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Publication numberUS2990897 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 4, 1961
Filing dateMar 8, 1957
Priority dateMar 8, 1957
Publication numberUS 2990897 A, US 2990897A, US-A-2990897, US2990897 A, US2990897A
InventorsWilliam Short Lot
Original AssigneeDrilling & Service Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Abrading element inset bit having improved circulating characteristics
US 2990897 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

L. ABRADING ELEMENT INSET BIT HAVING IMPROVED CIRCULATING CHARACTERISTICS Filed March 8, 1957 July 4, 1961 w SHORT 2,990,897

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H15 AGENT.

ano es? drill bit wherein the drilling fluid will be directed over the face of the abrading surface in a curved course, thereby obtaining maximum eroding effect from the velocity and'pressure thereof.

A yet further object of the invention is to provide a course for the drilling fluid, which course is so designed as to provide free flow of coolant to the portions of the bit which are operating under great pressure, thereby dissipating the heatcreated thereby.

Stillanother object of the invention is to provide a bit construction whereby the cut and eroded formation will pass directly into the up-stream of drilling fluid, without having to be reground by passing over the cutting surface, and which will allow the material in the bottom of the hole to be washed up without wearing the cutting elements by re-grinding such material.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide a drill bit construction whereby the maximum amount of cooling fluid is directed under pressure to the abrading surfaces that contact the formation.

Another object of the invention is to provide a polygonal bit body, preferably triangular in shape, with rounded or modified corners, thereby eliminating hydrostatic pressure diiferential when going into or coming out of the hole, the non-circular shape of which hit also eliminates the sticking thereof in certain formations.

A general object of this invention is to provide a drill bit, the construction of which provides a maximum use period for the abrading elements, by providing coolant in greatest amounts where the greatest abrading action takes place, and by protecting the abrading elements and the matrix thereof from regrinding cut formation before it can'be washed from the'bore hole by the drilling fluid.

Another object of the invention is to provide an abrading type drill bit, wherein the wall reaming contact portions are relatively narrow compared to the intermediate non-contact portions.

With the foregoing objects in mind, and others which will become manifest as the description proceeds, reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, in which like reference characters designate like parts in the several: views thereof, in which:

, FIG. 1 is a longitudinal, sectional view taken through the'axis of the bit, and showing the fluid discharge course, the center apical portion, and the outwardly extending slot in the bit body;

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the drilling bit,

showing one of the flattened facet portions thereof;

. FIG. 3 is a fragmentary elevationalview of a cylindrical portion of the bit body opposite one of the flattened facets thereof;

FIG. 4 is a bottom plan view of the bit body, showing the water courses therein and the general configuration of the bit;

BIG. 5 is a sectional view taken on the line 5--5 of FIG. 4, looking in the direction indicated by the arrows;

FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken on the line 6--6 of FIG. 4, looking in thedirection indicated by the arrows.

The drill bit, as shown herein, is of the character used on the lower end of rotary drill stem in the drilling of deep wells and the like, and particularly the drilling of hard formation by the rotarydrilling method, wherein the drill stem (not shown) is rotated by a rotary table (not shown), and wherein the drill stem is usually raised and lowered from or into the bore hole by the draw works (not shown) of the drilling rig, and wherein drilling fluid, prepared from bentonite clays and the like, is circulated down through the drill stem and discharged through the lower end of the drill bit, so as to cool the abrading elements on the bit, and to cleanse the bottom portion of the bore hole to free it of abraded particles of formation, as is well understood in the art of rotary well ril in I With more specific reference to the drawings, the numeral 11 designates generally a hollow, threaded shank,

4 which shank has an enlarged body portion 12 formed integral therewith. The body portion 12 is generally of triangular shape, having three flattened portions or facets 14 on the sides thereof to form discharge passages, as will be more fully brought out hereinafter. A cylindrical segment 16 connects adjacent facet portions 14, which cylindrical segments form lateral gauge cutting portions or reaming faces which are co-axial with an apical portion 18, so as the bit rotates, cutting action is had simultaneously by the cylindrical portions 16, the lower face portion 20 of the bit, as well as by the apical portion 18 and conical portion 19 thereof.

