US 29871 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Sept. 4
Lycee. OSCILLATING SKATE.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIOE.
LUTHER FOGG, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
Specification of Letters Patent No.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, LUTHER F occ, of Boston,in the county of Suffolk and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have invented av new and useful Improvement in Skates; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and eXact description of the construction and operation of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, in which- Figure l is a side elevation, Fig. 2 is a plan, Fig. 3 is a transverse section, Fig. l is a section of a broad runner, Fig. 5 is a section of the nut and screw showing the manner in which the extension plates are held to the stock, Fig. 6 is a plan of the toe eXtension plate and Fig. 7 is a plan of the heel extension plate.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several ligures.
The nature of my invention consists in constructing a skate with a broad oscillating runner hinged to the stock in such a manner as to admit of its lying fiat upon the ice, whether the foot is canted up on an angle or otherwise; also with extension plates attached to the straps, by which the skate can be readily fitted to differentsizes of feet.
In the drawings herein referred to A represents the runner, which is made with sharp protruding edges; it has two hinge joints B B, one near the heel and the other near the toe. This runner may be made whole on the bottom as represented in Fig. 4, or, for the purpose of making it lighter it may be made open, in part, as represented in Figs. 2 and 3.
C represents the stock, and D D the stands which are firmly secured to the stock and attached to the runner by a hinge joint at B B, which allows the stock to oscillate.
E is a spring which is secured to the stock by a screw F and nut Gr; the tendency of this spring is to hold the runner in a perpendicular position and at the same time allowing the stock to oscillate according to the angle of the foot.
H I-I represent the toe extension plates and I the straps attached thereto. J J repre- 29,871, dated September 4, 1860.
sent the heel extension plates and K the straps connected to the same. L is an angular slot, with beveled or lip edges, cut in the extension plates, and M is a nut fitted to the slot so as to allow the extension plates to slide thereon. 'N is a screw which passes up through the stock and is fitted to the nut M as shown in Fig. 5. These extension plates are made to slide out obliquely so as to increase the size in length as well as in width, and are secured to the stock in any required position by the nut M and screw N. The outer edges of these plates are turned up, for the purpose of holding the foot more firmly, as shown in Fig. 3.
The heel plates can be dispensed with if found desirable, as the toe plates will answer quite well without them. Also there can be notches, or teeth, cut in the bottom of the runner at the heel where it turns up, for the purpose of braking up or stopping, but in most cases it will be better without them.
This skate has many advantages over the ordinary skates now in use; the oscillating motion makes it much easier to the foot, and as the broad runner always lies flat on the ice, it creates much less friction. The common stationary runner skate is continually canting up on one edge, and cutting into the ice which produces a great amount of friction and greatly impedes its progress, while the broad runner oscillating skate glides along' smoothly scarcely making a mark.
I-Iaving thus fully described the construction and operation of niy improvements I will now proceed to point out the parts which I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
l. The oscillating runner being hinged to the stands projecting from the stock substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein described.
2. The extension plate connected to the strap substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.
OHAs. IV. HAwiins, C. W. WILLIAMS.