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Publication numberUS2996591 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 15, 1961
Filing dateFeb 13, 1959
Priority dateFeb 13, 1959
Publication numberUS 2996591 A, US 2996591A, US-A-2996591, US2996591 A, US2996591A
InventorsThomas Orrin H
Original AssigneeRussell W Fuller
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Detector for fires and excessive temperatures
US 2996591 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 15, 1961 o. H. THOMAS DETECTOR FOR FIRES AND EXCESSIVE TEMPERATURES Filed Feb. 13, 1959 ,d Trae/v5 V POWER United States Patent Office 2,996,591 DETECTOR FOR FIRES :AND EXCESSIVE TEMPERATURES Orrin H. Thomas, Williamsport, Pa., `assign'or to Russell W. Fuller, Indiana, Pa. Filed Feb. v13, 1959, Ser. No. 793,124 1 Claim. (Cl. 20G- 142) This invention relates to a fire and/or excessive temperature detecting means, which includes an alarm device, the circuit to which is a normally open one end which will be closed upon a predetermined temperature rise and it consists in the constructions, arrangements and combinations herein described and claimed.

It is the cardinal object of the invention to provide a means which may be permanently established in an electrical circuit of an alarm device which is operative as `a fire alarm, or as a means of detecting excessive temperatures which may develop from iire or in electrical machinery and the like and in which said means, `after operation may be readily re-conditioned for continued use of the system.

It is also an important object of the invention to provide an element which may `be readily installed in an electrical circuit associated with a fire alarm, electrical machinery or the like, in which, when an excessive predetermined temperature develops in the circuit thereto or in near proximity, a spring tensioned contact element will be urged to complete the normally open circuit to an alarm device upon disintegration of a fusible element interposed between said spring tensioned contact and a fixed contact of the circuit.

More specifically, it is an object of the invention to provide a temperature actuated detector in the form of a cartridge wherein a fixed contact and a spring-urged movable contact are housed therein arranged in opposed tandem relation, each contact having means for connection in an electrical circuit to an appliance or alarm, said contacts being normally held in spaced lapart relation by means of a non-conducting fusible element, the housing having an opening positioned intermediate the length thereof, whereby a renewable fusible element may be installed between said contacts upon retraction of the spring-urged contact to a position beyond said opening.

Additional objects, advantages and features of invention will be apparent from the following description, considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, wherein,

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of an alarm system constructed in accordance with the invenrtion.

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of the cartridge.

FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of one of the contacts.

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged longitudinal sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of FIGURE 2, having a fusible element interposed between the contacts.

`FIGURE 5 is a similar view illustrating the position of the contacts upon disintegration of the fusible element to complete the circuit to an electrical appliance, and

FIGURE 6 is a diagrammatic view of a circuit embodying a plurality of detectors installed therein.

Reference is first made to FIGURE 1 of the drawing, wherein a structure 10 is shown which is to be protected against a fire hazard and as here shown, an alarm bell 11 is in electrical circuit with a source of electrical power 12 which may be suitable batteries or otherwise, by means of conductors 13 and 14, the latter having a detector 15 installed therein.

As clearly shown in FIGURES 2, 4 and 5, the detector 15 in the present instance is of elongated cylindrical form, although the shape or contour is not arbitrary. The detector 15 comprises a hollow housing 16 of suitable insulating material, intermediate lthe ends of which -an opening 17 is formed, fora purpose presently to be explained. Within the housing adjacent one end thereof a fixed contact 18 is secured which may be accomplished by a tight press fit or otherwise, and the adjacent end of the lead y14 is provided with an insulated bushing 19 snugly secured in the housing to close the end thereof. The wire 14 of the lead 14 is electr-ically connected to the contact 18.

A longitudinally movable contact 20 is also positioned within the housing 16 arranged in opposed tandem relation to the fixed contact 18, the wire 14 of the lead being electrically connected to the contact 20 `and interposed between the contact 20 and a closure bushing 21 iixed in the housing, there is a helical spring 22 urging the contact 20 in the `direction of the fixed contact 18 which movement is limited `by inter-positioning of `a fusible member 23, here shown as a cylindrical disk, which is of such proportions as to normally maintain the contacts 18 and 20 in spaced relation thus forming an open circuit to an alarm device, such as the bell 11.

