US 2998011 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug- 29, 1961 A. L. RUBIN FOUNDATION GARMENT Filed June 16. 1959 INVENTOR. ARTHUR RUBI N Ww ATTOR EY United States Patent 2O 2,998,011 FOUNDATION GARMENT Arthur L. Rubin, Brookline, Mass. (365 NE. '171st Terrace, North Miami Beach 62, Fla.) Filed June 16, 1959, Ser. No. 820,692 7 Claims. (Cl. :12S-S28) This invention relates generally to foundation garments and is concerned more particularly with the class of garments commonly including panty -girdles, corselettes, and like articles.
Although there are innumerable girdle designs presently available, considerable consumer `criticism still exists with respect to the problems imposed during normal wear. Thus, while modern materials have improved these garments in terms of lightness, comfort and control, the basic problem of personal convenience to the wearer of the garment has not heretofore been satisfactorily resolved. Even the advent of the slide fastener many decades ago, while significantly improving some aspects of convenience did not solve the underlying defect.
In girdles and corsets of the non-panty type, that is, the type having entirely open lower portions, rear and front aps which may be attached and detached by a variety of fastening means are clearly well known. In the panty girdle or corselette the detachable crotch has also been available for some time. But despite the continued need, there has been no satisfactory solution to the problem of conveniently permitting the wearer of a panty girdle to be free of the lower confining leg portions thereof without the time consuming and often annoying need to pull down or remove the garment entirely. Moreover, each time a foundation garment is taken off and put on, the controlling, elastic qualities of the garment are placed under considerable stress and, eventually, the garment loses both its shape and its ability to shape the wearers body.
It is an object of my invention accordingly, to provide a panty girdle having ready means for removing a large area of the lower leg enclosing portion thereof without requiring the whole garment to be lowered or removed.
Another object of the invention is to provide -a foundation article with a semi-detachable portion having the structural integrity and shaping effectiveness of conven tional girdles which must be removed in their entirety or otherise lowered.
A further object of the invention is to provide, in a garment hawng a partially removable lower section, a detaching arrangement which is both certain and safe but which does not measurably inconvenience the wearer in detaching and reattaching.
A further object of the invention is to provide the aforesaid objects in a foundation garment having all the criteria of comfort, lightness, washability and durability desired in the more conventionally designed article.
In the accomplishment of these and other objects' of the invention I provide for a panty girdle, corselette, or like foundation article divided into two sections, an upper, body enclosing section; and a lower, leg enclosing section. The two sections are detachably connected by a fastening means preferably of the guided, continuous type such as a slide fastener. This fastener begins near the outer side of one leg and describes an upward arc over the back of the garment, then downward to a corresponding point on the outer side of the other leg off the garment.
A feature of this invention is that one end of the fastener opens one leg portion of the garment, permitting the closed end of the fastener being at the other leg.
Another feature of the invention is that the closed end of the fastener does not allow the upper and lower sectionsl to be separated completely.
A further feature of the invention is that the arc described by the fastener over the back of the garment is located so as to assure the comfort of the wearer and a smooth unbroken line beneath close fitting outer garments. i k
` Still another feature of the invention is that the fastening means may be chosen and located, with regard to its function, as a structurally significant molding and shaping element. That is, a fastener of the metallic slide type has considerable tensile resistance in all directions; while extruded plastic slide fasteners or the tufted (Velcro) fasteners have some give along their length.
A still lfurther feature of the fastening arrangement described is its use in permitting easier putting on of the garment.
An additional feature of the fastening arrangement is that when closed there is substantially no interference with the normal fabric panel functions, namely, the stretch and non-stretch of the other parts of the garment. Moreover, the terminal closing point of the fastener is readily accessible to the wearer making opening a simple operation.
Another feature of the invention is that closing the fastener can be performed without observation of the fastener or attention thereto.
A further feature of the invention is the continuation of all vertical fabric panels on opposite sides of the fastener.
Still another feature of the invention is that a detachable crotch or crotch liner may be used if desired without in any way lessening the advantages already enumerated.
Thes'e and other features of the invention will become more apparent as the description proceeds with the aid of the accompanying drawing in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a foundation garment from a back quarter showing a slide fastener connectibly attaching an upper body section and lower leg section of said garment.
FIG. 2 is a side view of Ia detail of the invention showing the closed end of the otherwise opened fastener on one leg at the outer side thereof.
FIG. 3 is a view of the back of the garment with the leg section unfast'ened from the body section and swung partially forward.
FIG. 4 is a view of the closed gar-ment from a back quarter showing the disposition of the various parts of the Igarment: when the wearer is sitting.
