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Publication numberUS2994525 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 1, 1961
Filing dateMar 23, 1960
Priority dateMar 23, 1960
Publication numberUS 2994525 A, US 2994525A, US-A-2994525, US2994525 A, US2994525A
InventorsGeorge W Onksen, Kenneth R Skinner, Charles W Miller
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Moisture responsive window control system
US 2994525 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 1, 1961 e. w. ONKSEN ET AL 2,994,525

MOISTURE RESPONSIVE WINDOW CONTROL SYSTEM Filed March 23, 1960 v 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 LEFT RIGHT err RIGHT LEFT RIGHT FRaA/r FRONT REAR REAR VENT ve-wr INVENTQR-S WINDOW MOTORS Kenna/k fififi'z/ mea BY 5mm ZZZ/[Raw {(5791 WKM ATTORNEY Aug. 1, 1961 e. w. ONKSEN ET AL 2,994,525

MOISTURE RESPONSIVE WINDOW CONTROL SYSTEM Filed March 25, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 w; W' 'l *1 zap S SENSOR 8, 2 7b WINDOW nawysgas 5% a LF RF LR RR LV RV !8C| LEFT RIMT LEFT RIGHT LEFT RIGHT FRONT FRONT REAR REAR VENT VENT mvemons 0202' e [1! @flbfsen, WINDOW MOTORS f qz 55 7 flfiar'les lll/Zblter dea ATTORNEY United States Patent 2,994,525 MOISTURE RESPONSIVE WINDOW CONTROL SYSTEM George W. Onksen, Kenneth R. Skinner, and Charles W. Miller, Anderson, Ind., assignors to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed Mar. 23, 1960, Ser. No. 17,158 '12 Claims. (Cl. 268--19) This invention relates to a moisture controlled automatic window closing system and more particularly to such a system especially applicable to motor vehicles having power operated windows.

Many motor vehicles are presently equipped with power operated windows. There have been proposals whereby such windows are automatically closed in the event of rain allowing the driver to leave the windows open while away from the vehicle. Since electric motors of the type used to operate vehicle windows draw substantial current, it is necessary to limit any automatic window closing to successive operation wherein first one window is closed and then a second window, etc., so that only one window motor operates at a time and hence the vehicle battery is not overloaded. To provide this sequential operation it has been proposed to utilize limit switches, photo electric cells, etc., to turn off one window motor and turn on the next motor. Other proposals have provided special current sensitive relays in each motor circuit to sense when the motor has stalled due to its associated window reaching a closed position. All of the above proposals require special and elaborate installations.

The present invention provides a single package unit that can be mounted remotely from the windows and also easily be adapted to existing power window installations. Each window motor is successively operated and then completely turned off automatically. The invention also provides a safety stoppage of the raising of any window in the event that an obstacle such as a persons arm is in the path of the window. The invention also provides for the automatic by-passing of any window that is already closed when rain or other moisture starts the system in operation.

It is therefore an object of the invention to provide an automatic window closing system for closing windows in the event of rain.

It is a further object of the invention to provide such an automatic system wherein the windows are sequentially closed and where the final closing of one window initiates the closing of the next window.

Still a further object is to provide a relatively simple, compact, and low power consuming automatic window closing system.

Another object is to provide an automatic window closing system having an automatic reset upon the opening of any window in the system. These and other objects and advantages will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the following disclosure and accompanying figures.

FIGURE 1 schematically illustrates one form of the invention; and

FIGURE 2 schematically illustrates a different form of the invention.

Briefly, the invention takes advantage of the fact that brush type motors, as are commonly utilized for power operated vehicle windows, generate an electrical noise or hash when they are running, but do not create such a noise when they are stalled, even though energized. Thus when a window motor is raising its associated window, there is an electrical noise or hash imposed on the voltage leads to the motor. This noise is in a high frequency static form and while it has a very small current Patented Aug. 1, 1961 value, the average voltage value thereof can amount to as much as one or more volts. When the Window reaches its closed position or meets an obstruction in its path, the motor, which has a limited torque output, stalls and the noise or hash on the motor leads ceases.

The present invention is shown applied to two representative embodiments and utilizes the presence or absence of this running noise to control a motor switch stepping relay to sequentially switch the battery voltage from the stalled or closed window motor to another window motor.

