|Publication number||US2978764 A|
|Publication date||Apr 11, 1961|
|Filing date||Feb 18, 1957|
|Priority date||Feb 18, 1957|
|Publication number||US 2978764 A, US 2978764A, US-A-2978764, US2978764 A, US2978764A|
|Inventors||Hrabovsky Joseph V|
|Original Assignee||Ford Motor Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 11, 1961 J. v. HRABOVSKY CASTING OF CORED MACHINE PARTS Filed Feb. 18, 1957 J. V. HRABOVSKY INVENTOR.
6. 6. W06 W255i ATTORNEYS FIG. 3
United States Patent CASTING OF CORED MACHINE PARTS Joseph V. Hrabovsky, Garden City, Mich., assignor to Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed Feb. 18, 1957, Ser. No. 640,840
2 Claims. (Cl. 22203) This invention relates to the foundry art and specifically discloses a process for the production of cored machine parts which machine parts are free from many of the limitations imposed upon machine designers by the inherent properties of sand based moulding materials.
This invention is especially adapted to the production of aluminum internal combustion engine parts into which are incorporated during their manufacture cast iron or steel cylinder barrels. However, this invention is not so limited and may be employed wherever it is desired to manufacture assemblies by casting a cored aluminum element around a steel or cast iron element.
To better explain this, three figures of drawing are submitted herewith in which:
Figure l is a cross sectional view of a cylinder barrel and a surrounding coolant jacket core,
Figure 2 is the structure shown in Figure 1 with an aluminum cylinder'block cast around the assemblage, and,
Figure 3 is a sectional view of the structure shown in Figure 2 after the coolant jacket core has been liquefied by heat and drained.
Reverting to Figure 1, a cylinder barrel is prepared from either cast iron or steel and in a die casting machine a coolant jacket core 11 is cast around the periphery of cylinder barrel 10. Coolant jacket core 11 is formed from zinc or an alloy which is basically zinc with mini mum amounts of alloying elements, as for example, silicon or copper.
After coolant jacket core 11 has been cast around cylinder barrel 10, the assemblage, which is depicted in Figure 1, is placed in a die casting machine and the aluminum cylinder block 12 is cast around coolant jacket 11 and cylinder barrel 10. Aluminum cylinder block 12 in cooling shrinks and in so doing makes a very firm joint between itself and cylinder barrel 10. It is essential in designing the casting to be produced by this process to so choose the mass and temperature of casting of aluminum cylinder block 12 and the mass of coolant core jacket 11 and its heat dissipating properties so that no consequential melting of coolant jacket core 11 occurs during the casting procedure.
2,978,764 iatented Apr. 11, 1961 After the assemblage shown on Figure 2 has been cast, it is then heated to a temperature intermediate the melting point of aluminum cylinder block 12 and coolant jacket core 11 and then turned on its side so that the molten metal resulting from the liquefaction of coolant jacket 11 may flow out through the opening 13 to complete the rough casting. The melting of Zinc cooling jacket core 11 in the presence of cylinder barrel 10 will result in an effective galvanizing of cylinder barrel 10 to produce a rust resistant structure. To obtain the maximum benefit from the galvanizing action it is necessary that the surface of cylinder barrel 10 be chemically clean prior to the casting thereon of coolant jacket 11 as shown in Figure l.
I claim as my invention:
1. The process of producing an internal combustion engine casting including a ferrous cylinder barrel enclosed in an aluminum cylinder block, said cylinder block being cored for the production of engine coolant passages, comprising casting around the cylinder barrel a zinc coolant jacket co-re shaped to correspond to the desired coolant passage, casting around the assembly of cylinder barrel and coolant jacket core an aluminum cylinder block, heating the cylinder block, coolant jacket core and cylinder barrel to a temperature intermediate the melting point of the cylinder block and the coolant jacket core, and pouring from the cylinder block the liquefied core.
2. The process of producing an internal combustion engine casting including a ferrous cylinder barrel enclosed in an aluminum cylinder block, said cylinder block being cored for the production of engine coolant passages, and simultaneously galvanizing the ferrous cylinder liner adjacent the coolant passages, comprising casting around the cylinder barrel a zinc coolant jacket core shaped to correspond to the desired coolant passage, casting around the assembly of cylinder barrel and coolant jacket core an aluminum cylinder block, heating the cylinder block, coolant jacket core and cylinder barrel to a temperature intermediate the melting point of the cylinder block and the coolant jacket core, and pouring from the cylinder block the liquefied core.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 7 1,243,471 Willis Oct. 16, 1917 1,416,412 Pack May' 16, 1922 g FOREIGN PATENTS 7 394,662 Great Britain June 23, 1933 634,599 Great Britain Mar. 22, 1950 661,341 Great Britain Nov. 21, 1951 685,857 Great Britain Jan. 14,1953 7
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3258816 *||Aug 9, 1963||Jul 5, 1966||Adams Millis Corp||Die casting hollow articles by lost core process|
|US4100960 *||Jan 28, 1977||Jul 18, 1978||Technicon Instruments Corporation||Method and apparatus for casting metals|
|US4148352 *||Jul 15, 1976||Apr 10, 1979||Nissan Motor Company, Limited||Method of preparing an exhaust port arrangement of a cylinder head|
|US4252175 *||May 25, 1979||Feb 24, 1981||Outboard Marine Corporation||Cylinder block having a cast-in core unit and process for manufacturing same|
|US4580616 *||Dec 6, 1982||Apr 8, 1986||Techmet Corporation||Method and apparatus for controlled solidification of metals|
|US4858670 *||Dec 24, 1987||Aug 22, 1989||Ford Motor Company||Method of making and apparatus for monoblock engine construction|
|USRE30979 *||May 5, 1980||Jun 22, 1982||Technicon Instruments Corporation||Method and apparatus for casting metals|
|DE102005041410A1 *||Sep 1, 2005||Mar 8, 2007||Mahle International Gmbh||Verfahren zum Beschichten der Außenfläche einer Zylinderlaufbuchse|
|International Classification||B22D19/00, B22C9/04|
|Cooperative Classification||B22D19/0009, B22C9/04|
|European Classification||B22D19/00A, B22C9/04|