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Publication numberUS2998008 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 29, 1961
Filing dateNov 25, 1959
Priority dateNov 25, 1959
Publication numberUS 2998008 A, US 2998008A, US-A-2998008, US2998008 A, US2998008A
InventorsArlene Klesa
Original AssigneeArlene Klesa
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Restraining device
US 2998008 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

All@ 29, 1961 A. KLEsA 2,998,008

RESTRAINING DEVICE Filed Nov. 25, 1959 IN VENTOR ARLENE K L E SA AGENT This invention relates to a restraining device and more particularly to a device for restraining the movement of the arms or legs of patients who because they are delirious or mentally ill might otherwise inflict injury upon themselves or others or interfere with a surgeon while he is performing an operation.

Most of the restraining devices heretofore in use have not proved entirely satisfactory. An objection often raised to many restraining devices currently employed is that they have a tendency to produce burns, abrasions, bruises, etc. on the wrists and `ankles of patients. Such injuries have been found particularly severe in the more serious mental cases and during the administration to mental patients of coma therapy as, for inst-ance, insulin coma treatment. Many other restraining devices commonly employed are heavy, cumbersome, expensive and consequently entirely too impractical for hospital use.

The prime object of the present invention is to provide a restraining device which largely reduces the likelihood of injury to the patients `arms or legs. Another object of this invention is to provide a device which is simple, durable, strong and inexpensive to manufacture which can be readily adjusted to -t the limbs of the patient and quickly secured to -give the desired restraint.

Another object is to provide a device that generally restrains the patient but permits a limited range of movement of the limbs, thus preventing injury to limbs, cramping o-f muscles and lessening the fear and mental tension that often arises in patients Where limbs are restrained from all movement.

A further object is to provide a device that can be easily disassembled when not in use so as to facilitate storage and can be laundered as often as desired.

My invention will be better understood by reference to the `accompanying drawings in Which:

FIGURE 1 is a plan View of the restraining device;

FIGURE 2 is a detailed longitudinal sectional view taken on line 2-2 of FIGURE l;

FIGURE 3 is :a detailed sectional View of a preferred modification of the device -as applied; and

FIGURE 4 is an exploded view of the main mponents of the restraining device.

Referring to the drawings the restraining device comprises a soft flexible cushioning member designated generally :as 1 of suicient length to pass around the limb of the wearer. This member may be made of any soft flexible material, for instance, cotton, foam rubber, or synthetic materials having similar soft, resilient characteristics. The thickness of the material can vary depending upon the protection desired and the characteristics of the particular material employed. Ordinarily, a thickness of yabout one-quarter of an inch is found suitable. If found desirable, member 1 can be a composite of a durable textile cover la and a soft, resilient liner 1b (see FIG. 3), the cover having an opening (not shown) on its bottom side, that is the side to be placed adjacent the limb, for introduction and removal of the so-ft flexible liner. 'The liner can be any soft, resilient material such as foam rubber, cotton, or other synthetic material having similar soft, resilient characteristics. The cushion 1 is provided on its top side with a strip of flexible material 4 such as a flexible fabric lattached along its longitudinal edges to the cushion, as for example, by stitching, so as to provide openings 5 and 6. 'Ille strip is also provided with atnt O 2,998,008 Patented Aug. 29, 1961 ICC an opening 7 approximately near its center. A exible band 8 preferably of fabric such as heavy canvas is provided with a series of slots '10; 12 and '14, 16 near its ends with an opening 18 approximately at its center. In use this band is positioned over fabric strip 4 so that the opening 7 of strip '4 coincides with opening 18 of fabric band 8. The fabric band 8` should be of sufficient length to extend over the openings 5 and r6 of strip 4, preferably of a length that just overlaps the longitudinal ends of cushion 1. A ring 19, prefereably of metal which will not 'bend or break, is positioned within the coincident openings 7 and 18. A belt 29, is inserted, respectively, through one of `the openings 10, 12, opening 5, ring 19, opening 6, and one of the openings 14, 16. The openings in the series of openings 10, 12 'and 14, 16 selected for belt 2l) should be those that best tit the size of the patients wrist or ankle. Another belt 22 is looped through ring 19.

The restraining `device las shown in FIGURE l is ready for application to the -wrist or ankle of -a patient. The device is placed on the limb and the belt 20 tightened to the desired pressure or size about fthe wrist or ankle as shown in FIGURE 3. The belt 22 of leather or other sturdy material may then be buckled on a nearby structure, as `for instance, on the posts, sides or bottom of the patients bed, chair, etc.

It is to be observed that the patients arms or legs are permitted a desirable amount of rotary movement by virtue of ring 19. This feature, together with those more obvious from the drawings and description, greatly lessens the chance of injury to the patients limbs and yet Sulliciently restrains the patient. Additional movement can be provided the patients limbs, if desirable, by increasing the length of the belt 22 Ifrom ring to point of attachment. It is also to be observed that when not in use, the device can be simply disassembled and conveniently stored in a minimum of space.

Although a particular embodiment of the invention h-as been shown for purposes of illustration, it is to be understood that various changes and modications may be made therein as will readily appear to a person skilled in the art.

