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Publication numberUS2990054 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 27, 1961
Filing dateSep 18, 1958
Priority dateSep 18, 1958
Publication numberUS 2990054 A, US 2990054A, US-A-2990054, US2990054 A, US2990054A
InventorsAllen B Gellman
Original AssigneeAllen B Gellman
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Compact
US 2990054 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 27, 1961 A. B. GELLMAN COMPACT 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 18, 1958 ENTOR.

1' if Q A. B. GELLMAN COMPACT June 27, 1961 3 Sheets$heet 2 Filed Sept. 18, 1958 m m M June 27, 1961 A. B. GELLMAN 2,990,054

COMPACT Filed Sept. 18, 1958 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 4 3/ 3 4w 2 ll l llr 4/0 INVENTOR.

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United States Patent 2,990,054 'COMPACT Allen B. Gellman, Elgin American Inc 853 Dundee Ave., Glencoe, ll]. Filed Sept. 18, 1958, Ser. No. 761,768 8 Claims. (Cl. 206-37) This invention relates to power holding compacts and the like. V I

Because of the highly competitive nature of the compact case art, a simple and economically constructed, positive and readily operable catch structure has been an important factor therein. Numerous catch structures have been developed over the years for use in such compact cases; however, heretofore, none has completely satisfactorily combined the above discussed desirable features.

Another problem encountered in the compact art for which no completely satisfactory answer has heretofore been found, is the provision of means for removing a spent pressed powder cup from a refillable compact. This problem is particularly vexatious tothe user as removal of the spent powder cup in the known compacts often results in powder being spilled onto the person or over the surrounding area.

The principal feature of the instant invention is the provision of new and improved compact means resolving the above indicated problems.

Another feature of the invention is the provision of compact means having new and improved latch means.

A further feature of the invention is the provision of new and improved compact means arranged for removal 7 of a replaceable powder cup therefrom.

Still another feature of the invention is the provision of such compact means havingimproved means for indicating desirable information.

A still further feature of the invention is the provision of a compact means having new and improved latch means and powder cup removing means co-ordinated to preclude inadvertent removal of the powder cup.

Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawingwherein:

FIG. I is a perspective view of a compact embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged, fragmentary front elevation thereof in a closed arrangement;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary section taken approximately along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary view looking at the inside of the cover showing the catch means thereof;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary view looking at the inside of the shell showing the catch means thereof;

FIG. 6 is a bottom view of the compact with a portion of the shell broken away;

FIG. 7 is a vertical diametric section, with the cover in the open position and a portion thereof shown in elevation;

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary view similar to that of FIG. 7 illustrating the removal of the powder cup from the shell;

FIG. 9 is a fragmentary view illustrating a modification of the invention;

FIG. 10 is a fragmentary view illustrating another modification of the invention;

FIG. 11 is an enlarged fragmentary bottom view of a compact means having a modified form of powder cup removal means;

FIG. 12 is a fragmentary vertical section thereof;

FIG. 13 is a fragmentary view illustrating still another modification of the invention;

FIG. 14 is a fragmentary view similar to that of FIG. 13, but with the powder cake in a partially removed disposition;

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FIG. 15 is an enlarged fragmentary view illustrating yet another modification of the invention; and

FIG. 16 is a fragmentary view illustrating a still further modification of the invention.

In the exemplary embodiment of the invention, as disclosed in FIGSJl through 8 of the drawings, a compact generally designated 10 is shown to comprise a cup-shaped shell 11 and a complementary cup-shaped cover 12 movably secured to the shell by a hinge means 13. Removably installed in shell 11 is a powder cup 14 holding a cake 15 of pressed powder for free accessibility when the cover is swung upwardly away from the shell.

New and improved means are provided for releasably latching the cover to the shell. The latching means comprises a first catch means 16 formed in a front portion 17 of the peripheral, upstanding wall 18 of shell 11, and a second catch means 19 formed in a front portion 20 of the peripheral depending wall 21 of cover 12.