Referring to FIGURE 1 which schematically illustrates one form of the invention, 1 represents a battery or other voltage source and 3 a manual switch such as the ignition switch in a motor vehicle. The supply voltage in the examples would be about 12 volts, although obviously other higher or lower voltages can be used.

The system shown in FIGURE 1 is in the condition which would exist after the system had operated to automatically close the windows, but prior to operation of the vehicle. The system includes four relays A, B, C, and D. The relay C is a stepping ratchet relay having a pivoted armature C that acts to rotate a toothed wheel 7 a fixed amount each time the relay C is energized to move the armature. The wheel 7 carries a shaft 7a having secured thereton eight switch operating cams 1C to SC, inclusive. Cams 3C to SC control normally open contacts 30 -30 to 8C -8C respectively, which contacts are sequentially closed to connect a battery lead 5 to the left front, right front, left rear, right rear, left vent, and right vent window motors, respectively. The window motors can be located in any suitable location to raise and lower the Windows they control.

If a manual or ignition switch 3 is moved to its on position, battery voltage is supplied to lead 2 and through contacts 1C, and 10 to lines 35 and 11 which is connected to the input of a repeating relay unit generally designated 9. The relay unit 9 in the illustrated embodiment is of the type commonly utilized for providing flashing in motor vehicle directional signals and will hereafter be referred to as the flasher unit. The flasher unit shown is of the magnetic type such as a Tung Sol flasher type UP141D, although other types could be utilized. Lead 11 is connected to a pair of armatures 13 and 19. These armatures carry switch contacts 17 and 20, respectively, that cooperate with stationary switch contacts 18 and 21, respectively. The armature 13 is self-spring biased towards its closed position but is normally held open by a normally contracted connected resistance wire 14. Current from lead 11 passes through armature 13 and resistance wire 14, through a surge limiting buffer and load coil 15 and then through the main relay magnet coil 16. A load lamp 22 connected to the system ground is for providing the proper rate of current buildup to give satisfactory operation.

With the contacts 17-18 open as shown in FIGURE 2, the combined resistance of Wire 14 and lamp 22 allows a small current to flow to the system ground through lead 24 and load lamp 22. This current is not enough to cause the magnet coil 16 to move the armatures 13 and 19, but which is sufficient to heat the resistance wire 14. As the wire expands due to heating, the self biased armature 13 and contact 17 move toward the stationary contact 18 and the electro magnet. At the instant of closing of contacts 17-18, the resistance wire 14 is short circuited and the full current limited by lamp 22 flows through the magnet coil 16. This increased current creates a strong magnetic field which holds the contacts 1'7-18 together and at the same time the armature 19 is pulled toward the magnet to close contacts 20-21 and connect lead 11 with lead 23. Lead 23 supplies current to the stepping or ratchet relay C which pulls its arm-ature C to cause the ratchet wheel 7 to rotate clockwise, as seen \in FIGURE 1, one step. This movement of wheel 7 and its shaft 7a causes the cam members 1C to 8C to also rotate clockwise one step.

When the resistance wire 14 of the flasher unit 9 is short circuited it immediately begins to cool, and after sufficient cooling contracts enough to pull the armature 13 away from magnet coil 16, thereby opening the contacts 17-18. At this moment, the resistance wire 14 and ballast coil 15 are again introduced in the circuit and the strong magnetic field collapses, allowing the armature 19 to move contact 20 away from contact 21 and break the connection between leads 11 and 23, thereby cutting off the current flow to the relay C. This allows pivoted armature C to be returned by its spring to the position shown ready for another stepping cycle of operation.

The first rotation of cam 1C from the position shown in FIGURE 1 allows the normally closed contacts 1C and 1C to disengage thereby cutting off the connection between battery lead 2 and the lead 35 and hence lead 11. The flasher unit 9 is then deenergized. The simultaneous initial clockwise rotation of cam 20 from the position shown in FIGURE 1 opens contacts 2C 2C closes contacts 2C 2C and contacts 2C 2C Cams SC to 8C also rotate one step but do not effect the condition of their respective normally open contacts.

