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Publication numberUS2989249 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 20, 1961
Filing dateNov 23, 1960
Priority dateNov 23, 1960
Publication numberUS 2989249 A, US 2989249A, US-A-2989249, US2989249 A, US2989249A
InventorsHerbert M Richter
Original AssigneeHerbert M Richter
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Aerating device for faucets and the like
US 2989249 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 20, 1961 H. M. RICHTER 2,989,249

AERATING DEVICE FOR FAucETs AND THE LIKE Filed Nov. 23, 1960 3 sheets-sheet 1 WIHIIII INVENTOR. HERBERT M. RICHTER BY Kfm/vub, Doabmw Wl.

June 20, 1961 H. M. RICHTER 2,989,249

AERATING DEVICE FOR FAUcETs AND THE LIKE Filed Nov. 2:5, 1960 3 Sheets-sheet 2 INVENTOR. HERBERT M. RICHTER CML AERATING DEVICE FOR FAUCETS AND THE LIKE Filed Nov. 23, 1960 June 20, 1961 H. M. RICHTER 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Cao INVENTOR.

HERBERT M. RICHTER kUnited States Patent This invention relates to improvements in aeratingdevices for water faucets and the like. .y

This application is a continuation-in-part of my prior ,copending application for United States Letters Patent 7 entitled Aeratng Device for Faucets and the Like which was led April 24, 1958 and which bears Serial No. 730,706.

There are many aerating devices for `faucets presently on the market and many variations of such devices have been disclosed in the patent and other literature. For

the most part, however, such devices presently available and previously disclosed have been cumbersome in operation, complicated and diicult to clean and expensive to manufacture.

The invention herein disclosed has as its principal object the furnishing of such a device `that is economichof manufacture, simple, small and compact in structure, readily installed and easy to remove and replace for cleaning purposes.

Another object of this invention is to provide such. a device with a casing or housing free of lateral air suction ports, but with a water flow guide sleeve therein and spaced therefrom to provide an unbroken cylindrical passageway for the upward ilow of air therethrough completely around and moving directly the reverse of the water owing through the sleeve peripherally to bedrawn into a suction chamber above the sleeve.

Another object of the invention is to provide means overlying the sleeve and downwardly projecting therein to inject a plurality of converging jets of water under pressure and to deflect the jets' in part laterally against the sleeve and downwardly thereof, and impart upwardly and downwardly to provide an air suction area peripherally inwardly of the top of the sleeve to suck air to the deflected jets to be intermingled therewith as the same pass through the sleeve to provide a thoroughly smooth aerated stream of water emanating therefrom.

It is another object of this invention to provide such a device which when installed will be relatively tamperproof so that it cannot be removed from a faucet without the utilization of a special tool provided therefor. l

It is an additional object of this invention to provide in such a device means for shutting off the arerator or varying the amount of liquid ow therethrough."

It is still another object of this invention toprovide such a device having means available for regulating the aerated stream to be able to convert the same from a straight aerated stream to a needle spray stream as desired.

The invention accordingly comprises an article of manufacture possessing the features, properties, and the rela'- tion of elements as exemplified in the articles'hereinafter described and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the claims.

An aerating device for faucets and the like embodying the invention and the manner of using the same is described herein with references to the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective View of one form o the device embodying the invention; 1

FIG. 2 is an enlarged vertical section view of the device of FIG. 1 in assembled relation illustrated as being coupled, for example, to the end of an internally threaded faucet, and portions of the assembly are broken away to disclose the internal elementsthereof;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged vertical section view of an alter- Patented June-20, 19161 ice Anate embodiment of the device in assembled relation and ,illustrated as being coupled, for example, tothe end of athreaded faucet with the portion thereof to the left o f a line shown in phantom illustratingy the device in closed position andthe portion to the right of the center line illustrating the device in the open position;

