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Publication numberUS2992770 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 18, 1961
Filing dateMar 5, 1959
Priority dateMar 5, 1959
Publication numberUS 2992770 A, US 2992770A, US-A-2992770, US2992770 A, US2992770A
InventorsIrving Keiser
Original AssigneeIrving Keiser
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hand-operated insect aspirator
US 2992770 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Filed March 5, 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR IRVING KEI'SER ATTORNEY July 18, 1961 I. KEISER 2,992,770

HAND-OPERATED INSECT ASPIRATOR Filed March 5, 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR IRVING KEISE R ATTORNEY July 18, 1961 I. KEISER 2,992,770

HAND-OPERATED INSECT ASPIRATOR Filed March 5, 1959 3 Sheets-Sheet 25 W t: I}, 14 14 i: {l l I INVENTOR IRVING KEISE Rf ATTORNEY United States Patent 2,992,770 HAND-OPERATED INSECT ASPIRATOR Irving Keiser, Honolulu, Hawaii, assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture Filed Mar. 5, 1959, Ser. No. 797,824 1 Claim. (Cl. 230-160) (Granted under Title 35, US. Code (1952), sec. 266) A non-exclusive, irrevocable, royalty-free license in the invention herein described, throughout the world for all purposes of the United States Government, with the power to grant sublicenses for such purposes, is hereby granted to the Government of the United States of America.

This invention relates to a device for collecting insects or other small objects. More particularly it relates to a hand-operated piston-type suction device connected to a collecting vessel for holding the insect.

Insect aspirators are known wherein suction is applied by mouth or by means of a rubber bulb.

One object of the present invention is to provide a device which avoids the unsanitary mouth aspiration. Another object is to provide a device wherein the suction can be applied more rapidly and sharply than is possible through the use of a rubber bulb.

In accordance with this invention, suction is applied to a collecting vessel by means of a novel hand-operated bellows. This device will be described below with reference being made to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIGURE I is an elevation view of the complete as sembly;

FIGURE H is a plan view of the suction applying bellows;

FIGURE III is an elevation of the bellows in the expanded position;

FIGURE IV is an elevation of the bottom bellows plate and the piston assembly;

FIGURE V is an elevation in section of the bellows assembly taken on line V--V of FIGURE II;

FIGURE VI is a bottom view of the plate shown in FIGURE IV;

FIGURE VII is a front elevation of the collecting vessel;

FIGURE VIII is a side view of FIGURE VII; and

FIGURE IX is an elevation of the top plate con struction of the bellows.

In a preferred form the suction device comprises an elongated member 1 forming a plunger which is provided at its top end with a knob 1a secured to the plunger by means of screw 1b. Plunger 1 is secured to bottom plate 7 by any suitable method. A top plate is provided with a rigidly secured elongated hollow cylindrical sleeve 3 having a finger grip 3a. Plates 5 and 7 are connected by a flexible impervious member 6, the plates 5 and 7 together with the flexible impervious member 6 forming a bellows. A compression spring 2 surrounds plunger 1 and is restrained by the upper surface of finger grip 3a and the under surface of knob 1a. In its normal position the spring tends to keep the finger grip and knob separated, thereby urging plates 5 and 7 together. Upper plate 5 is provided on its upper surface with a flutter valve 4 which covers hole 17. A check valve may be used in lieu of a flutter valve. Lower plate 7 is provided on its lower surface with a short inlet tube 8 secured in ICC register with hole 18 and with a flutter valve 9 over the hole 18.

The tube 8 on the bellows is connected by means of a length of flexible tubing 16 to an outlet tube 12 mounted on the insect collecting vessel 11. A piece of wire screen or other suitable foraminous covering material 13 is secured to the inside of vessel 11 over the entrance of tube 12.

The collecting vessel itself is preferably open at both ends. One end of vessel 11 is provided with. a stopper 14 through which is passed a tube 15, while its other end is closed with a solid stopper 10. -In this manner an insect sucked in through tube 15 may be recovered by merely removing the stopper 10 and inverting the collecting vessel.

