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Publication numberUS2978048 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 4, 1961
Filing dateOct 1, 1958
Priority dateOct 1, 1958
Publication numberUS 2978048 A, US 2978048A, US-A-2978048, US2978048 A, US2978048A
InventorsRaymond W Walker
Original AssigneeShaffer Tool Works
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bumper safety joint
US 2978048 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 4, 1961 R. w. WALKER BUMPER SAFETY JOINT 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 1, 1958 "a. ull

INVENTOR. BMW/0N0 W MLKEB av-702N576.

April 4, 1961 Filed Oct. 1, 195a.

R. W. WALKER BUMPER SAFETY JOINT 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

BA YMO/VD W WF-M/(EE BUMPER SAFETY Jom'r Raymond W. Walker, Huntington Beach, Calif,- assignor, by mesne assignments, to Shaffer Tool Works, Brea,

flalifl, a corporation of California Filed on. 1, 1958, so. No. 764,595 l t-Claims. o]. 175-294 maintained clean in a bath of oil and free of drilling mud and debris from both the internally supplied drilling mud and debris in the well hole,iwhich can readily and effectively transmit upward pull at normal or extremely rapid rates which produce upward, di'slodging jars, and which, in the event the lower tool or fish is immovably held, can be caused to disconnect the lower portion and tool from the major portion of the safety joint and upper drilling string to permitjrecovery of thestring;

the drilling tool can be the subject of a subsequent-fishing operation. I Devices for imparting upwardly and/or downwardly directed blows to drilling string and tools located below such device in a well hole have been known in the art heretofore (see 2,158,406, 1,954,513' and 2,309,866 for examples), but these prior devices did not have the advantages of the bumper safety joint of this invention and depended greatly upon the skill of the operator.

Many prior devices have used J-slote in one member and keys carried by another member and cooperating with such slots to provide adriving, rotative connection and some longitudinal movement,- but in rior devices excessive and damaging chatter; jumping and vibration was imparted to the joint,- drill stem and tool by reason of the looseness' of fit deemed necessary. Prior attempts to minimize such vibration (as in Patent 2,572,895) have not been satisfactory, and the present invention provides novel and effective means for overcoming prior difiiculties. Where latching means have been previously employed, as in the last mentioned patent, such-latching means were not dependable and subject to excessive wear and modification due to the presence of mud fluid and the inherent weakness'of slender latching fingers having free ends. The present invention discloses a construction including fluid seals which compensate for variations of ambient fluid or mud and constantly maintain the moving parts in a bath of clean oil, insuring direct, smoothly sliding metal-fo-metal contact without exces'ive wear and precluding jamming due to accumulation or sand, clay or other foreign matter. I

Also, a relatively simple means in the of an elongated, cylindrical cage having upper and lower circumferential bearing rings and an intermediate circumferential releasing ring is utilized in the bumpersafety joint of the present device for holding the hammer and anvil portions. apart until a predetermined load is applied to cause the cage to. move into a released. position and the hammer portion to: strike the anvil portion with a predetermined force. V The anvil portion; and stuck Patented Apr. 4, 1961 can be struck any number of successive blows by resetting the hammer portion above the anvil portion and i'epeatingthe operation. Due to the eflicient operation of the cylindrical cage, each'blow delivered to the anvil portion will be of the same predetermined force. The cylindrical cage performs its function without the aid of any latching rings or sleeves either movable or fixed as are generally used in combination with pivoted trip fingers in devices provided heretofore. I I I An object of the present invention is the provision of a bumper safety joint having means for eliminating vi bration and chatter between driving shoulders and J slo't means of cooperating mandrel and bowl of barrel portions.

Another object is to provide a sealed bumper safety jointwhich allows all of the moving members therein to operate in a bath of lubricating oil.

A further object of the-invention is the provision of means for balancing the pressure within the joint to relieve excessive pressure differentials on the oil seals.

Still another object is to provide a bumper safety joint which can deliver successive blows of the same predetermined force to a lower element, tool or fish or can bedisconnected from the lower element in order to salvage the drill pipe extending up to the surface.

Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better underestood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

Figs. 1 and 1a show a side elevational view; partly in section, with parts broken away, of a preferred embodiment of the invention in its normal drilling position. Fig. 1 illustrates the upper half of the device and Fig. 1a shows the lower half of the device, the two figures being broken along a transverse plane.