First catch means 16 is formed integrally with wall portion 17 and includes a first or thumbpiece portion 22 projecting upwardly and outwardly from wall portion 17, a midportion 23 extending from thumbpiece portion 22 inwardly of cover wall portion 20, and a hooked end portion 24 extending outwardly from mid-portion 23. Second catch means 19 comprises an inwardly extending rib 25 defining an inwardly extending shoulder 26 facing away from shell 11 when cover 12 is closed on the shell. Rib 25 extends inwardly beyond the outermost portion of hook end 24 so that when the cover is closed on the shell, end 24 snaps outwardly over rib 25 to latch against shoulder 26. Associated with second catch means 19 is a guide 27 arranged to be engaged by the lateral edges 22a of thumbpiece 22 to preclude undesired lateral movement of wall portion 20 relative to wall portion 17 and, thus, maintain proper alignment of the cover and shell. More specifically, guide 27 comprises an inwardly bowed bridge 27a formed integrally in cover wall portion 20, the end portions 28 of which are spaced slightly greater than the lateral extent of thumbpiece 22.

As used herein, the term inwardly is defined as in a direction toward the mid-portion of the space defined by the compact shell or cover, the term outwardly is defined as away therefrom, and the term laterallyis defined as in the directions of lateral extent of the wall portions 17 and 20 (to the right or left as seen in FIG. 2).

To release catch means 16 from engagement with shoulder 26 of catch means 19, thumbpiece portion 22 is urged inwardly, as by the users thumb. To facilitate this releasing action and, at the same time, effectively preclude a tendency to cause lateral movement between the compact shell and cover during the releasing operation, the catch means 16 and 19 are made to have a substantial lateral extent, preferably comparable to the width of a persons thumb. Further, the thtunbpiece portion 22 extends substantially above the shell wall 18 providing an improved resilient yieldability to permit the desired disengagement of the catch means.

As alluded to briefly above, powder cake 15 is provided in a cup 14 permitting ready removal and replacement thereofin compact 10 as desired. Such replacement may be effected to refill the compact when the powder cake thereof has been spent; or alternatively, a plurality of different powder cakes having different shades or textures may be utilized, one at a time, in a single compact as desired by the user. More specifically, powder cup 14 comprises a cup-shaped member in which powder cake 15 is permanently retained. The powder cup 14 is slightly smaller than shell 11 to permit the cup to be received and fixedly retained therein. To facilitate the removal of the powder cup 14 from shell 11 when desired, the bottom wall to extend therethrough, as seen in FIG. 8. The portion 30 of the bottom wall 31 of powder cup 14, which is accessible through opening 29a, herein comprises a boss complementary to opening 290 and projecting downwardly from bottom 31 of the powder cup through the opening. As shown in FIG. 3, boss 30 may terminate flush with the outside surface of the shell bottom wall 29; it should be understood, however, that the invention comprehends such cup structures wherein the boss terminates other than flush with said bottom.

Means for indicating desirable information, such as the brand and shade of powder in cup 14, is provided in the form of an indicia element or label 32 secured to the outer surface of boss portion 30 of the cup member. The indicia element is legible at all times, eliminating the necessity of opening the compact in order to obtain information as to the type of powder cake installed therein.

As the users finger may engage a substantial area of the powder cup, a relatively high frictional retaining force may be employed to secure the cup in shell 11. Thus, inadvertent removal of the cup from the shell, such as occurs in the known refillable compact devices, is effectively precluded. In addition, the catch means 16 assists in the retention of the powder cup in shell 11. As best seen in FIGS. 3, 7 and 8, mid-portion 23 of catch 16 extends inwardly to overlie the forward portion of the powder cup and prevents a separation of the cup from the shell by movement upwardly away from shell bottom wall 29.

