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Publication numberUS2988749 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 20, 1961
Filing dateMar 25, 1957
Priority dateDec 18, 1956
Publication numberUS 2988749 A, US 2988749A, US-A-2988749, US2988749 A, US2988749A
InventorsJean-Philippe Crouzet
Original AssigneeJean-Philippe Crouzet
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Arrangement for protection against cold and inclement weather
US 2988749 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J 0, 1961 JEAN-PHILIPPE CROUZET 2,988,749

ARRANGEMENT FOR PROTECTION AGAINST COLD AND INCLEMENT WEATHER Filed March 25, 1957 United States Patent 2,988,7 49 ARRANGEMENT FOR PROTECTION AGAINST COLD AND INCLEMENT WEATHER Jean-Philippe Crouzet, 112 Quai Louis Bleriot, Paris, France Filed Mar. 25, 1957, Ser. No. 648,252 Claims priority, application France Dec. 18, 1956 2 Claims. (Cl. 2-205) My invention has for its object a headgear protecting the wearer against inclement weather and particularly against the cold of the surrounding atmosphere.

My improved arrangement is constituted chiefly by a transparent casing surrounding the head of the wearer and bearing through its open lower opening over the shoulders of the wearer, the upper part of his back and of his chest, while furthermore the front surface of the casing is provided with ports through which the outer air required for breathing purposes enters inside the casing. Such an arrangement forms around the head of the wearer a closed chamber protecting against the wind and enclosing a mass of air the temperature of which is substantially higher than the temperature of the surrounding atmosphere by reason of the heat insulation provided by said casing, the diflference in temperature reaching as much as 14 to 19 C.

My improved headgear includes preferably attaching means for securing it in position, and constituted chiefly by two eye-bolts positioned on the rear part of the casing to either side of its vertical plane of symmetry together with two eye-bolts positioned similarly on the front part of the casing so as to allow securing to said eye-bolts the ends of so-called Sandow elastic straps passing underneath the arms of the wearer. I will now describe with further details a preferred embodiment of my invention, reference being made to the accompanying drawing where- FIG. 1 is a lateral elevational view of the arrangement or headgear carried by the wearer.

FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of said headgear.

FIG. 3 is a vertical cross-section through the longitudinal plane of symmetry of said arrangement.

The headgear illustrated is constituted by a casing 1 of transparent elastic material resisting inclement weather, preferably the plastic material sold under the registered trademark Plexiglas. Each time it is to be used, the inner surface of the casing should be coated with a nonfatty anti-moisture preparation. This casing the shape of which is readily apparent from inspection of the drawings has a thickness ranging between 1.5 and 2 millimeters. Its lower open end is bounded by a curve which allows its fitting at 2 over the incurved surface of the users shoulders, at 3 over his chest and at 4 over the upper surface of his back.

The total height of the arrangement is equal to 41 centimeters, or thereabouts, depending on the size of the wearers head, the height over the shoulder line being equal approximately to 29 centimeters. The transverse breadth is equal to about 28 cms. and the distance between the front surface and the rear convex part is equal to 31 centimeters or thereabouts.

In the front surface of the casing are provided in a preferred embodiment say fifteen openings distributed in two rows, to wit an upper row of seven openings 5 having a diameter of say 14 millimeters and spaced by 19 mm. from one another and by 56 mm. from the lower front edge of the casing, and a lower row of eight openings 6 having a diameter of 12 mm. also spaced by 19 mm. from one another and located at about 36 above the lower front edge of the casing.

A modification to be worn for scooterists when the scooter is provided with a windshield includes preferably only the lower row of openings.

Four eye-bolts are secured to the lower part of the casing, respectively to the rear section and to the front section of the latter to either side of its vertical plane. These eye-bolts allow securing thereto the hooks 9 for attachment of the so-called Sandow elastic straps 10 which are fitted underneath the Wearers arms so as to hold the headgear in position.

The above-described embodiment is capable of numerous modifications without this unduly widening the scope of the invention as defined in the accompanying claims. Thus it is possible to group the air intake openings and to associate therewith heating means operating on a physical principle such as a hot water radiator or else on a chemical principle. It is also possible to provide the intake openings with means for closing selectively some of them in accordance with the modifications in the outer temperature.

What I claim is:

.1. A headgear comprising a transparent rigid casing adapted to envelop the wearers head in spaced relation thereto, the said casing having an open end for insertion of the wearers head, the edge of said casing at said open end being curved to conform with the shape of the top of a shoulder at both sides and of the chest in front and of the back of the wearer in the rear, and adapted to be supported to maintain said casing spaced from the top, front, rear and left and right sides of the wearers head, the front and rear sides of said casing being outwardly convex, and the lower portions of said front and rear sides of said casing adjacent the said edge being turned inwardly of said casing and adapted to be directed respectively towards the chest and the back of said wearer, and means adapted to maintain the said edge of said casing in position against the shoulders, chest and back of the wearer.

