|Publication number||US2980919 A|
|Publication date||Apr 25, 1961|
|Filing date||Oct 2, 1957|
|Priority date||Oct 2, 1957|
|Publication number||US 2980919 A, US 2980919A, US-A-2980919, US2980919 A, US2980919A|
|Inventors||Constance H Otto, Jeanette M Swann|
|Original Assignee||Constance H Otto, Jeanette M Swann|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (28), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 25, 1961 c. H. OTTO EI'AL 2,989,919
TOILET BOWL WITH. URINAL ATTACHMENT Filed Oct. 2, 1957 III I l [am/2m? 0/73 Jeane??? J1 JIM/1 I NVE N TORS ATTORNEY mired Constance H. Otto and .Ieanette M. Swann, both of 502 th.Ave., Leavenworth, Kans.
Filed Oct. 2, 1957, Ser. No. 687,697
' 4 Claims. (31. 4-1
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in toilet equipment, and more particularly the invention concerns itself with an attachment whereby a conventional toilet bowl may be quickly and easily converted for use as a urinal.
As such, the principal object of the invention is to avoid urinal splashings to the sides and rear of the toilet bowl and/ or to the surrounding walls, which often occur when the bowl is used by male persons.
The above object is attained by the provision of an attachment in the form of an upstanding, curved shield which has an open front and is adapted to extend along the sides and rear of the usual rim at the top of a conventional toilet bowl, whereby to convert the latter into a urinal and effectively prevent the undesirable splashings to the sides and rear of the bowl, as aforesaid.
An important feature of the invention resides in forming the shield so that by virtue of inherent resiliency the side portions thereof are urged laterally outwardly and into frictional engagement with the inside of the toilet bowl rim, whereby to sustain the shield in position thereon yet facilitate quick and easy removal thereof, when to prevent accidental withdrawal of the shield from the bowl and permit such withdrawal only when the resiliently urged side portions are pressed toward each other and the detents are withdrawn from the underside of the rim.
Some of the advantages of the invention reside in its simplicity of construction, efficient operation, in its durability and in its adaptability to economical manufacture.
With the above more important objects and features in view and such other objects and features as may become apparent as this specification proceeds, the invention will be understood from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein like characters of reference are used to designate like parts, and wherein for illustrative purposes:
Figure l is a side elevational view of a urinal attachment in accordance with the invention applied to a toilet Figure 2 is a perspective view of the urinal attachment per se;
' Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional detail showing the engagement of the shield with the toilet bowl rim; and Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional detail, similar to 7 2,989,919 Patented Apr. 25, 1961 that shown in Figure 3 but taken in a planeat the front of the shield where the latter is provided with the rim engaging detents.
Referring now to the accompanying drawings in detail, the reference numeral 10 designates a conventional standing shield 15 having an open front 16 and including a pair of side portions 15a and a rear portion 15b.
If desired, the upper edge 150 of the shield may be rounded as shown at 15d to merge into the vertical edges 15:! at the open front of the shield, and the lower edge portion of the shield is'offset inwardly somewhat as indicated at 15f, so as to provide a depending lip 17.
The shield 15, particularly the lip 17 thereof,'is shaped to'conform substantially -to andextend along the inside edge 11a of the side and rear portions of the bowl rim 11 and the material from which the shield is formed is such as to endow the shield with inherent resiliency whereby the side portions 15a thereof are urged outwardly and the rim 17 is correspondingly urged into frictional engagement with the inside edge 11a of the bowl rim. It will be apparent that in this manner the entire shield may be firmly retained in position on the toilet bowl,
but may be readily removed therefrom by pressing the side portions 15a toward each other and thereby releasing the frictional engagement of the lip 17 with the rim 11. i
A horizontal flange 18, extending continuously around the side and rear portions 15a, 15b of the shield, projects outwardly therefrom in a plane adjacent the lower edge of the shield, preferably at or near the aforementioned offset 151, as shown. This flange is adapted to be seated on the top edge 11b of the bowl rim 11 and thereby prevent the shield from tilting, downward sliding, or becoming otherwise displaced on the bowl.
