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Publication numberUS2997321 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 22, 1961
Filing dateFeb 1, 1960
Priority dateFeb 1, 1960
Publication numberUS 2997321 A, US 2997321A, US-A-2997321, US2997321 A, US2997321A
InventorsMitchell Bobrick
Original AssigneeSunbeam Lighting Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Touch latch for ceiling light fixtures
US 2997321 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 22', 1961 M. BOBRICK TOUCH LATCH FOR CEILING LIGHT FIXTURES 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 1, 1960 IIVI/ENTOI? MIMI/H L MEIR/H ATTORNEY Aug. 22, 1961 M. BOBRICK TOUCH LATCH FOR CEILING LIGHT FIXTURES 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 1, 1960 IIIIII'I'JIIIIAL m at ATTORNEY Aug. 22, 1961 M. BOBRICK TOUCH LATCH FOR CEILING LIGHT FIXTURES 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Feb. 1, 1960 //v VE/V TOR All/MHZ MFR/67f A T TORIVE Y Aug. 22, 1961 M. BOBRICK 2,997,321

TOUCH LATCH FOR CEILING LIGHT FIXTURES Filed Feb. 1, 1960 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 FIG. [4.

FIG. I044.

A 7' TORNE Y ilnite sates Filed Feb. 1, 1960, Ser. No. 5,786 4 Claims. (Cl. 2929'l) This invention relates to latching and hinging means for the lens or diffuser frame of a ceiling light fixture and particularly of a flush mounted ceiling light fixture.

One object of the invention is to provide a touch latch. Another object is to provide latching means for a ceiling light fixture which permits the diffuser frame to be installed or removed without the use of tools and without hand operations except those of pressing upon the frame margins and of holding the diffuser frame to prevent it from falling. Another object is to provide touch latch means for mounting a ceiling light fixture whereby the diffuser frame may be attached by merely pressing it into place and which may be completely detached or, alternatively, detached on one side with hinging on the other side, to provide access to the interior of the light fixture.

These and other objects are attained by my invention which will be understood from the following description, reference being made to the accompanying drawings in which FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a flush mounted ceiling light fixture and a diffuser frame equipped with my touch latch means, in disengaged position;

P16. 2 is a perspective view of a flush mounted ceiling light fixture showing one side of the mounted diffuser frame equipped with touch latch means in detached position while the other side of the frame is hingedly supported by latch members of a slightly different form which remain latched (unless intentionally released) to provide a hinged mounting for one side of the difluser frame.

FIG. 3 is a transverse sectional View taken on the line 3-3 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 44 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view taken on the line 55 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the friction element which holds the latch operating member in operative alignment when disengaged from the latch;

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary perspective view of the diffuser frame showing the openings for mounting the friction element of FIG. 6 therein;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the strike member of the latch;

FIG. 9 is a perspective view showing the short latch operating member;

FIG. 10 is a perspective view showing a latch operating member with an elongated nose which, when used in place of a short operating member functions to prevent unlatching of the devices on one side of the diffuser frame;

FIG. 10A is a perspective view showing a short latch operating member equipped with a safety spring catch which when used on the latches on one side of the frame, provide unlatched but hinged support (manually releasable) for the frame.

FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the spring member of the latch assembly;

FIG. 12 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional view showing the latch and the latch operating member in latched position;

FIG. 13 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional assrszi Patented Aug. 22, 1961 view showing the latch and long latch operating member in restrained position due to the long nose, which prevents unlatching; and

FIG. 14 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional view similar to FIG. 4 in which the safety spring catch attachment on a short nose operating member prevents unlatching.

Referring to the drawings, particularly FIG. 1, a ceiling light fixture 21 is shown in flush mounting on a ceiling 22, the fixture being supported by any suitable supporting means, not shown, on the ceiling structural member. The light fixture is provided with side walls 23 and end walls 24 forming a housing, the said end walls supporting sockets 25 for fluorescent tubes 26.

The lower margins of the side walls 23 and the end walls 24 of the fixture are provided with overlapping trim members 30 which press against the ceiling surface 3 1, there being horizontal stop rims 30A which limit the upward movement of the diffuser frame, the opening for the diffuser frame 32 being defined by said lower margins of side walls and end walls adjacent said trim members 30.

The diffuser frame 32 consists of end pieces 33 and side pieces 34 which are joined at the ends to form a rectangular frame, this frame fitting into the opening defined -by the lower margins of the side walls 23 and end walls 24.

Usually there are four latching devices provided, each of which consists of a latch operating member 37 attached to the diffuser frame, a strike 50 and a spring member 51 for the strike, attached to the side walls 23 of the fixture, as will now be more particularly described.

The latch operating member 37 which is shown in detail in FIG. 9 consists of a bar 3-8 having a squared crosssupporting and hinging arm 39 attached at one end and a round latching pin 40 adjacent the upper end 41, the arm and pin being parallel and at right angles to the latch member 3-7. A short nose 42 extends from the bar beyond the latching cross pin 40.

