|Publication number||US2978149 A|
|Publication date||Apr 4, 1961|
|Filing date||Dec 18, 1959|
|Priority date||Dec 18, 1959|
|Publication number||US 2978149 A, US 2978149A, US-A-2978149, US2978149 A, US2978149A|
|Original Assignee||Sidney Rosen|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (32), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
s. ROSEN 2,978,149
VARIABLE PRESSURE SUCK-BACK DEVICE PoR A PUMP April 4, 1961 Filed Dec. 18, 1959 Y /IO United States Patent C PRESSURE SUCK-BACK DEVICE non A PUMP VARIABLE This invention relates generally to pumps for dispensing viscous liquids, andrmore particularly to an arrangement which permits a pump to suck-back a measured quantity of material delivered with each dispensing stroke.
In the packaging of various viscous and semi-viscous liquids such as catsup or glue; or the many syrup-based pharmaceuticals, it is extremely difcult to insure that the delivery of the liquid being packaged will be cut off cleanly at the end of each delivery stroke of the pump piston. Certain amounts of the liquid will cling to the inner wall of the delivery nozzle and allow a drop to form at its exit.
This condition is highly objectionable for several reasons. As in the case of glues, the drop will begin to harden and to allow additional glue to accumulate at the dispensing nozzle, thus allowing the calibrated amount of material to be delivered and necessitating frequent disassembly and cleaning-of the nozzle. Furthermore, some of the material will drop from the nozzle onto the line of containers, or onto theconveying apparatus, rendering the containers unfit for labeling and requiring a shut down of the conveyor for cleaning.
It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a pump which will deliver precise quantities of viscous liquidsfor long packaging runs without requiring frequent readjustment or cleaning of the pump.
Another object of this invention is to provide a pump with a suck-back arrangement which can be very readily adjusted to suit the characteristics and needs of liquids of various states of viscosity. v
Still another object of this invention is to provide an inexpensive suck-back arrangement for pumps which is extremely simple to manufacture and which can be quite `readily installed on existing pumps, necessitating only a very minor amount of modification/to the pump itself.
Other objects of this invention are to provide a pump with a new type of suck-back arrangement which is economical to manufacture, and which is eflicient and reliable in operational use.
These and other objects and attendant advantages of this invention will become readily apparent and understood from the detailed speciication and accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is an axial section through a pump incorporating the features of this invention with certain elements being shown in elevation;
Fig. 2 is a cross-section taken on line 2-2 of- Fig. 1; and
Fig. 3 is an elevation, on a reduced scale, of a pump embodying a modification of this invention.
Referring now to Fig. l of the drawings, there is shown generally a cylinder and piston type precision dispensing pump 10. The pump is provided with a cylinder 12 upon which is mounted an upper cylinder head assembly 14 and a lower cylinder head 28. Slidably arranged within the cylinder 12, is a piston 96 which is driven by a 'piston rod 100 that passes through the lower cylinder cylinder head 20 is provided with a plurality of ports 52 which exhaust air from the underside of the piston 96.
The upper cylinder head assembly 14 consists of a thick body or block 30 containing a bore 36 concentrically arranged with respect to the cylinder 12. The left side of the body 30, as viewed in Fig. 1, is provided with a boss 38 containing a passage 40 which communicates with an inlet valve assembly 16 and an outlet Valve assembly 18 and the bore 36 of the body 30.
The inlet valve 16 carries a ball 68 which is urged downwardly to the shut-oi` position by a conical spring 70. The outlet valve 18 is formed of two pieces comprising an upper half 82 and the lower half which is a valve seat 72 containing a ball 74 which is urged downwardly to the shut-off position by a spring 76.
rhe various elements of valves 16 and 18 are securely locked to the boss 38 by a pair of keeper bars 92 which are best illustrated in Fig. 3. A fully detailed disclosure of the manner of assembling the valves 16 and 18 may be had from an examination of applicants co-pending application entitled Piston Pump with Cam Coupling and Crank Assembly, Serial Number 841,641 filed September 22, 1959. The entire pumping arrangement is pivotably mounted to a driving apparatus (not shown) by means of an eye 102.
Referring now to the details of one embodiment of the suck-back arrangement, it is to be noted in Fig. 1, that the upper portion 82 of valve 18 is provided with a small bore 116 into which is silver-soldered a nipple 114. The boss 38 is similarly provided with a small bore 134 into which is silver-soldered a nipple 132.
A small diameter hose 118v is secured, at its ends, to the nipples 114. and 132 by clamps 120. Approximately midway between its ends, there is installed on hose 118 a hose cock clamp 122. This type of clamp finds considerable favor in laboratories because of its ability to maintain an easily made line adjustment.
Fig. 2 depicts such a clamp wherein a sliding bar 126, which is driven by a thumbscrew 128, adjustably restricts K or permits passage of viscous iiuid through hose 118.
The bar 126 is restricted against rotation by having its left end contoured to ride against a keeper screw 130, the lower end of which engages a threaded hole in the lower leg or anvil of frame 124.
