Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2988994 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 20, 1961
Filing dateFeb 21, 1957
Priority dateFeb 21, 1957
Publication numberUS 2988994 A, US 2988994A, US-A-2988994, US2988994 A, US2988994A
InventorsEuker Harold W, Fleischer Jr Carl W
Original AssigneeEuker Harold W, Fleischer Jr Carl W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shaped charge with cylindrical liner
US 2988994 A
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 20, 1961 c. w. FLEISCHER, JR., EIAL 2,988,994


HAROLD W. EU KER BY United States Patent 2,988,994 V v "SHAPED CHARGE WITH CYLINDRICAL LINER Carl W. Fleischer, Jr., Levittownyand Harold"W.Ei1ke Jenkintown, 'Pa., assignors to the United State's of America as represented by the Secretary of the Filed'F eb. 2-1, .1957, Ser. No. 641 ,-781

- L v-Claims. (Cl. 102-24) (Granted under Title-.35, "US. Code (P152), sec. 266) The invention described herein. may *be manu'factured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes without payment of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates toa shaped charge of explosive for use in shells and elsewhere andhas fora'n object to increase the penetrating ability ofsuch a charge.

Investigation hassuggested at least two causes for reduced penetrating ability in a shaped charge detonation and each is 'believed'to-be due to a lack of precise uniformity in actionresult-ing froma lack of uniformity in structure. One is believed to be due to a lack of exact uniformity in rate of detonation of the high explosive or a lack of uniformity in the initiation and propagation, of parts of a detonation wave in the high explosive. A common source of initiation has been a detonati'n-g cap, whereby the detonation front travels radially outwardly and then longitudinally from practically-a point source. Structural lack'of uniformity in the-explosiveis thought to have been one tauseofre-' duced penetration dueto vapart of theldetonation. wave reaching its destination in advance of some-other part. Under such a view a very small increment of time would preclude the resulting effect being as strong as it might he were all parts of the detonation wave precisely synchronized angularly.

According to one feature of this invention a detonation wave is initiated from many points simultaneously with the result that the path of travel of the detonation wave is short and the likelihood for any part of such a wave reaching its destination ahead of another part is greatly reduced. Specifically, a ring of wire is exploded setting off the high explosive all around it.

Another cause of some parts of the detonation Wave being imperfectly synchronized is believed to have been due to a variation in thickness of the metal liner of only a few thousandths of an inch or more. Attainment of the desired tolerances in the usual conical liner has been more difiicult than the possession of the same degree of approach to uniformity in a cylindrical liner. In another way of viewing this invention it may be regarded as finding a preferred angle at which a detonation wave should impinge upon a cylindrical liner to cause it to collapse in a manner similar to the collapse of a conical liner of the desired degree of uniformity in thickness and its subsequent ejection as a finely atomized stream at high velocity to penetrate a target.

According to a second feature of this invention it has been discovered that a detonation wave of travelling flame front and pressure should impinge upon a cylindrical liner from in rear of it at angle of substantially less than 75 and preferably not more than about 44 to the longitudinal axis of the liner. To suppress any rearwardly directed portion of the detonation wave and the collapsed liner material in spray form, a substantial metal barrier for an end of the cylindrical liner has been found desirable. Also a forwardly and inwardly tapered projection from said barrier extending part way into the liner has been found to be desirable for guiding the detonation wave and atomized metal liner.

The single figure of the drawing shows a cylinder embodying the present invention.

A steel casing of a projectile or other device in which a shaped charge is used is provided around the Patented June 20, 1961- high explosive 11. plosiveis the mixture known as composition B which comprises TNT, cyclonite and beeswax. A liner 12 of copper about 3 long and of an inch thick is placed asillustratedwithin the high explosive for collapse thereby .on ignition. A nose plug 13 supports the front end of the liner tube 12. A shaping plug 14 supports the rear end of liner-12 and enables the high exposive 1110 be cast in the form illustrated. This plug also constitutes a support for the ring 15, This fine wire ring of stainless steel of about .003 of an inch in diameter is one embodiment tried. The shaping plug portion 14:; to the right and outside the leads 17 to the detonator is preferably preformed separately and independently of the portionv of the shaping ring 14 to the left and within the-supply leads. The usual closure ring 16 is provided forthe shaped charge to minimize the loss of energy rearwardly and the opening in the ring is in practice smaller than illustrated. The insulated supply wires 17 lead to the-ring 15. Surrounding the detonator ring 15 is a type of sensitive high-explosive 18 known as PETN, whichlis an abbreviation for pentaerythrite'tetranitrate. A steel plug 19 is tapered as shown to provide the conical point -illustrated,- such taper being in general prolongation of the/tapered surface of the high explosive.