If the switch 3 is then turned to the off position, as when the vehicle driver turns off the ignition and leaves the vehicle, the relay A is deenergized allowing contacts A and A to close and connect the moisture sensor 4 to the battery through leads 6 and 5a. The sensor 4, which may be of any suitable form, is of the type that has a relatively high resistance when dry and a relatively low resistance when wet. The sensor 4 is located in any suitable exposed place such as the hood or fender of the motor vehicle and acts to provide a low resistance connection between lead 6 and contact 2C when wet. At this point in the system operation, the contact 2C is engaged with contact 2C and therefore the sensor 4 is connected to ground through the coil of relay B. When dry the high resistance of sensor 4 prevents suflicient current from the battery 1 to pass through the coil of relay B to activate the same.

With the system conditioned as stated above, and it begins to rain or for any other reason the sensor 4 becomes wet it will allow sufficient current to flow from the battery 1 to relay B to activate the same. Closure of contacts B B connects the battery voltage lead 6 to lead Battery voltage is then applied through closed contacts 2C 2C and lead 11 to activate the flasher unit 9 in the manner detailed above. After a predetermined time the contacts 20 and 21 of the flasher unit will close and cause the relay C to rotate the wheel 7 clockwise one more step and advance each of the cams 1C-8C to their next positions.

This last movement of cams 1C and 4C to SC have no effect on the system since their respective contacts remain in their previous conditions. Movement of cam 2C returns the contacts associated therewith to the positions shown in FIGURE 1. Movement of cam 3C simultaneously causes contacts 3C and 3C to close and connect battery voltage lead 5 to the left front window motor labeled left front and thereby energize the same. The motor then starts to close the left front window. With contact 2C again in the position shown in FIGURE 1, the sensor 4 is cut out of the system and the lead 8 is connected through contacts 2C 2C to the collector of a PNP type transistor T Transistor T forms the second amplification stage of a two stage amplifier which also includes a first stage transistor T Transistors T and T are of any suitable PNP type such as type 2N2l7 and are connected in a two stage common emitter amplifier arrangement. If the battery connections are reversed, it is obvious that NPN transistors could be utilized. The output collector of T is directly coupled to the input base of T as shown. The input base of T is coupled through one side of a pair of back to back capacitors 32 the other side of which is connected to lead 31 in turn connected to the window motor voltage supply lead 5. A resistor 27 provides proper bias for the base of T and resistor 28 provides the proper load for the collector of the same. The emitters of T and T are both connected to line 25 which through contacts 2C -2C is connected through voltage dropping and current limiting resistor 30 to the positive terminal of battery 1.

Current supplied to the left front window motor passes through the relay D and activates the same to close contacts D -D As long as the left front window motor is running and moving its window, an electrical noise or hash is generated and imposed on the motor supply lead 5. The noise signal, which is in the form of a low power high frequency AC. voltage, is coupled through the capacitors 32 to the base of T and amplified by T and T The amplified signal is rectified by a diode 37 of any suitable form such as type lN295, and through contacts 2C 2C energizes relay B to open contacts B B and close B B When the first operated window, or left front Window in the illustrated example, reaches its closed position or hits an obstacle such as a persons arm, etc., the motor stalls and ceases to produce the hash or noise. Reduction of the amplified noise deenergizes relay B closing B B Battery voltage from lead 6 is then connected to lead 33 and through closed contacts D D to lead 11. The flasher unit 9 is then again activated and after a short delay cause the relay C to again step and rotate the cams 1C to SC to their next positions. This new position of cams 1C and 2C causes no change in the condition of their respective contacts. Movement of cam 3C causes contacts 3C -3C to open cutting off the left front window, while movement of cam 4C closes contacts 4C -4C to connect lead 5 to the right front window motor.

As long as the right front motor runs, it also generates electrical noise that is amplified by T and T to cause relay B to open contacts B B cutting oft" the battery from the flasher unit 9. When this motor stalls, the generated noise ceases and relay B opens to again con nect the battery lead 6 to the flasher unit 9 to again activate the same. This causes the relay C to step again and energize the next motor. This cycle is repeated until all of the windows have been closed.

After the last window controlled, i.e., that controlled by earn 8C stalls, the flasher unit 9 is again activated causing the relay C to again step. Cams 1C to SC then move to the position shown in FIGURE 1. The system is then inoperative until reset by again closing the switch 3.