To operate the device the thumb is placed on the plunger depressing knob 1a of the suction pump and the index and middle fingers are placed beneath finger grip 3a, which is an integral part of the plunger cylinder sleeve 3. When the plunger 1 is pushed down into the cylinder sleeve 3 with movement of the fingers, it depresses the bottom bellows plate 7 to which it is attached, thus expanding the bellows 6. The lower bellows board flutter valve 9 opens automatically as a result of this depressing movement, permitting air to be drawn from the connecting tube 16 and from the collecting vessel 11 into the opening bellows. This movement of air creates a partial vacuum in the vessel and the insect is sucked in through the receiving tube 15 with the inrushing air. Screen 13 prevents the insect from entering the bellows chamber. When the fingers are released compression spring 2 returns the plunger to its open position and flutter valve 4 on the upper bellows plate is automatically forced open, allowing air to escape from the closing bellows. The bellows folds return to their original alignment guided by the free-swiveling depression knob which is attached by machine screw 1b. After removal of the insect the device is now again ready for use.

The bellows plates, plunger, depression knob, plunger cylinder sleeve, and the collecting vessel may be fabricated of sheet and tubular plastic and they can be joined with a suitable plastic cement. The flutter valves may be cut from thin rubberized sheeting and glued to the bellows boards. The bellows may be cut from bellows cloth.

The device may also be used to kill an insect after it is sucked into the collecting vessel. In that case, the latter may be provided inside with a container for holding any suitable toxicant.

As will be apparent to those skilled in the art the size of the various parts may be varied to suit the general range of size of insects sought.

I claim:

In a device of the character described, suction means comprising a first and second plate; impervious flexible means connecting said first and second plate forming a bellows therewith; a first hollow elongated member secured to said second plate; holding means on the first elongated member adapted for holding said first elongated member in the fingers of one hand; a second elongated member within said first elongated member forming a plunger extending through said first hollow elongated member and having one end secured to said first plate, the other end extending a short distance outside said first elongated member; resilient means normally urging said plates toward each other but adapted to permit their separation; air inlet means on said first plate; first valve means for permitting flow of air through said air inlet means only during separation of said plates; air outlet means on said second plate; and second valve means for permitting flow of air through said air outlet means only while said plates are urged together, said end of the plunger which extends outside the first elongated member being so placed with respect to the holding means on said first elongated member that said holding means I may be held and the plunger operated With the fingers 4 of one hand thereby to separate the first and second plates.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 418,232 Sallade Dec. 31, 1889 1,212,815 Roth Jan. 16, 1917 2,300,765 Barnhart Nov. 3, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS France Oct. 23, 1908

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US418232 *Jul 3, 1889Dec 31, 1889 Mary f
US1212815 *Jun 29, 1914Jan 16, 1917Carl Herrmann RothDomestic cleaning appliance.
US2300765 *Oct 26, 1938Nov 3, 1942Clyde BarnhartAspirator
FR391117A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3102416 *Apr 21, 1961Sep 3, 1963Jersey Prod Res CoPermeability measuring device
US3965608 *May 1, 1974Jun 29, 1976Mark SchumanManually operated suction device for capturing small objects
US4817330 *Oct 6, 1987Apr 4, 1989Fahringer Stephen AInsect capturing device
US7152365 *Oct 31, 2003Dec 26, 2006Wyers Philip WMethod of capturing insects
US7404269 *Sep 28, 2006Jul 29, 2008Collins Michael RInsect collector and viewer
US7565764 *Mar 7, 2008Jul 28, 2009Collins Michael RInsect collector and viewer
US8276313 *Nov 17, 2009Oct 2, 2012Gerd ReimeMethod and apparatus for trapping insects
US8640381 *Oct 4, 2010Feb 4, 2014Qasem A. Al-QaffasFlying insect trap
US8701339 *Dec 7, 2011Apr 22, 2014Norman WalshVacuum-based pest capture container
US20120079759 *Oct 4, 2010Apr 5, 2012Al-Qaffas Qasem AFlying Insect Trap
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/472, 43/134, 43/139, 417/478
International ClassificationA01M1/00, A01M1/06
Cooperative ClassificationA01M3/005, A01M1/06
European ClassificationA01M3/00G, A01M1/06