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Publication numberUS2997802 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 29, 1961
Filing dateNov 26, 1958
Priority dateNov 26, 1958
Publication numberUS 2997802 A, US 2997802A, US-A-2997802, US2997802 A, US2997802A
InventorsRobbins Lewis C
Original AssigneeRobbins Lewis C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Chamber plugging device for firearms
US 2997802 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 29, 1961 c. ROBBINS CHAMBER PLUGGING DEVICE FOR FIREARMS Filed Nov. 26, 1958 INVENTOR Lewis [1. R nbhins.

United States Patent Ofifice CHAMBER PLUGGING DEVICE FOR FIREARMS Lewis C. Robbins, 2918 28th St. NW., Washington, D.'C. Filed Nov. 26, 1958, Ser. No. 776,480

2 Claims. (Cl. 42-1) The present invention relates to safety devices for firearms and is particularly directed to devices for small arms such as rifles.

It is widely known that a large number of persons are killed or injured each year because of gun accidents. This continuing condition has been the subject of a number of studies, such as the Uniform Hunters Casualty Report, a research project conducted under the auspices of the National Rifle Association of America.

In its wider aspects the safety problem respecting small arms involves consideration not only of the possibility of accidents in the field where guns are carried for purposes of hunting or target practice, but those that can occur at any place where guns are accessible, inclusive especially of certain hazards which are of a type that is so common as to have become known as unloaded gun accidents. In these cases the person discharging the weapon, often with tragic consequences, acts on the assumption that no cartridge is in the chamlber.

It is clear that educational programs are of great importance but at the same time are subject to limitations. Despite all that has been done to disseminate information, accidents continue to happen. This shortcoming is illustrated by the fact that many unloaded gun accidents are caused by children and others who are beyond the reach of instructional programs, and further, even persons who are well aware of the necessary precautions, too frequently are lax in observing simple safety rules.

One factor that contributes to the high frequency of gun accidents lies in the circumstance that the effort required to check the loading condition is just enough so as to cause the shooter to guess whether the gun is loaded rather than to determine this by opening the action. Further, precautions such as keeping the firing chamber open, are more often than not either inconvenient or impossible. With these considerations in mind applicant has turned his attention to a comparatively unexplored phase of the problem, namely the possibility of providing a visual means that will positively and at all times prove the condition of a gun with respect to loading.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a visual means that will direct attention of those responsible for, or involved in the handling or rifles, to the condition of the arm with respect to loading.

A further object of the invention is to provide means that will serve in a campaign for the protection of the public against the danger of loaded firearms, and that will enable the bystander to protect himself, since ithas been shown that the bystander is a casualty of hunting accidents several times as often as'the shooter.

A further object of the invention is to provide means I whereby the danger period of a firearm can be reduced thereby permitting the shooter to concentrate his safety measures and attention on that period when he is firing or is about to fire the am, rather than attempting to maintain alertness at all times. The unloaded period for the gun will vary with different conditions of use.

A further object of the invention is to provide means whereby a number of firearms can be readily and rapidly inspected as by a group supervisor in order to distinguish between those arms which are positively identifiable as unloaded and those which are in questionable condition.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a simple device inexpensive to produce and that will be Patented Aug. 29, 1961 individual gun owner, or

General description The safety device according to my invention comprises a device having a firing chamber plugging element and an exterior visible element. The firing chamber plugging element is of a length sufiicient to insure that when the device is in place there cannot be a cartridge in the chamber, and is of a thickness for at least part of its length slightly less than the diameter of the chamber. The visible element is firmly attached to the plugging element and is of such dimensions as to be readily visible on cursory inspection of the arm. Extending between the plugging element and the visible element there is an intermediate bridging portion or neck connecting the two elements in relatively fixed relationship.

The said elements are preferably formed from a material that is softer than the metal parts of the firearm whereby scarring or scratching of the firearm parts is avoided. I have found that aluminum is suitable, and it will be clear to those skilled in the art that other materials may be used. For the visible element in certain embodiments, I prefer to use a suitable plastic material. In general it is desirable to form the safety device from light weight materials.

The safety device according'to my invention may be formed wholly of a single suitable material, as will hereinafter be fully described and may advantageously consist entirely of metal.

Where the visible element comprises a plastic material this may be clear and transparent or in any desired color. Fluorescent or phosphorescent plastic material, or a color coating, may be provided. In any event whether of metal, plastic or other material, the visible element is preferably of such appearance as to be readily distinguishable. In size also the visibleelement is such as to serve as a flag or signal to indicate the loading condition of the firearm.