As will best be seen in FIG. 1, the face portion 20 of the bit is a convex, substantially annular cutting face with a discharge passage 22 formed therein, which passage leads from the hollow neck portion 24 of the shank 11 and terminates substantially on the crown of the annular convex face 20. Grooves 26, formed in the abrading faces of the bit, form primary fluid discharge passages which lead from the fluid discharge passage 22, along the top of the crown or slightly toward the axis of the bit body, which passages 26 have branch or lateral passages 28 and 38) leading therefrom, with the lateral passages sage 34 leads from the passage 22 and has branch passages 36 and 38 extending therefrom. The primary passage 34 Which leads outward from the fluid discharge passage 22, extends upward along the side of one of the cylindrical segments 16, and has lateral passages 36 and 38 leading therefrom. Each of the lateral passages 26, 26 and 34 has the cross-sectional area thereof progressive ly reduced an amount approximating the area of the fluid discharge sources, such as the areas of passages 28, 30, 36 and 38.

The primary passages 26 extend along the respective cylindrical segments 16 0f the bit body to a point near the upper end thereof, with the number of lateral passages on the leading side of the cylindrical portion of the bit exceeding the number of passages on the trailing side of the cylindrical segment, so that the fluid discharged will serve to cool the cutting elements of the bit, and to wash away the abraded particles from between the abrading elements, which fluid will flow, in a sheet at constant velocity over the entire face of the bit, and around and between the abrading elements on the abrading faces of the cylindrical segments of the bit. The abrading action of the abrading elements against the formation develops a great deal of heat, since the pressure necessary to cut the formation is great, therefore, the water courses are so arranged and designed as to produce a pressure drop across the bit face so as to force the greatest amount of drilling fluid over the abrading segments and the abrading elements thereon to cool them and to wash away cuttings.

In the present device, the passages for the drilling fluid are so constructed and arranged as to direct the drilling fluid to the surfaces in which the abrading elements are mounted, in such manner as to be proportionate to the area of the bit face.

It is to be pointed out that the size and depth of the primary discharge passages 26 and 34, as well as that of the lateral passages 28, 30, 36 and 38, are calculated with mathematical exactness, as to the amount of fluid the respective passages will carry at a given volume rate at a-given pressure and at a predetermined velocity. The primary lateral passages 26-and 34 are each reduced in cross-sectional area, after each lateral'passage 'leds off, equal to the area of the lead off lateral, so as to cause the flow of fluid to be directed uniformly at high pressure and high velocity therethrough and through the lateral passages 28, 30, 36 and 38, so that the drilling fiuid will discharge at a pressure to give an eroding or cutting action on the formation, due to the velocity thereof. Such action of the drilling fluid on the formation will immediately dislodge and wash away any abraded particles into one of the channels formed between a facet 14 and the bore hole of the well, or such material will be discharged through slotted opening 40, which opening 40 is formed in the lower portion of the body 12 to interconnect the conical recess 19 along the entire side thereof and one of the facets 14 on the exterior of the bit body, as will best be seen in FIG. 1. The slotted opening 40 is formed in one of the flattened sides 14 of the body 12 and extends through one side of the convex lower portion 20, thus open communication from the conical portion 19 and one of the facets 14 is established.

The bit body 12 is preferably constructed of high quality steel, which body 12 is fitted into a mold cavity wherein the abrading elements, such as diamonds, have been prepared. The abrading elements 42, which are to be bonded to the bit body 12, are pre-set in a mold cavity, in a manner well understood in the art of molding abrading or diamond set bits of this character and with the abrading elements, such as diamonds, 42 thus set or arranged in the mold cavity, a sintered metal or matrix 44, which is to be the bonding element between the abrading elements and the bit body, is formed in the mold cavity in such manner as to receive the enlarged body portion 12 of the bit. Then high pressure and relatively high heat are applied to cause the bonding or fusion of the sintered metal with the bit body, which sintered metal has the abrading elements protruding therefrom, but firmly anchored therein, in such manner that the abrading elements form abrading lands between the various lateral fluid passages of the bit body, so that the entire abrading portion of the bit, including the apical portion 18 and the annular convex portion 20 thereof, as well as the cylindrical segments 16, are set with the abrading elements 42.