Fig; 2 is a side elevational view similar to Figs. 1 and 1a, but in which the outer bowl member has started its downward movement to position the circumferential releasing groove in the bowl member opposite the releasing ring on the cylindrical cage member.

Fig.- 3 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the device, in section, showing the releasing ring on the cylindrical cage member in the expanded position within the circumferential releasing groove in the bowl member whereby the bowl and mandrel members are free to longitudinally move relative to each other.

I Fig.- 4 is a side elevational view of the device, partly in section, in asucceeding and completed down-bump position with the hammer portion in direct contact with the anvil portion. I

I Fig. 5 is a side elevational' view, partly in section, of the device in an intermediate position and that assumed as thefirst step during disconnecting.

'Fig. 6 is a longitudinal section through a portion of the device shown in Figs. 1 and 1a, and taken along plane VI-'VI. I I Fig. 7 is a transverse section taken along plane VII -VII in Fig. 1a. I Fig. 8 shows a transverse section taken alongplane VIl I -YIII in Fig. 6.-

9 is a transverse section taken along? plane lX-*-I-X .in Fig. 6.

V Fig. 10 shows an enlarged side elevational view, partly in section, of an elongated friction mandrel forming the upper endof the inner mandrel member.

Fig: 11 is a perspective view of the elongated cylindrical cage for holding the hammer and anvil portions inspaced relation when the device is in its normal drilling position as shownin Figs. 1 and 1a.

Generally stated; the bumper safety joint of the pree I ent invention illustrated in the drawings comprises an upper sub which is connected to and may be said to be integral with the outer tubular, hollow bowl member 20. The bowl member terminates in a hammer face 21 at its lower open end. Extending into the lower open end of the hollow bowl member 20 is a two-part mandrel having the upper mandrel section 30 and the lower mandrel section 30', the two sections being suitably interlocked (details of which are described hereinafter) for selectively operable longitudinal movement and rotation within the bowl and for selective separation to permit recovery of the uppermandrel section in the event the entire device is disconnected from the lower tool, drill stem, orthe like. The lower mandrel section may be integral with a threaded pin for attachment to a drill pipe, to a drilling tool, to a fishing tool, or other device, and includes an anvil face 31 upon which the hammer face 21 will controllably deliver its blow. The torque stabilizer and antivibration'device of the present invention is carried by the upper mandrel portion and is indicated at 50. The torque stabilizer 50 receives downward pressure from the loaded spring 60 transmitted through the releasing cage 70, is applied to the torque stabilizer which translates such pressure into a lateral force which maintains a tight driving connection between the lower mandrel section and the outer bowl member. The system for permitting drilling mud to be circulated through the device, while at the same time the working parts of the entire safety joint are maintained in a bath of clean oil, includes a floating hydraulic seal 80 surrounding the wash pipe 81 and other related elements, as will be described in greater detail hereinafter.

As previously indicated, the upper sub 10 may be provided with a box adapted to threadedly receive and hold Y the pin of a drill collar or drill pipe 9 extending to the surface of the well hole. The lower end of the lower mandrel section 30' may be similarly provided with a pin adapted to be connected to a drill pipe or to a drilling tool, fishing tool or the like, indicated at 8. "Both the upper and lower mandrel sections are provided with an axial bore 32 (Fig. 6) for drilling mud fluid. The outer circumference of the lower mandrel section 30 is provided, preferably at 120 intervals, with J-slot type means whereby such mandrel portion may be connected to and driven by the outer bowl member 20. Each of said J-slot-type means is composed of a longitudinally extending operating groove or slot 33 terminating at, upper and lower stop shoulders, and includes a transversely extending slot portion 34 in communication with a' longirotation of the drill stem. and outer bowl member into rotation of the mandrel; since normal driving rotation is to the right (looking down from the top of a drill stem), the transversely extending slots 34 and 34 extend in a left-hand direction from the slots 33 and 33' into the escape slot 35. It may be noted that the longitudinal slots 33 and 33' are appreciably longer than the length of each ofthedriving shoulders 23 and 23"and the width of each of the transverse slots 34 and 34' is simply adequate to permit the passage of the driving key therethrough.

