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Publication numberUS2978029 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 4, 1961
Filing dateMay 11, 1959
Priority dateMay 11, 1959
Publication numberUS 2978029 A, US 2978029A, US-A-2978029, US2978029 A, US2978029A
InventorsO'reilly Wallace M, True Martin E
Original AssigneeJersey Prod Res Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Plug for well boreholes
US 2978029 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 4, 1961 w. M. OREILLY ETAL 2,978,029


Filed May 11, 1959 FIG. 4.



2,978,029 PLUG FOR WELL BOREHOLES Wallace M. OReilly, Midland, and Martin E. True, Honston, Tex., assiguors, by mesne assignments, to Jersey Production Research Company, Tulsa, Okla., a corporation of Delaware Filed May 11, 1959, Ser. No. 812,308

' 1 Claim. (Cl. 166-63) This invention relates to a plug for a well borehole and, in particuluar, to an inflation packer for plugging the borehole and apparatus for inflating the packer.

When producing oil and gas wells, it is often desirable to plug the casing bore below the lower extremity of the production tubing without removing this tubing from the well bore. Currently it is possible to do this through the use of a vaned membrane type tool as, for example, an inverted umbrella which forms a relatively unreliable linear contact with the casing. Graded layers of gravel and sand usually are placed separately'on the inverted umbrella to provide a base forthe cement which forms the plug and whichalsois placed separately. Thus, a plug formed in this manner requires several operations, including the undesiredone ofpumping cement down the tubing into the casing, and is. generally unreliable.

The present invention provides a borehole plug which overcomes disadvantages of currently available borehole plugs.

Briefly, the invention comprises a packer section including an inflatable packer and anchoring means adapted to engage the wall of the borehole to anchor the. packer section in the borehole and a setting tool section releasably connected to the packer section, the setting tool section including cement for expanding the inflatable packer and for filling the space above the packer with cement and means for forcing the cement into position.

Thus, a primary object of the present invention is to provide an improved plug for boreholes which may be lowered through tubing and which does not require the pumping of cementitious materials through the tubing string. I v

This and other objects of the invention will be apparent from a description thereof taken in conjunction with the drawings wherein:

Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view'of a borehole showing the tool of the invention in running-in position;

'Fig. 2 is a view similar to that of Fig. 1 showing the arrangement of the tool with the packer being filled with cement; g,

Fig. 3 is a view similar to that of 'Figs. 1 and 2 showing the packer filled with cement and the running .apparatus disconnected from the packer section of the tool;

Fig. 4 is a vertical partly sectional view illustrating in greater detail the position of the slip arm actuating apparatus when the tool is in the position shown in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a view taken on lines 5-5 of Fig. 4; and

Fig. 6 is a view similar to that of Fig. 4 showing arrangement of the apparatus after the running portion has been released from the packer section.

Referring to the drawings in greater detail and wherein identical numerals designate identical parts, in Figs. 1 to 3, the apparatus of the invention generally designated 10 is shown suspended on a wire line electrical conductor 11 in a casing 12 in which is arranged a tubing string 13; the annulus between the tubing string and the casing issealed oil by means of a packer 14. As seen in Fig. 1,

apparatus 10 includes a packer section 15 and a setting tool section 16. Packer section 15' includes an inflatable packer sleeve 17 and expansible slip arms 18. The setting tool section 16 includes a hollow housing 19 which contains initially a frangible disc or plate 20 positioned in the lower end theheof; a movable plug unit 21, which includes a cup packer 22 releasably connected by means of a shear pin (see Fig. 4) to a packer plug or seal 23 having hold-down prongs 24 attached thereto spaced from ,frangible plate 20; a cement slurry 26 located between unit 21 and frangible plate 20; a piston 27 spaced from unit 21; a cement slurry 28 arranged between piston 27 and unit 21; and a detonator charge 29 located above piston 27. Conductor 11 may extend into the detonator charge 29 to facilitate firing thereof.