The pump 10 and suck-back arrangement operate as described below:
When the piston 96 is pulled downwardly, a quantity of liquid is drawn through a hose driving the ball 68 upward against the bias of spring 711. At the end of the downstroke of the piston 96, ball 68 is returned to its seat by spring 70 sharply cutting off the liquid supply. The upstroke of piston 916 will now force the liquid past ball 74, against the bias of spring '76, through outlet valve 18 to a delivery nozzle through an outlet hose 112. It is to be understood, of course, that after delivery of the fluid is begun, the valve 18 will remain substantially full at all times. v
Now, as the piston 96 begins a new downward stroke, the ball 74 will seat sharply, with the assistance of spring 76, thereby preventing all the fluid in valve 18 from returning tocylinder 12. However, as the piston 96 moves downwardly, a small quantity of fluid will bypass ball 74 through passage 116, hose 118, and passage 134. Thereby, a slight reverse suction will be created in outlet hose 112 causing any drops of liquid depending from the outlet nozzle to be drawn back into the nozzle to be delivered at the next upstroke of piston 96.
The valve 122 is adjustable to accommodate various liquids of different viscosity. However, when liquids of extremely high viscosity are to be delivered, the suckback arrangement illustrated in Fig. 3 becomes more desirable. in this arrangement a suck-back hose 144 communicates directly with a delivery nozzle 140` by means of a nipple 142, with the hose clamp 122 being positioned as indicated.
While but two forms of the invention have beenillustrated in the drawings and described herein, it is not intended to limit the design and manufacture to such particular forms for the pump, as it is appreciated that other arrangements of the suck-back device can be designed and made that would use the same principles and come within the scope of the appended claims.
- What is claimed is:
l. In combination, a dispensing pump having a cylinder with a piston therein and a piston rod connected to said piston for the movement in said cylinder, said cylinder` having a passageway provided in its cylinder wall, inlet valve means connected to said passageway to pass fluid therethrough to said cylinder when said piston is retracted, a dispensing nozzle, outlet valve means connected to said dispensing nozzle and to said passageway to pass uid pumped from said cylinder through said passageway and outlet valve means to said dispensing nozzle during the discharge movement of said piston, and tube means having one end connected intermediate said outlet valve means and inlet valve means and to said passageway and its other end to said dispensing nozzle for causing a reverse flow of any pump fluid in said dispensing nozzle back therefrom to said passageway when said piston is retracted.
2. In a dispensing pump having a cylinder with a piston therein and a piston rod connected to said piston for the movement thereof, said cylinder having a passageway provided in its cylinder wall, inlet valve means connected to said passageway to pass uid therethrough to said cylinder when said piston is retracted, a dispensing nozzle, outlet valve means connected to said dispensing nozzle and to said passageway to pass uid pumped from said cylinder through said passageway and outlet valve means to said dispensing nozzle during the discharge movement of said piston, and variable pressure means connected intermediate said outlet valve means and said inlet Valve means to said passageway and to said dispensing nozzle for causing a reverse iiow of any pump uid in said dispensing nozzle when said piston is retracted in said cylinder.
3. In a dispensing pump having a cylinder with a piston therein and a piston rod connected to said piston for the movement thereof, said cylinder having a passageway provided in its cylinder wall, inlet valve means connected to said passageway to pass uid therethrough to said cylinder when said piston is retracted, a dispensing nozzle for dispensing said fluid from said cylinder, outlet valve means connected to said dispensing nozzle and to said passageway to pass uid pumped from said cylinder through said passageway and valve means to said dispensing outlet nozzle during the discharge movement of said piston, and variable pressure means connected to said dispensing nozzle and to said passageway and arranged to bypass said outlet valve means for causing a reverse ow of any pump fluid back from said dispensing nozzle when said piston is retracted in said cylinder.
