Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2984408 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 16, 1961
Filing dateOct 6, 1960
Priority dateOct 6, 1960
Publication numberUS 2984408 A, US 2984408A, US-A-2984408, US2984408 A, US2984408A
InventorsNicholas Andrew J
Original AssigneeWorthington Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Valve service for compressors
US 2984408 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1961 A. J. NICHOLAS 2,984,408

VALVE SERVICE FOR COMPRESSORS Filed Oct. 6, 1960 FIG29 ANDREW I NICHOLAS INVENTOK M M F|G.4- a

United States Patent O VALVE SERVICE FOR COMPRESSORS Andrew J. Nicholas, Suflield, Conn., assignor to Worthington Corporation, Harrison, NJ., a corporation of Delaware Filed Oct. 6, 1960, Ser. No. 61,030

2 Claims. (Cl. 230-231) This invention is a continuation in part of my United States application Serial No. 796,108 filed February 27, 1959 now abandoned and relates to refrigeration compressors and more particularly to an improved valve service for such refrigeration compressors.

The refrigeration compressor valve service must perform the duties of controlling the introduction and discharge of the system fluid. For best operation it is desirable that the design of the valve service conform to the following requisites: stability of design for efiicient performance, long life and quietness during operation. There are a number of valve services currently employed in the art to accomplish the above objectives which together with the present invention are rather generally based on the same fundamental conception. Thus, they comprise inlet and discharge valves located in association with the cylinder to control the introduction and discharge of the fluid being compressed. These valves are actuated by variations in pressure in the cylinder.

Within the broad limits just defined, and with the advent of the high speed refrigeration compressor there is room for improvement in the compressor valve service. From a practical standpoint many of the services employed embody devices which are complex and expensive to manufacture and the foregoing objection is amplified by the advent of the high speed machine.

From a standpoint of engineering the services now used seem to embody one or more of the following disadvantages which are not found in a compressor utilizing a service according to the present invention: leakage of fluid being compressed, undue noise, high cost, and low volumetric efficiency.

The present invention meets the problems mentioned above with the provision of a tetrafluoroethylene glass laminate strip including guiding means associated therewith to control the flexing of the strip to a degree that is required to accomplish the adaptation of this service to a high speed refrigeration compressor.

More particularly leakage of fluid being compressed is substantially reduced as cup-like deformations are formed on the valve strip which act to guide the strip to seals exactly over the inlet and outlet ports of the valve plate.

In this connection pressure exerted on the strips by the fluid being compressed forms the cup-like means. The size of the cup-like means being a function of the strip thickness and diameter of the port which are both variables assessable by one skilled in the art familiar with the capacity and speed of the unit including the valve service contemplated herein.

Noise reduction would follow as the strip contemplated herein does not present the usual valve clatter caused by steel and the like strips.

Accordingly, it is one object of this invention to provide a valve service for a high speed refrigeration compressor that remedies the foregoing objectives.

It is a further object to adapt this service in a refrig- Patented May 16, 1961 eration compressor and accomplish an increase in volumetric efliciency by providing this service in such fashion to obtain minimum clearances between piston and cylinder head.

The above and other objects are effected by my invention as will be apparent from the following description and claims taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary section of a refrigeration compressor showing the valve service in operating position.

Figure 2 is a top view showing mounted on a plate.

Figure 3 is a section taken on line 2-2 of Figure 2.

Figure 4 shows the suction valve mounted on the plate.

Figure 5 is a top view showing the guide means.

Figure 6 is a section taken on line 5--5 of Figure 5.

Figure 7 is a top view showing the strip of tetrafluoroethylene.

Figure 8 is a top view of the cylinder showing the guard and strip mounted thereon.

Figure 9 is a fragmentary view showing the port configuration preferred.

Referring now to the drawings more in detail, Figure 1 shows a portion of a high speed reciprocating machine in which the novel valve service is embodied. The compressor generally designated 1 includes a cylinder 2 in which a piston 3 operates. A cylinder head 4 is secured to the cylinder 2 by any well known means and is provided with an inlet 5, an inlet chamber 6, an outlet or discharge means not shown, a discharge chamber 7, and a partition 10 between the inlet and discharge chambers. A valve service generally designated 8 and includ ing a plate means 9 having both discharge and suction valves 11 and 12 associated therewith is disposed between the cylinder and cylinder head as is shown in the drawings.

The valve service 8 is shown as including a disc or circular valve plate 9 which has fashioned therein a plurality of openings shown as circular ports'13 to provide for communication between the cylinder 2 and the discharge chamber 7. These ports 13 are plain and differ from the standard in that they are not trepanned, and have no sharp edges on the seat portion thereof. The edges thereof as at 27 in abutment with the valve strip 14 are rounded and a greater number of smaller sized holes is provided all having their bottom portions chamfered as at 28 to provide for etficient egress of the fluid being compressed.

