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Publication numberUS2980919 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 25, 1961
Filing dateOct 2, 1957
Priority dateOct 2, 1957
Publication numberUS 2980919 A, US 2980919A, US-A-2980919, US2980919 A, US2980919A
InventorsConstance H Otto, Jeanette M Swann
Original AssigneeConstance H Otto, Jeanette M Swann
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Toilet bowl with urinal attachment
US 2980919 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 25, 1961 c. H. OTTO EI'AL 2,989,919

TOILET BOWL WITH. URINAL ATTACHMENT Filed Oct. 2, 1957 III I l [am/2m? 0/73 Jeane??? J1 JIM/1 I NVE N TORS ATTORNEY mired Constance H. Otto and .Ieanette M. Swann, both of 502 th.Ave., Leavenworth, Kans.

Filed Oct. 2, 1957, Ser. No. 687,697

' 4 Claims. (31. 4-1

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in toilet equipment, and more particularly the invention concerns itself with an attachment whereby a conventional toilet bowl may be quickly and easily converted for use as a urinal.

As such, the principal object of the invention is to avoid urinal splashings to the sides and rear of the toilet bowl and/ or to the surrounding walls, which often occur when the bowl is used by male persons.

The above object is attained by the provision of an attachment in the form of an upstanding, curved shield which has an open front and is adapted to extend along the sides and rear of the usual rim at the top of a conventional toilet bowl, whereby to convert the latter into a urinal and effectively prevent the undesirable splashings to the sides and rear of the bowl, as aforesaid.

An important feature of the invention resides in forming the shield so that by virtue of inherent resiliency the side portions thereof are urged laterally outwardly and into frictional engagement with the inside of the toilet bowl rim, whereby to sustain the shield in position thereon yet facilitate quick and easy removal thereof, when to prevent accidental withdrawal of the shield from the bowl and permit such withdrawal only when the resiliently urged side portions are pressed toward each other and the detents are withdrawn from the underside of the rim.

Some of the advantages of the invention reside in its simplicity of construction, efficient operation, in its durability and in its adaptability to economical manufacture.

With the above more important objects and features in view and such other objects and features as may become apparent as this specification proceeds, the invention will be understood from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein like characters of reference are used to designate like parts, and wherein for illustrative purposes:

Figure l is a side elevational view of a urinal attachment in accordance with the invention applied to a toilet Figure 2 is a perspective view of the urinal attachment per se;

' Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional detail showing the engagement of the shield with the toilet bowl rim; and Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional detail, similar to 7 2,989,919 Patented Apr. 25, 1961 that shown in Figure 3 but taken in a planeat the front of the shield where the latter is provided with the rim engaging detents.

Referring now to the accompanying drawings in detail, the reference numeral 10 designates a conventional standing shield 15 having an open front 16 and including a pair of side portions 15a and a rear portion 15b.

If desired, the upper edge 150 of the shield may be rounded as shown at 15d to merge into the vertical edges 15:! at the open front of the shield, and the lower edge portion of the shield is'offset inwardly somewhat as indicated at 15f, so as to provide a depending lip 17.

The shield 15, particularly the lip 17 thereof,'is shaped to'conform substantially -to andextend along the inside edge 11a of the side and rear portions of the bowl rim 11 and the material from which the shield is formed is such as to endow the shield with inherent resiliency whereby the side portions 15a thereof are urged outwardly and the rim 17 is correspondingly urged into frictional engagement with the inside edge 11a of the bowl rim. It will be apparent that in this manner the entire shield may be firmly retained in position on the toilet bowl,

but may be readily removed therefrom by pressing the side portions 15a toward each other and thereby releasing the frictional engagement of the lip 17 with the rim 11. i

A horizontal flange 18, extending continuously around the side and rear portions 15a, 15b of the shield, projects outwardly therefrom in a plane adjacent the lower edge of the shield, preferably at or near the aforementioned offset 151, as shown. This flange is adapted to be seated on the top edge 11b of the bowl rim 11 and thereby prevent the shield from tilting, downward sliding, or becoming otherwise displaced on the bowl.

Finally, a pair of outturned, hook-shaped detents 19 are provided at the lower edge of the lip 17 at the front of the side portions 15a. These detents are adapted to engage the underside of the rim 11 when the shield is resiliently expanded into engagement with the rim, so as to prevent the shield from being accidentally withdrawn from the bowl. However, when the side portions 15a of the shield are pressed together as aforesaid, the detents 19 are withdrawn from under the rim and expeditious removal of the entire shield from the bowl is facilitated.

The shield is preferably made from stain-resistant synthetic plastic material by a molding process whereby the lip 17, the flange 18 and the detents 19 are formed integrally with the shield body.

It is to be noted that by applying the shield attachment directly to the rim of the toilet bowl rather than to the toilet seat 12, it is necessary to raise the seat out of the way preparatory to the use of the attachment. This feature provides desirable training for raising of the seat prior to the use of the urinal, especially in the instance of small boys.

While in the foregoing there has been described and 7 shown the preferred embodiment of the invention, various modifications may become apparent to those skilled in the art to which the invention relates. Accordingly, it is not desired to limit the invention to this disclosure, and various modifications maybe resorted to, such as may lie within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed as new is:

1. The combination of a toilet bowl and a urinal attachment for use by a person standing in front of said .material possessing sufficient inherent resiliency whereby the free side portions thereof may be drawn together and resiliently urged apart, the lower edge portion of said shield being disposed within the upper portion of said bowl and 'friction'ally retained therein by the tendency of the side portions to resiliently spread apart, whereby to removably retain the shield in position on the bowl. p

2. The device as. defined in claim 1 together with a laterally outwardly projecting flange provided adjacent the lower edge of said shield and seated on top of said bowl, the ends of said flange being co-terminal with said free edges of the shield.