If any of the windows in the system were closed at the time their respective motors were energized no hash or noise would be produced by such motor or motors. In such an event the relay B would continue to remain deenergized and closed contacts B B would keep battery voltage applied to the flasher unit 9. If after the time required for armatures 13 and 19 to be released by contraction of wire 14, voltage is still present in lead 11, the wire 14 will again heat and again expand. This will allow contacts 1718 to again close, shorting wire 14 and allowing the coil 16 to again pull armature 19 to close contacts l9'-2tl. The flasher unit will thus provide a re peating operation of the stepping relay C. This repeating will be at such a controlled rate or predetermined cycle time period that relay C will be activated and deactivated for a suflicient period of time to cause a full advance of the cams C to C When the relay C is being energized, a capacitor 39 is charged through resistor 38 and, if for some reason the flasher unit cuts off current to the relay C before it has completed a full step, the capacitor 39 will discharge through the relay C to ensure completion of the step. This condition might occur if the battery voltage is below normal causing poor operation of the flasher unit. Capacitor 40 is provided to filter noise from the emitters of T and T FIGURE 2 illustrates another embodiment of the invention. In this arrangement the transistor amplifier is also utilized to amplify the sensor signal, enabling a smaller less sensitive sensor to be used. The FIGURE 2 arrangement also features an automatic reset wherein the system is automatically reset if any of the vehicle windows are opened.

The alternative system in FIGURE 2 is shown in the condition which exists after the ignition switch is off and any or all of the windows are open. Most of the components of FIGURE 2 are identical with those in the FIGURE 1 arrangement. A relay E having contacts E and E is controlled by a manual switch 103 which may be the vehicle ignition switch. This system also uses a two stage, direct coupled transistor amplifier using PNP transistors T and T The transistors are connected in a common emitter circuit arrangement and have their emitters constantly connected to battery voltage through a voltage dropping resistor 153. The amplifier has the collector of T forming an output that controls a sensitive relay F similar to relay B of FIGURE 2. Relay F has a movable contact F that connects battery voltage lead 105 either to contact F and lead 110 or to contact F and lead 133. Resistor 136 provides a load for the output of T A stepping relay G identical to the relay C of FIGURE 1, is controlled by a flasher unit 109 also identical to flasher 9 of FIGURE 1. The flasher unit 109 has an input central lead 111, a ground lead 124, and an output controlled lead 123. The stepping relay G operates an armature G that ratchets a toothed wheel 107 to turn a shaft 107a which in turn rotates cams 1'C to 8'C. As in the previous example, cams 3C to 8C control normally open switch contacts 3C CC to 8'C 8'C respectively, which act to connect battery voltage to the left front, right front, left rear, right rear, left vent, and right vent window motors. These cam operated switches sequentially connect their respective motors to lead 129 which is connected through the coil of a relay H to a battery lead 105 connected to a voltage source such as a battery 101.

Cam 1'C acts as a starting and reset control and has normally open contacts 1'C and 1C that connect the lead 110 from relay F to 111 leading to the input of the flasher unit 109; Cam 2'C has a pair of movable contacts 2C and 2C that serve to connect either the moisture sensor 104 or a noise signal lead 131 to the amplifier. With cam 2C in the position shown in FIGURE 2, movable contact 2'C connects lead 151 to lead 154 which is connected to the input base element of transistor T Lead 151 is normally connected through contacts E E of relay E to one end of variable resistance moisture sensor unit 104, the other end of which is connected, as shown, to the system electrical ground. In the condition shown movable contact 2C which is connected to lead 131 in turn connected to the input base of transistor T is disconnected from contact ZC and the noise signal lead 131.

The operation of the FIGURE 2 system is basically the same as that of FIGURE 1 with certain exceptions.

The transistor amplifier is used for amplifying the sensor signal as well as the motor noise signal and an automatic reset is provided.