Finally, a pair of outturned, hook-shaped detents 19 are provided at the lower edge of the lip 17 at the front of the side portions 15a. These detents are adapted to engage the underside of the rim 11 when the shield is resiliently expanded into engagement with the rim, so as to prevent the shield from being accidentally withdrawn from the bowl. However, when the side portions 15a of the shield are pressed together as aforesaid, the detents 19 are withdrawn from under the rim and expeditious removal of the entire shield from the bowl is facilitated.
The shield is preferably made from stain-resistant synthetic plastic material by a molding process whereby the lip 17, the flange 18 and the detents 19 are formed integrally with the shield body.
It is to be noted that by applying the shield attachment directly to the rim of the toilet bowl rather than to the toilet seat 12, it is necessary to raise the seat out of the way preparatory to the use of the attachment. This feature provides desirable training for raising of the seat prior to the use of the urinal, especially in the instance of small boys.
While in the foregoing there has been described and 7 shown the preferred embodiment of the invention, various modifications may become apparent to those skilled in the art to which the invention relates. Accordingly, it is not desired to limit the invention to this disclosure, and various modifications maybe resorted to, such as may lie within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed as new is:
1. The combination of a toilet bowl and a urinal attachment for use by a person standing in front of said .material possessing sufficient inherent resiliency whereby the free side portions thereof may be drawn together and resiliently urged apart, the lower edge portion of said shield being disposed within the upper portion of said bowl and 'friction'ally retained therein by the tendency of the side portions to resiliently spread apart, whereby to removably retain the shield in position on the bowl. p
2. The device as. defined in claim 1 together with a laterally outwardly projecting flange provided adjacent the lower edge of said shield and seated on top of said bowl, the ends of said flange being co-terminal with said free edges of the shield.
3. The device as defined in claim 1 together with a laterally outwardly projecting flange provided adjacent the lower edge of said shield and seated on top of said bowl, the ends of said flange being co-terminal with said free edges of the shield, and outturned detents provided at and projecting laterally from the lower edge a 4 of the shield, said detents engaging the upper portion of the bowl in a plane spaced downwardly from said flange.
4. The combination of a toilet bowl having a continuous rim at the top thereof, and a urinal attachment for use by a person standing in front of said bowl, said attachment comprising a curved upstanding shield having a lower edge portion disposed within said rim and extending along the rear and fully along the sides of the rim, said shield having an open front whereby the sides of the shield terminate in opposed edges completely free of each other and spaced apart transversely of the front of the bowl leaving the front of the bowl unobstructed by the shield, and a laterally outwardly projecting flange provided on the lower edge portion of said shield and seated on the upper edge of said rim.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS D. 148,512 Zuckerman Jan. 27, 1948 2,294,349 Muller Aug. 25, 1942 2,489,967 Lavine Nov. 29, 1949 2,577,028 McMorrow Dec. 4, 1951 2,583,718 -Walls Jan. 29, 1952 2,719,305 LaHue Oct. 4, 1955 2,791,780 Krischer May 14, 1957
