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Publication numberUS2976711 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 28, 1961
Filing dateDec 8, 1958
Priority dateDec 8, 1958
Publication numberUS 2976711 A, US 2976711A, US-A-2976711, US2976711 A, US2976711A
InventorsThomas R Smith
Original AssigneeMaytag Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Washing agitator with fluid pumping means, filter, and dispenser
US 2976711 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 28, 1961 T. R. sMlTH 2,976,711

WASHING AGITATOR WITH FLUID PUMPING MEANS, FILTER AND DISPENSER Original Filed Sept. 18, 1957 Arwenot Therme (i2. Smlh IJ. mw

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WASHING AGITATOR WITH FLUID PUMPING MEANS, FLTER, AND DISPENSER Thomas R. Smith, Newton, Iowa, assigner to The Maytag Company, Newton, Iowa, a corporation of Delaware Continuation of application Ser. No. 684,690, Sept. 18, 1957. This application Dec. 8, 1958, Ser. No. 778,999

9 Claims. (Cl. 68-17) This invention relates to a combination detergent dispenser and fluid lter for a domestic type clothes washing machine. It relates specifically to a novel oscillatable agitator construction incorporating a fluid filter and providing a means for gradually dispersing powdered detergent into washing fluid placed within the machine incorporating this agitator.

This application is a continuation of my copending application, Serial No. 684,690, filed September 18, 1957, for improvements in Combination Dispenser and Filter Agitator, which application will now be permitted to lapse without prejudice, in view of its being superseded by this present application.

The primary objective of this invention is to provide a filter agitator for an oscillatable type agitator so as to filter lint and other foreign particles from the washing fluid retained within the washing machine utilizing this type of agitator.

An additional object of this invention is to provide a filter agitator capable of utilizing the oscillatory movements of the agitator itself to force washing fluid through the filter device contained within the agitator.

A still further object is to produce such a filter agitator for use with a low center drive construction for the agitato-r and still retain the air bell necessary in the use of such a low center drive arrangement.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a means for gradually dispensing a charge of detergent into a wash load without causing concentrated quantities of the detergent to come into contact with fabrics contained within the washing machine incorporating this agitator assembly. Y

Further objects and advantages of this invention will be apparent from the following specification and accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic partial vertical sectional view of a washing machine incorporating my invention;

Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view of an oscillatable washing machine agitator incorporating the lint filter and detergent dispenser construction forming my invention;

Figure 3 is a fragmentary cross sectional view taken along line 3-3 of Figure 2; and

' Figure 4 is a perspective view of the pump shroud vwhich cooperates with the agitator to provide an air bell for the agitator driving shaft and provides a means for pumping washing fluid through the filter device carried by the agitator.

Referring now to the accompanying drawings in detail Figure l shows an imperforate tub or fluid container receiving an agitator generally indicated by the reference numeral 12 and forming the subject matter of my invention.

Agitator 12 includes a flared lower portion 14 mounting agitator vanes 15 and rising into a hollow upstanding centerpost 17. Centerpost 17 is provided with internal webs 18 which cooperate with each other to define internal apertures 19 providing a means of communication 2,976,711 Patented Mar. 28, 1961 between the hollow centerpost 17 and that portion of agitator 12 beneath flared portion 14.

Webs 18 converge toward l the longitudinal axis of centerpost 17 to join an inverted cup-shaped agitator driving hub 21 which is connected to the oscillatable driving shaft 22 through a resilient member 24 interconnecting the agitator drive hub 21 and the splined sleeve 25 receiving the agitator drive shaft 22. The oscillatory movement imparted to shaft 22 may be produced by any of the conventional motion converting units now common in the appliance art. Agitator drive shaft 22 is journalled in the tub mounting member 27 which cooperates with the frusto-conical sealing washer 28 and clamp nut 29 to form a rigid watertight connection between tub 10 and mounting member 27.

The upper end of the hollow centerpost 17 is normally covered by a cap member 31 which is rigidly connected to the flared upper end of the perforate cylindrical lint filter 32 located within the confines of the hollow centerpost 17 and adjacent the slotted water intake holes 34 formed in the periphery of the latter member. While the lint filter 32 may be of various screen or mesh constructions to filter out particles of lint, thread, scum or other foreign particles in the washing fluid flowing through holes 34, lint filter 32 in actual practice is made of perforate stock having well over 200 holes per square inch.