FIG. 4 is an elevation of a component of the device illustrated in FIG. 3 separated from the remaining portions thereof; FIG. 5I is asectiona1 view taken along theline 5-5 in the direction of the arrows as indicated in FIG.-4; and? ,.-FI G. 6 is an enlarged vertical section View of another embodiment of the invention in assembled relation illustrated as being coupled, for example, to the end of an internally threaded faucet with the portion thereof to the leftof the center line illustrating the position of. the components when a straight aerated stream is desired and the portions to the right of the center line illustrating therelationshipl of the elements when the device is arrangedifor a needle spray. Y Referring-more particularly to the drawing, therev is shown a casingor housing 10 having a circular slotpgr groove 11 formed in the internal surface thereof approximately midway between its upstream and downstream ends. The extreme downstream end of casing 10y is beveled inwardly at10a, A second housing section 12 is provided and like housing section 10 it is substantially cylindrical with a bore extending therethrough. Casing 12 is formed with la circular slot or groove 13 in its external surfaceand has aledge v14 therein adjacent its upstream end, Ledge 14,is formed on the inner surface of casing 12 andgperforms the function of supporting certain of theinternal components of the assembly. It is noted that in the figures ledge V14 is shown above or on the upstreamj side of groove 13. As will become apparent, this relative positioning is not necessary for the proper functioning of thefdevice. The casing 12 isA provided above the ledge 14-with external threads 15 whereby the samecan `be coupled with the internal threads of the faucet as illustrated in the drawing. AIt will be understood, of course, that the casing 12 may likewise be provided with internal instead of" external threads for faucets having external threads thereon; or any other suitable coupling means may be provided depending upon the construction of the faucet. Y j n y The lower or downstream end of casing `section 1 2 is formed with apluralityof downwardly and'inwardly extending `lugs or projections each of which isV designated bythe numeral 1'6 in the'figures. Lugs 16 are circumferentially arranged and spaced from one another. Each of the lugs has a surface thereon 16a which is faced up; wardly and substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of casing 12 so that it provides a ledge upon which certainportions of the internal structure-ofthe device can be supported. The lugs 1'6 perform an additional function, that is, 'theyenable the aerating device tolfbe easily attached or disengaged from the'faucet withlthe. use of a wrenchas' will become apparent below.v

Ring 17 formed of a spring material is provided. Ring 17 has a diameter of sufficient magnitude so that the ring can beheld in groove 11 of housing section 10 and'also groove 14 of housing section 12. Hence, as seen in-the drawings, spring ring 17 performs the function of maintaining housing sections 10 and 12 free of relatiye longitudinal movement while allowing relative rotational movement. The provision of such a connection or cou? y the'remaining functional portions of the aerator cannot be tampered with when the aerator is in position upon a faucet. This feature is not only highly desirable `but becomes essential in certain installations.

An aerator and water flow guide sleeve 18 rests on the ledge 16a of housing section l12. The major portion of sleeve 18 is cylindrical and hollow with longitudinal channels I9 formed on the internal surface thereof by pressing portions of the sleeve '18 outwardly so that each channel 119 is formed with `a corresponding longitudinal projection 20 on the external surface of the sleeve. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. l and 2, six of the longitudinal channels 19 are provided with six corresponding projections 20. It is noted that each of the channels 19 opens at the top or upstream end of sleeve 18 so that when sleeve 18 is viewed from above the distorted or non-circular periphery thereof is evident. Channels 19, however, terminate short of and above the extreme lower or downstream end of sleeve 18 and the extreme enditself of sleeve 18 is formed with a decreased circumferential diameter 18a. Sleeve 18 performs the function of a stream straightener ow guide. Sleeve 18 extends downwardly within the housing and spaced therefrom projections 20 maintain sleeve 18 in spaced relation with housing 12 and the lugs 16 of housing 12 support sleeve l18 at the lower or downstream end thereof as shown in the figures. Thisassembly provides a passageway 21 between the housing 12 and the sleeve 18 for the upward or reverse flow of air between the projections 20 and the downward ow of acrated water passing through the sleeve. The ow through the sleeve is aided in direction by the channels 19 provided in the sleeve 18.