4. In combination with a dispensing pump having a cylinder with a piston therein and a piston rod connected to said piston for the movement thereof, said cylinder having a passageway provided in its cylinder wall, directional inlet valve means connected to said passageway to pass uid therethrough to said cylinder when said piston is retracted, directional outlet valve means also connected to said passageway to pass uid pumped from said cylinder through said passageway and directional outlet valve means to said dispensing nozzle during the discharge movement of said piston, and means including an adjustable passageway having one end connected between said directional outlet Valve means and said directional inlet valve means to said cylinder passageway and its other end connected to said dispensing nozzle for causing a reverse ow of any pump iluid back from said dispensing nozzle to said cylinder passageway when said piston is retracted in said cylinder.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 767,027 Wilkinson Aug. 9, 1904 2,018,119 Brouse Oct. 22, 1935 2,293,675 Martin Allg. 18, 1942
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US767027 *||Dec 13, 1900||Aug 9, 1904||Melville C Wilkinson||Air compression and utilizing device.|
|US2018119 *||Nov 22, 1933||Oct 22, 1935||Service Station Equipment Comp||By-pass valve for liquid dispensers|
|US2293675 *||Jul 17, 1939||Aug 18, 1942||Guy M Robertson||Transference apparatus|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4021155 *||Nov 13, 1975||May 3, 1977||Sundstrand Corporation||Oil burner pumping system with air purging valve|
|US4139333 *||May 18, 1977||Feb 13, 1979||Gca Corporation||Positive displacement flow through fluid pump|
|US4405061 *||Dec 28, 1981||Sep 20, 1983||National Instrument Co., Inc.||Filling machine|
|US4422831 *||Nov 2, 1981||Dec 27, 1983||Bender Machine Works, Inc.||Pump|
|US4489857 *||Mar 22, 1982||Dec 25, 1984||Bobrick Washroom Equipment, Inc.||Liquid dispenser|
|US4545732 *||Jul 8, 1983||Oct 8, 1985||Guido Oberdorfer||Radial piston pump with a star-shaped connecting piece|
|US4671429 *||Nov 9, 1984||Jun 9, 1987||Thomas J. Lipton, Inc.||Method and apparatus for volumetric dosing viscous products|
|US4905744 *||Jul 23, 1987||Mar 6, 1990||Elopak A/S||Liquid-flow control apparatus|
|US4967931 *||Mar 10, 1989||Nov 6, 1990||Lever Brothers Company||Bottom-up filler|
|US5029621 *||Apr 12, 1990||Jul 9, 1991||Clintec Nutrition Co.||Push back procedure for preventing drop-former droplet formation in a vacuum assisted solution transfer system with upstream occulusion|
|US5035270 *||Nov 8, 1989||Jul 30, 1991||Herzog Kenneth J||Automatic conveyorized container filler|
|US5067531 *||Oct 30, 1989||Nov 26, 1991||Kenneth Herzog||Bench top container filler|
|US5154589 *||Nov 9, 1990||Oct 13, 1992||National Instrument Company||Metering pump|
|US5520889 *||Aug 15, 1994||May 28, 1996||Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc.||Method for controlling the discharge of granules from a nozzle onto a coated sheet|
|US5599581 *||Sep 21, 1994||Feb 4, 1997||Owens Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc.||Method for pneumatically controlling discharge of particulate material|
|US5624522 *||Jun 7, 1995||Apr 29, 1997||Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology Inc.||Method for applying granules to strip asphaltic roofing material to form variegated shingles|
|US5746830 *||Jul 17, 1996||May 5, 1998||Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc.||Pneumatic granule blender for asphalt shingles|
|US5747105 *||Apr 30, 1996||May 5, 1998||Owens Corning Fiberglas Technology Inc.||Traversing nozzle for applying granules to an asphalt coated sheet|
|US5799841 *||Jun 21, 1996||Sep 1, 1998||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Drip resistant nozzle for a dispenser|
|US5862958 *||Mar 21, 1997||Jan 26, 1999||Barnstead/Thermolyne Corporation||Bottle top dispenser|
|US5897031 *||Jun 21, 1996||Apr 27, 1999||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Dispenser for antimicrobial liquids|
|US5992687 *||Apr 7, 1998||Nov 30, 1999||Hinds-Bock Corporation||Method and apparatus for dispensing portioned food product|
|US6135735 *||Oct 14, 1998||Oct 24, 2000||Robert Bosch Gmbh||Piston pump|
|US6405897 *||Oct 3, 2000||Jun 18, 2002||Automatic Bar Controls, Inc.||Hand-operated syringe pumping system|
|US7175397 *||Apr 10, 2003||Feb 13, 2007||Pulsafeeder, Inc.||Effervescent gas bleeder apparatus|
|US8322994 *||Nov 16, 2009||Dec 4, 2012||Pulsafeeder, Inc.||Effervescent gas bleeder apparatus|
|US20040062662 *||Apr 10, 2003||Apr 1, 2004||Claude Cordell E.||Effervescent gas bleeder apparatus|
|US20050205617 *||Mar 17, 2005||Sep 22, 2005||Chu Yu-Sen J||Fluid dispensing system and method with fluid scavenging|
|US20070031271 *||Oct 16, 2006||Feb 8, 2007||Claude Cordell E||Effervescent gas bleeder apparatus|
|US20100232995 *||Nov 16, 2009||Sep 16, 2010||Claude Cordell E||Effervescent Gas Bleeder Apparatus|
|US20130105011 *||Oct 30, 2012||May 2, 2013||Shanghai Kohler Electronics, Ltd.||Liquid-supply apparatus|
|DE4143693B4 *||Nov 13, 1991||Oct 26, 2006||Vitlab Gmbh||Flaschendispenser|
|U.S. Classification||222/318, 417/567, 417/440, 141/116|
|International Classification||B65B3/12, F04B49/24, F04B49/22, B65B3/10|
|Cooperative Classification||B65B3/12, F04B49/24|
|European Classification||B65B3/12, F04B49/24|