The size of the ports is easily assessable by one skilled in the art and is of course a function of the capacity of the machine containing the novel valve service.

Furthermore the ports are offset from the long centerline of the valve plate to provide for suflicient space between the holes in order that the strip 14 may properly seat over each hole and thusly blend into the slightly cup-shaped form of the port 23 in Figure 8 over the ports which act to guide the strip 14 to always seat tightly over these ports.

Provisions such as the above and utilizing a wider strip 14 to overlap the ports substantially preclude a pushing of the strip 14 into the holes to adversely effect the operation of the compressor.

In addition such a pushing eifect in conjunction with the rounded ports tends to limit fluid leakage to a minimum.

Discharging of compressed fluid from the cylinder into the discharge chamber is controlled by mounting a tetrafluoroethylene glass laminate strip 14 in association with the foregoing ports.

The flexible nature of the strip 14 must be controlled the discharge valve in order to accomplish the desired type of compressor operation. This is accomplished by providing guiding means therefor taking the form of a valve guard 15 which comprises a body portion 16 in the form of a strip of a predetermined dimension and including end portions 17 and 18 of greater thickness than the body portion to provide a space 19 wherein the strip 14 may move.

It is preferred that the movement of the strip be constrained to a flat surface. The strip contemplated herein will not withstand flexing. Accordingly space 17 is fashioned to provide a space wherein the strip 14 can move and yet without any harmful flexing.

The guard 15 isconnected as by bolt means 20 and 21 to the plate 9; the strip 14 inserted between the face 22 of the guard and the plate 9 to regulate the flow of fluid through the ports 13 in the plate and the ports 23 in the guard 15.

The suction side of the valve service 8 is provided for on the opposite side and face of the valve plates 9. As is the case with the discharge portion 11 similar holes 13' are fashioned in plate 9 to provide communication between the cylinder 2 and the suction or inlet chamber 6. In this assembly the guard 15' fashioned along the lines of the discharge guard 15 for the discharge valve is mounted into a flush recess 24 formed in the cylinder flange 26. The strip 14 and guard are adapted to function in same fashion on the suction side as was described above in connection with the discharge service. The portions of the guard as at 26 are cut to facilitate the disposition of the guard in recess 25 as later described.

With the provision and location of the inlet service as above the guard acting as a guide functions to prevent any undue flexing of the strip 14 which would render it inoperative in its controlling function and in addition cause a premature breaking.

To accomplish the necessary minimum clearance between the piston 3 and cylinder head 4 the piston 3 is provided with a recess 25 which is adapted to fit about the suction valve 12 which extends into cylinder 2 to thereby provide a high volumetric efliciency for the compressor.

The operation of the compressor is as follows: as the piston 3 moves downwardly on its suction stroke, the fluid entering through the inlet and the inlet chamber 6 passes downwardly through the ports 13' deflects the strip downwardly and then passes through the ports in the suction guard to the cylinder. It is evident that on the suction phase the guide means 15 prevents the extreme deflection of the strip 14 to preclude the objection indicated above.

Upon the upward movement of the piston in its compression stroke, the fluid contained in the cylinder passes upwardly through the ports 13, deflects the strip 14 upwardly as it passes through the ports 23 into the outlet chamber 7 to the compressor outlet. During the discharge stroke the strips 14 assume their normal flat position to prevent any leakage of fluid to the suction side of the compressor. The strip is of course held down by the higher pressure in cylinder 2, and during the suction stroke the strips in the discharge portion are held down by the pressure difierential existing in chamber 7 and cylinder 2.

It will be understood that the invention is not to be limited to the specific construction or arrangement of parts shown but that they may be widely modified within the invention defined by the claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A valve service for a high speed refrigeration compressor including a piston slidably disposed therein, cylinder head means for the cylinder and providing an inlet compartment and a discharge compartment therefor, said valve service including a plate means disposed between said cylinder head and said cylinder, a first passage means in the plate means and comprising a plurality of ports all being of lesser dimension than prior type ports and said ports being spaced a predetermined distance from the centerline of said plate means, said first passage means to operatively interconnect said cylinder and said discharge compartment, a second passage means in the plate means comprising a plurality of ports spaced a predetermined distance from the centerline of said plate means, said second passage means to operatively interconnect said cylinder and said inlet compartment, a first rectangular like valve strip consisting of tetrafluoroethylene glass laminate disposed over said first passage means, a second rectangular like valve strip consisting of tetrafluoroethylene glass laminate disposed over said second passage means, and both of said valve strips disposed on opposite faces of said plate means and operating respectively to regulate passage of fluid out of and into said cylinder, and said ports forming the first and second passage means having rounded edges on the end thereof coacting with the valve strips and a chamber at the opposite end to provide for efficient egress and ingress of fluid passing out of and into said cylinder, and guiding means for each of the valve strips comprising a body portion including ends connected to the plate means whereby said body portion and said ends provide a space to permit said valve strips to move a predetermined amount, said ports defining a diameter of a size which permits deforming said strip into cups which project into said ports by pressure exerted by gas during compressor operation, and said cups engaging said ports to form the seal on said valve plate.

