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Publication numberUS2988 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 4, 1843
Publication numberUS 2988 A, US 2988A, US-A-2988, US2988 A, US2988A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Joseph
US 2988 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

l. C: RICH.

Bee Hive.

UNITED STATES JOSEPH o. RICH, OF PEINFIELD, NEW YORK.

BEEH IVE.

Specification of Letters Patent No. 2,988, dated March 4, 1843.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, JOSEPH O. RICH, of Ienfiel-d, in the county of Monroe and State of New York, have invented a new and improved mode in the construction of beehives and in the management and preservation of bees and in the feasibility and ease with which their surplus honey may be obtained without disturbing or injuring them; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description of the construction and operation of the same, reference be ing had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, in which Figure 1 is a front view with the doors thrown open. Fig. 2 is a front and end view with the doors shut Fig. 3 is a back and end view. Fig. 4 is a View of the bottom of the hive showing the opening through it covered with wire gauze. Fig. 5 is a view of one of the boxes with the slits through the sides and holes through the bottomand top of it. Fig. 6 is a view of the shelf with the holes through it. Fig. 7 is a view of one of the tubes. Fig. 8 is a view of the flat tin. Fig. 9 is a View of the tin bent at right angles.

Letter A represents the hanging sash under the shelf B the strip of board under the sash C the front edge of the shelf D the front ends of the lower tier of boxes E the front ends of the upper tier of boxes F the entrance for the tubes through the back of the hive G the wire gauze H the holes through the shelf and boxes I the slits through the sides of the boxes.

The nature of my invention consists in constructing bee hives in such a manner and size as to obviate the necessity of bees swarming and to render them convenient to take honey from without disturbing or injuring the bees, or being disturbed by them, by means of the inside of the hive being mostly filled with boxes resting on a shelf in such a manner as easily to be removed from the hive when they are filled with honey, and in their being a chamber formed between the shelf and bottom of the hive with hanging sash doors in front of it,

with a strip of board under the sash door, and in their being properly ventilated by means of a hole through the bottom covered with wire gauze, and in the front of the hive being composed of doors in such a manner as when thrown open to show the entire arrangement of the inside of the hive and give access to it.

To enable others to make and use my in-.(

vention I will proceed to describe its construction'and operation I make my hive of 0 boards in size say three feet high two feet six inches wide one foot four inches deep or any other convenient size standing on legs like a bureau the front of'the hive should be composed of doors hung to the sides of the hive opening in the centerthere should be a molding fastened to the edge of one of the doors so as to project over the other when shut to keep the light out, there should be a shelf put in about six inches from the bottom forthe boxes to rest on (refer to drawings letter C) about three fourths of the space under the shelf should be shut up with a hanging sash door in front hung to the front edge of the shelf (see. letter A), the remaining space under the sash" door should be closed up with a strip of board in such a manner as to be easily removed when necessary to clean out the bottom of the hive be a hole cut through the center of the bottom of the hive about three inches in diameter and a piece of wire gauze tacked on over it to prevent the bees passing through it.

By the circulation of air through this hole and through the tubes the hive becomes properly ventilated (see drawings Fig. 4: letter-G), this air hole should be covered up in cold weather. There should be say four boxes seven by and reaching from the front to the back side of the hive (see letter D), placed on the shelf, the bottoms of all these boxes but onev (to hive the'bees in when they are to be put inthis hive) should be fastened on with screws so that they can'be easily removed when necessary to take honey from the boxes. I

There should be another tier of boxes seven by nine and of the above-length placed on the above boxes (see letter E), the bottoms-fastened .on with screws as above, these. two tiers of boxes or chambers is just to fill the space above the shelf, the front ends of (see letter B), there should 80 twelve inches in size 90 the boxes may be wholly or in part made by 7 putting in window glass therebyaifording a delightful view of the operations of the V bees.

There should be slits (see drawingsFig.

