|Publication number||US2981155 A|
|Publication date||Apr 25, 1961|
|Filing date||Mar 4, 1953|
|Priority date||Mar 4, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2981155 A, US 2981155A, US-A-2981155, US2981155 A, US2981155A|
|Inventors||Authony Parlanti Conrad|
|Original Assignee||Authony Parlanti Conrad|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (15), Classifications (17)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
m M RA A? ML N mm W m VP W W A A h 2 w \\/l 1 R K N I 0 c H V M 6 FIG. 3.
United States Patent COMPOSITE GUN BARRELS Conrad Anthony Parlanti, 34 W. Hill Road, Herne Bay, Kent, England Filed Mar. 4, 1953, Ser. No. 340,198
4 Claims. (Cl. 89-16) This invention relates to gun barrels and to methods of making the same.
It is known that the increasingly high muzzel velocities which are being used in modern guns produce greatly increased friction forces as the projectile travels through the gun barrel. This in turn results in the generation of increased heat, and in cases where rapid firing is required, the low thermal conductivity of steel frequently causes localized accumulations of heat which result in distortion of the barrel.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a gun barrel in which provision is made for rapid transfer and dissipation of heat.
It is a further object of the invention to provide methods of making such gun barrels.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear hereinafter. I
A preferred embodiment of the invention selected for purposes of illustration is shown in the accompanying drawings, in which,
Figure 1 is an elevation of a core suitable for use in casting a gun barrel shell embodying the invention.
Figure 2 is a longitudinal section through the core and cast shell. 1
Figure 3 is a longitudinal section through a completed barrel.
Referring to the drawings, the gun barrel illustrated in Figure 3 comprises a relatively thin shell 1 of steel and an outside casing 2 of aluminum or aluminum alloy containing at least 70% aluminum. The inside surface of the steel shell has rifle grooves 3 and lands 4 formed therein and the outside surface is surrounded by and in contact with a casing 2 throughout its entire length, or at least throughout a substantial portion of its length.
The outside of the casing 2 is provided with cooling fins 5 to aid the transfer of heat, and the outside surface of the casing, including the fins is treated to provide a thin outside layer of aluminum oxide, which, I have found, greatly increases the rate of heat transfer. If desired, the fins 5 may be machined down to heights indicated by broken line 6 to modify the rate of heat transfer at various points along the barrel as may be desired. The contour of the curve 6 for any type of gun may be determined by suitable firing tests.
' The preferred method of making a gun barrel as above described'is as follows. Referring to Figure 1, a core 11 of aluminum or aluminum alloy is first prepared, said core having a substantially cylindrical center section and enlarged end sections 13 provided with cooling fins 14. The outside surface of section 12 is provided with rifle grooves 15 andlands 16 which are the reverse (negative) of the grooves and lands of the rifling desired on the interior of the barrel.
The outside surface of the core including the end sections is then treated to provide a thin layer of aluminum oxide, preferably by one of the well known anodizing processes. This has a two fold effect in the subsequent ice 21 cylindrical cavity surrounding the center section 12 and a cylindrical steel shell 1A (Figure 2) is cast around the center section. The shell should be of substantial thickness, as for example, from 1" to 2". The shell may now be subjected to any desired heat treatment, and in the course of this treatment the core melts and runs out of the shell. Subsequently, the outside of the shell 1A is machined down to provide the shell 1 having a thickness (measured from the bottom of the rifle grooves) of approximately 0.1".
This shell is now placed in another casting mold in which it serves as a core around which the casing 2 is cast. Preferably, the mold is constructed and the casting operation is conducted in accordance with the invention disclosed 'in my prior application Serial No. 225,296, filed May 9, 1951, now Patent No. 2,759,231.
Subsequently, the exposed aluminum surfaces of the barrel are treated to provide a thin layer of aluminum oxide thereon for purposes previously described. This is preferably done. by one of the'well known anodizing processes, the ends of the barrel being sealed during the treatment to prevent the electrolyte from affecting the steel.
Thereafter, the barrel may be mounted on a lathe and the rifling may be accurately machined to the desired size. Also the cooling fins may be cut to any contour desired by the designer to provide proper cooling characteristics.
It will be understood that the drawings herein are merely representative and are not intended to portray any actual gun barrel in accurate proportions.
It will be understood that the invention may be variously modified and embodied within the scope of the subjoined claims.