The bore 32 extending through the lower mandrel section 30' is enlarged at the upper end so as to form a recess 36 adapted to receive the lower 'end 37 of the upper mandrel section 30. This lower end 37 of the 4 Fig. 10), each of said J-type slots being adapted to slid ably receive an inwardly extending driving shoulder 39 (see Fig. la) carried by the enlarged bore 36 of the lower mandrel section 30'. The upper mandrel section 30 is generally made of a very hard, wear resisting and durable steel or alloy for reasons which will be apparent from later description.

The lower end 37 of the upper mandrel section 30 also carries the torque stabilizer 50. This torque stabilizer 50 maybe in the form of a ring slidably fitting into the smooth bore of the outer bowl member 20, the upper part of the ring slidably resting against a downwardly facing shoulder 40 formed in the upper mandrel section 30, the ring also including downwardly extending teeth 51 provided with an inclined face 52 adapted to rest against an inclined face 53 formed in the outer surface of the lower mandrel section 30', and a longitudinal face adapted to contact a driving shoulder of the bowl. A full dog set screw or a pin carried by the ring portion of the torque stabilizer, and indicated at 54 (Fig. la) may extend into a circumferential groove formed in the outer surface of the lower reduced diameter end 37 of 'the upper mandrel portion 30 so as to maintain the torque stabilizer against the shoulder 40. It may be noted that when assembled, the vertical face of the down- 'wardly extending tooth of the torque stabilizer bears against the side of the driving shoulder 23 and is urged in that direction by the cooperating action of the two inclined surfaces 52 and 53, thereby maintaining a positive driving connection.

Whereas the outer surface of the lower mandrel section 30' slidably contacts the inner surface of the outer bowl member 20, the outer surface of the upper mandrel section 30 is spaced from the inner surface of the bowl member 20. Within this space therev is located the releasing cage 70, usually made of a very hard, wear resisting but resilient alloy such as nitralloy. Adjacent the upper end of the upper mandrel section 30 there is provided a circumferentially extending, inclined shoulder or face indicated at 56. The inner bore extending through this upper mandrel section 30 is also enlarged, as indicated at 32' (Fig. 1), so as to slidably receive the lower end of the wash pipe 81.

In its assembled and operative position, the bumper jar is so arranged that the downward pressure of the .drilling string is transmitted by the outer bowl member 20;through the spring '60 onto the cage 70. This cage 'rests against the friction face 56 to which reference has been made. As illustrated in the embodiment shown in the drawings, the spring 60 may be made of a series of spring discs and surrounds the wash pipe 81. One end of the spring may rest against a shoulder 24 presented by the sub 10. The other end of the spring 60 may beat againsta follower 61 which may be provided with a plurality of ports 62 for purpose which will be described later. Snap rings 63 and 63' may be carried by the wash pipe for the purpose of loosely retaining the spring and follower assembly on the pipe during assembly of the entire device. The spring follower 61 bears against the upper circumferential bearing ring 71 of the cage 70.

The cage is cylindrical, and normally made from a hard resilient wear-resistant metal or alloy such as .nitralloy (a steel containing about 0.4% C, 1.4-l.8% Cr and 0.3-0.4% Mo). This cylindrical cage is pro- 8 vided. with circumferential upper and lower bearing rings upper mandrel section 30 is also provided with J-type:

slots or a loose bayonet-type joint indicated at 38 l (see 71"and 71 and an intermediate releasing ring 72, the outer surfaces of these three rings being in slidable contact with the smooth inner bore of the bowl member 20.

