|Publication number||US2984188 A|
|Publication date||May 16, 1961|
|Filing date||Oct 10, 1958|
|Priority date||Oct 10, 1958|
|Publication number||US 2984188 A, US 2984188A, US-A-2984188, US2984188 A, US2984188A|
|Inventors||Charles H Tuckey, Glenn R Tuggle|
|Original Assignee||Walbro Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (22), Classifications (13), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 16, 1961 c. H. TUcKl-:Y ETAL BLADDER FUEL PUMP Filed oct, 1o, 1958 United States Patent O BLADDER FUEL PUMP Charles H. Tuckey and Glenn R. Tuggle, Cass City, Mich., assignors to Walbro Corporation, Cass City, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Filed Uct. 10, 1958, Ser. No. 766,614
2 Claims. (Cl. 103-44) This invention relates to a bladder fuel pump and is directed to the creation of a small, simple fuel pump for small engines.
In the use of small engines for chain saws and other small appliances, frequently it is necessary to tip the engines to various angles even to the extent of complete inversion. 'Thus with a gas tank below the carburetor, an engine will soon stop unless means is provided to supply fuel to the carburetor. Also in the design of noninvertable engines it still may be desirable to place the fuel supply below the carburetor for design reasons relating to cost and appearance.
With cost a vital factor in the design of these engines in what is now a highly competitive industry, it has become a problem to provide a simple and effective pump to move fuel up into a carburetor from a fuel supply.
The present invention is a result of this problem and has for its object a simple design, inexpensive, and efhcient.
Briefly, the invention comprises a pump to be operated from the crank case having a bladder type pulsator and so constructed that it may be made very small and inserted directly in a fuel line or screwed into the carburetor. The entire pump can be about the size of a fountain pen cap or larger if desired.
A drawing accompanies the disclosure and it shows a sectional view of the pump digrammatically presented in an engine combination.
Referring to the drawing, the pump is intended, in the illustrated circuit, to supply fuel from a tank to carburetor 12 on an engine 14.
The pump housing is preferably a cast or molded part formed from die cast metal or molded from a plastic such las nylon. It may also be a screw machine part. The housing 20 has a nipple end 22 with an annular run 24 over which a house may be fitted. In the nipple end is 'a unidirectional check valve in the form of a ball 26 urging against a seat 28 by a spring 30 backed by a small apertured stamping 32 pressed into the neck of the nipple.
The nipple 22 flares into a skirt 34 which thins down to a shell-like extension terminating in a thickened edge 34.
At some point in the housing 20 an outlet must be formed as shown at 40 comprising a nipple connection with a valve seat 42 and a ball 44 forming a unidirectional outlet. A spring 46 urges the ball against the seat, the retainer being again an apertured stamping 48 pressed into the nipple end. i
In the drawing the inlet is connected to the fuel supply by a conduit 50 and the outlet to the carburetor by a conduit 52.
The housing 20 is closed at the skirt end by a cap 60 having a resilient flanged edge 62 formed with a small reentrant groove 64 and a neck portion to be connected by a suitable conduit to the crank-case of engine 14.
The bladder-like pumping element of the pump is shown at 70 having an out-turned flange '72 locked between the outer surface of skirt 34 and the resilient flange 62 of cap 60. The flange 62 of the cap snaps on to the skirt, the edge 34 cooperating with the groove 64 to engage the parts. In the drawing the nipple end 74 of the cap 6i) is connected by a suitable conduit 76 to the crankcase of the engine.
In the assembly described the element '70 is of fingerlike or digital shape formed of a flexible, relatively iiaccid material such yas thin neoprene or some similar substance compatible to hyro-carbons and preferably having an elasticity which has a function in the pumping action and `also aids in the assembly of the cap to the body skirt. It is preferable that the shape of the bladder be Itapering slightly from the locked edge to the free end. The bladder has enough body to maintain its own shape when not influenced by outside forces and divides the chamber of the housing into a finger-like chamber 82 inside the bladder and a kind of a developed parabolic chamber outside the bladder and inside the housing.
In the operation, the pulsations of the engine crank case especially in la two cycle engine, and to a lesser degree in a four cycle engine, will cause, rst, an enlargement of chamber between the outside of the bladder and the inside of the housing 20 and an enlargement of finger-like chamber 82 within the bladder. This will cause fuel to enter through valve 26 from the tank 10.
The pressure pulse will ensmall chamber 80 and force fuel out of check valve 44 to the carburetor. This device, when applied to a chain saw engine with a diaphragm carburetor, has resulted in equally effective action of the engine in any position upright or inverted to any angle up to and beyond The pump is easily installed in the fuel line of an engine and has the advantage that it can be used as optional equipment depending on the requirements of the installation.
What we claim is:
1. A small fuel pump adapted to be mounted in a. fuel line of an internal combustion engine for remote operation which comprises, a small elongate hollow shell open at one end, Ia unidirectional inlet and outlet in said shell spaced from the open end thereof, a cap for the `open end of said shell, said cap including resilient means having la snap-over relation thereto, `and a pumping element in said shell comprising a thin walled, digitalshaped pouch of accid material projecting into said shell spaced from the walls thereof, the margins of said pouch being supported and confined around the edges of the open end of said shell between the shell and the cap, said pouch being otherwise unsupported in said shell, said cap having an opening to receive remote pulsations from the crank case of an engine.
2. A small fuel pump adapted to be mounted in a fuel line of an internal combustion engine for remote operation which comprises, la small elongate hollow shell open at one end, a unidirectional inlet and outlet in said shell spaced from the open end thereof, a cap for the open end of said shell, said cap including resilient means having a snap-over relation thereto, and a pumping element in said shell comprising a thin walled, digital-shaped pouch `of accid material projecting into said shell spaced from the walls thereof, said resilient means supporting the margins of said pouch adjacent the edges of the open end of said shell, said pouch being otherwise unsupported in said shell, said cap having an opening to receive remote pulsations from the crank case of an engine.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Italy Oct. 24, 1951
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|U.S. Classification||417/379, 417/394, 417/383, 261/35, 261/DIG.680|
|International Classification||F04B43/10, F02M1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F04B43/10, F02M2700/439, F02M1/00, Y10S261/68|
|European Classification||F02M1/00, F04B43/10|
|Apr 9, 1991||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HARRIS TRUST AND SAVINGS BANK, 111 WEST MONROE ST.
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WALBRO CORPORATION A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:005660/0559
Effective date: 19910325