US 2990065 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 27, 1961 MARGULls 2,990,065
WALL HANGER Filed Nov. 21, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 5,, INVENTOR.
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June 27, 1961 J. M. MARGULIS 2,990,065
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United States Patent i 2,990,065 WALL HANGER Joseph M. Margulis, 150 N. 13th St., Philadelphia, Pa. Filed Nov. 21, 1960, Ser. No. 71,869 Claims. (Cl. 211-87) The present invention is directed to a wall hanger, and more particularly to a wall hanger which may be secured to a wall for hanging objects such as pictures, plaques, shadow boxes, etc.
The present invention is directed to a wall hanger capable of supporting a single object or a plurality of objects.
This application is a continuation-impart of my copending applications Serial No. 732,978, filed May 5, 1958, entitled Multiple Wall Hanger, and Serial No. 733,669, filed May 7, 1958, and entitled Wall Hanger, both now abandoned.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a wall hanger which may be secured to a supporting wall without appreciably damaging the uppermost surface of said supporting wall.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a multiple wall hanger which may be used to carry a plurality of uniformly spaced articles.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a multiple wall hanger whose length may be readily modified to suit the conveniences and requirements of the user.
It is still another object of the present invention to provide a wall hanger which permits a pivotably mounted hook to be perfectly aligned.
Other objects will appear hereinafter.
For purposes of illustrating the invention there is shown in the drawings forms which are presently preferred; it being understood, however, that this invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.
FIGURE 1 is an elevational view revealing a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
FIGURE 2 is a sectional view taken on line 2-2 of FIGURE 1, with a hammer being partially shown in phantom line to reveal the mode of installation of the multiple wall hanger of the present invention.
FIGURE 3 is an elevational view revealing the manner in which the multiple wall hanger of the present invention may be modified to conform to particular requirements.
FIGURE 4 is a sectional view similar to that of FIG- URE 2 of a modified embodiment of the present invention.
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view revealing the utilization of another embodiment of the present invention.
FIGURE 6 is an elevational view revealing the wall hanger shown in FIGURE 5 mounted upon a supporting wall surface.
Referring to the drawings, the multiple wall hanger of the present invention shown in FIGURES 1-4 is designated generally as 10. Such multiple wall hanger 10 includes the fiat metal strip 12 on which is pivotably secured a plurality of uniformly spaced hooks 14. Six hooks 14 are shown in the embodiment of FIGURE 1, namely hooks 14, 14b, 14c, 14d, 14c, and .14 The hooks are formed of uniform metal thickness throughout the body of the hooks, but include an integral annular flange 16 of relatively thin metal which extends through the opening in the strip 12 and is offset against the rear face of the strip 12. The offsetting is such as to permit the hook 14 to be pivoted in respect to the strip 12.
The headed stud 18, which may comprise a nail as shown in the accompanying drawings, or may comprise a screw, is passed through the opening within annular flange 16 and enters the wall 20.
Preferably, as shown in FIGURE 1, but two headed studs 18 need be provided for the wall hanger 10, namely the headed stud 18a which passes through the annular flange in hook 14a and the headed stud 18b which passes through the opening in the annular flange of the hook 14 If pivot-ation of the hooks 14a and 14 is desired, then the headed studs 18a and 18 should not be driven home to the extent that the heads of such studs positively engage the front face of the hooks 14a and 14 respectively, but a minor amount of clearance should be provided intermediate the juxtaposed faces of the headed stud and hook so as to permit pivotation of the hook.
It will be seen that but a minimum number of headed studs are necessary to provide hangers for a plurality of articles. The hangers will be disposed in perfectly spaced alignment. The straight edges of the strip 12 facilitate the proper positioning of the wall hanger 10. The strip 12 serves as a buffer for preventing the marring or chipping of the wall 20 as a result of the hammer blows or other force necessary to insert the headed stud ;18 within the wall 20.
As shown diagrammatically in FIGURE 3 the wall hanger of the present invention lends itself to accommodation to particular problems. For example, the wall hanger 10 of the present invention may be provided in long lengths, such as in a length which includes twelve hooks, as shown in FIGURE 3. When a multiple hanger comprising three hooks is desired, it is only necessary to cut the strip 12 along the cutting line 22 intermediate the third and fourth hooks 1400 and 14dd to produce the wall hanger 10x which has three hooks. The cutting along the cutting line 22 may be readily accomplished by tin shears.
In the embodiment shown in FIGURE 4 the nails 18' are substituted for the studs 18; each of which is notched adjacent the head of the nail at 19. The notch 19 has suflicient width to receive the strip 12 and hook 14 and specifically for the annular flange 16, and provides an anchorage for such strip 12 and hook 14.
The use of studs 18' facilitates in the gauging of the strip 12 and hook 1'4 in respect to the wall 20.