The cylindrical web interconnecting said rings is preferably somewhat thinner than the rings themselves. The cage 70 also has a plurality of longitudinally extending, circumferentially spaced slots such as 73 between the .upper and lower rings and traversing the intermediate releasing ring. The intermediate releasing ring 72 presents a shoulder which extends beyond the inner surface acre-04s .5' of the cage and rests'upon the frictionface 56 at the upper end of the upper mandrel section 30. It will he therefore apparent that downward pressure delivered to the outer bowl member and its associated sub will be transmitted by the spring '60 to the upper bearing ring ofthe cage 70 and by the intermediate releasing ring 72 of such cage to the mandrel, causing the upper mandrel section 30 (and its associated torque stabilizer 50) to bear down upon the lower mandrel section 30'. This The substantially smooth, internal surface of the bowl I member 20 is provided with a circumferential releasing and retaining groove 74 having upper and lower shoulders, said groove and its shoulders normally lying in a plane .abovetheintermediate release ring 72 of the cage 70, as illustrated in Fig. 1. It will be noted that in this normal position, the lower bearing ring:71 extends into the space between the outer surface of the upper mandrel section 30 and the inner surface of the bowl 20 and. the outer surface of the release ring 72 is in slidingcontact withsuch inner surface of the bowl. When-it is desired to deliver a sharp'blow downwardly upon the anvil face 31 of the mandrel, the weight of the entire drilling string is slow- 1y imposed upon the bowl member causing the spring 6010 be compressed. This permits downward movement jofthe bowl 20 with respect to the mandrel, the parts thenassuming the position indicated in Fig. 2 wherein the release groove 74 is shown to have assumed a position in substantially horizontal alignment with the release ring 72. As greater downward pressure is imposed upon the bowl 20, the release ring slips upon the outwardly and. downwardly inclined surface 56 of the mandrel and snaps into the release groove 74 as indicated in Fig. 3, permitting the bowl to move rapidlydownward so as to impart a sharp blow upon the anvilface 31 by the hammer face 21 of the bowl. Attention is called to the fact that the longitudinally extending slots 73 of the cage divided the cage into a plurality of strips, each strip being. connected at its ends to the upper and lower bearing rings which act as bearing members during .flexure of the medially positioned release ring 72. While this releasing action is taking place and after the release ring of the cage has entered the release groove 74, the spring continues to apply force. to the upper end of the cage, maintaining. the lower edge of the release ring 72 in contact. with the lower shoulder or wall of. the release groove 74.- The overall thickness of the release ring. .72 is substantially equal to the space between the outer surface of the upper mandrel section 30 and the bottom of the release groove 74 so that although the mandrel section 60 may slide upon the release ring 72 .stem etc, from the. hole. Such recovery is attained im- .mediately after delivering the downwardly directed blow.

The. entire string is raised until the driving keys 23 and 23 are in horizontal alignment with the transverse slot portions. 34 and 3,4 and'the spring is then rotated to the left ,tofmofve the driving keys into the escape slot 35. It may benoted that the escape slot 3.5 is normally provid'ed with one or more shearable plugs 35 in order to '6 prevent accidental separation of the bowl "from the maniclrel. When, however, it is desired to actually cause such separation or disassembly of the device, after the driving shoulders 23 and 23' have been placed in the escape slot 35, the string and the bowl member 20 are raised causing the shear pin to be broken and permitting the entire bowl 20 to be withdrawn from the lower mandrel section 30'. It will be noted that during this operation, the upper mandrel section 30 is frictionally retained within-the bowl 20 by the cage 70 since the release ring 72 is in engagement with the release slot or groove 74 formed in the inner surface of the bowl and such cage exerts :a frictional hold upon the upper mandrel section 30 together with its torque stabilizer 50. The relatively loose driving connection between the upper and lower mandrel sections (including the J or bayonet slots 38) is disengaged during the left-hand rotation of the bowl with respect to the lower mandrel section 302' The movement of the various parts from normal position to the completion of a downward blow is therefore indicated by Figs. 1 and 1a, 2, 3 and 4. Fig. 5 illus- .bowl and drill stem in order to reposition the bumper joint foranother downward blow. I In the event the upward movement of the outer bowl20 (Fig. 5) is continued until the driving shoulders 23 and 23' reach the ends of vertical slots 33' and 33,'the cage 70 would be carried upwardly (by engagement of the bottom of therelease" groove with the bottom shoulder of the release ring) so as to permit the cage to again'assume its normal cylindrical form with the lower and inner shoulder of the release ring resting against the friction face 56 of the upper mandrel section 30. By such sequence of steps, any given number of predetermined forceful blows may be applied by the hammer 21 upon the anvil 31.