The abrading elements 42, may be of a size and shape and set in such pattern, as to meet the individual requirements of the bit, for instance, some formations require sharp edged abrading elements, such as diamonds, for best results, while other formations may require a round nosed abrading element or diamond for best results. However, in general, since the peripheral portion of the bit is rotated at its maximum cutting efiiciency for the abrading elements, the center or apical portion is rotating about an axis at zero linear speed, therefore, as the abrading elements get progressively closer to the axis of rotation, the cutting action diminishes and a crushing action gradually takes place toward the center-most abrading elements. With the center-most abrading elements exerting primarily a crushing action on the formation, rather than a cutting action, the conical portion 19 and the apical portion 18 of the bit, which are inset with abrading elements, such as diamonds, will withstand extreme crushing pressure and must be cooled accordingly, as great heat is generated during the drilling, and the abraded particles of formation must be washed from the interstices between the abrading elements and from between the abrading faces and the formation contact surface, by the drilling fluid being circulated through the various passages and over the abrading faces of the bit body.

The fluid discharge passages are so designed that the fluid which flows from passage 22 through the primary lateral passages 26 and 34 maintains a constant fluid velocity therethrough. This is brought about by reducing the cross-sectional area of the lateral passages in an amount proportionate to the amount of fluid drawn off by the secondary lateral passages 28, 30, 36 and 38 and by the discharge of fluid from the interstices formed between the abrading elements, therefore, a constant velocity is maintained on the fluid throughout the entire abrading surface of the bit. The fluid velocity required for best performance, is one that approaches or even reaches a slight degree of fluid erosion on the bit matrix. When the velocity of the fluid has attained a force to give the desired effect, the formation will be cut to the maximum degree of efliciency.

By having the lateral passages constructed as described herein, with the composite cross-sectional area being less than the cross sectional area of the discharge passage 22, and with the primary passages 26, 32 and 34 constricted progressively toward the respective ends thereof, a full flow of drilling fluid is always maintained at high velocity in and through the lateral passages 28, 30, 36 and 38, to give the optimum of efliciency in operation.

Operation of invention With the threaded shank 11 screwed onto the lower end of a drill stem and lowered into contact relation with the formation to be drilled, which is usually the bottom of a well, the softer formation having been drilled with a three-cone rock bit, and with the annular convex cutting face 20 in contact relation with the formation at the bottom of the well, a drilling fluid, which may be water or drilling mud depending on the character of the particular formation that has been previously cut, or is to be cut, is circulated down through the drill stem with the drilling fluid discharging into the hollow portion 24 of the shank 11, whereupon, the drilling fluid is directed through fluid discharge passage .22 into the primary fluid passages 26, 32 and 34, which primary passages are constricted near the terminal ends thereof. Lateral passages 28, 30, 36 and 38, of smaller cross sectional area than the primary passages, lead therefrom so as to distribute the drilling fluid and coolant uniformly over the area of the abrading elements 42, which act on the formation. The primary fluid passages 26 and 34 also distribute the drilling fluid along the reaming faces 16 of the bit in such manner as to supply a greater amount of fluid to the leading edge of each cylindrical reaming segment 16.

The conical recess portion 19 will form an upstanding cone in the formation, as the annular abrading face of the bit removes cut formation from the area surrounding the cone. The weight of the drill stem exerted on the formation will cause a crushing action by the abrading elements on the formation cone, as the bit is rotated, whereupon,

' the crushed formation is discharged outwardly and upwardly through slot 40 in relatively large pieces, without this portion of the formation having to be passed outward beneath the lower face of the drill bit to be reground into fine powder-like particles. Simultaneously with the crushing action exerted on the up-standing formation cone, by the abrading elements acting thereon by the weight of the drill stem, a cutting action is present in varying degrees from the apical portion 18 to the peripheral portion 16,.

with the degree of cutting action increasing progressively toward the periphery of the bit, where the greatest cutting action at its greatest eficiency is had.

With the formation thus cut, the drilling fluid, which is discharged at high pressure and velocity at the bottom of the well, causes the formation to be washed upward exteriorly of the drill stem within the bore hole of the well, in a manner well understood in the art of rotary drilling.