With the system as shown in FIGURE 2, the sensor 104 is connected through contacts E E and 2C 2C to the base of transistor T As one side of the sensor 104 is grounded upon becoming wet, the sensors resistance is lowered making the base of T less positive. The normal positive bias of the base of T is furnished by the T collector load resistor 1'52. Lowering the potential the T s base causes T to conduct and current passes from the collector of T through diode 137 and resistor 155 to energize the coil of relay F. Contacts F F close connecting the battery lead to lead 110. Battery voltage is then applied through contacts 1C -1C of cam 1'C to lead 111 and the flasher unit 109. The flasher unit begins a cycle of operation identical to that of the flasher unit 9 of FIGURE 1 and after a predetermined period of time connects battery voltage to the output lead 123 to actuate the stepping relay G. Armature G then rotates ratchet wheel 107 one step clockwise causing shaft 107a and cams 1'C to 8C to rotate one step. Contacts 1C and 1C open, contacts 2C -2C close, and contacts 2'0; and 2C open. This switching action disconnects the sensor 104 from the input base of T and thereby cuts off T deenergizin'g relay F. Lead 131 is simultaneously connected to the base element of T Leads 110 and 111 are also disconnected by the opening of 1'C -1'C The first stepping of relay G also causes cam 3C to close contacts 3C CC to connect lead 129 to the left front window motor. Current then passes to this motor through relay H causing it to close contacts H -H If the left front window is open, its motor begins closing the same, and causes the electrical hash or noise to be generated and imposed on lead 129. Since the base of T is connected through capacitor 132 and contacts 2C 2'C to lead 129, the noise signal is amplified by T and T The amplified signal output is rectified by diode 137, filtered by capacitor 157, and applied to relay F to maintain it energized. This keeps battery voltage contact F connected to F and lead 110. These later actions all take place instantly upon the closure of 3C 3C of cam switch 3'C.

When the left front window reaches its closed position or hits an obstruction, the left front motor stalls and the electrical noise is no longer produced. The output from T is then reduced which allows relay F to open to close contacts F F Since relay H is energized due to current drawn by the left front window motor, battery voltage is therefore applied through H H to the input of flasher 109 and it again cycles or flashes to energize relay G and cause the cams 1'C to 8'0 to rotate one more step. Rotating of cam switches 1'C, 2C, and 5C to 8C causes no change in their condition. Cam 3C opens 3C 3'C to deenergize the left front motor and simultaneously 4C 4C are closed to energize the right front window motor.

If the right front window is open, its motor begins closing the same, thus generating the hash or noise signal, this signal is amplified by T and T to again energize relay F to open contacts F F and cut off battery voltage from contact H and the flasher unit 109. Upon completion of closing, the right front motor stalls and ceases generating the noise. Relay F is then deenergized by the reduced amplifier output and contacts F F are closed. Battery voltage is then applied to F and through closed contacts H and H again acts to energize the flasher unit 109. This causes relay G to again step the cams 1'C to 8C. The right front motor is then disconnected and the next motor, or as shown, the left rear motor is energized. This cycle is repeated until all of the windows are closed.

If any of the windows are closed at the time their respective motor is energized, no noise will be generated in lead 129 and hence the relay F will remain deenergized to keep battery voltage applied to the flasher 109. The inherent repeating characteristics of the flasher will cause the relay G to step after a predetermined period of time and thereby connect the next window motor to the battery.

After all of the windows are closed the relay G steps once more causing cam 8'C to open and contacts 1C and 1C to close. Contacts H H are open since there is no motor current and the flasher unit 109 is deenergized. If any of the conventional manual window down side switches, not shown, are operated to open a window hash generated by the motor controlled by that switch will be coupled through one of the capacitors 159 to noise signal ,2, lead 131. Because the amplifier T T is continually energized by the battery, the noise signal will be amplilied and cause relay F to close contacts F F to apply battery voltage to the flasher unit 109 through lead 110, contacts 1'C 1'C and lead 111. This causes the flasher unit to energize relay G and step the cams to the position shown in FIGURE 2. The system will then be reset for automatic window closing if the sensor 104 becomes wet. Switch 1% deenergizes relay B when the vehicle ignition is turned on which renders the automatic system inoperative. When the switch 103 is opened the system is again rendered operative.