Since all these operations take place in a well hole containing mud fluid and debris, and it is often desirable to circulate drilling mud through the device during such operations, means have been provided for isolating the moving parts in a body of lubricating oil to prevent undue wear, impairment of function due to the presence of gritty debris, packing with clay, etc. In 'order to permit such isolation, the wash pipe 81 is surrounded by' a floating hydraulic seal '80 provided with suitable sealing rings on its inner and outer cylindrical surfaces which cause said ring to seal both against the inner surface of sub 10 and against the outer surface of wash pipe 81 while permitting vertical movement of the ring. The upper end of the Wash pipe 81 may also be provided with a wiper disc or annulus 82 attached by suitable snap rings to the pipe. The enlarged bore portion 32' of the upper mandrel section 30 may also carry an oil seal 83 insliding cont-act with the wash pipe, such oil seal preventing free movement of fluid from within the bore to the space occupied by the cage. Lower mandrel section 30 is preferably provided with a plurality of oil seals such as 84 and 84' in sliding engagement with the smooth inner surface of bowl 20, these seals preventing escape of lubricating oil from the working chamber. 'In addition, an oil seal may be carried by the enlarged axial bore 36 at the upper end of the lower mandrel section 30' as indicated at 85 in order to prevent loss of oil or entry of mud fluid at the connection between the upper and lower mandrel sections. The entire chamber between the bowl and the inner mandrel sections and wash pipe 81 below the hydraulic floating seal 80 and the lower sealing means 84 is preferably filled with a lubricating in the spring follower 61 permit ready movement of oil when the spring 60 expands and contracts under load conditions. It should also be noted that the lower shoulder 24 on the top sub is provided with transverse channels gernitting oil to flow from the top sub to the bowl mem- A circumferential relief groove 88 may be provided in the outer surface of upper mandrel section 30 to permit oil to move from below lower bearing ring 71 of the cage to above said cage through such relief groove and slots 73 of the cage when the parts move from the position shown in Fig. 3 to that shown in Fig. 4. It will be noted that no oil sealing rings are subjected to excessive pressure differentials during operation of the device, since the pressure compensating seal 80 can move with changes in'volume, due to temperature variations, displacement or wear.

. It is to be remembered that fluid pressures in deep bore holes may vary and reach high proportions. The floating seal 80 is capable of movement in accordance with variation in pressure differentials existing on opposite sides of such seal. Moreover, during compression and expansion of the spring 60, such floating seal 80 permits enlargement and contraction of the lubricating oil chamber without development of excessivepressures or undesirable vacuum. All of the moving parts such as the cage and mandrel sections are maintained in a clean bath of lubricating oil insuring dependable and uniform working characteristics.

The construction and operation of the safety bumper joint and its advantages will be readily appreciated and understood from the above description. The device constitutes a rigid unit during drilling; the stabilizer 50 maintains positive driving connection at all times. Since the upper mandrel section is connected to the lower mandrel section by a relatively loose driving connection (note that key 39 is spaced from top and bottom walls of slot 38, Fig. la) and torque stabilizer 50 can turn on the upper mandrel section, the tooth of the stabilizer can at all times compensate for wear of the parts in contact therewith. The bumping blow is preloaded by the spring 60; the force of the blow and that necessary to release the outer bowl from the inner mandrel is in part influenced by the length and strength of the spring used, but primarily determined by the resiliency and flexibility of the .metal of the cage 70 and the inclination of the mating surfaces 56 of the mandrel and the lower inner surface of -.ring 72 of the cage. The blow struck is very powerful;

one form of the invention delivers an effective downward blow of 20 tons. In such device it was determined that it required 9 tons to compress spring 60 until it acted as a rigid body and to move the outer bowl 20 to place re- .leasing groove 74 in position, and an additional 11 tons to cause flexure of intermediate ring 72 and release of ,the mandrel.

It will be noted that the blow is supplemented by forceful contact of driving shoulders with the bottom of slots 33 and 33' at the end of travel and at the instant hammer 21 contacts anvil 31.

The construction is relatively simple and economical;

.all elements made of expensive alloys can be recovered;

a minimum number of parts and threaded connections are employed.- It is to be understood that changes and modifications coming within the scope of the claims are .embraced thereby and that the example illustrated in the drawings is not limiting.