2. A headgear comprising a transparent rigid casing adapted to envelop the wearers head in spaced relation thereto, the said casing having an open end for insertion of the wearers head, the edge of said casing at said open end being curved to conform with the shape of the top of a shoulder at both sides of the chest in front and of the back of the wearer in the rear, and adapted to be supported to maintain said casing spaced from the top, front, rear and left and right sides of the wearers head, the front and rear sides of said casing being outwardly convex, and the lower portions of said front and rear sides of said casing adjacent the said edge being turned inwardly of said casing and adapted to be directed respectively toward the chest and the back of said wearer, means for venting in the chest-covering portion of the casing, and means adapted to maintain the said edge of said casing in position against the shoulders, chest and back of the wearer.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 456,687 Bader July 28, 1891 1,148,902 Jacobs Aug. 3, 1915 1,164,351 Hulstrom Dec. 14, 1915 ;1,928,238 Willson et a1 Sept. 26, 1933 2,105,028 Dickhoif Jan. 11, 1938 2,247,925 Sebrell July 1, 1941 2,445,487 Lester et a1. July 20, 1948 2,470,833 Moore May 24, 1949 2,493,363 Sapp Jan. 3, 1950 2,515,959 Johnson July 18, .1950 2,581,007 Douglas et a1. Jan. 1, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US456687 *May 19, 1891Jul 28, 1891 William bader
US1148902 *Feb 23, 1915Aug 3, 1915Cuno JacobsHelmet.
US1164351 *Sep 5, 1914Dec 14, 1915David C A HultstroemMosquito-veil.
US1928238 *Oct 12, 1932Sep 26, 1933Willson Products IncHelmet
US2105028 *Jan 7, 1937Jan 11, 1938Robert DickhoffSafety headgear
US2247925 *Mar 26, 1938Jul 1, 1941Wingfoot CorpGas mask and other clothing
US2445487 *Dec 5, 1945Jul 20, 1948Andrew LesterHead cover
US2470833 *Jan 5, 1948May 24, 1949Moore Spencer OHair drier
US2493363 *May 21, 1948Jan 3, 1950Hair Queen Dryer Cap CorpHair-drying cap
US2515959 *Apr 15, 1946Jul 18, 1950Max Johnson JuliusShower bath helmet
US2581007 *Jan 11, 1947Jan 1, 1952Douglas Donald JSwimming helmet
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3423763 *Jul 15, 1966Jan 28, 1969Countess Natalie IncWind protective headgear
US3707004 *Feb 2, 1971Dec 26, 1972Christine S KapitanBallistic resistant protective guard
US3751728 *Feb 7, 1972Aug 14, 1973Raymond Lee Organization IncFootball helmet
US3983580 *Sep 30, 1974Oct 5, 1976Zeiber Elizabeth AHairdo protector
US4502157 *May 27, 1981Mar 5, 1985Wong Technology, Inc.Protective enclosures having self-contained air supply
US5014366 *Feb 26, 1990May 14, 1991Discipio Sr William REnhanced visibility helmet
US5079775 *Nov 19, 1990Jan 14, 1992Tohgun Kigyo Co., Ltd.Diving helmet
US5159923 *Jun 4, 1991Nov 3, 1992Tohgun Kigyo Co., Ltd.Diving helmet
US5295271 *Jan 25, 1993Mar 22, 1994Butterfield James NShoulder rest helmet
US5566668 *May 19, 1995Oct 22, 1996Jesadanont; MongkolLife-saving helmet
US5640278 *Sep 1, 1994Jun 17, 1997Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaFeed screw mechanism with linear movement and rotation adjusting means
US6340024Nov 4, 1994Jan 22, 2002Dme CorporationProtective hood and oral/nasal mask
US6370698May 12, 2000Apr 16, 2002Henry L. AhlAnti-suffocation helmet
US7677245 *May 14, 2003Mar 16, 2010Dimar S.R.L.Helmet for artificial respiration
WO2004056225A1 *Dec 18, 2003Jul 8, 2004Ghielmetti EnricoThermoplastic helmet-shaped system to put on for head protection from atmospheric agents
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/205, 2/424
International ClassificationA42B1/04, A61F9/02
Cooperative ClassificationA42B1/046, A61F9/028
European ClassificationA42B1/04D, A61F9/02V