The device as a whole is of such conformation and proportions as to be readily applied, and with equal facility removed from the firearm. In general it. is preferable that the overall dimensions of the device do not substantially exceed the combined length of the chamber and breech opening. When properly designed the safety device will remain securely in place Without any further holding means regardless of the position in which the gun is held merely as a result of the locking fit of the essential elements to the chamber and adjacent portions of the arm. However, with certain types of firearms it is advantageous to provide the device with a releasable catch as will hereinafter appear.

The objects and advantages of the invention will be understood from the following specifications in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is a view in side elevation and partly in vertical section of an embodiment of a safety device according to my invention, same being shown in engagement on a rifle.

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of the embodiment of the safety device illustrated in FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is a view in side elevation and partly in vertical section of a second embodiment of a safety device according to my invention, same being shown in engagement on a rifle.

Referring in detail to the drawings, wherein like numerals designate like parts throughout the several views,

and .first to FIGURES 1, 2

3 and 3 thereof, the numeral 11 refers generally to a rifle barrel having a firing chamber 13 and a breech portion 17. The bolt 19 is shown in "drawn back position {exposing -the :breech opening 21;

A device in accordance with the present invention :and

.generally designated as 23 comprises an elongated Jplug element '25 and anexterior visible element 27. Plug el'e- I ment 25 is interconnected to the visible element 27 by 'neck 29, the latter consisting, in the illustrated example, of an integral extension of plug element 25 disposed at an angle of approximately ninety degrees to the axial direction of plug element25. The upper terminal end of the "interconnecting neck 29 which is rectangular incross section is received in an opening 31 wherein it closely *fits ;-and "is retained by' s'orew 33.

The visible element 27 which is shown as generally cubical in shape is provided with an arcuate recess 35 "the tact that the materials may be selected to provide a device of small weight, the embodiment illustrated in FIGURES l and 2 is-satis fa'ctory for most purposes.

However, if desired, means may be provided for positive engagement of the device with the rifle chamber as shown in FIGURE 3. In this embodiment the "safety device 23:: is provided with a catch 37 comprising a release lever 39 and :a-locking lever '41 integrally joined and rotatively movable on pivot 43. A spring "45 normally forces'the release lever 39 to the night and the locking lever downwardly. In this position the tip end 'of the 'locking'lever engages the rim -47 of the breech 17. When it is desired to remove the device, release lever is pressed forward thereby compressing spring '45,-and simultaneously forcing theentir'e deviceforward a 'slight distance and raising locking lever 41. In attaching the device to the rifle'the release lever 39 is depressed, the plug element'25a is inserted in the chamber, the device is settled in place and the lever '39 is released.

A small clearance space 50a is providedf 'between the neck or shank 2 9a and the rear end of the gun barrel. When it is desired to remove the device,- it is pushed forward manually thedistanceofthe clearance space 50a, which is sufli'cient to permit locking lever '41 "to clear the rim 47 and to move -upward, whereuponthedevice will be sufliciently disengaged to permit removal from-the gun breech. The-method of applying the device is "simply to insert the plug 25a, "and push the device "fully forward whereupon lever '41 automatically snap down in place; as illustrated.

In FIGURE '1 a similar srnall clearance space :50 is provided, and serves to facilitate attachment dfandremoval 'of the device, without operation of a-lock ing lever.

It will be understood that theforegoing-embodiments are by way of illustration .and not limitation. What I claim and desire to protect by grant of Letters Patent is as follows:

1. In combination with a firearm having a firing chamher and a breech opening, a safety device forv visually infiring chamber and outside saidvbreech opening when "said plugging element is inserted in said firing chamber, means interconnecting said ,phlgging element and said offset visible .element, said visible element being provided with a recess extending longitudinally in a direction :substantially parallel to the axisof said firing chamber plugging element, the length of said visible element :being greater than the length of the breech opening of said firearm, the width of said recess being greater than "the width-of the breech opening of said firearm, saidplugging element being spaced from the inner wall of said recess.