I claim:

l. A restraining device comprising a Sofft flexible cushion, a strip of flexible material attached by its longitudinal edges to one side of said cushion, said strip having an opening at approximately the center thereof, a flexible band having a slot near each end and an opening approximately in the center thereof superimposed over said strip so that the central opening of said band coincides with the central opening of said strip, a metal ring inserted in the coincident openings, a belt inserted, respectively, through a slot near one end of said band, under the strip and through said ring and through a slot at the other end of said band.

2. The device of claim l wherein -a sorft flexible cushion is a piece of foam rubber with a fabric cover.

3. The device of claim '1 wherein the soi'lt flexible cushion is a composite of a textile cover and a soft resilient liner, said cover having an opening for the introduction and removal of the soft resilient liner.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 822,710 Askew June 5, 1906 2,361,108 Johnson Oct. 24, 1944 2,695,019 Welter Nov. 23, 1954 2,706,477 Daake Apr'. 19, 1955 2,726,714 McAndrews Dec. 13, .1955

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US822710 *Sep 20, 1905Jun 5, 1906John AskewBelt.
US2361108 *Jul 23, 1942Oct 24, 1944Johnson SamuelDog collar
US2695019 *Mar 30, 1953Nov 23, 1954Cleveland Welter GroverTruss
US2706477 *Mar 1, 1954Apr 19, 1955Daake George ARestraining sheet
US2726714 *Aug 13, 1953Dec 13, 1955Donald McandrewsInfant restraining means for automobile use
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3076679 *Jul 6, 1961Feb 5, 1963Mortimer LorberSeat belt retainer
US3226156 *Dec 18, 1964Dec 28, 1965Hamlin Guather LHat holders
US3241881 *Aug 29, 1962Mar 22, 1966Raymond C RiceSeat belt
US3286693 *May 4, 1964Nov 22, 1966Clarke Jr Albert EMethod of making and using an animal restraint
US3291528 *Oct 19, 1965Dec 13, 1966Sencabaugh Dwight MSeat belt straightener
US3297026 *Dec 15, 1964Jan 10, 1967Verona L Van PeltRestraining device
US3300247 *Mar 12, 1965Jan 24, 1967Marks William JProtective abdominal plate for use with vehicle safety belts
US3301594 *Mar 29, 1965Jan 31, 1967Vogt Mfg CorpSafety harness
US3397913 *Jan 25, 1967Aug 20, 1968Alexander Fein RolfDetachable decorative seat belt cover
US3536357 *Jun 27, 1968Oct 27, 1970LumexBody restraining device for coupling with chairs,beds and the like
US3939829 *Jul 9, 1974Feb 24, 1976Spann Donald CRestraining cuff
US4078560 *Aug 4, 1976Mar 14, 1978Arnold, White & DurkeePediatric arm restraint and method of using same
US4142522 *Sep 19, 1977Mar 6, 1979H & H Research, Inc.Pediatric arm restraint and method of using same
US4145074 *Jun 6, 1977Mar 20, 1979Hendricks Fred MAutomotive body harness
US4200057 *Jun 23, 1978Apr 29, 1980William H. Rorer, Inc.Shield for topically treated animals
US4476814 *Mar 11, 1983Oct 16, 1984Miller Marie ZAnimal pet medical collar
US4628925 *Feb 24, 1986Dec 16, 1986Heelbo, Inc.Quick-release limb holder apparatus
US4815731 *Oct 23, 1987Mar 28, 1989Fitness Quest, Inc.Exercise device
US4982744 *Oct 14, 1988Jan 8, 1991George StanecHand and arm board for use in intravenous administration and other monitoring tests
US5195539 *Mar 23, 1992Mar 23, 1993Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyEarplug compression device
US5307764 *Apr 22, 1993May 3, 1994Moy Kelly AProtective pet collar
US5322493 *Feb 9, 1993Jun 21, 1994Venner Frederic S FLeg muscle conditioning device
US5359964 *Feb 10, 1994Nov 1, 1994Sporn Joseph SLeash-controllable dog harness
US5360019 *Dec 16, 1992Nov 1, 1994Witzel Steven MAdjustable limb holder apparatus
US5469814 *Jul 8, 1994Nov 28, 1995Moy; Deirdre L.Small animal recovery collar
US5485810 *Apr 4, 1994Jan 23, 1996Sporn; Joseph S.Leash-controllable dog harness having protective sleeves
US5682840 *Oct 17, 1995Nov 4, 1997Mcfarland; Martin A.Leash reactive small animal restraint devices
US5787842 *Aug 13, 1997Aug 4, 1998Shmoldas; John D.Restrictive pet collar
US6000249 *Jun 24, 1998Dec 14, 1999Wilber; Daniel G.Prisoner restraint device and method therefor
US6085694 *Feb 9, 1999Jul 11, 2000Four Paws Products, Ltd.Single strap strain reducing dog harness
US6453850Dec 18, 1998Sep 24, 2002David A. StampeElectrical apparatus for discouraging animals from licking
US8042494Aug 29, 2007Oct 25, 2011Linda MarkfieldPet protective collar
US8061307Jan 22, 2009Nov 22, 2011Mark AndersonLick deterrent tubing
US8251940 *Jun 4, 2004Aug 28, 2012Harris Jr CharlesVibration dampening device and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/878, 119/856, 128/892, 297/466, 128/882
International ClassificationA61F5/37
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/3761
European ClassificationA61F5/37E