It will be understood that the spaces between lugs 16 allow the passage of air upwardly into passageway 21 and that sleeve 18 which is constricted at its lower end at 18a preferably extends below the bottom or lower end ofthe main portion of casing 12.

A jet air reverse member 22 in the form of an inverted cup is disposed in a position overlying sleeve 18. Member 22 is formed with a downwardly extending cylindrical skirt 23, the inner surface of which lies adjacent projections 20 of sleeve 18 and the outer surface of which has a portion adjacent the inner surface of housing section '12 beneath ledge 14 thereof. Above skirt 23 the member 22 is formed with a conical section projecting inwardly at an angle and terminating in a circular portion which is depressed at the center so that it is substantially concave inwardly. The conical section is indicated in the figures by the numeral 24 and the concave sectionis indicated by the numeral 25. The concave section has a circular ycentral opening formed therein indicated in the figures by the numeral 26 and the conical section has formed therein a series of smaller circular openings or holes `indicated by the numeral 27. Openings 27 are formed on a circumference and are spaced from each other. The member 22 is dimensioned so that the skirt 23 does not extend below the lower or downstream end of thevmain portion of casing 12 when the member 22 is supported by sleeve 18 since the juncture of sections 23 and 24of the reversing cup encounter the upper edge of sleeve 18 which supports the reversing cup in position. The conical section 24 provides a deecting surface laterally to detlect air inwardly of the sleeve as the air flows upwardly through the passageway 21 to enter a suction zone or chamber around the upper peripheral area of the Vsleeve as indicated generally at 28. As will become evident below as the operation of the device is considered, the air passes upwardly through the passageway 21 and -is deected inwardly while the water which is intermingled with the air at zone 28, enters zone 28 through the openings 27 in section 24 of the reversing cup. The spaced openings 27 provide a plurality of converging jets of water under pressure as the water cornes from the faucet.

A second deflecting member comprising a splash plug 2,9,is coaxially suspended from the central portion of the cup22 and is secured in this position by a rivet 30 pass- 4 ing therethrough which is upset as at 31 over the section 25 of the inverted cup 22. Screens 32 and 33, separated by spacer 34, are preferably secured to the bottom of the splash plug by means of the head 35 of the rivet 30.

It will be observed that splash plug 29 has a straight walled cylindrical section 36 which terminates in an increased diameter substantially spherical section 37 with alsloping side of continually decreasing diameter. Screen 33 lies adjacent the lower surface of the splash plug. A compression ring 38, preferably made of a suitable plastic, rests on the shoulder 14 of housing section 12 and conical section 24 of cup 22 and is in abutting relation with the faucet to maintain the internal structure of the aerator in tightly sealed relation.

Briefly, the operation is as follows and arrows are utilized to aid in the description of the operation. Water passing through the faucet builds up pressure as it comes in contact with surface 24 of cup 22. In order to escape, it is injected through the openings 27 in surface 24 of cup 22 in a series of peripheral converging jets under pressure. A portion of these jets impinge upon the top side of plug 29 as illustrated by the arrows and are laterally directed to the sides of sleeve 18 and then downwardly and are guided by the plurality of channels l19 in sleeve 18; other portions of the jets are directed to strike the side of the sleeve above spherical portion 37 of the plug and are then deflected downwardly. It is the action of these jet streams that creates a suction zone or chamber in the area 28 and produces a vacuum of considerable magnitude in a. constricted area because of the lack of water immediately flowing therethrough. This jet action sucks into this area a considerable amount of air, also as shown by the arrows, coming from between the sleeve 18 and the side of cup 22 between the projections 20 of the sleeve 18 above the passageway 21. This air is forcefully injected into the turbulence of the downstream flow of the jets after they have been deflected by the splash plug to be intermingled with the lateral jets striking the inner sidewalls of the sleeve 18. Upon reaching the screen 33 the aerated stream is broken up and the aeration characteristics considerably amplified and smoothed out as the stream passes through the second screen 32 and the constricted portion 18a of the sleeve to provide a thoroughly smooth aerated stream of Water emanating therefrom.