A lip seal 36 encompassing the lower end of the lint filter member 32 and abutting the lower flared extension 35 of that member provides a seal between filter 32 and the inside walls of centerpost 17 and prevents lint and other particles from short circuiting filter 32. The entire lint filter assembly formed by cap 3'1, lint filter 32 and seal 36 may be manually removed from the top of centerpost 17 for cleaning or for providing a means for dispersing powdered detergent through the low portions of the agitator assembly as will be apparent hereinafter.

A means for pumping washing fluid through the lint filter 32 is provided by the flared pump shroud member 38 which conforms generally to the contour of the flared portion 14 with which it cooperates to form a centrifugal pump during the oscillations of agitator 12. Shroud member 3S is imperforate except for the centrally located opening 39 and the holes 4'1 provided in the widened portions of the pumping vanes 42 `for receiving the selftapping screws 43 threaded into the flared portion 14 beneath the agitator vanes 15 for securing shroud member 38 onto tthe flared portion 14. The pumping vanes 42 space the major upper surface of shroud member 38 from the lower surface of flared portion 14 so as to provide a plurality, in this embodiment eight, of generally radially extending pump passageways 40 communicating with the upper portion of the hollow centerpost 17 throughopenings 19.

An 0-ring seal 45 compressed between shroud member 38 and drive hub 21 adjacent the centrally located opening 39 provides an air seal under pump shroud member 38 and produces an air bell effect to prevent water from rising under agitator 12 to a level above the upper surface of tub mounting member 27. This protects the agitator drive shaft and its splined connection to the agitator proper as well as preventing fluid seepage past the agitator shaft seal into the motion converting unit (not shown) for shaft 22 in the illustrated low center drive construction while permitting the fluid flow to take place between flared portion 14 and shroud member 38.

In operation, tub 10 is filled approximately to the level indicated by line A in Figure l for full tub operation or to some lower level within the elevational range of holes 34. The oscillation of shaft 22 by a conventional drive unit (not shown) causesthe agitator vanes 15 to produce the desired washing operation within tub 10. The oscillation of vanes also normally causes a separation of lint particles from the fabrics being washed within the fluid contained within tub 10 and causes these particles to circulate within the body of fluid contained within that tub member and become deposited on other fabrics unless they are separated from the washing fluid. The natural circulation of the fluid within. tub 10 as well as" the water level maintained within that tub member causes washing fluid to enter the waterintake apertures 34 and carry the particles of lint, thread or other foreign particles suspended within the Washing fluid through the hollow centerpost 17.

TheseV particles are filtered from the Washing fluid entering centerpost 17 by means of the cylindrical lint filter member 32 which retains the filtered particles on its periphery while permitting the filtered fluid to pass downwardly through the hollow centerpost 17 to enter openings 19 and enter the generally radially extending passageways 40 formed by the cooperation of the flared portion 14, pump shroud member 38 and pump vanes 42. v

A unidirectional fluid flow through the agitator assembly shown in Figure 2 is produced by means of the pump vanes 42`carried on shroud member 38- which moves the water outwardly from these passageways and away from the periphery of the flared portion 14 thereby tending to create a reduced fluid pressure at the innermost portions of the substantially radially directed passageways formed by elements 14, 42 and 38. Such a reduced pressure causes fluid to be sucked in through the water intake holesr 34 to equalize this fluid pressure. This unidirectional flow shown by arrows in Figure l continues so long as the agitator 12 is oscillated by means of shaft 22. Upon the termination of movement of agitator 12 the lint filter 32 may be removed from the centerpost 17 by grasping cap 31 and lifting it from centerpost 17. This action allows the self-biased lip seal 36 to scrape free any particles or sediment accumulating upon the inner surface of the centerpost 17.