I claim:

1. Ina bumper safety joint, including an inner, hollow 1 mandrel slidably and tumably received in one end of an elongated, hollow, outer bowl member having a smooth inner surface, said bowl and mandrel having opposing hammer and anvil faces, respectively, adapted .to be and lower stop shoulders and a transverse slot portion communicating said operating slot with a longitudinally extending escape slot, an inwardly extending driving shoulder on the bowl cooperating with said J-slot means to drive said mandrel, said J-slot means limiting relative longitudinal movement of the bowl and mandrel when said driving shoulder is in said operating slot and permitting assembly and separation of bowl and lower mandrel section when the driving shoulder is selectively placed in said escape slot; an upper mandrel section of hard, wear-resisting metal'carried within the bowl member, means for loosely and releasably connecting said :upper mandrel section with the upper end of the lower mandrel section and for allowing said upper and lower mandrel sections to be separated when said lower mandrel section is separated from said bowl, said upper mandrel section having an outer surface including an inclined, circumferential, friction face spaced from the inner surface of the outer member; spring means for transmitting down- .ward pressure from the outer bowl member to the upper mandrel section acting upon a cylindrical cage having upper and lower circumferential bearing rings and an intermediate circumferential releasing ring slidable along the'inner surface of the .bowl member, and longitudinally extending, circumferentially spaced slots in said cage between said upper and lower bearing rings and traversing said releasing ring, said intermediate releasing ring resting upon. said inclined friction face of the upper mandrel section and normally incapable of extending into the space between said upper mandrel section and the inner surface of the bowl member; an outwardly directed, circumferential, releasing groove formed on the inner surface of the bowl, said releasing groove being normally in a transverse plane between said spring and releasing ring of said cage, whereby forceful compression of said spring and movement of the outer bowl with respect to said mandrel and cage will cause intermediate portions of said cage and releasing ring to be flexed outwardly into said releasing groove on the bowl and release said mandrel sections to bring the hammer and anvil faces into forceful contact with each other.

2. A device as stated in claim 1, wherein said loose releasable connection between said upper and lower mandrel sections includes second J-slot-type means on said upper mandrel section having a longitudinal slot communicating with an escape slot by a transverse slot portion and an inwardly extending shoulder carried by said lower ,mandrel section and cooperating with said second J-slot means, so that the releasing ring of the cylindrical cage is held in the releasing groove of the outer bowl after said forceful contact of said hammer and anvil faces and the upper mandrel section is held non-rotatable with respect 'to the outer bowl member by the said cylindrical cage,

stabilizer carried by and movable longitudinally with the upper mandrel section and partly rotatable thereon, said :torque stabilizer including means cooperating with the lower mandrel section to translate downward pressure of the bowl transmitted to said upper mandrel section into a lateral force directed to maintain a tight driving connection between the outenbowlv member and said lower mandrel section.

4. A device as stated in claim 1, wherein said upper and lower mandrel sections include an interconnected bore, a wash pipeslidably extending the axial earners 9 bore of said upper mandrel section; a fluid seal between said wash pipe and upper mandrel section; a movable hydraulic seal between said: wash pipe and outer bowl above said spring means; and a'fluid seal between said lower mandrel section and said bowl to isolate a body of lubricating oil aroundsaid: spring means and between saidmandrel sections and outer bowl.

5. Ina bumper safety joint,'including an inner, hollow mandrel slidably and turnably receivedin one end of an elongated, hollow, outer bowl member having a smooth inner surface, said bowl and mandrel having opposing hammer and anvil faces, respectively, adapted to be brought intoforceable engagement with each other, the provision of; J-slot-type means formed in the mandrel including a longitudinally extending operating slot having upper and lower stop shoulders and a transverse slot portion communicating said operating slot with a longitudinally extending escape slot and an inwardly extending driving shoulder on the bowlcooperating with said J slottype means to limit relative longitudinal movement of the mandrel and. bowl and to drive the mandrel in s i p ating slot and to assemble and separate the bowl and mandrel when saiddriving shoulder is selectively placed in a d e cap sloua ngated, cyl ndrical cageof hard m ta h in upper and lowe circumf r ntial b aring rings and. an t rme vate circumf rential rele sing ring, slidably positioned within said bowl with said upper and lower bearing rings in sliding contact with the inner surface of the bowl and the inner portion of the intermediate releasing ring in engagement with the upper end of said mandrel; a spring carried within the bowl and exerting force upon said cage; an outwardly directed, circumferential releasing groove formed on the inner surface of the bowl, said releasing groove being normally in a transverse plane between said spring and releasing ring of said cage; and longitudinally extending, circumferentially spaced slots in said cage between said upper and lower bearing rings and traversing said releasing ring, whereby forceful compression of said spring by movement of the bowl with respect to said mandrel will cause intermediate portions of said cage and said releasing ring to be flexed outwardly into said circumferential releasing groove on the bowl and release said mandrel to bring the hammer and anvil portions into forceful engagement with each other.