The utilization in this design of a sleeve member 10 cooperating with the mounting section 12 and joined therewith by means of spring member 17 provides au aerating device which is Vandal-proof since the components of the device are not exposed where they can be tampered with. 'Ihe device is applied to a faucet by utilization of a wrench or any implement which can be injected beneath sleeve 10 to grasp the lugs 16 to allow turning of the device so that the threads can be coupled with the threads of the faucet. The outer sleeve being rotatably mounted allows it to be freely rotated Without affecting the engagement of the device with the faucet.

In FIGS. 3-5 an alternate embodiment of the invention is shown. This form of the `invention is in many respects superior to the form of the invention disclosed in FIGS. 1 and 2. In this second embodiment the components thereof which are identical in structure to components found in the lrst embodiment are designated by the numerals used in the description of the first embodiment but are followed in each instance by a prime Hence, in the rst embodiment, the inverted cup is designated by the numeral 22 and, in the second embodiment, the inverted cup is designated by the numeral 22. The second embodiment discloses an aerator of the type shown in FIG. l but the aerator of the second embodiment is a so-called shut-off aerator, or an aerator having two extreme positions; a position where the valve is closed so that no water can pass therethrough and a second extreme position where the valve is open and the maximum quantity of water can pass therethrough. Intermediate positions, of course, are available. In the second embodiment, the

Vhousing section, which is analogous to the housing section 12 of 'the iirst embodiment, is indicated by the numeral 40 since in the second embodiment the housing section differs in that it contains two inclined grooves indicated by the numeral 41. Each of these inclined grooves has vone of its ends closer to the downstream or lower end of l,housing 40 than its other end and the purpose ofthe --lacking since the coupling of the members in the second embodiment differs from that of the coupling in thefrst embodiment. The housing 40, however, is like housing 12 in that lugs 16 are provided as well as shoulder 14' and external threading 15'. It will be noted, however, that lugs 16 differ in construction from lugs 16 in that there is no shoulder such as shoulder 16a provided in lugs l16. The reason for the absence of shoulders 16a in lugs 16 is that the mounting or means for supporting the assembly in the'second embodiment differs from the means for supporting the assembly in the rst embodiment. In the lsecond embodiment, reversing cup 22' and flow guide 18' are formed with circular openings to receive the end of screw 42 which passes through sleeve or knob 43, through one of the grooves 41 formed in housing 40, in order to be received in the circular openings formed in the revers- .ing cup and the flow guide. In all other respects reversing cup 22 and iiow guide 18' are identical with reversing cup .2,2 4and ow guide 18, respectively. The circular opening formed in the reversing cup is indicated by the numeral 44 in the figures and the circular opening formed in flow guide 18 is indicated by the numeral 45 in the gures. It should be noted that the screw 42 preferably has an end portion 46 thereof which is not threaded `and it is this end portion which is disposed within groove 41 and openings 44 and 45 in the nal assembly. Knob 43 which is circular surrounds housing 12 much as did sleeve 10 of the first embodiment. l The device disclosed in the second embodiment is attached to a faucet much in the manner as the device disclosed in the irst embodiment. However, since the second embodiment is not Vandal-proof as was the first no special tool is required to place it on the faucet. It will be noted that in the second embodiment the sealing ring is formed slightly differently than the sealing ring 38 of the embodiment disclosed in FIGS. 1 and 2. The sealing ling of the second embodiment is indicated in the drawings by the numeral 47 and it is noted that it is formed with a top or cover portion 48 which presents to the water flowing from the faucet a 4smaller diameter entrance 49 to theaerator than Was presented in the first embodiment. I t should be noted that the opening 49 is formed incover section 48 so that in the closed position which is the left position as shown in FIG. -3 the uppermost portion 50 of the jet air reversing cup ZZ' is in abutment withcover 48 of the sealing ring 47. A f The operation of the device disclosed in FIGS. 3-5 when the device is in the position shown on the right of the center line in FIG. 3 which is the open position is precisely the same as the operation of the device disclosed in FIG. 2. In this embodiment, however,`the rotation of sleeve 43 about the central longitudinal axis of the aerating v device will move the screw 42 and the portion 46 thereof from one position in groove 41 to another. In other words, by rotating knob 43 screw section 46 can be made to traverse groove 41 in which it is disposed. The traversal of groove 41 by screw section 46 will result in the raising or lowering of the reversing cup and the flow guide. Such longitudinal movement from the position shown on the right in FIG. 3, which is the open` position, to the position shown on the left in FIG. 3, which is the closed position, brings shoulder 50of the reversingcup inabutting relation with section 48 of the sealing ring.: A sal therefore is created by the abutment of shoulder 50 with section y48 of the sealing ring s o that the-water-ow from the faucet passing through opening 49 in the sealing ring cannot flow through the openings 27 formed in the reverse cup. The ow of water, therefore, is completely cut olf and the aerator acts as a valve in the closed position. Rotation of the sleeve 40 again can cause the section 46 of screw I42 to traverse slot 41 lowering the reversing cup and llow guide and the associated assembly so that there no longer is a seal between shoulder 50 and sealing ring 48 thereby allowing Water from the faucet to ow through opening 49 and openings 27. Intermediate positioning of the reversing cup between the position shown on the left in FIG. 3 and the position shown on the right in FIG. 3 will result in the llow of an aerated stream through the device which is less than the full flow which can be achieved in the valve open position. y

