|Publication number||US2990613 A|
|Publication date||Jul 4, 1961|
|Filing date||Dec 9, 1960|
|Priority date||Dec 9, 1960|
|Publication number||US 2990613 A, US 2990613A, US-A-2990613, US2990613 A, US2990613A|
|Inventors||Burnell Floyd E, Jones Jr Griffith, Keane Peter J|
|Original Assignee||Kelsey Hayes Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (16), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
RE f'v July 4, 1961 P. J. KEANE ETAL POWER PLIER Filed Deo. 9, 1960 United 'States Patent "O ce 2,990,613 Patented July 4, 1,961
2,990,613 PGWER PLlER Peter J. Keane, Whitesboro, Floyd E. Burnell, Frankfort,
and Grlfith Jones, Jr., Utica, N.Y., assignors to Kelsey- 'Hayes Company, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed Dec. 9, 1960, Ser. No. 74,999 Claims. (Cl. 30-180) Ihis invention relates to power pliers and more particularly to uid actuated power pliers.
One of the principal objects of this invention is to provide a fluid actuated power plier device.
A more particular object of this invention is to provide a power plier device which converts reciprocal motion caused by uid actuation to pivotal movement in plier aws.
J Other objects and a fuller understanding of the invention may be had by referring to the following description and claims taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which:
FIGURE l is a sectional view of the new and improved uid actuated power plier device; and,
FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary sectional view of the fluid actuation end of the power plier in the closed position.
Referring now to the drawing, the new and improved power plier device includes a generally cylindrical housing having a bottomed axial bore 11. The axial bore 11 defines a work piston chamber terminating at an end opening 12. A work piston 30 having a work rod 32 projecting from one face toward the end opening 12 is disposed in the work piston chamber. The work rod 32 has formed thereon an inclined cam track 33.
A plier assembly designated generally by reference character is partially disposed in the work piston chamber. The plier assembly 20 includes rst and second crossed levers 21, 22 pivotally connected at 27. The levers 21, 22 include rst and second cutting jaws 23, 24 and first and second handles 25, 26 respectively. The handle 26 of the second lever 22 is rigidly aixed to the housing 10 internally of the bore 11. The end of the first handle includes a cam follower 29 in operative engagement with the cam track 33. The first and second cutting ends 23, 24 project from the bore 11 through the opening 12. The first lever 21 is free to pivot about the pivotal connection 27 between a plier assembly closed position wherein the cutting jaws 23, 24 are rela-tively closely spaced and a plier assembly open position wherein the cutting jaws 23, 24 are relatively widely spaced. A spring is provided which is in compressive engagement with the handles 25, 26 urging the plier assembly to the open position.
When the work piston 30 is at the rear of the work piston chamber as shown by the solid lines of the drawing, hereafter referred to as the rearward position, the cam follower 29 is positioned toward the extreme end of the cam track 33 and the plier yassembly spring 35 urges the plier assembly into the open position. As the work piston 30 is driven forward in the bore the cam follower 29 rides up the cam track 33 and the lever 21 pivots to the closed position when the piston 30 reaches the forward position shown in phantom in the drawing, hereafter reabout centrally thereof. 'Ihe Huid inlet 45 is adapted to permit fluid under pressure to pass into the control piston chamber 41 intermediate the control piston seals 43, 44. A uid passage 46 interconnects the work piston chamber and the control piston chamber 41. The uid passage 46 is so located that when the control piston 42 is at the end of the control piston chamber 41 as shown in solid lines in the drawing, hereafter referred to for convenience as the upper position, the O-ring seal 43 seals the fluid inlet 45 from the iiuid passage 46, and when the control pis-ton 42 is at the other end of the control piston chamber 41 as shown in the drawing in phantom, hereafter referred to as the lower position, the fluid inlet 45 is in communication with the fluid passage 46. Hence, when the control piston 42 is in the lower position the fluid introduced through the iluid inlet 45 flows through the iiuid passage 46 and exerts pressure against the work piston 30. A work piston O-ring seal 31 is provided to form a fluid tight seal between the work piston 30 and the bore 11. Thus, fluid under suicient pressure introduced through the uid passage 46 will drive the Work piston 30 to the forward position.
A work piston return spring 34 is disposed in the work piston chamber with one end abutting the face of the work piston oriented toward the opening 12 and the other end abutting an annular shoulder 13 formed internally of the work piston chamber. When the control piston 42 is located in the upper position the work piston return spring 34 drives the work piston 30 to the rearward position. The uid contained between the work piston 30 [and the bottom of the bore 111 is forced through the fluid passage 46 and is thence evacuated through a foraminous pad 49 transversely disposed across the control piston chamber 41.
In order to selectively drive the work piston reciprocaJly in the work piston chamber, the control piston 42 has a drive rod 47 which projects through the housing 10. A lever handle 50 is pivotally connected at one end to the housing 10 and is abuttable against the end of the control piston drive rod 47'. When the handle is squeezed towards the housing 10 the handle 50 will drive the control piston to the lower position thus causing fluid under pressure to drive the work piston 30v to the forward position in the work piston chamber. When pressure is released from the handle 50 the control piston 42 is driven to the upper position by a control piston return spring 48 disposed in the control piston chamber 41 and abutting against the foraminous pad 49 and one end of the control piston 42 in compressive engagement.l
summarizing .the operation, when the lever handle 50 is squeezed toward the housing the control piston 42 is driven lto the lower position thus allowing fluid under pressure to flow through the fluid inlet 45 and through the fluid passage 46 to drive the Work piston 30 to the forward position. As the work piston 30 is driven to the forward position, the cam follower 29 rides up the cam track 33 causing the cutting jaws 23, 24 to close. When pressure is released from the lever handle 50 the control piston return spring 48 drives the control piston 42 to the upper position thus sealing the fluid inlet 45 from the fluid passage 46. The work piston return spring 34 drives the work piston 30 to the rearward position and the uid between the work piston 30 and the bottom of the bore 11 is forced through the fluid passage 46 and is exhausted through the foraminous pad 49. The cam follower 29 rides down the cam track 33 and the plier assembly spring 35 urges the cutting jaws 23, 24 to the open position.
