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Publication numberUS2983071 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 9, 1961
Filing dateJan 13, 1959
Priority dateJan 13, 1959
Publication numberUS 2983071 A, US 2983071A, US-A-2983071, US2983071 A, US2983071A
InventorsStewart Oliver
Original AssigneeStewart Oliver
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Construction elements
US 2983071 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1961 s. OLIVER 2,983,071

CONSTRUCTION ELEMENTS Filed Jan. 13, 1959 INVENTOR. STEWART OL/l/ER A TTORNE Y United States Patent CONSTRUCTION ELEMENTS Stewart Oliver, RD. 3, Rte. 31, Elizabeth, Pa.

Filed Jan. 13, 1959, Ser. No. 786,604

1 Claim. (Cl. 46-49) This invention relates to improvements in toys and more particularly to improvements in construction toys for use in the erection of toy buildings, bridges, towers, and the like.

The primary object of the invention is to provide improved forms of toy building elements which are adapted to be joined together with other elements and held in position by magnetic attract-ion to form the various structures as required by the toy being constructed.

Another object of the invention is to provide toy building elements which when assembled with other elements are capable of building various structures the parts of which will be held together in such a manner as to provide a simple, strong and durable construction which will be reliable in operation and not readily disassembled by jarring or otherwise.

Still another object of this invention is to provide structural element which when assembled will simulate in appearance the elements'used in the construction of actual buildings.

A still further object of the invention is to provide elements provided with magnetic means whereby to attract and hold the various other elements in selected relation as required by the toy being assembled.

These and other objects of my invention will appear from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a top plan view of girder elements associated in an assembled relation with parts of the girder element broken away;

Fig. 2 is a view in perspective of the connector element;- a

Fig. 3 is a view in side elevation of the connector element shown in Fig. 2; and

Fig. 4 is a section on the lines 4-4 of Fig. 1.

Referring specifically to the drawings in which like numerals are used to indicate similar parts throughout the various views, the toy building elements shown in the drawings and from which various models and structures may be erected comprise a plurality of girder elements 6 which may be made of a relatively thin strip of metal, plastic, or other suitable material. The girder elements are provided with a plurality of triangularly shaped perforations 7, spaced apart lengthwise of the strip and simulating the actual girder construction used in normal building practice.

The girder elements 6 are further provided with metallic end members 8 which are capable of being attracted magnetically and which are provided with a plurality of spaced apertures or through openings 9.

The connector elements or plates generally indicated at 10 comprise a shaped blank of permanently magnetized material provided with an enlarged central portion 11 and terminating in reduced end portions 12. The magnetic connector element 10 is further provided with a plurality of upstanding pins or studs 13 on one face thereof, and on its opposite face it is provided with a pair of upstanding pins or studs 14. Therefore, it is a relatively simple matter to assemble the girder elements and the connections in a variety of desired arrangements.

This is done by taking a girder element and aligning the openings in the end theerof with the upstanding pins or studs on the connector plate. The girder is then moved into position in close contact with the connector whereby magnetic attraction is set up between the girder and the plate to elfect the desired connection of the respective parts.

It will thus be seen that in this arrangement is accomplished both a mechanical and magnetic coupling between the respective parts. This procedure is repeated with the various other parts to produce the particular structure desired.

The connector plate 10- at its enlarged central portion 11 is provided on its reverse side with studs extending from each enlarged portion. The girder end elements mounted on the rear side of the connector plate are capable of attachment by the stud provided in the enlarged central portion of the connector element, extending through either of the openings provided in the girder end. When it is so desired only one of the openings in the girder element need be engaged with a corresponding stud on the front side of the connector plate.

Thus it will be seen with a construction toy of this type that various type connectors may be made to permit the assembly of dilferent types of structures.

It is not intended that the invention be limited to the construction shown in the drawings but is capable of variation and modifications within the scope of the following claim.

I claim:

In a structural toy including a plurality of simulated structural girder elements and girder connector plates, the combination comprising a substantially rectangular connector plate formed of permanently magnetized material and provided with an enlarged central portion, a pair of upstanding pins positioned in spaced relation on one face of said connector plate adjacent one end thereof and a second pair of upstanding pins positioned on the same face of said connector plate adjacent the opposite end thereof, a pair of upstanding pins on the opposite face of said connector plate, each pin of said pair on said opposite face of said connector plate positioned respectively on each outwardly extended portion of said enlarged central portion, girder elements including an elongated body portion and an end member, said end members each being formed of a magnetically attractive material, and means defining a plurality of openings in each girder end member adapted to receive selected upstanding pins on said connector plate therethrough whereby to align said girder with said connector plate and to magnetically secure said girder to said connector plate in said aligned position.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,433,273 Graves Oct. 24, 1922 FOREIGN PATENTS 3,646 Great Britain 1913 20,642 Denmark Oct. 1, 1915 914,352 France June 17, 1946 Patented May 9, 1961