Thus, in the second embodiment of this inventionv as disclosed in FIGS. 3-5, an aerating device is presented which can be easily manipulated by an operator to cause the device to act Ias a valve whereby the flow ofwater therethrough can be completely cut oif or lessened toy a degree desired. .Y

A third embodiment of the invention is shown in FIG. 6. In` this embodiment an aerating device is provided which, like the device of the second embodiment, vis a device having two extreme positions. In the device of the embodiment of FIG. 6, however, one extreme position, that to the right of the `center line in FIG. 6, results in a needle spray emanating from the aerating device, Whereas, in the extreme positiony as illustrated to the left of the center line in FIG. 6, a straight aerated stream is available. Like the embodiment of FIGS. 3-5, intermediate positioning of the device results in a flow which is a combination of the two extreme positions.Y f

The embodiment illustrated in FIG.`6 is shown attached to a faucet by means of a swivel arrangement so that .the user of the device lcan direct the flow through a radius if it is desired. The swivel arrangement consists of coupling member 50 which mounts ball 51 whichin turn projects through an opening in coupling member 50 which contains coupling ring 52. Coupling member 50 is externally threaded at 54 so that it can be fastened to the internal threads of a faucet. Ball 51 which is rigidly mounted Vto coupling 50 provides with coupling 52 and seal 53aba1l land socket connection with the faucet so that a swiveling of the aerating device illustrated in FIG. 6 can be accomplished.. Itshould be understood that the ball and socket arrangement provided in Vthis embodiment can be` utilized `with theembodiments of the invention previously shown and described. It further should be pointed out that the use of the ball and socket for swiveling arrangement presents 'a minimum resistance'to the flow of waterk from the faucet, due' to the large diameter channels provided in the vcomponents ofl the swivel device. In the device of the embodiment shown in FIG. 6 a knob or sleeve 60l is pro;- vided with an opening to receive screw 61. 'I'he knob or sleeve `6I) contains a slot 62 wherein a sealing O-ring .63 is disposed'. This is providedto prevent leakage through the device if it is desired. Cylindrical casing 64 containing external threads 65 for coupling with 4a faucet if it is `desired-,to usel the device Without'the swiveling attachment, contains an inclined slot 66 which is substantially identical to rslot 41 formed in the casing 40 of the second embodiment. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 6 only one inclined slot 66 is provided. Splash plug 67 in the embodiment of FIG. 6 differs from the splash plugs'illustrated in the preceding embodiments principallyin that the yexfpanded portion thereof is somewhat more regular having a uniform curvature so that the incline away from the body thereof at the upper portion is substantially the same las the incline toward the body thereof at the lower portion. The expanded portion of the splash plug is indicated in the figures by the numeral 68. The jet air reversing cup 69 of the embodiment shown in FIG. 6 ditlersfromv jet 'air reversing cups previously 4has an inclined section 70 containing openings 71 which dfunction as did like sections and openings in the first two embodiments. The cup 69 is modified in an -additional respect in that it has a peripheral portion 72 formed to seat on shoulder 73 formed in the casing 64, and seal 74 is vprovided to maintain the reversing cup in position and to seal and prevent the flow of water in such a way that it will by-pass the opening 71 provided in the cup.