Having thus clearly shown and described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A drill bit comprising a bit body having a bit head of triangular shape having modified rounded corners, with an endwise cutting portion and a lateral gauge cutting portion, a recess extending upwardly into the lower end of said body to a point above said endwise cutting portion and disposed coaxially therewith to receive the formation remaining at the center of the hole being drilled, means exposed to the interior of said recess above the lower end thereof for applying a lateral force to upstanding formation in said recess to break the same oif, a passageway in the surface of said bit body and extending from an entire side of said recess to a point exteriorly of and above the bit headso that said formation formedin said recess and then broken off can pass through said passageway to a point above the bit.

2. A drill bit comprising a bit body havinga bit head 'of triangular shape having modified rounded corners, with 7 an endwise cutting portion and a lateral gauge cutting portion, a recess having upstanding Walls extending upwardly into the lower end of the body to a point above said endwise cutting'portion, said recess being disposed coaxially with saidbody to receive the upstanding formation at the center of the hole being drilled, a passageway extending from said recess to a point exteriorly of and above the bit body and including a groove in the surface of the bit body which extends laterally from an entire side of said recess to a point exteriorly of the bit body above the gauge cutting surfaces thereof so that the formation remaining in :said recess and then broken'olf can pass through said groove to a point above the bit, and means carried by the bit body and exposed to the interior of said recess for applying lateral force to said upstanding formation in saidreces's to break same off and for flushing such broken off formation laterally through the groove and then upward from the bit. I

3. A drill bit comprising a hollow,vthreaded member with an enlarged bit body thereon, said bit body having three contact reaming faces, said body having a noncontact face formedbetween adjacent reaming faces, said reaming faces being cylindrical segments having a common axis, the lower part of said reaming faces converging into a rounded lower face, .said reaming faces and said rounded lower face being inset with abrading elements, said body having a longitudinal opening formed therethrough which opening is in communication with said hollow'member, said bit body having lateral grooved passages formed in thereaming faces thereof and in said rounded lower face, which passages are in communication with said longitudinal opening in said bit body, said bit body having an apical recess formed in the lower face thereof, said bit body having a substantially radial,

' grooved passage formed therein and extending laterally three contact reaming faces thereon, a chordal, non-contact face adjacent each said reaming face, the lower part of said reaming faces converging into a rounded lower face, said reaming faces and said lower face being inset with abrading elements, said bit body having a longitudinal passage formed therethrough which is in communication with said hollow, threaded member at one end, the other end of said longitudinal passage terminating in said rounded lower face to form an outlet opening for said passage, which bit body has an apical recess formed in the lower face thereof, said bit body having a radial passage formed therein, which passage extends from said apical recess to the exterior of one of said chordal, noncontact faces, said radial passage being so formed as to be greater in cross-sectional area at the outer end thereof, which terminates in said non-contact face, than the portion thereof which joins said apical recess, and which radial passage is in communication with said apical recess along the entire slant height thereof.

5. A drill bit for drilling a bore hole in the earth formation, which drill bit comprises a hollow, threaded member having an enlarged bit body thereon, which hit body has a central recess formed in the lower side thereof, said bit body having three contact reaming faces thereon, a non-contact face between adjacent reaming faces, the lower portions of said reaming faces converging into a rounded lower face, which rounded lower face is approximately annular, said reaming faces and said rounded lower face being inset with abrading elements, said bit body having a non axial, longitudinally disposed hole formed therethrough, one end of which'hole is in communication with saidhollow, threaded member, the other end of said holeterminating in said rounded lower face of said approximately annular portion of said bit body, said bit body having a lateral grooved passage formed in said lower face, which lateral grooved passage extends upwardly and outwardly from an entire side of said central recess for passing broken formation from said recess, and said bit body 'having further passages formed therein on the exterior abrading surface thereof, said non-axial, longitudinally disposed hole being connected in fluid communication with said further passages.