2. A valve service for a high speed refrigeration compressor including a piston slidably disposed therein, cylinder head means for the cylinder and providing an inlet compartment and a discharge compartment therefor, said valve service including a plate means disposed between said cylinder head and said cylinder, a first passage means in the plate means and comprising a plurality of ports all being of lesser dimension than prior type ports and said ports being spaced a predetermined distance from the centerline of said plate means, said first passage means to operatively interconnect said cylinder and said discharge compartment, a second passage means in the plate means comprising a plurality of ports spaced a predetermined distance from the centerline of said plate means, said second passage means to operatively interconnect said cylinder and said inlet compartment, a first rectangular like valve strip consisting of tetrafluoroethylene glass laminate disposed over said first passage means, a second rectangular like valve strip consisting of tetrafluoroethylene glass laminate disposed over said second passage means, and both of said valve strips disposed on opposite faces of said plate means and operating respectively to regulate passage of fluid out of and into said cylinder, and said ports forming the first and second passage means having rounded edges on the end thereof coacting with the valve strips and a chamber at the opposite end to provide for eflicient egress and ingress of fluid passing out of and into said cylinder, a first rectangular like guide means for the first valve strip and comprising a body portion including ends connected to the plate means and being of greater thickness than said body portion to provide a rectangular like flat space between the body portion and the plate means to permit said .valve strip to move a predetermined amount, a second guide rectangular like means for said second valve strip comprising a body portion including ends connected to the plate means and being of greater thickness than said body portion to provide a flat space between the body portion and the plate means to permit said valve strip to move a predetermined amount, and a recess in said piston adapted to receive the second guide means on upward movement thereof in said cylinder, said ports defining a diameter of a size which permits deforming said strip into cups which project into said ports by pressure exerted by has during compressor operation, and said cups engaging 5aid ports to form the seal on said valve plate.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 6 2,779,529 Stout Jan. 29, 1957 2,797,791 Nurkiewicz July 21, 1957 2,859,912 Swart Nov. 11, 1958 OTHER REFERENCES Publication: Product Engineering, December 1948,

Thompson 29, 192 Thermosetting Plastic Laminates I, pages 123 to 126. Rittgr May 27, 1941 Bulletin: Chicago Gasket Company, Chicago, Illinois. Scattoloni 4, 1944 New Ways to Use Korda, Teflon Products, Bulletin Accomb Oct. 30, 1956 10 B4a,pages Ito

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1663737 *Apr 26, 1926Mar 27, 1928Universal Cooler CorpCompressor valve
US2243123 *Jun 17, 1939May 27, 1941Westinghouse Electric & Mfg CoFluid translating apparatus
US2338544 *Apr 30, 1941Jan 4, 1944Westinghouse Electric & Mfg CoFluid translating apparatus
US2768643 *Jun 14, 1951Oct 30, 1956Union Carbide & Carbon CorpRegulator for oxygen and other gases
US2779529 *Sep 3, 1952Jan 29, 1957Gen Motors CorpRefrigerating apparatus
US2797701 *Apr 20, 1954Jul 2, 1957Stop Fire IncDry chemical fire extinguisher valve
US2859912 *Apr 23, 1953Nov 11, 1958Carrier CorpCrescent shaped reed valve
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3217977 *Dec 6, 1961Nov 16, 1965Burger HerbertVacuum pump with rotating piston and a vertically arranged rotor
US4304534 *Sep 14, 1979Dec 8, 1981Wabco Fahrzeugbremsen GmbhPiston cylinder for compressor
US4480965 *Oct 4, 1982Nov 6, 1984Diesel Kiki Co., Ltd.Capacity modulation device for compressor
US4801250 *Apr 25, 1986Jan 31, 1989Campbell Hausfeld/Scott Fetzer CompanyValve structure for a compressor
US4915594 *Oct 3, 1988Apr 10, 1990Campbell Hausfeld/Scott Fetzer CompanyImproved compressor crankshaft
US4995795 *Sep 28, 1989Feb 26, 1991Thomas Industries IncorporatedGas compressor
US5020973 *Jan 10, 1990Jun 4, 1991The Scott & Fetzer CompanyAir compressor shroud
US5816783 *Apr 28, 1997Oct 6, 1998Hitachi, Ltd.Electrically driven hermetic compressor
US6095762 *Aug 8, 1997Aug 1, 2000Black & Decker Inc.Compressor mechanism for a portable battery operated inflator
EP1249605A2 *Apr 8, 2002Oct 16, 2002Carrier CorporationCompressor piston
EP1600631A1 *Apr 8, 2002Nov 30, 2005Carrier CorporationA compressor
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/562, 417/571, 417/566
International ClassificationF04B39/10
Cooperative ClassificationF04B39/106
European ClassificationF04B39/10N