The 'guide flow member provided in this embodiment is indicated by the numeral 75 and contains a substantially regular straight cylindrical section 76 provided with projections 77 'longitudinally disposed on the external -surfaee vthereof in the manner of projections -20 in the rst embodiment. Threaded section 78 of screw 61 is received in a circular opening 79 provided in body 76 of the flow guide. The upstream or top portion of the ow guide is provided with a decreased internal diameter section circumscribed by portion 80 of the ow guide. The internal portion or inwardly disposed fp'eriphery of section 80 is formed with an arcuate surface. The extreme lower or downstream end of the flow guide is internally formed with decreased diameter portion or `shoulder 81 which can be an integral portion of the guide or which can be separately formed and rigidly attached thereto by gluing or otherwise. Section 81 serves to present a decreased diameter flow path and also to maintain in position within the guide screen 82. The lower end of the How guide is also formed with a portion 83 which projects outwardly at the extreme lower end of the ow guide to provide an increased external diameter section. The increased external diameter section cooperates with an inclined surface of the knob 60 to provide a passage 84 into chamber 85 formed between the ow guide and the housing section 64. The chambers 85 actually are a series of parallel longitudinally extending chambers since the projections 77 are present. Further projections 83a are provided on projections '83 to form in passage 84 a series of needle spray orifices. Projections 83a are radially spaced abutrnents which are separated from one another and which in turn separate projection 83 from the inclined surface of the knob 60 opposite it.

In operation, the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 6 can be utilized to obtain a ilow of the type which can be obtained from either of the devices of the rst two embodiments. When the device shown in FIG. 6 is in the position shown to the left of the center line, `a straight aerated stream is achieved. The ow of air through passage 84 into chamber 85 and into the stream is indicated by the arrows. In the second extreme position of the device shown in FIG. 6, the position illustratedto the right of the center line, a straight aerated stream is not achieved but rather a needle spray is achieved. It is noted that rotation of sleeve 60 from the position illustrated to the left in FIG. 6 to the position illustrated `o`n the right in FIG. 6 causes the ow guide member 76 to be lowered so that the projection 80 thereof is in abutting relationship with enlarged portion 68 of the splash plug thereby preventing flow of water over the splash plug and out through the screen. The water then in order to be released from the aerating device must flow down through chamber 85 and out the needle spray orifices provided by openings 84.

This embodiment, therefore, gives the operator an aerating device which can be utilized for achieving a straight aerated stream or a needle spray, whichever is desired.

Thus, among others, the several objects of the invention as specifically noted 'above are achieved. Obviously, numerous changes in construction and rearrangement ofthe parts may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the claims.

I claim:

l. In a water aerating device Vfor a faucet including a A8 housing having a section to support the upstream e'nd of the device in coupled position with said faucet; a jet air cup within said housing, a cylindrical skirt 'of said jet air cup, a port section of said jet air cup disposed above said Tskirt and inclined inwardly and upwardly therefrom, a cylindrical guide sleeve, a plurality of ylongitudinal channels formed on the internal surface "df said guide sleeve, a plurality of longitudinal projections formed on the external surface of said guide sleeve and disposed toward the internal surface of said skirt providing therewith a plurality of longitudinal passagesbetween said skirt and said guide sleeve, a splash plug projecting downwardly within said cup and said gude sleeve lto provide a chamber between said splash plug and said port section, and a plurality of openings formed in said port section to provide a series of jets whereby water forced through said openings can be deflected by said splash plug and intermingled within the chamber with air drawn through the passages between said skirt and said guide sleeve to provide an aerated stream of water guided downwardly by said longitudinal channels.