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1433273 *Mar 9, 1921Oct 24, 1922Graves Henry WStructural toy
DK20642A * Title not available
FR914352A * Title not available
GB191303646A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3196579 *Nov 30, 1962Jul 27, 1965Beli Finanz G M B HMagnetic building elements with protective means
US3415554 *Oct 17, 1966Dec 10, 1968Unistrut CorpStructural joint assembly and connectors therefor
US3512324 *Apr 22, 1968May 19, 1970Reed Lola LPortable sectional floor
US4214409 *Oct 28, 1977Jul 29, 1980Van Huffel Tube CorporationSpace frame constuction
US6093079 *Jul 27, 1999Jul 25, 2000House; William P.Toy vehicle track
US6846216Aug 1, 2003Jan 25, 2005Steve H. BalanchiMagnetic construction toy
US7066778 *Nov 26, 2002Jun 27, 2006Mega Bloks International S.A.R.L.Construction kit
US7234986Oct 15, 2004Jun 26, 2007Mega Brands America, Inc.Magnetic construction kit with wheel-like components
US7255624Oct 14, 2005Aug 14, 2007Mega Brands America, Inc.Illuminated, three-dimensional modules for a magnetic toy construction kit
US7273404Oct 15, 2004Sep 25, 2007Mega Brands America, Inc.Magnetic construction modules for creating three-dimensional assemblies
US7322873Oct 18, 2005Jan 29, 2008Mega Brands America, Inc.Illuminated, three-dimensional modules with coaxial magnetic connectors for a toy construction kit
US7364487Oct 13, 2005Apr 29, 2008Cranium, Inc.Structure building toy
US7530549 *Jan 29, 2007May 12, 2009Hansen Tracy CArticulating balcony railing system
US7731558 *Aug 15, 2007Jun 8, 2010Jon CapriolaIlluminated toy building structures
US7833078May 8, 2006Nov 16, 2010Mega Brands International S.A.R.L., Luxembourg, Zug BranchConstruction kit
US7955155Jul 8, 2008Jun 7, 2011Mega Brands InternationalMagnetic and electronic toy construction systems and elements
US8292687Apr 27, 2011Oct 23, 2012Mega Brands InternationalMagnetic and electronic toy construction systems and elements
US8303366Apr 27, 2011Nov 6, 2012Mega Brands InternationalMagnetic and electronic toy construction systems and elements
US8371894Feb 3, 2012Feb 12, 2013LaRose Industries, LLCIlluminated toy construction kit
US8475225Oct 25, 2010Jul 2, 2013Mega Brands InternationalConstruction kit
US8529311Oct 1, 2012Sep 10, 2013Mega Brands InternationalMagnetic and electronic toy construction systems and elements
US20050026535 *Aug 1, 2003Feb 3, 2005Balanchi Steve H.Magnetic construction toy
US20050118925 *Nov 26, 2002Jun 2, 2005Michael KretzschmarConstruction kit
US20050155308 *Oct 15, 2004Jul 21, 2005Kowalski Charles J.Magnetic construction modules for creating three-dimensional assemblies
US20050159074 *Oct 15, 2004Jul 21, 2005Kowalski Charles J.Magnetic construction kit with wheel-like components
US20050159076 *Oct 15, 2004Jul 21, 2005Kowalski Charles J.Magnetic construction module with interchangeable magnet holders
US20060084300 *Oct 14, 2005Apr 20, 2006Kowalski Charles JMagnetic construction kit adapted for use with construction blocks
US20060131989 *Oct 14, 2005Jun 22, 2006Parvis DaftariIlluminated, three-dimensional modules for a magnetic toy construction kit
US20060134978 *Oct 18, 2005Jun 22, 2006Rosen Lawrence IIlluminated, three-dimensional modules with coaxial magnetic connectors for a toy construction kit
US20060135033 *Oct 13, 2005Jun 22, 2006Ross EvansStructure building toy
US20060137270 *Dec 9, 2005Jun 29, 2006Parvis DaftariMagnetic toy construction modules with side-mounted magnets
US20060179778 *Dec 9, 2005Aug 17, 2006Kowalski Charles JMagnetic toy construction modules with corner-adjacent magnets
US20060205316 *May 8, 2006Sep 14, 2006Michael KretzschmarConstruction kit
US20080200090 *Feb 21, 2007Aug 21, 2008Balanchi Steven HMagnetic construction toy
US20090015361 *Jul 8, 2008Jan 15, 2009Mega Brands InternationalMagnetic and electronic toy construction systems and elements
US20090047863 *Aug 15, 2007Feb 19, 2009Jon CapriolaIlluminated Toy Building Structures
US20090093182 *Oct 5, 2007Apr 9, 2009Cranium, Inc.Structure building toy
US20100056013 *Aug 27, 2008Mar 4, 2010Matthew Lamport KaplanMagnetic Toy Construction Piece and Set
US20110039473 *Oct 25, 2010Feb 17, 2011Mega Brands International, S.A.R.L., Luxembourg, Zug BranchConstruction Kit
US20110201247 *Apr 27, 2011Aug 18, 2011Mega Brands International, S.A.R.L., Luxembourg, Zug BranchMagnetic And Electronic Toy Construction Systems And Elements
DE1158426B *Jan 18, 1962Nov 28, 1963W Lepper Dr IngMagnetische Bauspielelemente
DE3910304A1 *Mar 30, 1989Oct 4, 1990Otto KraenzlerConstruction kit consisting of structural elements and couplings
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/92, 403/173, 403/174
International ClassificationA63H33/04, A63H33/10
Cooperative ClassificationA63H33/108
European ClassificationA63H33/10T