The assembly may also be used to gradually disperse powdered detergent to a clothes load by merely removing the lint filter assembly formed by elements 31, 32 and 36 and inserting the desired quantity of powdered detergent into the detergent charging chamber 46 located within centerpost 17 between the elevational levels and then replacing the lint filter assembly prior to the filling of tub 10. The loading of the powdered detergent into centerpost 17 in this manner ,allows the detergent to be gradually dissolved at a point isolated from the clothes themselves and then to be dispersed through the pas sageways formed by the cooperation of flared portion 14, shroud member 38 and pump vanes 42 during the tub filling initial agitation operations without directly coming into contact with the clothingv placed within tub 10. The gradual dispersement of detergent in this manner prevents concentrated quantities of detergent from tending to weaken or deteriorate the fabric fibers being cleaned.

While the relative sizes of the openings in the passageways formed within this filter agitato-r assembly prevent the detergent inserted into. centerpost 17 from flowing rapidly out these passagevvays, tests have shown that the unidirectional fluid flow through this agitator assembly successfully flushes these passageways clean during the agitation operations without producing accumulated detergent deposit formations in these passageways as the result of this method of dispensing powdered detergent into tub 10'. Y

It should therefore be apparent that my proposed agitator construction provides a very favorable means for filtering lint, thread and other foreign particles from the washing fluid contained within the tub accommodating this agitator and does so at no expense to the air bell required to prevent water from entering the low center drive construction for the illustrated type machine.

In addition, a means of very simple construction is provided for gradually dispensing powdered detergent into the tub containing this agitator so as to prevent concentrated quantities of such powdered detergent from coming into contact with the clothing contained in the tub container.

I claim:

l. A filter agitator assembly adapted to be submerged in a body of washing fluid and oscillated therein to effect a cleansing of fabrics placed within said fluid, comprising, an upstanding hollow centerpost, a plurality of fluid intake openings in said centerpost providing a means for fluid flow into said centerpost, an imperforate flared base portion connected to said centerpost, agitating vanes carried on said flared base portion for agitating said fabrics within said fluid, a hub portion positioned within said centerpost, a plurality of webs interconnecting said centerpost and said hub portion and defining a series of internal apertures between said centerpost and said hub portion, a pump shroud connected to said flared base portion and sealed to said hub portion to define an air bell beneath said pump shroud, a plurality of pumping vanes positioned between said flared base portion and said pump shroud to define a plurality of radially extending passageways communicating with said hollow centerpost through said internal apertures, a lint filter member positioned within said hollow centerpost and having a lower end sealed to the interior surface of said centerpost, said hub portion being adapted to receive an agitator shaft for oscillating saidv agitator vanes and said pump vanes to produce a unidirectional fluid flow through said lint filter member by way of said intake openings and said radially extending passageways to filter lint particles from said fluid passing through said agitator assembly.

2. A filter agitator assembly adapted to be submerged in a body of washing lluid and oscillated therein to effect cleansing of fabrics placed within said fluid, comprising, an upstanding hollow centerpost, a plurality of fluid intake openings in said centerpost providing a means for fluid flow into said centerpost, an imperforate flared base portion connected to said centerpost, agitating vanes carried on said flared base portion for agitation of fabrics placed within said fluid, a hub portion positioned within said centerpost, a plurality of webs interconnecting said centerpost and said hub portion to define a series of internal apertures between said centerpost and said hub portion, aflared shroud member conforming substantially to the contour of said flared base portion connected to said flared base portion and4 sealed to said hub portion to define an air bell beneath said shroud, a plurality of pumping vanes positioned between said flared base portion and said shroud to define a plurality of radially extending passageways communicating with said hollow centerpost through said internal apertures, a hollow lint filter member positioned within said hollow centerpost and having a lower end provided with a lip seal engaging the interior surface of said centerpost, said hub portion being adapted to receive an agitator shaft for oscillating said agitating vanes and said pump vanes to produce a unidirectional fluid flow through said lint lter member by way of said intake openings and said radially extending passageways to filter lint particles from said fluid passing through said agitator assembly.