2. A Water aerating device in accordance withclaim 1 in which first and second screens are disposed vertically from one another and permanently connected to the flower end of the splash plug and perpendicular to the axis thereof disposed in the path of the aerated stream of water.

3. A water aerating device in accordance with clain 1 in which the cylindrical guide sleeve is formed with "the lower end thereof of restricted diameter and said restricted diameter end lies below the lower end of the cylindrical skirt.

4. A water aerating device in accordance with claim 3 in which a series of spaced lugs depend downwardly and inwardly from said housing to form upwardly facing shoulders whereby to support said guide sleeve at the restricted diameter end.

5. A water aerating device in accordance with claim 4 in which a cylindrical sleeve is provided having its lowermost end overlying said lugs and lWholly concealing the same from view, said sleeve having a channel formed on its internal surface for cooperating with a spring ring disposed in a like channel formed in the external surface of the housing whereby said sleeve and said housing are prevented from longitudinal movement.

6. A water aerating device in accordance with claim 1 in which the splash plug is provided with a regular vertical cylindrical surface deining a portion of the chamber between the splash plug and the port section and an increased diameter section beneath said regular surface.

7. A water aerating device in accordance with claim 6 in which the increased diameter portion is substantially spherical with a lower sloping side of continually `decreasing diameter.

8. A water aerating device in accordance with claim yl in which means are provided within said housing to block the passage of water therethrough.

9. In a water aerating device for a faucet including a housing having a section to support the upstream end of the device in coupled position with said faucet, a jetair cup within said housing, a cylindrical skirt of said jet air cup, apo'rt section of said jet air cup disposed above said skirt and inclined inwardly and upwardly therefrom, a cylindrical guide sleeve, a plurality of longitudinal channels formed on the internal surface of said guide'sleeve, a plurality of longitudinal projections formed on the external surface of said guide sleeve and disposed toward the internal surface of said skirt providing therewith a plurality of longitudinal passages between said skirt and said guide sleeve, a splash plug projecting downwardly within said cup and said guide sleeve to provide a chamber between said Vsplash plu-g and said port section, means coupling said jet air cup, said guide sleeve and 'said splash plug together for unitary longitudinal movement within said housing, first and second positions of said jet air cup,

said guide sleeve and said splash plug, moving means provided for moving said jet air cup, said guide sleeve and said splash plug from one of said positions to the other, a water flow entrance into said device, blocking means preventing ow of water through said entrance when said jet air cup, said guide sleeve and said splash plug are in said iirst position, and a plurality of openings formed in said port section to provide a series of jets whereby water forced through said openings when said jet air cup, said guide sleeve and said splash plug are in second position can be deflected by said splash plug and intermingled within the chamber with air drawn through the passages between said skirt and said guide sleeve to provide an aerated stream of water guided downwardly by said longitudinal channels.

10. A water aerating device in accordance with claim 9 in which the water flow entrance consists of a sealing ring formed with an opening interposed between said device and said faucet, and a circumference is provided on said sealing ring, and the jet air cup is formed with a circular shoulder which abuts said circumference and forms a seal therewith blocking the flow of water to said jets when jet air cup, guide sleeve and splash plug are in said iirst position.

11. A water aerating device in accordance with claim 9 in which the housing is formed with an inclined slot, a cylindrical sleeve overlying said slot, an elongated member movably disposed in said slot and attached at one end to said sleeve and at its remaining end to said jet air cup, said cylindrical guide sleeve, and said splash plug, whereby rotation of said sleeve can cause said elongated member to traverse said slot and cam against the edges thereof to move said jet air cup, said cylindrical guide sleeve and said splash plug longitudinally within said housing.

l2. A water aerating device in accordance with claim 9 in wfhich the splash plug is provided with a regular vertical cylindrical surface dening a portion of the chamber between the splash plug and the port section and an increased diameter section beneath said regular surface.