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2294349 *||Sep 27, 1941||Aug 25, 1942||Juvenile Wood Products Inc||Sanitary attachment for children's toilet seats|
|US2489967 *||Jun 22, 1948||Nov 29, 1949||Harold H Lavine||Dental cuspidor shield|
|US2577028 *||Aug 8, 1949||Dec 4, 1951||Rose M Mcmorrow||Colostomy screen stand|
|US2583718 *||Mar 3, 1950||Jan 29, 1952||Daniel W Walls||Colostomy appliance|
|US2719305 *||Oct 6, 1952||Oct 4, 1955||Hue Paul D La||Portable juvenile commodes|
|US2791780 *||Jun 7, 1954||May 14, 1957||Krischer Benton Ellis||Urinal training device for little boys|
|USD148512 *||May 11, 1946||Jan 27, 1948||Deflector for infant s toilet seat|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3914803 *||Apr 25, 1974||Oct 28, 1975||Raymond Lee Organization Inc||Toilet bowl splash shield|
|US3931649 *||Nov 30, 1973||Jan 13, 1976||Jankowski Ollie F||Toilet anti-splash guard|
|US4133062 *||Feb 7, 1978||Jan 9, 1979||Fulbright Jr Burley R||Lifting apparatus for toilet seat|
|US4348776 *||Jul 27, 1981||Sep 14, 1982||Sarjeant Dale C||Collapsible splash shield for toilet|
|US4612676 *||Jun 7, 1985||Sep 23, 1986||Whitman Victoria E||Urinal attachment for toilet|
|US4922555 *||Mar 10, 1989||May 8, 1990||Bonilla Marco A||Commode plunging shield|
|US5077840 *||Mar 28, 1990||Jan 7, 1992||Masters Jeffrey B||Channelling apparatus for a toilet|
|US5088132 *||Aug 24, 1990||Feb 18, 1992||Hermann Walka||Hygienic protective shield for flush toilets|
|US5117512 *||Jul 19, 1991||Jun 2, 1992||Mark Bressler||Urine shield for toilets|
|US5216760 *||May 14, 1992||Jun 8, 1993||Brown J Devon||Splash and overspray guard|
|US5465431 *||Sep 1, 1994||Nov 14, 1995||Wertz; Carl F.||Boy's urinal trainer for a toilet|
|US5564135 *||Sep 19, 1995||Oct 15, 1996||Jones; Clifford D.||Toilet bowl splash guard|
|US6052840 *||Sep 9, 1998||Apr 25, 2000||West; Michael K.||Toilet training accessory|
|US6305034 *||Dec 28, 1998||Oct 23, 2001||Jose Miguel Perez Urrutia||Extensible and retractable urine deflecting apparatus for use with a toilet|
|US6385785||Feb 27, 2001||May 14, 2002||Carol S. Linden||Urine shield removably attached to toilet seat|
|US7043773||Feb 9, 2004||May 16, 2006||Mcaleenan Jr Patrick M||Portable fluid collection device for toilet bowl with splash guards|
|US7178177 *||Sep 23, 2005||Feb 20, 2007||Valencia Joann||Toilet splash guard|
|US7921478||Jun 12, 2008||Apr 12, 2011||Annmarie Vanini||Pivotal splash guard for a toilet|
|US8856976||Mar 15, 2013||Oct 14, 2014||Joseph Edward Niedzielski, III||Portable urine shield|
|US8984674||Aug 27, 2013||Mar 24, 2015||Charles Edward Harris||Training urinal attachment for conventional toilets|
|US9139995||Apr 22, 2011||Sep 22, 2015||Norma Escudero||Toilet overspray shield and funnel|
|US20040237181 *||Jun 2, 2003||Dec 2, 2004||Jane Atkins-Williams||Removable urinal splash shield device|
|US20050055757 *||Sep 15, 2004||Mar 17, 2005||Boals Deborah Lynn||Potty shield|
|US20050172386 *||Feb 9, 2004||Aug 11, 2005||Mcaleenan Patrick M.Jr.||Portable fluid collection device for toilet bowl with splash guards|
|US20050193482 *||Mar 3, 2004||Sep 8, 2005||Eve Gambla||Male toilet spray shield|
|US20070234471 *||Apr 5, 2006||Oct 11, 2007||Kimburlee Walker||Child toilet trainer|
|USD739924||Mar 27, 2015||Sep 29, 2015||Zurn Industries, Llc||Urinal|
|WO2015148712A1 *||Mar 25, 2015||Oct 1, 2015||C&D Zodiac, Inc.||Toilet module|
|U.S. Classification||4/300.3, D23/302, 4/DIG.500, 4/301|
|International Classification||A47K13/24, E03D11/02|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S4/05, A47K13/24, E03D11/025|
|European Classification||E03D11/02B, A47K13/24|