5 letter I) cut in the sides of the lower tier of boxes close under the cover in such a manner as to open a passage for the bees from one box to the other through the sides of them, these slits should be three inches by half an inch, there should be three holes one and a half inches through the shelf (Fig.

back against the wall of the building then insert two tubes (Fig. 7) about eight inches apart and close above the bottom of the hive reaching from the inside of the hive to the v out side of the building the bottoms to the tubes should pro ect one and a half inches 5 beyond the building to afford a place for the bees to light on these tubes should be at least 1 four inches by half an inch on the inside, little downward at the outside to prevent the water from runand should incline a nin-g into the hive through them.

keeping'bees in the ,manner here recordfollows: first, by keeping bees in a house they are secure from the inclemency of the weather and the owner is enabled to appropriate their proceeds to his own use instead of having them wrested= from him by lawless depredators as is often the case when kept outdoors and unprotect-E ed. Second, they are not liable to loss .in wintering and are secure from insects as it is fully believed they cannot possibly harm; them in these hives as there is no hiding; place for them in the lower chamber and they never will find the way into the up-@ mended are as per chambers; third, they are not liable to loss by swarming as it is a well established fact that bees do not swarm as long as they have'suflicient room to work in (which is one great design 1n thls hive) thereby saving the trouble of tending to them in thef season of their swarming andexperience has vshown that bees frequently do but little for weeks in the best of the season for making honey but lay on or about the hive (when 'kept in small hives) waiting their time to it is not infrequent that bees; manner for weeks swarm and after lying out in this 'do not swarm at all and the use of them is entirely lost for want of room to work in;

fourth, they soon become so numerous inv these hives as the result of their not swarming to enable them to withstand the attacks in diameter made 6 letter H) under each of the boxes these holes are to be conof all other swarms thereby saving the loss so often sustained by bees robbing one another; fifth, by means of theglass in the front ends of the chambers and having sash a delightful view is presented on opening the doors of every part of the hive and of the operations of the bees and of their progress instoring the chambers with honey; sixth, they are properlyventilated by means of the hole through the bottom covered with wire gauze the air circulating through the tubes and through this hole; seventh, they are so arranged as to render .it feasible and easy 7 to remove the surplus honey from anypart of the hive, when I wish to remove the honey from one of the upper boxes I take two tins (Fig. .8) three inches wide and twelve inches long run them in under the box to be taken out in such amanner as to out off the passage from the lower box to the upper one, then draw outthe box with one of the tins with it kept snug to the bot- V tom-of the box, to prevent the bees escaping out leaving the other tin over the holes of the box-under.the one just removed, take the above box outdoors and turn it bottom side up remove the tin and rap on the box and the bees will immediately leave it and return to the hive and the owner-can use the honey at his leisure, when the box is emptied return it to its place in the hive and 1 ,all will go on well, the same course is to r Some of the benefitsto be derived from;

be pursued 'in removing oneof the lower 7 boxes (the top box being taken off first) with the addition of four tins (Fig. ,9) bent to right angles in such a manner as to fit in to the corners of the boxes these are to. be

run in on each corner ,of the box to be taken out and on the corners'of the boxes next p to it so as to prevent the bees getting out ,at the'slits in the sides of the boxes, the honey should be removed in the latter part of the season or the young bees might beflost the operation the honey they. deposit in the chamber below the shelf may 'be left for them to winter on .or it may be removed in cold weather when the beesare still and in the upper boxes there must beabout the amount of two of the above boxesof {honey left in the hive for the bees to winteron which can well be afforded as hives of bees of this descriptionusually afford a surplus of from sixty, to eighty pounds a year of the finest honey and ,it is confidently believed that bees kept in'hives of this description will yield-a profit of fifty percent. over any other hive now in use; eighth, the

arrangement of the lowerchamber with the hanging or swinging sash in front, forming :doors to the chamber w th the, strip of'boaird under the sash is of great importance, the

tubes being inserted at the bottom of -.the

(hive enter this'chamber making an excellent retreat for the bees when they rush into the hive almost all at once as they frequently do when there arises a sudden storm While The arrangement of the lower box or 10 3 they areout at Work, and by this arrangechamber provided With the swinging or ment it is made easy to get at this chamber hanging sash doors in combination With the to remove the honey from it and by removhive constructed as above described.

5 ing the strip of board under the sash the bottom of the hive is easily cleaned out With- JOSEPH RICH out being disturbed by the bees. Witnesses:

What I claim as my invention and desire C. W. OWEN,

to secure by Letters Patent is- HORACE O. BRYAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2797888 *Mar 3, 1953Jul 2, 1957Sachs Hans WValve mechanism