3. The device as defined in claim 1 together with a laterally outwardly projecting flange provided adjacent the lower edge of said shield and seated on top of said bowl, the ends of said flange being co-terminal with said free edges of the shield, and outturned detents provided at and projecting laterally from the lower edge a 4 of the shield, said detents engaging the upper portion of the bowl in a plane spaced downwardly from said flange.

4. The combination of a toilet bowl having a continuous rim at the top thereof, and a urinal attachment for use by a person standing in front of said bowl, said attachment comprising a curved upstanding shield having a lower edge portion disposed within said rim and extending along the rear and fully along the sides of the rim, said shield having an open front whereby the sides of the shield terminate in opposed edges completely free of each other and spaced apart transversely of the front of the bowl leaving the front of the bowl unobstructed by the shield, and a laterally outwardly projecting flange provided on the lower edge portion of said shield and seated on the upper edge of said rim.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS D. 148,512 Zuckerman Jan. 27, 1948 2,294,349 Muller Aug. 25, 1942 2,489,967 Lavine Nov. 29, 1949 2,577,028 McMorrow Dec. 4, 1951 2,583,718 -Walls Jan. 29, 1952 2,719,305 LaHue Oct. 4, 1955 2,791,780 Krischer May 14, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2294349 *Sep 27, 1941Aug 25, 1942Juvenile Wood Products IncSanitary attachment for children's toilet seats
US2489967 *Jun 22, 1948Nov 29, 1949Harold H LavineDental cuspidor shield
US2577028 *Aug 8, 1949Dec 4, 1951Rose M McmorrowColostomy screen stand
US2583718 *Mar 3, 1950Jan 29, 1952Daniel W WallsColostomy appliance
US2719305 *Oct 6, 1952Oct 4, 1955Hue Paul D LaPortable juvenile commodes
US2791780 *Jun 7, 1954May 14, 1957Krischer Benton EllisUrinal training device for little boys
USD148512 *May 11, 1946Jan 27, 1948 Deflector for infant s toilet seat
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3914803 *Apr 25, 1974Oct 28, 1975Raymond Lee Organization IncToilet bowl splash shield
US3931649 *Nov 30, 1973Jan 13, 1976Jankowski Ollie FToilet anti-splash guard
US4133062 *Feb 7, 1978Jan 9, 1979Fulbright Jr Burley RLifting apparatus for toilet seat
US4348776 *Jul 27, 1981Sep 14, 1982Sarjeant Dale CCollapsible splash shield for toilet
US4612676 *Jun 7, 1985Sep 23, 1986Whitman Victoria EUrinal attachment for toilet
US4922555 *Mar 10, 1989May 8, 1990Bonilla Marco ACommode plunging shield
US5077840 *Mar 28, 1990Jan 7, 1992Masters Jeffrey BChannelling apparatus for a toilet
US5088132 *Aug 24, 1990Feb 18, 1992Hermann WalkaHygienic protective shield for flush toilets
US5117512 *Jul 19, 1991Jun 2, 1992Mark BresslerUrine shield for toilets
US5216760 *May 14, 1992Jun 8, 1993Brown J DevonSplash and overspray guard
US5465431 *Sep 1, 1994Nov 14, 1995Wertz; Carl F.Boy's urinal trainer for a toilet
US5564135 *Sep 19, 1995Oct 15, 1996Jones; Clifford D.Toilet bowl splash guard
US6052840 *Sep 9, 1998Apr 25, 2000West; Michael K.Toilet training accessory
US6305034 *Dec 28, 1998Oct 23, 2001Jose Miguel Perez UrrutiaExtensible and retractable urine deflecting apparatus for use with a toilet
US6385785Feb 27, 2001May 14, 2002Carol S. LindenUrine shield removably attached to toilet seat
US7043773Feb 9, 2004May 16, 2006Mcaleenan Jr Patrick MPortable fluid collection device for toilet bowl with splash guards
US7178177 *Sep 23, 2005Feb 20, 2007Valencia JoannToilet splash guard
US7921478Jun 12, 2008Apr 12, 2011Annmarie VaniniPivotal splash guard for a toilet
US8856976Mar 15, 2013Oct 14, 2014Joseph Edward Niedzielski, IIIPortable urine shield
US8984674Aug 27, 2013Mar 24, 2015Charles Edward HarrisTraining urinal attachment for conventional toilets
US9139995Apr 22, 2011Sep 22, 2015Norma EscuderoToilet overspray shield and funnel
US20040237181 *Jun 2, 2003Dec 2, 2004Jane Atkins-WilliamsRemovable urinal splash shield device
US20050055757 *Sep 15, 2004Mar 17, 2005Boals Deborah LynnPotty shield
US20050172386 *Feb 9, 2004Aug 11, 2005Mcaleenan Patrick M.Jr.Portable fluid collection device for toilet bowl with splash guards
US20050193482 *Mar 3, 2004Sep 8, 2005Eve GamblaMale toilet spray shield
US20070234471 *Apr 5, 2006Oct 11, 2007Kimburlee WalkerChild toilet trainer
USD739924Mar 27, 2015Sep 29, 2015Zurn Industries, LlcUrinal
WO2015148712A1 *Mar 25, 2015Oct 1, 2015C&D Zodiac, Inc.Toilet module
U.S. Classification4/300.3, D23/302, 4/DIG.500, 4/301
International ClassificationA47K13/24, E03D11/02
Cooperative ClassificationY10S4/05, A47K13/24, E03D11/025
European ClassificationE03D11/02B, A47K13/24