In summary, it is believed that the invention essentially comprises a plier mechanism having fluid actuated cam means and a plier assembly actuatable by the cam means to selectively drive the plier mechanism between an open jaw position and a close jaw position.
Although the invention has been described in its preferredform with a certain degree of particularity, it is understood Athat the present disclosure of the preferred `form has been made only by way 'ofl example and that numerous changes in the details of construction and the combination arid arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from thespiri-t Aand the scope of the e invention as hereinafter claimed.
Y inection to move said jaw means between `a widely spaced position and a relatively closely spaced position, said cam track means being positioned to co-act with said cam follower means to cause relative rotative movement of said" levers by said reciprocal movement, fluid actuated means to selectively cause reciprocal movement Vof said cam track means in one direction, and means toselec- .tively cause reciprocal movement of the cam vtrack means in the other direction.
2. Fluid actuated power pliers comprising, a housing having a work piston chamber, a pair of levers partially disposedin said work piston chamber, said levers being pivotally interconnected intermediate-their opposite ends, one lever being rigidly allxed to said housing, the other lever including cam follower means, each of said levers ,having jaw means at one end thereof, said other lever .being swingable about said pivotal interconnection to move said jaw means between a relatively closely spaced position and a relatively widely spaced position, a work piston reciprocally disposed in said work piston chamber,
said work piston including cam track means, said cam track means being positioned to co-act with said cam follower means toY cause rotative movement of said other lever by said reciprocal movement,V uid actuatedr means to selectively cause reciprocal movement of said cam track means vin one direction, and means to selectively cause reciprocal movement of said cam track in the other direction.
3. Fluid actuated power pliers comprising, an elongated housing having a work piston chamber formed therein, said work piston chamber having an opening at 'one end thereof, a work piston disposed in said work vpiston chamber and movable reciprocally therein, said Vwork piston having a work rod projecting therefrom, said work rod including cam track means, a plier assembly having first and second levers each having a handleend 'and a jaw end, said levers being pivotally connected intermediate their opposite ends, the handle member of one of said levers being rigidly aiilxed to said housing, the handle member of the other lever being at least partially disposed in said chamber, the handle of said other lever including cam follower means positioned to engage said cam track means, said cam track means and cam follower means being co-actable to cause said other lever to pivot. ally move about said pivotal connection between a position wherein the jaw ends are relatively closely spaced and a position wherein; thegjawr ends are relatively widely spaced, fluid actuatedzmeans to'selectively cause reciprocaljmovementiof. saidpiston in said work piston chamber in none direction, and spring means lto Yselectively .cause reciprocalmovementro-f said `piston in the otherdirection in said work piston chamber, whereby, reciprocalfmovement of said piston'is'translated through said cam track and. cam follower means to cause rotative movement of said levers.
4. Fluid actuated power pliers comprising, an elongated .housing Yhavin-g a work piston chamber formed therein, said work piston chamber having an opening at one vend thereof, a work piston disposed in said WorkH piston chamberand movable reciprocally therein, said work piston having a work rod projecting therefrom, said work rod including cam track means, a plier assembly having iirstand second levers each having ahandle end anda jaw end, said levers being pivotally connected intermediate their .opposite ends, Asaid handle member o'f-one of said levers being rigidly atlixed to said housing, 'the handle member of the other lever being at least partially disposed in said work piston chamber, the handle oftsaid other lever including cam follower means positioned to engage said cam track means, said cam track meansand cam follower means being co-actable to cause said other lever to pivotally move about said pivotal connection between a position wherein the jaw ends are relatively closely spaced and a position wherein the jaw ends Vare relatively widely spaced, a control piston chamber yformed in said housing, ,fluid passage means interconnecting. said control piston chamber and one end of said work-piston chamber, a control piston reciproc-ally disposed in said control piston chamber, iluid inlet means in communication with said con-trol piston chamber, said controlpiston selectively movable between a position whereinsaid fluid inlet means communicates with said fluid passage means and a position wherein said fluid inlet means is sealedtfro'm said lluid passage means, said work piston being drivable reciprocally in one direction by an irltroduced-uidwhen said fluid inlet means `communicates, with said fluid .passage means, and spring means to selectively cause reciprocal movement of said piston in the other directiontin said work piston chamber when said fluid inlet means 'is sealed from said uid passage means, whereby reciprocal movement of said piston is translated through said cam means and cam follower means to rotative movement of said levers.
5. In the device of claim 4, said control piston'having a drive rod` projecting through-the housing, said housing having 'a lever handle abuttable with said drive .rod positioned to drive said control piston in one direction, and spring means to drive said control piston in the .other direction.
No references cited.
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|DE3612572A1 *||Apr 15, 1986||Oct 29, 1987||Michael Westphal||Clamping device|
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|WO2009129020A2 *||Mar 20, 2009||Oct 22, 2009||Medtronic, Inc.||Surgical prosthetic device cutting tool|
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|International Classification||B26B17/02, B26B17/00, B26B15/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B26B17/02, B26B15/00|
|European Classification||B26B17/02, B26B15/00|