, 6. A drill bit for drilling a bore hole in the earth formation, which drill bit comprises a bit body having a recess formed in an end thereof, abrading elements inset within the portion of said bit body which forms said recess to form an abrading face, threaded means on the upper end of said bit body in axial alignment with said recess, said bit body having three cylindrical segmental faces on the periphery thereof, which cylindrical segmental faces are coaxial with said recess, each said cylindrical segmental faces being inset with abrading elements to form abrading faces, a non-contact face extending between adjacent edges of said cylindrical segmental faces, each of which non-contact faces is of greater width on the perimeter of said bit body than the width of the respective cylindrical segmental faces, the distance from the axis of said bit body to any point on any of said non-contact faces being less than the radius of the respective cylindrical segmental faces, said bit body having a lateral passage formed therein, which passage leads upwardly and radially outward from the entire side of said recess and terminates on one of said non-contact faces, said bit body being so contoured as to present a portion of an annular convex face partially around said recess, the surface of which convex face extends upward in tangential relation with said cylindrical segmental faces and to the surface of said recess, which annular convex face portion is inset with abrading elements to form an abrading surface, said bit body having a hole formed therethrough which hole has the terminal end thereof located on said partial annular convex face on the-lower end of'said bit body, said abrading surface and said segmental faces of said bit body having primary grooved passages formed therein which connect with and lead from the terminal end of said opening through said bit body, with certain of said primary grooved passages leading outwardly to the exterior of said cylindrical segmental faces and certain of said passages leading to the interior of said recess to connect in fluid communication with said lateral passage which leads upwardly and radially outward from said recess.

7. A drill bit for drilling a bore hole in the earth formation, which drill bit comprises a hollow threaded member, an enlarged bit body attached to the lower end of said hollow, threaded member, which bit body has three cylindrical reaming faces thereon, a non-contact face between adjacent reaming faces to form a bit body of triangular shape with modified rounded corners, said noncontact faces forming passages between said bit body and the wall of said borehole to permit comparatively large pieces of cut formation to be passed upward therethrough, the lower portion of said reaming faces converging into a rounded, convex lower face, said bit body having a formation receiving recess formed coaxially therein, said reaming faces, said rounded, convex lower face, and said face within said recess being inset with abrading elements, a passage formed in said bit body, which passage extends from said formation receiving recess laterally upward and outward from an entire side of said recess to the exterior of said bit body, said bit body having a hole formed therethrough which extends from said hollow, threaded member to and terminating in said rounded convex lower face of said bit body, said reaming faces, said rounded convex lower face and said face within said recess of said bit body each having at least one lateral groove formed therein, and at least one of said grooves being in communication with said formation receiving recess so that upstanding formation formed within said formation receiving recess and broken ofi can pass through said passage to a point above said lower face of said bit body, and means carried by said bit body and exposed to the interior of said recess for applying lateral force to said upstanding formation in said recess to break off same and for flushing said broken formation laterally through said passage and then upward from said bit.

8. A drill bit comprising a hollow threaded member with an enlarged, modified triangular bit body attached thereto, said bit body having three non-contact, plane faces on the periphery thereof and three arcuate, contact, reaming, faces on the periphery of said body intermediate said non-contact, plane faces, said reaming faces each having the lower portion thereof converging to form a rounded lower face, said bit body having a longitudinal passage formed therethrough, one end of which is in communication with said hollowmember and the other end terminating on said rounded lower face, said bit body having at least two lateral grooved passages formed therein, one of each lateral grooved passages being in fluid communication with said longitudinal passage, which lateral grooved passages extend over a portion of said rounded lower face and of said reaming faces, said bit body having further lateral grooved passages formed therein which further lateral grooved passages lead from said first mentioned lateral grooved passages, said reaming faces and said rounded lower face of said bit body each having a portion of the surface thereof studded with partially embedded abrading elements intermediate said lateral grooved passages.

- 9. A drill bit including a body having a substantially conical recess formed in one end thereof, abrading elements inset within the portion of said body which forms said recess to form an abrading face, means attachably securing said bit body to a stem so the axis of said conical recess is axial with said stem, said body having at least three cylindrical segmental faces on the periphery thereof, which cylindrical segmental faces are coaxial with said conical recess, abrading elements inset in said cylindrical segmental faces to form abrading faces, a non-contact face extending between adjacent segmental faces, the distance from the axis of said bit to any point on any of said non-contact faces being less than the radius of the respective cylindrical segmental faces, said bit body being so contoured as to present a portion of an annular convex face surrounding said conical recess, the surface of which face extends upward in tangential relation to said cylindrical segmental faces and to the surface of said conical recess, which annular convex face portion is inset with abrading elements to form an abrading face, said body having an opening formed therethrough, said opening having the terminal end thereof located in said annular convex face on the lower end of said bit body, said abrading faces of said bit body having primary grooved passages formed therein and connecting with and leading from the terminal end of said opening through said bit body, said abrading faces of said bit body having lateral grooves formed therein and extending outward from each side of at least two of said primary grooved passages so fluid discharged from said primary grooved passages will be distributed to the abrading faces of said bit body, which hit body is of general triangular shape, with the noncontact faces thereof connecting said cylindrical segmental faces to present plane faces on at least three sides of said bit body.