FIG. 9 illustrates a modified form of compact 110 in which the side wall of boss portion 130 of the bottom of powder pan 114 is provided with a step 135 which seats on a peripheral portion 136 of the bottom 129 of shell 111, surrounding opening 129a. This interengagement limits the amount by which the center portion of powder pan 114 may be inserted into shell 111, properly positioning the pan in the shell. FIG. 10 illustrates another modified form of compact 210 in which a shell 211 is provided with an upwardly extending flange 237 surrounding an opening 229a and engaging the bottom wall 231 of the powder pan for properly positioning the pan in the shell.

In FIGS. 11 and 12, still another modified form of c0n1 pact 316i is shown to be provided with a small elongated opening 329a in the bottom 329 of the shell 311 thereof. Opening 329a is juxtaposed to the periphery of bottom wall 329 adjacent hinge 313. As best seen in FIG. 11, opening 32% comprises a circular mid-portion 32% and laterally extending elongated portions 3290. Midportion 32% is adapted to permit the passing of a cylindrical element 340 (FIG. 12), such as a pinhead, therethrough for engaging the bottom wall 331 of the powder cup to urge the powder cup upwardly from the shell 311 when desired. Aligned elongated portions 3290 are arranged to permit the insertion of a blade element (not shown), such as a nail file or the like, therethrough to effect a similar removal of the powder cup.

In FIGS. 13 and 14, another modified form of compact 410 is shown to be provided with an imperforate shell bottom wall 429 which is bowed outwardly. A pad 441 is secured to bottom wall 429 to extend upwardly therefrom into engagement with the bottom wall 431 of the powder cup. To effect a removal of the powder cup from shell 411, shell bottom wall 429 is pressed inwardly, as by the users thumb, to the position of FIG. 14.

FIG. 15 illustrates another modification of the invention in which an imperforate bottom wall 529 of a compact 510 i provided with an upstanding annular deformation 542 disposed concentrically of the depending boss portion 530 of the cup membe Deformation 542 provides for increased ease of movement of the mid-portion 543 of the bottom wall 529, facilitating the removal of the powder cup from the shell by the upward urging thereof by the users thumb.

In FIG. 16, an imperforate bottom wall 629 of a compact 610 is provided with a central upstanding deformation 644. Bottom wall 629 is bowed similarly to bottom wall 429 of compact 410 and deformation 644 functions similarly to pad 441 in effecting the desired movement of the powder cup from the shell when the bottom wall is pressed inwardly.

The disclosed compact means provide improved functioning relative-to the latching of the cover to the shell and relative to the replaceability of the powder cakes therein. The cover is positively latched closed merely by swinging it on hinge 13 to the position of FIG. 3 wherein shell catch end 24 is automatically snapped into retaining engagement Withcover .catch shoulder 26. To open the compact, the user merely presses button portion 22 which, by virutre of its substantial lateral extent, readily eifects a separation of the catch end 24 from shoulder 26, permitting the cover to be swung upwardly for access to the powder cake 15. An automatic guiding action is effected by the catch means precluding lateral movement thereof during the opening and closing operations and when the compact is closed, preventing twisting or deformation of binge 13.

The replacement of powder cakes 15 in the compacts 10, and 210 is effected quickly and cleanly by the insertion of the users finger through the large opening in the shell bottom wall to overcome the frictional retention of the powder cup in the shell and move it upwardly therefrom, as seen in FIG. 8. In compact 310, the removal of the powder cup is effected by readily available means such as a pin or nail file. In compacts 410, 510 and 610, flexing of an imperforate bottom wall of the shell elfects the desired removal of the powder cup. The replacement powder cake is installed in each of the disclosed compacts merely by insertion thereof into the shell whereupon the replacement powder cake is retained positively in the compact until desired removal thereof is effected by the user.