The method of assembly includes the insertion of the steel nose 13 within the casing 10. A supporting mandrel notshown isprovided to axially align the copper tube 12 in position asillustrated. The portion of the shaping-plug 14 withinand to the left of the supply leads together with the plug 19 is placed in position, temporary spacing means being preferably provided to align this shaping plug yet allow the pouring of the high explosive 11 around this plug and into position contiguous to the copper tube 12 as illustrated. The detonating ring 15 its leads and the explosive charge 18- are then placed in position after which the preformed portion 14a of the shaping plug is placed in position. Finally the closure ring 16 is secured in place by means Well known in the art.

In operation a high energy supply heats the wire 15 causing it practically to explode and ignite the high explosive throughout 360 of its extent. The higher the energy of initiation for the detonation wave the higher is believed to be its velocity. The right end of the copper tube 12 is believed to collapse first because the detonation wave reaches this end portion of the tube in advance of it reaching the other end due to the right having closer proximity to the point of initiation of the detonation. When the copper tube collapses the plug 19 precludes any component of the tube having a direction rearwardly and the conical point of the plug 19* assists in guiding all portions of the collapsed metal spray in a forward direction, especially since all portions of the tube are believed to collapse almost simultaneously inasmuch as there is less opportunity in the present invention for any part of the detonation wave to become advanced ahead of any angularly displaced other portion of the wave. In practice the electrical energy for firing the wire 15 was the discharge of a one microfarad condenser under pressure of about 3000. volts. In practice a still finer wire than the 3 thousandths of an inch stainless steel wire used here is contemplated inasmuch as a lower volt-age is contemplated.

Among the advantages of the present invention may be mentioned the provision of a detonation wave in high explosive from a ring source whereby there is less opportunity for any part of the detonation wave to become advanced over any other part angularly displaced therefrom, as might occur were a point source of initiation used. Another advantage of the present invention is the simplification in manufacture of a liner within the One example of such a high ex-' tolerances allowed inasmuch as the production of a I cylindrical liner substantially uniformly thick is easierthan is the production of a conical liner after the manner of the prior art. ,The shaping rings 14 and 14a are primarily for the purpose of providing a wall for the molding of the high explosive material. Under this invention the detonation'wave through the high explosive impinges upon the copper tube at an angle of substantially less than 75 to the longitudinal axis of the tube. In fact it is preferred that the detonation wave-impinge upon the cylindrical tube at an angle less than about 45 with the cylinder axis. A steel plug 19 prevents any rearward component of the collapsed metal. Its conical point assists in guiding the collapsed metal particles forwardly.

We claim:

1. A shaped charge of high explosive comprising a steel cylindrical casing surrounding said charge, a central hollow cylindrical liner having substantially uniform all portions of a detonation wave from said shaped charge are better synchronized to enhance the penetrating ability wall thickness, a conical shaping plug extending from adjacent a rear end of said liner rearwardly and radially outwardly to adjacent said casing, a conical surface of said shaping plug making an angle of less than about 45 to an axis of said liner, and a shaped charge extending radially between said liner-and casing with a rear inclined surface contiguous said conical shaping plug, a nose plug within said casing around said liner and shaped charge, a forward face of said shaped charge and a rear face of said nose plug being contiguous and forming an angle of less than about 45 to an axis of said liner, and a hot wire initiator ring coaxial with said liner within said casing and around a base portion of said shaping plug for firing said shaped charge substantially simultaneously throughout 360 around a rear and radially outer end portion of said charge whereby of said charge.

2. A shaped charge according to claim 1 in which a steel plug is provided projecting from said shaping plug with a forward end portion of said steel plug being conical and projecting into said liner with at least a portion of its conical surface in prolongation of the contiguous faces of said shaping plug and shaped charge. 3. A shaped charge according to claim 2 in which a sensitive high explosive knownas pentaerythrite tetranitrate surrounds said initiator ring.