6. In a bumper safety joint, including an outer tubular bowl member adapted to be rotated about its longitudinal axis and receive the weight of a drilling string and an axially bored mandrel slidably and turnably extending into the lower end of said outer bowl member, the provision of: J-slot-ty-pe means on the mandrel including a longitudinally extending operating slot having upper and lower stop shoulders and a transverse slot portion communicating said operating slot with a longitudinally extending escape slot and driving shoulders extending inwardly from an inner, cylindrical surface of the bowl member into cooperative relation with said slot means whereby said mandrel may be rotated by said bowl member and said 'bowl'member may be moved longitudinally upon and selectively removed from the mandrel; said mandrel including an upper section having an outer surface including a circumferential, outwardly and downwardly inclined friction face spaced from the inner surface of the bowl member; a cylindrical cage of hard, resilient metal having upper and lower circumferential bearing rings and an intermediate circumferential releasing ring slidably positioned within said bowl with the upper and lower bearing rings in sliding contact with the inner surface of the bowl and said intermediate releasing ring resting upon said friction face; a wash pipe slidably carried by the upper end of the axial bore of the mandrel and extending thereabove; a spring surrounding said wash pipe, said spring being adapted to transmit downward pressure of said outer bowl into the upper bearing ring of said cage and into the friction face of said mandrel} an outwardly directed, circumferential releasing groove formed on the inner surface of the bowl, said releasing groove being normally in a transverse plane between said: spring and releasing ring of said cage; and longitudinally extending, circumferentially spaced slots in said cage between, said upper and lower bearing rings and traversing said releasing ring, whereby forceful compression of said spring by movement of the bowl with respect to said mandrel will cause intermediate portions of said cage and said releasing ring to be flexed outwardly into said circumferential releasing groove on the bowl and release said mandrel.

' 7; In a bumper safety joint as stated in claim 6, the provision of a slidable hydraulic seal between said wash pipe. and bowl member above said spring, and a hydraulic sealing means; between said mandrel and lower section of the-bowl member to retain and isolate a body of lubricant around said spring. .and' cage and between said mandrel and bowl member.

, 8. In a bumpersafcty joint as statedv in claim 6, wherein said mandrel comprises a lower mandrelsection having said .l-slot. type means, and an upper'mandrel section of reduced outer diameter carrying said inclined friction face, means, for loosely and releasably connecting said upper, mandrel sectionwith the upper end of the lower mandrel section and for allowing said upper and lower mandrel sections to be separated when said lower mandrel section is removed from said bowl. 7

9. In a bumper safety joint as stated in claim 6, where'- in said mandrel comprises a lower mandrel section having said J-slot type means, and an upper mandrel section of reduced outer diameter carrying said inclined friction face, means for loosely and releasably connecting said upper mandrel section with the upper end of the lower mandrel section and for allowing said upper and lower mandrel sections to be separated when said lower mandrel section is removed from said bowl; and a torque stabilizer carried by and movable longitudinally with the upper mandrel section, said torque stabilizer including a downwardly extending tooth having an inclined face cooperating with an inclined face on said lower mandrel section to convert downwardly directed force received by the upper mandrel section into a lateral force to maintain a tight driving connection between the outer bowl member and lower mandrel section.

10. In a bumper safety joint, including an inner, hollow mandrel slidably and turnably received in one end of an elongated, hollow, outer bowl member having a smooth inner surface, said bowl and mandrel having opposing hammer and anvil faces, respectively, adapted to be brought into forceable engagement with each other, the provision of: an elongated, cylindrical cage of hard metal having upper and lower circumferential bearing rings and an intermediate circumferential releasing ring, slidably positioned within said bowl with said upper and lower bearing rings in sliding contact with the inner surface of the bowl and the inner portion of the intermediate releasing ring in engagement with the upper end of said mandrel; longitudinally extending, circumferentially spaced slots in said cage between said upper and lower bearing rings and traversing said intermediate ring; and'a spring within the bowl transmitting pressure from the bowl to theupper bearing ring of the cage, whereby said intermediate ring delivers said force to the upper end of said mandrel.