3. A filter agitator assembly adapted to be submerged in a body of washing fluid and oscillated therein to effect cleansing of fabrics placed within said fluid, comprising, an upstanding hollow centerpost, a plurality of fluid intake openings in said centerpost providing a means for fluid flow into said centerpost, an imperforate flared base portion connected to said centerpost, agitating vanes carried on said flared base portion for agitation of fabrics placed within said' fluid, a hub portion positioned within said centerpost, a plurality of webs interconnecting said centerpostv and said hub portion and defining a series of internal apertures between said centerpost and said hub portion, a shroud member having a contour conforming substantially to that of said ared base portion and provided with a centrally located shaft opening positioned adjacent said hub portion, a sealing member positioned within said centrally located opening and compressed against said hub pontion to define an -air bell beneath said shroud member, a plurality of pumping vanes positioned between said ared base portion and said shroud member and defining a plurality of radially extending passageways communicating with said hollow centerpost through said internal apertures, a removable lint filter positioned within said hollow centerpost and provided with a lip seal engaging the interior surface of said hollow centerpost, said hub portion being adapted to receive an agitator shaft extending through said centrally located opening in said shroud member for oscillating Asaid agitating vanes and said pump vanes to produce a unidirectional uid iiow through said lint lter member by way of said intake openings in said radially extending passageways to filter lint particles from fluid passing through said agitator assembly.

4. A combination detergent dispenser and a filter agitator assembly adapted to be submerged in a body of washing iiuid and oscillated therein to effect a cleansing of fabrics placed within said fluid, comprising, an upstanding hollow centerpost, a plurality of fluid intake openings in said centerpost providing a means for iiuid ow into said centerpost, an imperforate flared base portion connected to said centerpost, agitating vanes carried on said flared base portion for agitation of said fabrics within said uid, a hub portion positioned within said centerpost, a plurality of webs interconnecting said centerpost `and said hub portion and defining a series of internal apertures between said centerpost and said hub portion, a shroud member having a contour conforming substantially to that of said ared base portion and provided with a centrally located opening positioned adjacent said hub portion, a sealing member contacting said shroud member and said hub member to seal said shroud member to said hub portion and to provide an air bell beneath said shroud member, means connecting said shroud member to said flared base portion, a plurality of pumping vanes positioned between said flared base portion and said pump shroud and defining a plurality of radially extending passageways communicating with said hollow centerpost through said internal apertures, said internal apertures and said radially extending passageways cooperating to provide restricted outlets for powdered detergent placed within said hollow centerpost, said hollow centerpost including a loading opening at the top thereof for receiving charges of powdered detergent to be dispensed into said fluid through said passageways, a removable cap member normally covering said loading opening, a lint lter member positioned Within said hollow centerpost `and connected to said removable cap member and provided with a lower end carrying a lip seal engaging the interior surface of said hollow centerpost, said hub portion being adapted to receive an agitator shaft extending through said centrally located opening in said shroud member for oscillating said agitating vanes and said pump vanes to produce a unidirectional fluid iiow through said lint filter member by way of said intake openings and said radially extending passageways to gradually dispense charges of powdered detergent placed within said hollow centerpost and to filter lint particles from iiuid owing through said agitator assembly. l

5. A combination detergent dispenser and filter agitato assembly adapted to be submerged in a body of washing fluid and oscillated therein to effect a cleansing of fabrics placed within said tiuid, comprising, an upstanding hollow centerpost, a plurality of fiuid intake openings in said centerpost at varying elevational levels to provide a means for uid ow into said centerpost, an imperforate ared base portion connected to said centerpost and provided with a plurality of agitating vanes for the agitation of fabrics placed within said fluid, a hub portion positioned within said centerpost, a plurality of webs interconnecting said centerpost and said hub portion and defining a series of internal apertures between said centerpost and said hub portion, said hollow centerpost and said web members cooperating to define a detergent charging chamber for receiving charges of powdered detergent placed within said hollow centerpost, a shroud member conforming substantially to the contour of said iiared base portion connected to said flared base portion and provided with a centrally located aperture positioned adjacent said hub portion, a sealing member compressed between said shroud member and said hub portion adjacent said centrally located aperture to provide an air bell beneath said shroud member, a plurality of pumping vanes positioned between said iiared base portion and said shroud member and defining a plurality of radially extending passageways communicating with said hollow centerpost through said internal apertures, said internal apertures and said radially extending passageways providing the means for restricting the dispensing of powdered detergent placed within said detergent charging chamber, a loading opening at the top of said centerpost for receiving charges of powdered detergent placed within said detergent charging chamber, a removable cap member normally covering said loading opening, a perforate lint filter member connected to said cap member and provided with a lip seal engaging into the interior surface of said centerpost at a point below said fluid intake openings, said hub portion being adapted to receive an agitator shaft extending through said centrally located opening in said shroud member for oscillating said agitating vanes and said pump vanes to produce a unidirectional iiuid ow through said lint filter member and said detergent charging chamber by way of said intake openings and said radially extending passageways to gradually dispense detergent into said fluid and to filter lint particles from said fluid.