References Cited in thefile of this patent France Mar.'30, 1955 OTHER REFERENCES Experiments WithCompressed Gun Cotton; Max Von Forster; Van Nostrands Engineering Magazine; vol. 31, July-December 1884, Pages 113119; Plates I and II. Copy in Div. 10. s

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US556903 *Feb 3, 1894Mar 24, 1896The Western electric CompanyElecteioal detonator
US2672094 *Sep 18, 1946Mar 16, 1954Roberts Claudius H MFuze
US2700934 *Aug 29, 1945Feb 1, 1955Marion L J LambertCentrifugal fuze unlatched by setback
US2708877 *Jun 23, 1948May 24, 1955Smitsvonk NvLow tension igniter for explosives
US2763210 *Jan 6, 1953Sep 18, 1956Church Joseph HShaped charges
US2764092 *Mar 8, 1946Sep 25, 1956Massey Mark FImpact fuze for projectiles
US2809585 *Nov 16, 1949Oct 15, 1957Sidney A MosesProjectile for shaped charges
USRE23211 *May 21, 1942Mar 21, 1950Welex Jet ServicesMethod and apparatus fob cutting
FR1100139A * Title not available
GB714747A * Title not available
SE122828A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3149372 *Jul 21, 1960Sep 22, 1964Du PontElectromagnetic apparatus
US3154014 *Oct 27, 1961Oct 27, 1964Gen Dynamics CorpMethod of and apparatus for accelerating gases and solids
US3158098 *Aug 9, 1963Nov 24, 1964Robert J ReithelLow voltage detonator system
US3160097 *Jul 17, 1961Dec 8, 1964Gen Precision IncMolybdenum trioxide-aluminum explosive and exploding bridgewire detonator therefor
US3208380 *Jan 19, 1965Sep 28, 1965Hercules Powder Co LtdElectric blasting cap assembly
US3244102 *Jul 9, 1964Apr 5, 1966Darrough James ESecondary blasting unit
US3264991 *Apr 13, 1965Aug 9, 1966Robert E BettsFocused exploding bridge wire assembly for electric igniters
US3267720 *May 27, 1963Aug 23, 1966North American Aviation IncAccelerator
US3613581 *Nov 20, 1964Oct 19, 1971Us NavyExplosive device for perforating high-strength metal plates
US4387773 *Oct 13, 1981Jun 14, 1983Dresser Industries, Inc.Shaped charge well perforator
US4932239 *Sep 1, 1988Jun 12, 1990Jet Research Center, Inc.Standard target for explosive charge testing
US5753850 *Jul 1, 1996May 19, 1998Western Atlas International, Inc.Shaped charge for creating large perforations
US6779462 *Jun 4, 2002Aug 24, 2004Raytheon CompanyKinetic energy rod warhead with optimal penetrators
US6910423Jun 6, 2003Jun 28, 2005Raytheon CompanyKinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US6920827Oct 31, 2003Jul 26, 2005Raytheon CompanyVehicle-borne system and method for countering an incoming threat
US6931994Nov 21, 2002Aug 23, 2005Raytheon CompanyTandem warhead
US6973878Jun 5, 2003Dec 13, 2005Raytheon CompanyWarhead with aligned projectiles
US7017496Mar 10, 2003Mar 28, 2006Raytheon CompanyKinetic energy rod warhead with imploding charge for isotropic firing of the penetrators
US7143698May 13, 2005Dec 5, 2006Raytheon CompanyTandem warhead
US7412916Jan 18, 2006Aug 19, 2008Raytheon CompanyFixed deployed net for hit-to-kill vehicle
US7415917Mar 10, 2003Aug 26, 2008Raytheon CompanyFixed deployed net for hit-to-kill vehicle
US7621222Feb 17, 2005Nov 24, 2009Raytheon CompanyKinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US7624682Feb 17, 2005Dec 1, 2009Raytheon CompanyKinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US7624683Jul 20, 2005Dec 1, 2009Raytheon CompanyKinetic energy rod warhead with projectile spacing
US7717042Jan 6, 2005May 18, 2010Raytheon CompanyWide area dispersal warhead
US7726244Jul 20, 2007Jun 1, 2010Raytheon CompanyMine counter measure system
US8127686Jul 20, 2005Mar 6, 2012Raytheon CompanyKinetic energy rod warhead with aiming mechanism
US8418623Apr 2, 2010Apr 16, 2013Raytheon CompanyMulti-point time spacing kinetic energy rod warhead and system
DE4117871C1 *May 31, 1991Aug 19, 1999Diehl Stiftung & CoHollow charge warhead used as a 'tandem' warhead for triggering reactive armor and then forming a hollow charge spike
U.S. Classification102/306, 102/476
International ClassificationF42B12/02, F42B12/10
Cooperative ClassificationF42B12/10
European ClassificationF42B12/10