While I have shown and described certain embodiments of my invention, it is to be understood that it is capable of many modifications. Changes, therefore, in the construction and arrangement thereof may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. Compact means comprising a shell provided with a peripheral, upstanding wall having a portion defining a first catch means, a cover provided with a peripheral, depending wall aligned and substantially congruent with said shell Wall and having a portion defining a second, complementary. catch means, one of said catch means comprising an inwardly extending rib, and the other of said catch means projecting to inwardly of said rib and having a hooked end snapping outwardly over said rib when the cover is closed on said shell, and means associated with said one of said catch means to define side guides extending from the end of the wall provided with said one catch means and engageable by the other catch means to guide said other catch means to the locking position and preclude undesired movement of the other catch means in the directions of lateral extent of said wall portions.

2. Compact means comprising a shell provided with a peripheral, upstanding wall having a portion defining a first catch means, and a cover provided with a peripheral, depending Wall aligned and substantially congruent with said shell wall and having a portion defining a second, complementary catch means, one of said catch means comprising a fiat shoulder facing away from the upper end of the shell wall when the cover is closed on the shell, and the other of said catch means projecting to inwardly of said shoulder and having a hooked end snapping outwardly over said shoulder when the cover is closed on said shell.

3. Compact means comprising a shell provided with a peripheral, upstanding wall having a portion defining a first catch means, and a cover provided with a peripheral,

depending wall aligned and substantially congruent with said shell wall and having a portion defining a second, complementary catch means, one of said catch means comprising a fiat shoulder facing away from the upper end of the shell wall when the cover is closed on the shell, and the other of said catch means having a first portion extending outwardly from the wall, a thumbpiece extending upwardly from the first portion, a mid-portion extending from said thumbpiece inwardly of said shoulder, and a hooked end portion extending outwardly from said mid-portion and snapping over said shoulder when the cover is closed on said shell.

4. Compact means comprising a shell provided with a peripheral, upstanding wall having a portion defining a first catch means, a cover provided with a peripheral, depending wall aligned and substantially congruent with said shell wall and having a portion defining a second, complementary catch means, one of said catch means comprising a shoulder, the other of said catch means comprising a projection extending inwardly of said one catch means and having a hooked end snapping outwardly over said shoulder when the cover is closed on said shell, and a guide adjacent said one of said catch means comprising an inwardly bowed bridge having ends engageable by the opposite sides of the other catch means to preclude undesired movement of the other catch means in the directions of lateral extent of said wall Portions.

5. Compact means comprising a shell provided with a peripheral, upstanding wall having a portion defining a first catch means, and a cover provided with a peripheral, depending wall aligned and substantially congruent with said shell wall and having a portion defining a second, complementary catch means, one of said catch means comprising an inwardly extending rib, and the other of said catch means comprising a projection having a resilient yieldability greater than that of the wall on which it is provided extending to inwardly of said rib and having a hooked end slidable against said rib to snap outwardly over said rib when the cover is closed on said shell, said other of said catch means further including means for manually moving said hooked end inwardly of said shoulder when desired to permit disengagement of said catch means.

6. Compact means comprising a shell provided with a peripheral, upstanding wall having a portion defining a first catch means, a cover provided with a peripheral, depending wall aligned and substantially congruent with said shell wall and having a portion defining a second, complementary catch means, one of said catch means comprising an inwardly extending shoulder, and the other of said catch means projecting to inwardly of said shoulder and having a hooked end snapping outwardly over said shoulder when the cover is closed on said shell, and a thumbpiece formed integrally with said other of said catch means for moving the same inwardly of the shoulder when desired, each of said shoulder, hooked end and thumbpiece having a lateral extent substantially equal to the width of a persons thumb.