6. A filter agitator assembly adapted to be oscillated in a body of washing iiuid to effect a cleansing of fabrics placed in said iiuid comprising an upstanding hollow centerpost, a ared base portion connected to said centerpost, agitating vanes carried on said liared base portion for agitating said fabrics within said uid, a hub portion positioned within said centerpost, at least one web interconnecting said centerpost and said hub portion and defining at least one internal aperture between said centerpost and said hub portion, a pump shroud connected to said iiared base portion `and abutting said hub portion to ydefine an air bell beneath said pump shroud, a plurality of pumping vanes positioned between said ared base portion and said pump shroud to define a plurality of passageways communicating with said hollow centerpost through said internal aperture, means for providing fluid flow including iiuid intake openings in said agitator assembly, a lint filter member positioned on said centerpost and adapted to filter lint particles `from said fluid passing through said agitator assembly, said agitator assembly having means to receive an agitator shaft for oscillating said agitator vanes and said pumping vanes to produce a unidirectional iiuid ilow through said lint filter by way of said intake openings and said passageways.

7. In a washing machine; a tub member adapted to contain washing fiuid and fabrics to be washed; an agitator member in said tub `and oscillatable relative to said tub member to effect washing of the fabrics in the washing fluid, said agitator member including an upstanding hollow center post, a fiared base portion connected to said center post, agitating vanes carried on said flared base portion for agitating said fabrics within said fluid, a hub portion positioned within said center post, at least one web interconnecting said center post and said hub portion and defining at least one internal aperture betweenI said center post and said hub portion, a shroud member in juxtaposition to said fiared base portion and having a contour conforming substantially to that of said flared base portion and provided with a centrally located opening means to receive an agitator shaft, means securing said shroud member juxtaposed to said flared base portion, and a plurality of pumping vanes positioned between said flared base portion and said shroud member and dening a plurality of passageways communicating with said hollow center post through said internal aperture, said hub portion having means to driveably receive an oscillatable agitator shaft extending through said centrally located opening means in said shroud member for oscillating said pumping varies to produce iiow of washing uid through said passageways and said opstanding hollow center post, means for providing for fluid flow through said agitator member including intake openings in said agitator member, and a lint filter means positioned on said center post to filter lint particles from said fluid passing through said agitator member.

8. In a washing machine; a tub member adapted to contain washing fluid and fabrics to be washed; an agitator member in said tub and oscillatable relative to said tub member to effect washing of the fabrics in the washing Huid, said agitator member including an upstanding hollow center post, a flared base portion connected to said center post, agitating vanes carried on said fiared base portion for agitating said fabrics within said fluid, a hub portion positioned within said center post, at least one web interconnecting said center pos-t and said hub portion and dening at least one internal aperture between said center post and said hub portion, a shroud member in juxtaposition to said flared base portion and having a contour conforming substantially to that of said flared base portion to define an air bell by abutment with said hub portion and provided with a centrally located opening means to receive an agitator shaft, means securing said shroud member juxtaposed to said flared base portion, azplurality of pumping varies positioned between said fiared base portion and said shroud member and defining a plurality of passageways communicating with said hollow center post through said internal aperture, means for providing fluid ilow through said agitator member including at least one tluid intake opening in said agitator member, said hub portion having means to driveably receive an agitator shaft extending through said centrally located opening in said shroud member for oscillating said pumping vanes to produce ow of washing fluid through said passageways and said opstanding hollow center post; and a lint filter means positioned on said center post to filter lint particles from said fluid passing through said agitator member.