10. A drill bit as defined in claim 9, wherein any transverse dimension of said bit body perpendicular to the axis thereof, is less than the diameter of the hole said bit will drill.

11. A bit construction as defined in claim 9, wherein any transverse dimension of said bit body is less than the diameter of the hole which it will drill, so said bit will 10 pass through a non-circular opening having a dimension less than the diameter which said bit will drill.

12. A drill bit for drilling a bore hole in the earth formation, which drill bit comprises a hollow, threaded member with an enlarged bit body thereon, which,bit body has three contact reaming faces thereon, a non-contact face between adjacent reaming faces, the lower part of said reaming faces converging into a rounded lower face, said reaming faces and said rounded lower face being inset with abrading elements, said bit body having a nonaxial, longitudinal hole formed therethrough, which hole is in communication with the hollow of said hollow member, said rounded lower face having said hole extending therethrough, said bit body having an apical recess formed axially therein and terminating in the rounded lower face thereof so as to define an approximately an nular abrading face therearound, said bit body having at least two lateral grooved passages formed in said rounded lower face and in said reaming faces thereof, one end of each said grooved passages being in communication with said longitudinal hole in said bit body, said bit body having further grooved passages in said rounded lower face and in said reaming faces thereof, which further lateral grooved passages lead from and are in fluid communication with said first mentioned lateral grooved passages, said first mentioned lateral grooved passages being decreased in cross-sectional area progressively in the direction of discharge after each successive further lateral grooved passage leads therefrom.

13. A drill bit comprising a hollow, threaded member with an enlarged bit body thereon, which bit body has three contact reaming faces, said body having a noncontact face formed between adjacent reaming faces, the lower part of said reaming faces converging into a rounded lower face, said reaming faces and said rounded lower face being inset with abrading elements, said body having a longitudinal passage formed therethrough which passage is in communication with said hollow member, the lower end of said longitudinal passage terminating in said rounded lower face to form an outlet opening for said longitudinal passage, said bit body having lateral grooved passages formed in the reaming faces thereof and in said rounded lower face, which passages are in communication with said longitudinal passage formed in said bit body, said bit body having further lateral grooved passages formed therein which further grooved passages lead off from said first mentioned lateral grooved passages over the lower face of said bit body, with said first mentioned lateral grooved passages being reduced in crosssectional area, in the direction of discharge, approximately the amount of the cross-sectional area of each second mentioned lateral grooved passage leading therefrom between each successive second mentioned lateral grooved passages.