7. Compact means comprising a shell provided with a peripheral, upstanding wall having a portion defining a first catch means, a cover provided with a peripheral, depending wall aligned with said shell wall and having a portion defining a second, complementary catch means, one of said catch means comprising an inwardly extending rib, and the other of said catch means projecting to beyond the end of the wall on which it is carried and to inwardly of said rib and having a hooked end snapping outwardly over said rib when the cover is closed on said shell, means associated with said one of said catch means to define side guides engageable by the other catch means to preclude undesired movement of the other catch means in the directions of lateral extent of said wall portions, said shell having an opening; a powder pan removably retained in the shell and having a portion projecting into said opening movable through said opening by a persons finger to remove the pan from said shell.

8. Compact means comprising: a cup-shaped shell having an opening in the bottom thereof sutficiently large to permit a persons finger to extend thereinto, said shell being provided with an upwardly extending flange surrounding said opening; and a powder pan removably retained in said shell and having a bottom juxtaposed to the shell bottom and including a portion complementary to and projecting through said opening, said portion being movable through said opening by the persons finger to remove the pan from said shell, said shell and pan having interengaging surfaces which limit the depth of insertion of said pan bottom projecting portion into said opening.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,643,944 Cook Oct. 4, 1927 1,700,059 Kendall Jan. 22, 1929 1,794,301 Kendall Feb. Q4, 1931 2,829,765 Burger Apr. 8, 1958 2,919,703 Pinteau Ian. 5, 1950

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1643944 *Jan 13, 1927Oct 4, 1927Scovill Manufacturing CoVanity box
US1700059 *Feb 10, 1928Jan 22, 1929William G KendallCombined hinge, compact plate holder, and ejector
US1794301 *Nov 12, 1929Feb 24, 1931William G KendallVanity case
US2829765 *Dec 11, 1953Apr 8, 1958Carl Burger HansPowder compact
US2919703 *Jan 3, 1958Jan 5, 1960Coty IncDispensing containers
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3285559 *Mar 3, 1965Nov 15, 1966Simon Edward JDispenser holders
US3323642 *Jul 6, 1965Jun 6, 1967Walter Kost JamesBrush-on packages
US3325057 *Oct 22, 1965Jun 13, 1967Watson Jr Cornelius BCollapsible tube squeezer
US3351192 *Feb 17, 1966Nov 7, 1967Gen ElectricPackage and retainer tray
US3355046 *Apr 22, 1966Nov 28, 1967Ross T JollyInsulating tumbler
US3889807 *Apr 2, 1973Jun 17, 1975Feinberg Robert SMeans for preserving tennis balls or the like
US4132306 *Dec 19, 1977Jan 2, 1979Germaine Monteil Cosmetiques Corp.Make-up container construction
US4337859 *Apr 21, 1980Jul 6, 1982Kolmar Laboratories Inc.Method of producing a cosmetic product containing a powder cake
US4538725 *Jul 9, 1984Sep 3, 1985Max Factor & Co.Compact having a removable godet
US4595099 *Feb 1, 1985Jun 17, 1986Marvin Glass & AssociatesSandwich preparation and storage container set
US4863034 *Sep 19, 1985Sep 5, 1989Contreras Sr Joseph PCompact with removable and replaceable storage tray
US6173719Dec 22, 1999Jan 16, 2001Lir FranceCase with sealed rotatable receptacle
US7353831 *Aug 26, 2005Apr 8, 2008Ladd ForslineContainer for storing pressed powders
US7422101Aug 26, 2005Sep 9, 2008Colorfin, LlcStoring and using artist pastels in godets
US7882955Apr 7, 2008Feb 8, 2011Ladd ForslineContainer for storing pressed powders
DE2415720A1 *Apr 1, 1974Oct 17, 1974Robert S FeinbergVorrichtung zum aufbewahren von unter gasdruck stehenden baellen, wie tennisbaelle od.dgl
EP0385879A1 *Mar 2, 1990Sep 5, 1990Daniel Robert BenguiguiPortable dispensing device for a product, especially a cosmetic product
Classifications
U.S. Classification206/37, 206/823
International ClassificationA45D33/22
Cooperative ClassificationY10S206/823, A45D33/22
European ClassificationA45D33/22