Both the FIGURE 1 and FIGURE 2 systems can easily be installed in existing vehicle power window systems without modification. The system could also be used in connection with a power operated automatic convertible top, whereby the top is raised if it begins to rain. When the top reaches its closed position and the top motor stalls the system would automatically shut off the motor. For example any of the cam switches 3C-8C or 3'C to 8'C could be used to control a power operated convertible top or an additional cam switch could be added.

Changes in the invention and other applications of the same will be apparent to those skilled in the art and such changes and applications are either the scope of the invention which is to be limited only by the following claims.

We claim:

1. A moisture responsive window closing system including a voltage source, a window operating motor, a control circuit including a switch for connecting said motor to said voltage source, switch operating means for causing said switch to connect said motor to said voltage source, moisture responsive means for controlling said switch operating means to energize said motor, said motor causing electrical noise in said control circuit when running, means connected to said circuit for amplifying said noise, and means connected to said amplifier and responsive to cessation of said noise for causing said switch operating means to open said switch and disconnect said motor from said voltage source.

2. The system of claim 1 wherein said amplifying means is capacitively coupled to said circuit.

3. In a moisture responsive window closing system, a plurality of window motors, direct current voltage source, control means for sequentially connecting said motors to said source including moisture responsive means to energize one of said motors, said motors being of the type that generate an electrical noise in said system amplifier means capacitively connected to receive said noise and amplify the same, rectifier means connected to the output of said amplifier to provide a direct current signal in response to said noise, relay means responsive to said signal to maintain energization of said one motor, said relay means responsive to absence of said signal to cause said control means to deenergize said one motor and energize another of said motors.

4. A moisture responsive window closing system including a direct current voltage source, a window operating motor for closing a window, a control circuit including a switch for connecting said motor to said voltage source, switch operating means for causing said switch to connect said motor to said voltage source, moisture responsive means for controlling said switch operating means to energize said motor, said motor producing electrical noise in said control circuit when running, means connected to said circuit for amplifying said noise, and means connected to said amplifier and responsive to said noise for causing said switch operating means to maintain said switch closed during running of said motor and to disconnect said motor from said voltage source when said motor stops running and thereby stops producing said electrical noise in said control circuit.

5. A moisture responsive window closing system including a direct current voltage source, a plurality of 8 window operating motors for closing a plurality of windows, a control circuit including a plurality of switches for connecting said motors to said voltage source, switch operating means for sequentially causing said switches to connected said motors to said voltage source, moisture responsive means for controlling said switch operating means to sequentially energize said motors, said motors producing an electrical noise in said control circuit when running, means connected to said circuit for amplifying said noise, and means connected to said amplifier and responsive to cessation of said noise for causing said switch operating means to open the switch controlling one of said motors to disconnect said one motor from said voltage source and simultaneously close another switch controlling another of said motors to energize the same.

6. In a moisture responsive window closing system, a plurality of window operating motors for individually controlling a plurality of windows, a direct current voltage source, a plurality of switches connected to said voltage source and said motors to energize said motors to close said Windows, switch operating means, moisture responsive means located in an exposed area, amplifying and switching means, first circuit means for connecting said moisture responsive means to said amplifying and switching means to control the same in accordance with the moisture in said exposed area, second circuit means connected to said amplifier means and said switch operating means and responsive to a change in the output of said amplifying and switching means to cause the switch actuating means to close one of said switches to energize one of said motors, third circuit means capacitively connected to said voltage source and responsive to motor electrical noise imposed on said direct current caused by running of said one motor, and means responsive to said on motor energization to simultaneously open said first circuit and to connect said third circuit to said amplifying and switching means to cause noise in said second circuit means to control the output of said amplifying and switching means to cause said second circuit to maintain said switch operating means in its one motor energizing condition until said one motor stalls and ceases to impose said noise on said voltage source, said second circuit responsive to a reduced output from said amplifying and switching means to cause said switch operating means to open said one motor switch and close another of said motor switches.