To expand packer sleeve 17 and set slip arms 18, the detonator charge 29 is fired which, as seen more clearly in Fig. 2, generates a gas 30 which in expanding moves piston 27 downwardly. This movement of piston 27 forces cement slurry 28, unit 21, and cement slurry 26 dov'vnwardlywhich causes fracture of frangible plate 20 and movement of cement slurry 26 into packer sleeve 17. v This action is seen more clearly in Figs. 4 and 5 to which reference is now made. Expansible sleeve 17 is I secured to a packer mandrel 31 by means of collars 32 (only the upper one of which is shown in Fig. 4).

Mandrel 31 is provided with a bore 33 and ports 34 which,

housing 19 by means of a shear pin 35 (see Fig. 5).

Bore 33 fluidly communicates with the interior lower end of housing 19 and an O-ring seal 36 is provided to seal off the connection between housing 19 and mandrel 31. Slip arms 18 are pivotally connected to mandrel 31 as at 37 and arranged in slots formed in mandrel 3-1 when retracted. Leaf springs 45 are secured to mandrel 31 and function to bias the lower free ends of sliparms 18, which are serrated for engaging the wall of the casing, outwardly. The upper ends of slip arms 13 bear against the outer surface of the lower end of housing 19. A shoulder 40 is formed on the inner surface of mandrel 31 along the passage of bore 33 to provide a seat for unit 21. Also, along bore '33 a latch surface 41 is provided to engage hold-down prong 24 when unit 21 is seated on shoulder 40, as shown in Fig. 6. In this figure, shear pin 35 has been severed; cement slurry 26 has expanded packer sleeve 17; springs 45 have biased outwardly the serrated ends of slip arms 18; and cement slurry 28 is being located atop the plug formed by expanded packer 17.

In operation, referring first to Fig. 1, tool 10 is lowered on Wire line 11 (or it may be run on a pipe string if that type operation is desired) through tubing string 13 and out the lower end thereof to a desired depth in casing 12 (the tool may be run in an unrestricted casing instead). Then the detonator charge 29 is fired in the same manner as with conventional perforating devices. If the tool is run on a pipe string, a percussion type detonator actuated by a dropped go-devil may be employed. As seen in Fig. 2, the expanding gas 30 created by the detonation of the charge moves piston 27 downwardly to displace cement slurry 28, unit 21 and cement slurry 26 downwardly which movement fractures frangible plate or disc 20. Unit 21 is located in the cement slurry such that the quantity of cement slurry 26 is proportioned to the size of packer 17 which, in turn, is selected according to the size of the casing to be plugged. Sufficient cement is used to inflate packer 17 to form a tight contact with the wall of casing 12 without rupture of packer 17. As seen more clearly in Fig. 4, the cement slurry 26 is forced through the lower end of housing 19 into bore 33 Patented Apr. -4, 1961,

30 causes shearing of pin" 25 and mo ves packer plug 23 to its seat on shoulder- 40" to seal off bore;- 33 as shown in Fig. 6. In this position hold-down prongs 24 are en gaged with latches 41 which locks packer seal 23 in the. passage or bore 33. Seal 23' functions to retain the cement in sleeve 17 to insure that the packer sleeve will remain inflated. Continued expansion of the gas increases the internal pressure which causes shear pin 35 to shear with resultant separation of packer section 15 and setting tool section 16; When the lower portion of housing 19 is removed, slip arms 18 are moved outwardly by springs 45 to engage the wall of the'casing. The remainder of the cement moves to form a column resting on the cement filled packer plug.

The device of the invention generally will be used in permanent type well completion installations; however, it also may be used to prevent formation contamination by well bore fluids when well tubingis removed for any reason.

Having fully described the nature, objects, elements and operation of our invention, we claim:

Apparatus for use in plugging a well bore comprising a packer mandrel provided with a passageway, an inflatable packer surrounding said mandrel, said mandrel passageway fluidly communicating with the interior of said packer, a hollow housing releasably connected to said mandrel and provided with a passageway fluidly communicating the interior ofsaid housing and said packermandrel passageway, slip arms pivotally arranged on said mandrel, the inner ends of said slip arms initially engaging said housing to maintain said slip arms retracted,

means engaging said slip arms adapted to bias said slip armsoutwardly, sealing means for sealing off said passageways from fluids exterior, thereof when said housing and mandrel are interconnected, a frangible disc arranged in the lower portion of said housing, a first body of cementitious material arranged in said housing above said disc, a cup packer arranged above said first body of cementitious material and having means releasably connected thereto adapted to move through said housing passageway to-plugoff said mandrel passageway, a second body of cementitious material arranged, in said housing above said cup packer, a piston member arranged above said second body of cementitious material, and a detonator arranged abovesaid'piston member whereby detonation of said detonator moves said piston member, said second body of cementitious material, said cup packer, and said first body of cementitious material downwardly to fracture said frangible disc and force said first body of cementitious material. into said packer to inflate said packer, said plug means engaging said packer mandrel passageway and the connection between said housing and said mandrel severing whereby said slips are moved outwardly to engage the wall of said borehole and said second body of cementitious material depositing in said well bore atop said inflated packer.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,342,927 Ruthven June 8, 1920 2,618,344- Turechek et al. Nov. 18, 1952 2,695,065 Baker et al. Nov. 23, 1954 2,707,998 Baker et al May 10, 1955 2,815,817 Conrad Dec. 10, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1342927 *Dec 7, 1918Jun 8, 1920Ruthven Arthur TWell-plugging apparatus
US2618344 *Apr 20, 1946Nov 18, 1952Lane Wells CoBridging plug
US2695065 *Jul 10, 1950Nov 23, 1954Baker Oil Tools IncWell packer, setting apparatus, and dump bailer
US2707998 *Sep 26, 1950May 10, 1955Baker Oil Tools IncSetting tool, dump bailer, and well packer apparatus
US2815817 *Jul 10, 1950Dec 10, 1957Baker Oil Tools IncWell packer and setting apparatus therefor
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3134440 *May 24, 1961May 26, 1964Jersey Prod Res CoMultiple completions of wells
US3187813 *Dec 12, 1961Jun 8, 1965Greene Jr Haskell MApparatus for depositing cement or the like in a well
US3199597 *May 9, 1961Aug 10, 1965Otis Eng CoDump bailer
US3255822 *Mar 26, 1962Jun 14, 1966Conrad Martin BActuator device
US3294121 *Jun 7, 1963Dec 27, 1966Southern California Gas CoMethod and apparatus for inserting a tube into a pipe
US3460618 *Apr 14, 1967Aug 12, 1969Schlumberger Technology CorpThru-tubing bridge plug
US3460624 *Apr 14, 1967Aug 12, 1969Schlumberger Technology CorpThru-tubing bridge plug
US3460625 *Apr 14, 1967Aug 12, 1969Schlumberger Technology CorpMethods and apparatus for bridging a well conduit
US3556215 *Apr 22, 1969Jan 19, 1971Schlumberger Technology CorpApparatus for bridging a well conduit
US3664421 *Sep 18, 1970May 23, 1972Schlumberger Technology CorpMethods for inhibiting the production of loose formation materials
US3760877 *Jul 21, 1971Sep 25, 1973Rech Activities Petrolieres EnSpoon for plugging cased petroleum production wells
US3762470 *Apr 26, 1971Oct 2, 1973Tenneco Oil CoInflatable packer device and method
US3872925 *Mar 18, 1974Mar 25, 1975Gearhart Owen IndustriesThrough-tubing bridge plug
US3891034 *Jan 8, 1974Jun 24, 1975Gearhart Owen IndustriesThrough-tubing bridge plug having covered expansible packer
US3960211 *Sep 30, 1974Jun 1, 1976Chevron Research CompanyGas operated hydraulically actuated wire line packer
US3961667 *Sep 30, 1974Jun 8, 1976Chevron Research CompanyHydraulically actuated wire line apparatus
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US6145593 *Aug 18, 1998Nov 14, 2000Baker Hughes IncorporatedMain bore isolation assembly for multi-lateral use
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U.S. Classification166/63, 166/187, 166/123, 166/117
International ClassificationE21B33/12, E21B23/06, E21B33/127, E21B23/00
Cooperative ClassificationE21B23/065, E21B33/1275
European ClassificationE21B33/127D, E21B23/06D