9. In an agitator assembly adapted to be oscillated in a body of washing fiuid to effect a cleansing of fabrics placed in said fluid comprising an upstanding hollow centerpost, an outwardly ared base portion connected to said centerpost, agitating vanes carried on said flared base portion for agitating said fabrics within said fluid, a hub portion positioned within said hollow centerpost, at least one web interconnecting said centerpost and said hub portion and defining at least one internal aperture between said centerpost and said hub portion, a pump shroud secured juxtaposed to the underside of said ared base portion, a plurality of pumping vanes positioned between said flared base portion and said pump shroud to define a plurality of passageways communicating with said hollow centerpost through said internal aperture, opening means deiined in said agitator assembly to complete a circulatory path for said washing fluid through said passageways and said hollow centerpost, said agitator 2,235,645 Rocke Mar. 8, 1941 2,498,894 McCormick Feb. 28, 1950 2,522,242 Wagner Sept. 12, 1950 2,642,733 McCormick June 23, 1953 2,744,402 Smith May 8, 1956 on. .t

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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US2498894 *Jul 26, 1943Feb 28, 1950Gen Motors CorpClothes washing machine and agitator therefor
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US2642733 *Jun 16, 1949Jun 23, 1953Gen Motors CorpClothes washing machine and agitator therefor
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3022655 *Nov 7, 1960Feb 27, 1962Borg WarnerFiltering agitator
US3085419 *Oct 23, 1961Apr 16, 1963Borg WarnerLint filter agitator screen
US3086380 *Mar 9, 1961Apr 23, 1963American Motors CorpWashing machine having a filter
US3156647 *Feb 26, 1962Nov 10, 1964Gen Motors CorpFilter for a dry cleaning apparatus
US3198334 *Feb 26, 1962Aug 3, 1965Gen Motors CorpFilter for a dry cleaning apparatus
US3290908 *Aug 26, 1964Dec 13, 1966Philco CorpWash-conditioner dispensing means for clothes washing machines
US3314253 *Jul 19, 1965Apr 18, 1967Maytag CoAgitator for washing machine
US3330135 *Oct 23, 1965Jul 11, 1967Blackstone CorpClothes washing machine having agitator mounted filter and dispenser
US3352130 *Jan 7, 1966Nov 14, 1967Maytag CoFilter for laundry machine
US3359764 *Jun 30, 1960Dec 26, 1967Stewart W FaustRemovable accessory device for washing machine agitators
US3381504 *Jul 19, 1965May 7, 1968Maytag CoOscillatable agitator for a laundry machine
US3381505 *Feb 25, 1966May 7, 1968Maytag CoWashing machine agitator
US4003225 *Jan 7, 1976Jan 18, 1977General Electric CompanyLint filter for automatic washer
US4077239 *Apr 27, 1976Mar 7, 1978Whirlpool CorporationPumping agitation system for an automatic washer
US4102156 *Jan 31, 1977Jul 25, 1978James Wallace DAgitator for washing machines
US4129018 *Oct 6, 1977Dec 12, 1978Whirlpool CorporationOne-piece agitator with clothes lifting cams
US4478059 *Sep 12, 1983Oct 23, 1984General Electric CompanyAdditive dispenser system for clothes washing appliance
US4622708 *Feb 26, 1985Nov 18, 1986Fisher & Paykel LimitedClothes washing machines
US4848105 *Jul 25, 1988Jul 18, 1989White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Self-cleaning lint filter for clothes washing machine
US5012658 *May 30, 1989May 7, 1991Hitachi, Ltd.Full automatic washing machine
US7013683 *Oct 29, 2002Mar 21, 2006Walsh Eugene JTurbine-like air-circulation enhancer for use with a clothes washing machine
CN100503938CMar 1, 2007Jun 24, 2009陈安森Full-automatic washing machine and laundry drier
Classifications
U.S. Classification68/17.00A, 134/111, 68/53, 134/93, 68/134, 366/278, D32/26, 68/18.0FA
International ClassificationD06F39/02, D06F39/10, D06F13/00
Cooperative ClassificationD06F39/10, D06F39/024, D06F13/00
European ClassificationD06F13/00, D06F39/02C, D06F39/10