2. In combination with a firearm having 'a firing chamher and a breech opening, a safety device for visually indicating when said firearm is in disarrn-ed condition, said device consisting essentially of a'firing chamber plugging element insertalble in said fin'ngchamber, and a visible element offset with respect to said plugging element, 'said visible element being substantially wholly outside said firing chamber and outside said breech opening when said plugging element is inserted in said firing chamber, means interconnecting said plugging element and said'otfset visible element, said visible element being provided with a recess extending longitudinally in a direction :substantially parallel to the axis-of :said firing chamber lplu gging element, the length of said visible element :being greater than the length of the breech opening of said firearm, the width of said recess being greater than the width of the breech opening of said'firearm, :said plugging element being spaced from the inner wall of said r'ecess, said device being further provided with releasable catch means. References Cited in the tile ofthis patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 790,634 Hirsh May 23, 1905 1,028,032 Krag May 28, 1912 1,992,934 Bamberger Mar. 5,1935 2,327,334 Parker Aug. I7, 1943 2,403,452 Novak July 9, 1946 2,475,618 Johnson Ju1y 12, 1949 2,478,098 Hansen :Aug. .2, 1949 2,530,560 Young Nov. 21, 1950 2,794,363 Parfitt June 4, 19 57 $2,817,172 Lehman 'Dec.i24, 1957 2,887,807 Santangelo :-May 26, 1959 FOREIGN PATENTS 560,025 France a June 28, 1923 304,510 Great Britain -Jan. 24, @1929 Australia .,-Jan. 15, 1948

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4266356 *Feb 28, 1979May 12, 1981Jaervinen Uro TDevice for preventing unauthorized use of a firearm
US4528765 *Jan 23, 1984Jul 16, 1985J.F.S., Inc.Externally visible safety device for firearms
US4603498 *Oct 4, 1985Aug 5, 1986Johnson David AExternally visible safety device for grenade launcher
US4619062 *Oct 8, 1985Oct 28, 1986Johnson David ASafety device for firearms using removable magazines
US4802298 *Apr 8, 1988Feb 7, 1989Baugus Ronald GGun cylinder lock device
US4835894 *Jun 7, 1988Jun 6, 1989Jack LibassiSafety device for automatic firearms
US4896447 *Dec 30, 1988Jan 30, 1990Badoni Paul ASafety maintenance implement for firearms
US5231236 *Jan 7, 1992Jul 27, 1993Carlos Del RealSafety lock for firearms
US5311691 *Mar 26, 1993May 17, 1994Viper Products Company, Inc.Rifle safety indicator
US5331759 *Oct 16, 1991Jul 26, 1994Marceau Ian WEjection port lock for firearms
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US5680723 *Nov 21, 1996Oct 28, 1997Ruiz; MichaelGun locking mechanism
US6415541 *Oct 2, 1998Jul 9, 2002John N. RassiasSecurity and deployment assembly
US6591532 *May 13, 2002Jul 15, 2003Product Source LlcGun ejection port lock
US6785994 *Jun 17, 2003Sep 7, 2004Ned F. ChristiansenSpring-loaded firearm safety indicator
US7886472 *Feb 1, 2007Feb 15, 2011Jeffrey L. ChudwinFirearm safety device and method for using same
US7966759 *Feb 5, 2010Jun 28, 2011Krow Innovation, LlcMagazine firearm lock
US8544201Jan 6, 2011Oct 1, 2013Jeffrey L. ChudwinFirearm safety device and method for using same
US8857092 *Jun 27, 2012Oct 14, 2014Ned T. BitsackChamber safety device
US9080824Aug 23, 2013Jul 14, 2015Jeffrey L. ChudwinFirearm safety device and method of using same
US20030230020 *Jun 17, 2003Dec 18, 2003Christiansen Ned F.Spring-loaded firearm safety indicator
US20040055199 *May 30, 2003Mar 25, 2004Chudwin Jeffrey L.Firearm safety device and method for using same
US20080040964 *Feb 1, 2007Feb 21, 2008Chudwin Jeffrey LFirearm safety device and method for using same
US20100199540 *Feb 5, 2010Aug 12, 2010Bentley James KMagazine firearm lock
US20110126442 *Jan 6, 2011Jun 2, 2011Chudwin Jeffrey LFirearm safety device and method for using same
US20130008070 *Jun 27, 2012Jan 10, 2013Bitsack Ned TChamber safety device
WO1992010714A1 *Oct 16, 1991Jun 25, 1992Marceau Ian WEjection port lock for firearms
WO1996029560A2Mar 13, 1996Sep 26, 1996Mul-T-Lock Technologies Ltd.Lock for chambers and magazines of weapons
Classifications
U.S. Classification42/70.11, 42/70.1
International ClassificationF41A17/00, F41A17/44
Cooperative ClassificationF41A17/44
European ClassificationF41A17/44