7. In a moisture responsive window closing system, a window operating motor, a direct current voltage source, a switch for connecting to said voltage source and said motor to energize said motor and close a window, switch operating means, moisture responsive means located in an exposed area, amplifying and switching means including a two stage transistor amplifier, first circuit means for connecting said moisture responsive means to the second stage of said amplifying and switching means to control the output of same in accordance with the moisture in said exposed area, second circuit means connected to the output of the second stage of said amplifier means and to said switch operating means and responsive to a predetermined change in the output of said amplifying and switching means to cause the switch actuating means to close said switch and energize said motor, third circuit means connected to said voltage source and responsive to motor electrical noise imposed on said direct current voltage caused by running of said motor, and means responsive to said motor energization to simultaneously open said first circuit and to connect said third circuit to the first stage of said amplifying and switching means to amplify said noise, said second circuit means to control the amplified noise output of said amplifying and switching means to maintain said switch operating means in its motor energizing condition until said motor stalls and ceases to impose said noise on said direct current voltage, whereby reduced output from said amplifying and switching means into said second circuit will cause 9 said switch operating means to deenergize said window motor.

8. A moisture responsive window closing system including a direct current voltage source, a plurality of window operating motors, a motor control circuit including a plurality of motor switches for connecting said motors to said voltage source, a stepping relay for sequentially operating said motor switches, a repeating time delay relay for energizing said stepping relay, moisture responsive means, switching and amplifying means, sensitive relay means controlled by the output of said switching and amplifying means, a first switch controlled by said stepping relay for connecting the output of said sensitive relay to said repeating relay, a second switch controlled by said stepping relay for connecting said moisture responsive means to said switching and amplifying means, a motor relay switch closed by energization of any of said motors and connected to said repeating relay, said sensitive relay connecting said voltage source to said motor relay switch when deenergized and con necting said voltage source to said first switch when energized, said motors imposing an electrical noise on said voltage source when running, a third switch controlled by said stepping relay, said third switch capacitively coupled to said voltage source and operable to connect the same to said switching and amplifying means, said moisture responsive means operable upon being exposed to a predetermined moisture to change the output of said switching and amplifying means to energize said sensitive relay and thereby connect said voltage source to said repeating relay through said first switch to effect initial operation of said repeating relay and thereby eifect initial operati-on of said stepping relay, initial operation of said stepping relay causing one of said motor switches to close and energize one of said motors, simultaneously causing said second switch to open and disconnect said moisture responsive means from said switching and amplifying means, and simultaneously closing said third switch to connect said noise to said switching and amplifying means, whereby the output of said switching and amplifying means will maintain said sensitive relay energized; said stepping relay simultaneously opening said first switch to disconnect said repeating relay from said sensitive relay switch, said switching and amplifying means being responsive to absence of said noise from said one motor to deenergize said sensitive relay and thereby connect said voltage source through said motor relay switch to said repeating relay to effect a second operation thereof to thereby effect a second operation of said stepping relay, said second stepping relay operation causing said one motor switch to open and another of said motor switches to close.

9. A moisture responsive window closing system including a voltage source, a plurality of window motors, said motors being of the type that cause electrical noise in said system when running, a plurality of motor switches, a stepping relay for sequentially closing and opening said motor switches, a repeating time delay relay connected to said stepping relay, said repeating time delay relay having a predetermined cycle time, first means including moisture responsive means for initiating operation of said repeating relay to cause said stepping relay to connect a first of said motors to said voltage source, second means connected to said voltage source for initiating operation of said repeating relay including means responsive to absence of electrical noise caused by running of any of said motor for initiating operation of said repeating relay to cause said stepping relay to deenergize said first motor and energize a second of said motors, said second means operable on absence of said electrical noise in said system caused by non-running energization of said second motor to maintain said repeating relay energized, said repeating relay causing said stepping relay to deenergize said second motor and energize a third motor after said predetermined cycle time, means operable upon de- 10 energization of the last of said motors to disconnect said second means from said repeating relay.

10. A moisture responsive window closing system including a voltage source, a plurality of window motors, said motors being of the type that cause electrical noise in said system when running, a plurality of motor switches, a stepping relay for sequentially closing and opening said motor switches, repeater time delay means including a control circuit having a thermal operated switch, a magnetic coil energized by said thermal operated switch and a controlled switch operated by said magnetic coil, said thermal switch and coil cooperating to provide a predetermined time cycle operation of said controlled switch, said controlled switch connected to said stepping relay to connect and disconnect the same with said voltage source at a rate determined by said predetermined time, first means including moisture responsive means for initiating operation of said repeater control circuit to cause said stepping relay to connect a first of said motors to said voltage source, second means connected to said voltage source for initiating operation of said repeater control circuit including means responsive to absence of electrical noise in said system caused by running of any of said motor for initiating operation of said repeating relay to cause said stepping relay to deenergize said first motor and energize a second of said motors, said second means operable on absence of said electrical noise caused by non-running energization of said second motor to maintain said repeater control circuit energized, said repeater means causing said stepping relay to deenergize said second motor and energize a third motor after said predetermined cycle time, means operable upon deenergization of the last of said motors to disconnect said second means from said repeater means.