I claim as my invention:
'1. A gun barrel comprising a relatively thin cylindrical shell of steel, the insidesurface of said shell having rifle grooves and lands formed therein, the inside diameter of said shell being greatly in excess of the wall thickness thereof, and an outside casing of metal containing not less than 70% 7 aluminum surrounding said shell and in direct, fixed contact therewith throughout substantially its entire length, said outside casing having a thickness substantially greater than the thickness of said shell of steel.
2. A gun barrel according to claim 1 in which the outside of said casing consists of a thin layer of aluminum oxide.
3.'A gun barrel according to claim 1 in which the outside of said case has been anodized.
4. A gun barrel according to claim 1 in which the thickness of said shell of steel is approximately 0.1".
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1553825 *||Mar 28, 1925||Sep 15, 1925||Tracy C Dickson||Method of making guns and other hollow metal articles|
|US1986837 *||May 10, 1933||Jan 8, 1935||Mccann George M||Gun|
|US2112144 *||Jul 28, 1932||Mar 22, 1938||Secretary Of War Of The United||Means for cooling gun barrels|
|US2137259 *||Dec 14, 1935||Nov 22, 1938||Winchester Repeating Arms Co||Composite firearm barrel|
|US2238670 *||Nov 12, 1937||Apr 15, 1941||Commerciale Caproni Comp||Gun barrel|
|US2287066 *||Aug 21, 1940||Jun 23, 1942||Rogers George D||Heat exchange unit|
|US2331477 *||Sep 18, 1942||Oct 12, 1943||Keema Alexander W||Method of producing guns|
|US2375721 *||Jun 5, 1940||May 8, 1945||Dryden Kuser||Automatic rifle|
|US2736119 *||Dec 18, 1951||Feb 28, 1956||Firearm having chamber member|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3118243 *||May 17, 1961||Jan 21, 1964||Rifled barrel for firearms|
|US4641567 *||May 31, 1983||Feb 10, 1987||Ga Technologies Inc.||Barrel assembly for electromagnetic rail gun|
|US5448848 *||Sep 15, 1993||Sep 12, 1995||Briley Manufacturing Co.||Shotgun having light weight interchangeable barrel tubes|
|US6758004 *||Dec 23, 2002||Jul 6, 2004||Michaels Of Oregon Co.||Firearm barrel manufacturing methods and barrel assemblies|
|US7152357||Mar 9, 2004||Dec 26, 2006||Michaels Of Oregon Co.||Composite firearm barrel assemblies|
|US7735408 *||Sep 21, 2005||Jun 15, 2010||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army||Mortar tube with cooling fin|
|US7921590||Jul 18, 2007||Apr 12, 2011||Strum, Ruger & Company, Inc.||Composite firearm barrel reinforcement|
|US7934332||May 3, 2011||Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc.||Composite firearm barrel|
|US8291632 *||Nov 3, 2008||Oct 23, 2012||Transmission Systems Limited||Projectile weapons|
|US8316568||Mar 17, 2011||Nov 27, 2012||Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc.||Composite firearm barrel reinforcement|
|US9261316 *||Dec 21, 2012||Feb 16, 2016||Gamo Outdoor, S.L.||Method for the manufacture of a barrel for compressed air or CO2 rifles and barrel for compressed air or CO2 rifles obtained|
|US20040216350 *||Mar 9, 2004||Nov 4, 2004||Michaels Of Oregon Co.||Composite firearm barrel assemblies|
|US20070193102 *||Feb 23, 2006||Aug 23, 2007||Briggs Vernon R||Composite firearm barrel|
|US20100307045 *||Nov 3, 2008||Dec 9, 2010||Transmission Systems Limited||Projectile Weapons|
|US20150000645 *||Dec 21, 2012||Jan 1, 2015||Gamo Outdoors, S.L.||Method for the manufacture of a barrel for compressed air or co2 rifles and barrel for compressed air or co2 rifles obtained|
|U.S. Classification||89/16, 42/78, 42/76.1, 42/76.2|
|International Classification||B22D19/08, F41A21/02, F41A21/24, F41A21/00, F41A21/20|
|Cooperative Classification||B22D19/08, F41A21/24, F41A21/02, F41A21/20|
|European Classification||F41A21/20, F41A21/24, B22D19/08, F41A21/02|