13. A water aerating device in accordance with claim l2 in which the increased diameter portion is substantially spherical with a lower sloping side of continually decreasing diameter.

14. In a water aerating device for a faucet including a housing having a section to support the upstream end of the device in coupled position with said faucet; a jet air cup within said housing, a cylindrical skirt of said jet air cup, a port section of said jet air cup disposed above said skirt and inclined inwardly and upwardly therefrom, a cylindrical wall depending vertically from said skirt, a cylindrical sleeve, a plurality of longitudinal projections formed on the external surface of said sleeve and disposed toward said cylindrical wall providing therewith a plurality of longitudinal passages between said cylindrical wall and said sleeve, a splash plug projecting downwardly within said sleeve to provide a chamber between said splash plug and said port section, and a plurality of openings formed in said port section to provide a series of jets whereby water forced through said openings can be detlected by said splash plug and intermingled within the chamber with air drawn through the passages between said cylindrical wall and said sleeve to provide an aerated 10 stream of water guided downwardly internally of said sleeve.

15. In a water aerating device for a faucet including a housing having a section to support the upstream end of the device in coupled position with said faucet; a jet air cup within said housing, a cylindrical skirt of said jet air cup, a port section of said jet air cup disposed above said skirt and inclined inwardly and upwardly therefrom, a cylindrical wall depending vertically from said skirt, a cylindrical sleeve, a plurality of longitudinal projections formed on the external surface of said sleeve and disposed toward said cylindrical wall providing therewith a plurality of longitudinal passages between said cylindrical wall and said sleeve, a splash plug projecting downwardly within said sleeve to provide a chamber between said splash plug and said port section, said cylindrical sleeve being longitudinally movable within said housing, first and second positions of said cylindrical sleeve, moving means provided for moving said cylindrical sleeve from one of said positions to the other, blocking means preventing ow of water through said cylindrical sleeve when said cylindrical sleeve is in said rst position, and a plurality of openings formed in said port section to provide a series of jets whereby water forced through said openings when said cylindrical sleeve is in said iirst position can be emitted from said device in a needle spray through the passages between said cylindrical wall and said sleeve and can be deflected by said splash plug and intermingled within the chamber with air drawn through the passages between said cylindrical wall and said sleeve when said sleeve is in said second position to provide an aerated stream of water guided downwardly internally of said sleeve.

16. A water aerating device in accordance with claim 15 in which the cylindrical sleeve is provided with a circumferential inwardly projecting bead and the splash plug is provided with an increased diameter portion constructed and arranged to abut said bead and form therewith a seal when said sleeve is in said rst position.

17. A water aerating device in accordance with claim 15 in which the housing is formed with an inclined slot, a cylindrical encasing member overlying said slot and encasing said housing, an elongated member movably disposed in said slot and attached at one end to said encasing member and at the remaining end thereof to said sleeve whereby rotan'on of said encasing member will cause said elongated member to traverse said slot and cam against the edges of said slot to move said sleeve longitudinally within said housing.

18. A water aerating device in accordance with claim 14 in which the splash plug is provided with a regular vertical cylindrical wall defining a portion of the chamber between the splash plug and the port section and is further provided with an increased diameter section beneath said regular wall.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,744,738 Hjulian May 8, 1956 2,754,097 Hjulian July 10, 1956 2,888,209 Hjulian May 26, 1959 2,889,999 Tomlinson June 9, 1959 2,935,265 Richter May 3, 1960

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Classifications
U.S. Classification239/427, 239/590.3, 239/438, 239/589, 239/428.5, 239/460, 239/443
International ClassificationE03C1/084
Cooperative ClassificationE03C2001/082, E03C1/084
European ClassificationE03C1/084