An opening 44 for the latch member 37 is provided in the side piece 34 of the diffuser frame 32, this opening extending through the top member 35 of the channel side piece 32 and the opening also extending into the vertical member 36 of the channel side piece 32, as shown particularly in FIG. 7.

A friction element 65 is provided in the channel side member 34 of the diifuser frame 32 adjacent the openings in the horizontal member 35 and in the vertical member 36. The element 65 has a back plate 66 attached at 70 to the diffuser frame channel member 35, and side walls 67 with side tabs 68 which engage pocket slots 47 in the channel vertical member 36. A spring tab 71 is struck out from the back plate 66 to resiliently support the latch member 3-7.

Extension tabs 69 extend below the slots 47 from the side tabs 68 which are somewhat loosely wrapped partly around the squared cross hinging arms 39. The back plate 66 of the friction element 65 presses upon the square end 39 of the bar 38 or alternatively on the flat face of said bar (near the cross arms 39) to frictionally hold said bar in either the correct vertical position to engage the strike 50, or in position at right angles thereto, corresponding to the hinged down position. The latch operating member 37 is provided (when required) with an offset bend 43 so that the latching cross pin 40 will engage the strike 5i) which is mounted in the side wall 23 of the ceiling fixture, entrance holes 59 for the latch operating bars being provided through the rim 30A.

The strike 50, shown particularly in FIG. 8, is shaped from sheet metal, there being a vertical body portion 53, a top horizontal mounting flange 54 which engages in a slot 27 in the side wall 23, a pair of sloping strike surfaces 55 each terminating at approximately half the vertical height of the body 53 in horizontal grooved detents 56, there being an opening 57 in said body between said detents 56 adapted to admit the latch operating bar 33. Above the detents 56, said opening 57 communicates with a wider opening 58 in the body portion 53, this being wide enough to allow free passage therethrough of the latching cross pin 40 when it is raised above the detents 56.

The spring member 51 for the strike 50 is generally shaped to fit over the strike, the legs 52 being arranged to press against the back faces of strike surfaces 55 and the detents 56. When the latching cross pin 40, carried by the bar 38 of the latching member 37 is pressed upwardly, the ends of the latching pin 40 are guided into the grooved detents by the strike surfaces 55. The diffuser frame 32 is then supported in proper place in the fixture opening by the four latches. (See FIG. 12.)

To release the latches, the diffuser frame is again pushed upwardly. This causes the latching pins 40 to be raised above the detents 56, and the bar 38 and the pins 40 pass through the opening 58, and release the difiuser frame 32.

In an alternative form of my invention, shown in FIGS. 2, 4, 10 and 13, the latches on one side only of the diffuser frame are arranged for releasing the frame as described above, while the latches on the opposed side are constructed so that these latches are not released by a further upward push, but instead hold the one side of the diffuser frame securely in latched position. In this form a long nose 61 on the latch bars 38A (see FIGS. 10 and 13) is used. The long nose 61 prevents the latch member 37A from being pushed upwardly far enough to release the latching cross pin 40 into the opening 58, and the cross pins 40 remain in the detents 56. The cross supporting arm 39 at the other end of the latch bar 37A then serves as a pivot engaging the underside of the top member 35 of the channel side piece 32 by which the diffuser frame may be hingedly supported to a full opening, as indicated in FIG. 4.

Instead of using a long nose 61 on the latch bars 38A in this alternative form of the invention, a spring catch 62 may be attached to the end of a short nose 42 on the latch operating bar 38, the spring being provided with a shoulder 63 which engages the edge of the entrance hole 59 in the horizontal n'm portion 30A of the trim member 30. This prevents the withdrawal of the latch operating bars on the fixture side to which the diffuser frame is hinged, unless the end 64 of the spring catch is pressed inwardly to release the catch, after which the latch operating bar with the spring catch may be completely withdrawn, thus releasing the frame.

I prefer to use a pair of latches on the two opposite long sides of a fluorescent light fixture, but obviously one or a greater number than two may be used on each side.

While I have illustrated the use of my touch latch device as applied to the problem of removably supporting a diffuser frame in a troffer fluorescent light fixture, the latch may be used in other similar applications of closures where a mere push latches the parts, and a second push unlatches the separable parts, for example, in hinged cupboard doors.

The advantages of my invention will be understood from the above description. The touch latch device applied to both sides of the diffuser frame and of the corresponding fixture frame provides means of readily attaching or detaching the frame without any tools, merely by pressing the latches upwardly to latch, and then again pressing upwardly to release. Where it is desired to hinge the frame on one side, the touch latches may be provided on one side of the frame, to be attached and detached as described, while the opposite side is attached merely by pressing the latches into the strikes as before, but because of the use of a long nose of the strike, or of a spring catch attached to a short nose, these may not be unlatched by a second upward thrust, but remain latched until intentionally released. Hinging is then provided by the hinged attachment of the other end of the strike bar to the diffuser frame.