In the following claims the term headed stud is to be construed as including both conventional nails and conventional screws, and also the notched stud of the embodiment shown in FIGURE 4.
Referring to FIGURES 5 and 6, it will be seen that the present invention may take the form of a wall hanger designated generally as 70. The wall hanger 70 includes a flat strip of sheet metal 72, a hook 74, and a nail or screw 76.
The hook 74 is identical with the hooks 14 and is of uniform thickness throughout its bight portion, but is of relatively thin thickness in its annular flange portion 78. The annular flange portion 78 extends through the flat strip 72 and is offset at the rear of such flat strip 72. The offsetting of the annular flange portion 78 is such that pivotation of the hook 74 in respect to the strip 72 is possible.
The nail 76 is driven through the circular opening within the annular flange 78. Until the point at which the nail 76 is driven home, it is possible to pivot the hook 74 with respect to the strip 72. However, when the nail 76 is driven home, the head of the nail 76 will so engage the juxtaposed face of the hook 74 so as to prevent pivotation of the hook 74.
The use of the wall hanger 70 upon a wall 80 prevents the cracking of the wall in the region of the nail 76 Thus, the strip 72 serves to disperse and cushion the blows necessitated to drive the nail 76 home. In this manner, cracking or chipping of the wall 80, which may be a plaster wall, is avoided. Moreover, the head of the nail 76 does not contact the surface of the wall 80.
The wall hanger 70 serves to protect the wall against inaccurate blows of the hammer. Moreover, the strip 72 which presents straight edges may be used as an alignment indicator for proper alignment of the Wall hanger 70.
The wall hanger 70 may be mounted with notched studs as shown in FIGURE 4. The use of notched studs facilitates in the gauging of the strip 72 and hook 74 in respect to the wall 80.
The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof and, accordingly, reference should be made to the appended claims, rather than to the foregoing specification as indicating the scope of the invention.
1. A multiple Wall hanger comprising an elongated flat strip having a plurality of openings intermediate its ends, said openings being spaced a generally uniform distance from each other, a plurality of hooks each having a planar shank portion, a tab connected to each one of said shank portions by an arcuate bight portion, each tab and bight portion being on one side of the plane of its shank portion, a means annular in transverse cross section extending from each shank portion and being upright with respect to the plane of its shank portion, said annular means being on the other side of the plane of its shank portion, each annular means extending through an opening in said strip and pivotably securing each hook to said strip, a thin end portion of each annular means engaging the rear face of said strip, and two studs each having a head larger than a transverse dimension of said annular means, each stud having a shank portion disposed within one of said annular means, whereby said strip and books may be mounted on a wall by said two studs.
2. A multiple wall hanger comprising an elongated fiat metal strip, said strip having a plurality of openings intermediate its ends, said openings in said strip being spaced a generally uniform distance from each other, a plurality of hooks, an integral annular flange extending from the rear face of a planar shank portion of each hook, said annular flange pivotably joining each of said hooks to said strip, each flange extending through an opening in said strip with the free end of said flange being oflset against the rear face of said flat metal strip, at least two headed studs having a notched shank portion adjacent their heads, each stud shank portion being disposed within one of said annular flanges with its respective flange and hook shank portion being disposed within its notch, whereby l 4 said strip and hooks may be mounted on a wall by said two studs with the position of said strip with respect to said wall being determined by the distance between said wall and said notches on said studs.
3. A wall hanger comprising a flat planar metal strip, said strip having an opening intermediate its ends, a hook having a substantially planar shank portion and a tab connected thereto by a bight portion, said tab lying in a plane angled with respect to the plane of said shank portion, means pivotably mounting said hook for unrestricted pivotable movement through 360 degrees with respect to the plane of said strip, said means including an integral flange on the rear face of said hook shank portion, said flange extending through said opening and having an oliset portion juxtaposed to the rear face of said strip, said hook shank portion and flange having a hole extending therethrough, and a headed nail disposed in said hole, whereby said strip cushions the final blows necessary to drive said nail into a wall.
4. A Wall hanger in accordance with claim 3 wherein the head of the nail so engages the juxtaposed face of the hook shank portion as to prevent pivotation of the hook relative to said strip.
5. A wall hanger in accordance with claim 3 wherein said nail has a notch adjacent its head, a portion of said flange being disposed within said notch, said notch facilitating the gauging of the strip and hook with respect to the wall.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 266,356 Eshbaugh Oct. 24, 1882 1,784,496 Rodstein Dec. 9, 1930 2,286,539 Hagerstrom June 16, 1942 2,572,797 Zimmer Oct. 23, 1951 2,576,473 Myers Nov. 27, 1951 2,675,607 Catlin Apr. 20, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 297,335 Italy June 9, 1932 529,886 Great Britain Nov. 29, 1940 764,481 France Mar. 5, 1934