11. A moisture responsive window closing system including a voltage source, a plurality of window motors, said motors causing electrical noise in said system, a plurality of motor switches, a stepping relay for sequentially closing said motor switches, switching means for controlling said stepping relay, first means including moisture responsive means operably connected to said switching means for initiating operation of the same to cause said stepping relay to connect a first of said motors to said voltage source and simultaneously disconnect said first means from said switching means, second means connected to said voltage source and said switching means for initiating operation of the same, said second means including circuit means responsive to absence of electrical noise caused by running of any of said motor for initiating operation of said switching means to cause said stepping relay to deenergize said first motor and energize a second of said motors, said second means operable on absence of said electrical noise caused by non-running energization of said second motor to maintain said switching means energized, said switching means causing said stepping relay to deenergize said second motor and energize a third motor after said predetermined cycle time, means operable upon deenergization of the last of said motors to disconnect said second means from said repeating relay, and means responsive to actuation any of said motors by means other than said system for reconnecting said first means to said switching means.

12. A moisture responsive window closing system including a voltage source, a plurality of window motors, said motors causing electrical noise in said system, a first set of motor switches, a stepping relay for sequentially closing said motor switches, switching means for controlling said stepping relay, first means including moisture responsive means operably connected to said switching means for initiating operation of the same to cause said stepping relay to connect a first of said motors to said voltage source and simultaneously disconnect said first means from said switching means, second means connected to said voltage source and said switching means for initiating operation of the same, said second means 1 1 including circuit means responsive to absence of electrical noise caused by running of any of said motor for initiating operation of said switching means to cause said stepping relay to deenergize said first motor and energize a second of said motors, said second means operable on absence of said electrical noise caused by non-running energization of said second motor to maintain said switching means energized, said switching means causing said stepping relay to deenergize said second motor and energize a third motor after said predetermined cycle time, means operable upon deenergization of the last of said motors to 12 disconnect said second means fromv said repeating relay, a second set of motor switches for manually controlling said window motors, and means responsive to actuation any of said motors by said second set of switches for 5 reconnecting said first means to said switching means.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Goldman July 10, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2754460 *May 25, 1954Jul 10, 1956Robert B GoldmanWater responsive control circuit
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3307095 *Sep 9, 1963Feb 28, 1967Redmond Jr William GMoisture controlled motors system for closing automobile windows and tops
US3386022 *Feb 27, 1967May 28, 1968William G. Redmond Jr.Control circuit for moving closures to closed position upon the occurrence of precipitation
US4544865 *Jun 8, 1984Oct 1, 1985Amerock CorporationRemote window operating system
US4544866 *Jun 28, 1984Oct 1, 1985Amerock CorporationRemote window operating system
US4810944 *Mar 18, 1988Mar 7, 1989Jeff ChanceInterior protection system
US4908554 *Oct 30, 1986Mar 13, 1990Jeff ChanceMoisture sensing apparatus and interior protection system
US5226256 *Mar 10, 1992Jul 13, 1993Aug. Winkhaus Gmbh & Co., KgWindow system for a building
US5402075 *Sep 29, 1992Mar 28, 1995Prospects CorporationCapacitive moisture sensor
US5955854 *May 5, 1995Sep 21, 1999Prospects CorporationPower driven venting of a vehicle
US6169379 *Jun 4, 1999Jan 2, 2001Prospects CorporationPower driven venting of a vehicle
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/21, 49/28, 318/483, 318/453, 49/103, 318/461, 296/117, 318/102
International ClassificationE05F15/20
Cooperative ClassificationE05Y2400/44, E05F15/2007, E05Y2800/428
European ClassificationE05F15/20B