The objectives stated at the beginning have been attained.

I claim:

1. In a touch latch for use in holding a closure member in juxtaposed relation to a framed opening in a body member, a latch member and a latch operating bar, said latch member comprising a strike plate mounted on the inside frame surface of said body member, said strike plate being bifurcated by a T-shaped slot forming legs which are laterally spring biased against said inside frame surface, each of said strike plate legs being provided with a flared end portion and having a cross groove detent inwardly of said flared portion, the cap portion of said T-shaped slot being disposed inwardly from said groove detents; and said latch operating bar having one end attached to the closure member, said bar having a latching cross pin disposed near the unattached end thereof, the end portions of said cross pin being adapted to enter said flared ends of said legs to engage said groove detents when said juxtaposed members are initially pressed together, said cross pin being of length not greater than said cap portion of said T-shaped slot whereby when said members are pressed together a second time, said pin is pushed out of said detents of said strike plate, and said bar and pin pass through said T-shaped slot, whereby the members become unlatched.

2. In a touch latch for use in holding a closure member in juxtaposed relation to a framed opening in a body member, a latch member and a latch operating bar, said latch member comprising a strike plate mounted on the inside frame surface of said body member, said strike plate being bifurcated by a T-slot forming legs which are laterally spring biased against said inside frame surface, each of said strike plate legs being provided with a flared end portion, and having a cross groove detent inwardly of said flared portion, the cap portion of said T-shaped slot being disposed inwardly from said groove detents; and said latch operating bar having one end hingedly attached to the closure member, said bar having a latching cross pin disposed near the unattached end thereof, the end portions of said cross pin being adapted to enter said flared ends of said legs to engage said groove detents when said juxtaposed members are initially pressed together, said cross pin being of length not greater than said cap portion of said T-shaped slot whereby when said members are pressed together a second time, said pin is pushed out of said detents of said strike plate, and said bar and pin pass through said T-shaped slot, whereby the members become unlatched.

3. In a touch latch for use in holding a closure member in juxtaposed relation to a framed opening in a body member, a latch member and a latch operating bar, said latch member comprising a strike plate mounted on the insideframe surface of said body member, said strike plate being bifurcated by a T-slot forming legs which are laterally spring biased against said inside frame surface, each of said strike plate legs being provided with a flared end portion, and having a cross groove detent inwardly of said flared portion, the cap portion of said T-shaped slot being disposed inwardly from said groove detents; and said latch operating bar having one end hingedly attached to the closure member, said bar having a latching cross pin disposed near the unattached end thereof, the end portions of said cross pin being adapted to enter said flared ends of said legs to engage said groove detents when said juxtaposed members are initially pressed together, said end portion of said latch operating bar extending beyond said cross pin for a distance greater than the distance between said detents and said T-slot, whereby when said members are pressed together 5 a second time said cross pin cannot pass through said T-slot.

4. The touch latch defined in claim 2, in which the portion of said latch operating bar extending beyond said cross pin is provided With a manually releasable safety spring catch which engages said body member, whereby the members become unlatched on the second push only when said spring catch is released by hand.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1183464 *Sep 10, 1915May 16, 1916Amasa M JohnsonSecret-door lock.
US2327552 *Dec 15, 1941Aug 24, 1943Daybrite Lighting IncFluorescent safety lighting fixture
US2844401 *Feb 4, 1955Jul 22, 1958Compco CorpLatch
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3053560 *May 2, 1961Sep 11, 1962Litecraft Mfg CorpPush release latch
US3069541 *Oct 6, 1960Dec 18, 1962Syivania Electric Products IncLighting fixture
US3070691 *Apr 14, 1961Dec 25, 1962Electrolier Mfg Company LtdRecessed light fixture with concealed hinge and latch
US3697743 *Feb 11, 1971Oct 10, 1972Westinghouse Electric CorpHinge and latch mechanism for fluorescent luminaire
US3700887 *Oct 6, 1971Oct 24, 1972Nu Lite Fluorescent Mfg Co IncLatch and hinge structure for diffuser of fluorescent light fixture
US4910650 *Aug 17, 1989Mar 20, 1990International Lighting Manufacturing Co.Drop down diffuser frame for a ceiling light fixture
US6808239 *Apr 18, 2000Oct 26, 2004Siemens AktiengesellschaftCasing
US20110199761 *Sep 4, 2009Aug 18, 2011Juergen SchulerLight fixture
WO2010051875A1 *Sep 4, 2009May 14, 2010Herbert Waldmann Gmbh & Co. KgLuminaire
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/91, 16/232, 220/813, 362/225
International ClassificationF21V17/00, F21V17/16
Cooperative ClassificationF21V17/164
European ClassificationF21V17/16B