, 11. A device as stated in claim 10, wherein said'mandrel comprises a lower mandrel section having means for releasably and drivingly connecting it to said outer bowl member and an upper mandrel section of reduced outer diameter provided with a friction face near its upper end for frictional engagement with said intermediate ring of said cage, means for loosely and releasably connecting said upper mandrel section with the upper end of the lower mandrel section and for allowing said upper and 11 lower mandrel sections to be separated when said lower mandrel section is released from said bowl.

12. A device as stated in claim 10, wherein said mandrel comprises a lower mandrel section having means for releasably and drivingly connecting it to said outer bowl member and an upper mandrel section of reduced outer diameter provided with a friction face near its upper end for frictional engagement with said intermediate ring of said cage, means for loosely and releasably connecting said upper mandrel section with the upper end of the lower mandrel section and for allowing said upper and lower mandrel sections to be separated when said lower mandrel section is released from said bowl; and a torque stabilizer carried by the upper mandrel section, said torque stabilizer including downwardly extending teeth cooperating with said lower mandrel section to convert downwardly directed force received by the upper mandrel section into a lateral force to' maintain a tight driving connection between the outer bowl member and lower mandrel section.

13. In a bumper safety joint, including an inner, hollow mandrel slidably and turnably received in one end of an elongated, hollow, outer bowl member having a smooth inner surface, said bowl and mandrel having opposing hammer and anvil faces, respectively, adapted to be brought into forceable engagement with each other, the

I2 provision of: Ji-sIot-type'means formed in the" mandrel in cluding a longitudinally extending operating slot having upper and lower stop shoulders and an inwardly extending drivingshoulder on the bowl cooperating with said slot to drive the mandrel; a longitudinally movable, torque stabilizer carried by said mandrel and partly rotatable thereon; and spring means for transmitting downward pressure from the outer bowl to said torque stabilizer, said torque stabilizer including means cooperating with the driving connection between the outer bowl and the inner mandrel to translate downward pressure of the bowl into a lateral force directed to maintain a tight driving connection between the outer bowl member and the inner mandrel section.

14. A device as stated in claim 13, wherein said means on said .torque stabilizer includes downwardly extending teeth having inclined surfacescooperating with an inclined surface on said inwardly extending driving shoulder and J-slot means to maintain a tight driving connec- 20 tion therebetween.

25 Black July 23, 1935 2,312,018 Beckman Feb. 23, 1943 2,819,877 Koppl Jan. 14, 1958

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2008743 *Jan 7, 1929Jul 23, 1935James A KammerdinerJar
US2312018 *Aug 19, 1939Feb 23, 1943Beckman Fred GMethod of and means for cleaning wells
US2819877 *May 20, 1954Jan 14, 1958Tripod Oil Tool CoSafety joint and jarring tool
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3368829 *Aug 10, 1965Feb 13, 1968Halliburton CoSafety joint
US3685599 *Oct 20, 1970Aug 22, 1972Schlumberger Technology CorpMechanical jar
US3963081 *Apr 24, 1975Jun 15, 1976Anderson Edwin ADouble acting mechanical jar
US4376468 *Jan 12, 1981Mar 15, 1983Clark George MDrilling jar
US4688649 *Nov 12, 1985Aug 25, 1987Buck David AMechanical drill string jar
US4889198 *Oct 14, 1988Dec 26, 1989Buck David ADrilling jar latch
US5327982 *Oct 13, 1992Jul 12, 1994Raytec, Inc.Drill string jar apparatus
US20130228379 *Mar 1, 2013Sep 5, 2013Saudi Arabian Oil CompanyContinuous rotary drilling system and method of use
WO1994009247A1 *Oct 13, 1993Apr 28, 1994Raytec, IncorporatedDrill string jar apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/294, 285/402, 285/922, 175/304, 175/306, 175/299
International ClassificationE21B17/06
Cooperative ClassificationY10S285/922, E21B17/06
European ClassificationE21B17/06