking article
US4854331 *Nov 20, 1985Aug 8, 1989R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanySmoking article
US4917128 *Dec 22, 1987Apr 17, 1990R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.Cigarette
US4966171 *Jan 27, 1989Oct 30, 1990Philip Morris IncorporatedSmoking article
US4991606 *Jul 22, 1988Feb 12, 1991Philip Morris IncorporatedSmoking article
US5033483 *Jan 19, 1990Jul 23, 1991R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanySmoking article with tobacco jacket
US5060666 *Jul 7, 1988Oct 29, 1991R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanySmoking article with tobacco jacket
US5067499 *Aug 21, 1987Nov 26, 1991R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanySmoking article
US5345951 *Aug 12, 1992Sep 13, 1994Philip Morris IncorporatedSmoking article
US5443560 *Dec 14, 1992Aug 22, 1995Philip Morris IncorporatedChemical heat source comprising metal nitride, metal oxide and carbon
US5878753 *Mar 11, 1997Mar 9, 1999Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc.A wrapper for cigerettes which promotes a self-extinguishing of cigerettes when dropped or left unattended on a flammable substrate; maintaining the taste
US5878754 *Mar 10, 1997Mar 9, 1999Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc.A wrapper for cigerettes which promotes a self-extinguishing of cigerettes when dropped or left unattended on a flammable substrate
US6129087 *Mar 25, 1998Oct 10, 2000Brown & Williamson Tobacco CorporationReduced ignition propensity smoking articles
US6832613Jan 30, 2001Dec 21, 2004Trierenberg Holding AktiengesellschaftFilter cigarette
US6929013Nov 25, 2002Aug 16, 2005R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Companyincorporate at least one fibrous material (e.g., flax fibers, hardwood pulp fibers and/or softwood pulp fibers), filler material (e.g., calcium carbonate ) in particulate form, ethyl cellulose, ethylene-vinyl acetate coating; controlled burn
US6976493Nov 25, 2002Dec 20, 2005R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Companya multilayered cigarette wrapper; a patterned base sheet, multiple filler layers and an overcoat layer
US6997190Nov 25, 2002Feb 14, 2006R.J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyWrapping materials for smoking articles
US7237559Oct 15, 2003Jul 3, 2007R.J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyWrapping materials for smoking articles
US7677256Sep 13, 2005Mar 16, 2010R.J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyWrapping materials for smoking articles
US8464726Aug 24, 2009Jun 18, 2013R.J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanySegmented smoking article with insulation mat
US8701682Jul 30, 2009Apr 22, 2014Philip Morris Usa Inc.Banded paper, smoking article and method
US8707967Mar 4, 2011Apr 29, 2014Philip Morris Usa Inc.Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8733370Aug 17, 2011May 27, 2014Philip Morris Usa Inc.Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
DE3508127A1 *Mar 7, 1985Sep 11, 1986Gerhard KimmelSmoker's article with a paper wrapper
DE4001394A1 *Jan 18, 1990Aug 2, 1990Brown & Williamson TobaccoRauchartikel
WO2001058289A1 *Jan 30, 2001Aug 16, 2001Ernst BrunbauerFilter cigarette
Classifications
U.S. Classification131/331, 131/352, 131/363
International ClassificationA24D1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA24D1/002
European ClassificationA24D1/00A