The lead 14 is freely slidable in Aa bore 24 of the bushing 21, so that the contact 20 is slidable wit-hin the housing and may be retracted to a position beyond the opening 17 of the housing 16 permitting renewal of the fusible element 23.

The engaging ends of the contacts 18 and 20 are identical in construction and as best seen in FIGURE 3, a series of spaced prongs 25 project forwardly adapted to engage corresponding prongs of the opposed contact and by this construction, it will be seen that the circuit to an alarm device may be completed before ent-ire dis-integration of the fusible element 23, and also, by this construction, it will be seen that any residue remaining or developed from a spent fusible element will not interfere with completing the circuit to an alarm device, since the prongs will project beyond any residual matter of the fusible element.

The opening 17, in addition to permitting renewal of the fusible element, also allows circulation of heat to the fusible element, but additional openings 21 may be formed in :the housing 16 to allow the free passage of heated air `developed from a fire or the like.

In FIGURE 6, I have illustrated 4a circuit wherein a series of detector units 15 are connected in a circuit embodying a transformer 27. The units 15 may be positioned at remote points for protection purposes and may be separately or collectively actuated by increase in temperature to energize the alarm device 11.

It should be understood that the fusible element 23 may be formed in varying degrees of melting points, so that varying heat ranges may be complied with.

From the foregoing, it will be `seen that a system has been provided wherein an excessive rise in temperature, whether it be due to fire or overheating of an electrical appliance, an alarm will be sounded appraising responsible persons of -a iire hazard, and while I have shown and specifically described the invention, this is yby way of illustration only, and I consider as my own all such modifications in construction as fairly fall within the scope of the appended claim.

I claim:

A switch device constructed to operate when excessive temperatures have been reached comprising an elongated open ended cylinder of insulating material, a pair of contact members within said cylinder, one of said contacts being rigidly xed adjacent one open end of said cylinder, the other of said contacts being freely slidable a substantial distance of the length of the cylinder, a closure plug for each open end of the cylinder, each closure plug having an axial bore therethrough for passage of a respect-ive insulated electrical cable, said cables being electrically Patented Aug. 15, 1961 t 3 4 connected to respective contact members, the cable con- References Cited in the tile of this patent nected to said sldable contact being freely movable UNITED STAT-ES PATENTS through the bore of the closure plug, a helical spring housed Within the cylinder interposed between the mov- 821,098 Grfn May 22 1906 able contact `and said last named closure plug to urge the 5 1,003909 Relmann Sept 12: 1911 movable contact in the direction of the fixed contact, a 1,179,276 Bullock APL 11 1916 fusible member interposed between said fixed contact and 1:4413071 SWanbefg Ian, 9, 1923 `said movable contact and said cylinder having an opening 1,666,923 WOOdrlll Apr- 24, 1928 intermediate the length thereof for insertion ofthe fusible 2,015,984 Wood Oct. l, 1935 element when the movable contact is retracted against 10 2,463,745v `Colardo Mar. 8,1949

the tension ofthe spring. 2,721,240 Filbert Oct. 18, 1955

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US821098 *Apr 10, 1905May 22, 1906John W GriffinAutomatic fire-alarm.
US1003009 *Mar 13, 1911Sep 12, 1911Edwin ReimannFire-alarm.
US1179276 *Sep 14, 1915Apr 11, 1916Bullock Safety Appliance CompanyFire-alarm system including a thermal circuit-closer.
US1441307 *Dec 18, 1919Jan 9, 1923Swanberg JuliusTemperature indicator
US1666923 *Nov 3, 1922Apr 24, 1928Warren Woodruff WProtective device
US2015984 *Mar 13, 1934Oct 1, 1935Wood Cecil RTemperature alarm device
US2463745 *Nov 6, 1946Mar 8, 1949John ColardoAlarm for fire detection
US2721240 *Dec 2, 1949Oct 18, 1955Filbert Jr Howard CExplosive pressure operated switch
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3309481 *Mar 4, 1965Mar 14, 1967Micro Devices CorpThermal switch with thermally collapsible member
US5346014 *Mar 15, 1993Sep 13, 1994Baker Hughes IncorporatedHeat activated ballistic blocker
US5392860 *Mar 15, 1993Feb 28, 1995Baker Hughes IncorporatedHeat activated safety fuse
U.S. Classification337/409, 340/590
International ClassificationH01H37/00, H01H37/76
Cooperative ClassificationH01H37/767
European ClassificationH01H37/76D