'14. A drill bit adapted to be attached to a drill stern, which drill bit includes a body having a substantially conical recess formed in an end thereof, abrading elements inset within the portion of said body which forms said recess to form an abrading face, means attachably securing said bit body to said drill stem so the axis of said conical recess is axial with said stern, said bit body having at least three cylindrical segmental faces on the periphery thereof, which segmental faces are coaxial with said conical recess, abrading elements inset in said cylindrical segmental faces to form abrading surfaces, a non-contact face extending between adjacent sides of said cylindrical segmental faces, each of which non-contact faces is of greater width on the perimeter of said bit body than the respective cylindrical segmental faces thereof, the distance from the axis to any point on any of said non-contact faces being less than the radius of said cylindrical segmental faces, said bit body being so contoured as to present a portion thereof as an annular convex face surrounding said conical recess, the surface of which face extends upward in tangential relation with said cylindrical segmental 1 1 faces and to the surface of saidconical recess, which annular convex face portion is inset -with abrading elements tlo form an abrading surfacesaid body having an opening formed therethrough, said opening having the terminal end thereof located in said annular convex face of said bit body, said abrading surfaces of said bit body having primary grooved passages formed therein, which primary grooved passages'connect with and lead from the terminalendfof said opening -in said body, said abrading surfaces of said bit body having lateral grooves formed therein, which lateral grooves extend outward from each side of at least two of said primary grooved passages so merits inset within the portion of said body which forms said recess to forman abrading surface, means attachably securing said bit body to said drill stem so the axis of said conical recess is axial with said drill stem, said body having three cylindricalsegmentalfaces on the periphery thereof, which segmental faces are coaxial with said conical recess, abrading elements inset in said cylindrical segmental faces to form abradingsurfaces, a non-contact face extending between adjacent-sides of said cylindrical segmental faces, each of which non-contact faces is of greater width on'the perimeter of said bit body than the respective cylindrical segmental faces thereof, the distance from the axis to any point on any of said non-contact faces being less than the radius of said cylindrical segmental faces, said bit body being so contoured as to present a portion "thereof as an annular convex face surrounding said conical recess, :the surface of which face extends upward in tangential relation with said cylindrical segmental faces and to the surface of saidconicalrecess, which annular convex face portionis inset withabrading 12 a elements to form an abrading surface, said body having anopeningformedtherethrough, said opening having-the terminal end thereof located in said annular convex face of said bit body, said abrading surfaces of said bit'bbdy having primary grooved passages formed therein, which primary grooved passages connect with and lead from the terminal end of said opening in said bit body, said abrading surfaces of said bit body having lateral grooves formed therein, which lateral grooves extend outward from each side of at least two of said primary. grooved passages so fluid discharged from said primary grooved passages will be distributed to the abrading surfaces of said bit body, and said bit body having a notched opening formed therein, which opening extends upward and radially outward from the top of said conical recess in said bit body to the exterior of one of said non-contact faces for the discharge of relativelylarge pieces of formation directly therefrom into the upflow stream of drillingfluid.

16. A drill ;bit as defined in claim 15, wherein any transverse dimension of said ,bit body, perpendicular to the axis thereof, is less than 'the diameter of a'circle having :anaxis common to and a curvature common to 'sai cylindricalsegmental faces.

'17. A drill bit adapted to be attached to the lower end of a drill stem, as defined in claim 15, wherein said radially positioned notched opening in said bit body is increased in widthand height toward the periphery of said bit :body.

. References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
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US671429 *Jun 14, 1898Apr 9, 1901Bacon Air Lift CompanyProcess of making or improving wells.
US2264617 *Apr 1, 1939Dec 2, 1941Carpenter Clarence EDiamond drill bit
US2283510 *Jun 2, 1941May 19, 1942Standard Oil Co CaliforniaMethod of drilling wells
US2381415 *Nov 19, 1943Aug 7, 1945Williams Jr Edward BDrill bit
US2497144 *Nov 23, 1945Feb 14, 1950Stone Albert LDrill bit
US2607562 *Mar 19, 1951Aug 19, 1952Orville PhippsSelf-piloted rotary drill bit
US2612348 *Sep 14, 1949Sep 30, 1952Wheel Trueing Tool CoDiamond set core bit
US2614809 *Jul 26, 1951Oct 21, 1952Zublin John ADiamond drill bit for rotary well drilling
US2838284 *Apr 19, 1956Jun 10, 1958Christensen Diamond Prod CoRotary drill bit
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3127946 *May 1, 1961Apr 7, 1964Deely Carroll LDrill bit
US3135341 *Oct 4, 1960Jun 2, 1964Christensen Diamond Prod CoDiamond drill bits
US3191698 *May 17, 1962Jun 29, 1965Drilling & Service IncBlade-type drill bit
US3743036 *May 10, 1972Jul 3, 1973Shell Oil CoDiamond bit with annular mud distributing groove
US4554986 *Jul 5, 1983Nov 26, 1985Reed Rock Bit CompanyRotary drill bit having drag cutting elements
US8960335 *Apr 22, 2008Feb 24, 2015Total S.A.Bit for drilling wells and associated drilling method
US20100133013 *Apr 22, 2008Jun 3, 2010Total S.A.Bit for drilling wells and associated drilling method
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/405.1, 175/60
International ClassificationE21B10/00, E21B10/46, E21B10/60
Cooperative ClassificationE21B10/60, E21B10/46
European ClassificationE21B10/46, E21B10/60