Basically a foundation garment 10 embodying the present invention will consist of an upper, body enclosing section 12 and a lower leg and buttock enclosing section 14. Together, the two sections 12 and 14 form a kind of foundation garment commonly termed a panty girdle. The distinguishing feature of this girdle '10 is the inclusion of a fastener arrangement 16 which detachably connects the two sections 12 and 14.
The back View of the girdle 10 shown in FIGS. l, 2, and 3 shows generally the placement of the fastener 16. The fastener 16 has its origin `18 near an outer side 20 of one leg 22 of garment 10. It should be noted `that the fastener 16 doesv not separate the garment leg 22 but rather starts somewhat above the sewn lower margin 24 of the leg Z2.
The fastener 16 describes a substantially arcuate course from its origin 18 upwardly across the back of the garment and then downwardly to a terminal point 28 at the outer side 30 of the other leg 32. Here, it should be noted, the fastener end 28 goes right through the lower margin 34of the garment leg 32. 'Ihe are of the .fastener element 16' in illustrated embodiment curves Vsomewhat above the widest dimensionanticipated when garment is inruse, that is toward the area corresponding to the small of` theback of the wearer andv above the area corresponding to the widest part of the hips. This location assures that the fastener 16 will not result in raised, protruding lines under tight fitting o uter garments. But placing the arc just Vbelow the widest part will achieve the same advantage.
Whilethe fastener 1-6 shown in the drawing is of the metallic slide variety, or zipper, the invention may em. ploy various other types of fasteners such as the pres-4 sure lock type (known as Velcro) or the extruded, continuous plastic type. Moreover, the structural effect of a particularfastener 16, that is, its transverse andr axial tensile resistance or givef can be chosen to `cause either additional conforming and shaping, or to be passive in these respects. y
To diseng'ageY the lower section 14, the slide element 36 of the fastener is moved from the terminal end 28 of the fastener element 16 at the margin 34 of garment leg 32 along the arc of the element to the origin 1-8 thereof. Now the lower section 14 is attached at only one junction point 38 tothe upper sectionl 12. This point 38 is reinforced to be nonfseparable and to permit positive refastening with only a simple pull on the slide 36;
When detached, the lower section 14 is simply -grasped at its free end 40 and pulled forward between the wearers legs thus clearing the lower torso.
A protective inner band, such as a cushion, pad or lining 42 is provided under the fastener 16 to protect the wearer of the garment 10 from possible pinching when the fastener is bein-g closed. This is important because most of the track of the fastener 16 is not visible to the wearer when the garment 10 is in place.
Any desired typeV and number of lgarter attachments 44 may be 'used'herewith Also the type. and placement of the fabric panel members is a question of design choice for a particular garment and it can be seen from the figures thatthe panels there shown continue vertically on each side of the fastener 16.
YVariations of thispreferred embodiment will now undoubtedly be suggested to those familiar with this art. For example, if the legs 22 andA 32 were longer it might well be convenient to close both ends 18 and 28 of the slide fastener 16 rather ,than only one end 28. Also, while the drawing illustrates a panty girdle, it is clear that this invention may be used with equal advantageA on other foundation garments, such as corselettes and corsets. Still other changes may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention. Therefore, lit is` my intention to limit the invention only so far as claimed.
l. In a foundation garmenthavin-g a front, a back and separateleg openings, fastening means detachably connecting a rear lower leg enclosing section to an upper body section, said fastening means taking a substantially arcuate conguration beginning from the outer side of a first leg of said garment toward the back thereof, curving upwardly and then Vdownwardly along said back and Yterminating in a xed end on the outer side of the other leg of said garment, said fastening means fully openingV thev said rst leg while leaving the secondV leg opening uninterrupted, whereby said unfastened Alower section may be swung about said iixed end forwardly to expose a portion ofY the torso of the wearer thereof;
2. A foundation garment having a back, front and leg openings, said garment being divided along a pre# determined line in the back thereof into two detachable parts but permanently connected at a selected point on an outer side of one leg thereof above and away from the opening for said leg, said upper part having a concave margin at the division line, said lower part having a convex margin at the said division line corresponding to said concave margin, fastening means at the said margins of a substantially continuous type,fsaid fastening means terminating at the said point and opening rst at the. outer side of another leg.` Y
3. A foundation garment having a generally body enclosing configuration with a front and back, means within said garment creating two separate leg openings, each of said openings having an outer side, said garment bein-g divided into an upper and lower section on a plane cutting said body enclosing shape diagonally on a division line between the outer side of each. said leg opening and a point approximately half way up the back of said garment,k said upper and lower sections being detachably connected along said division line by fastening means, said fastening means permanently connecting saidupper and lower sections at one of said outer sides of said leg openings, the other of said outer sides being detachable when said fastening means is opened.
4. A foundation 'garment having a generally body enclosing conguration with a front and back,- means within said garment creating two separate legY openings, each of said openings having an outer side, said garment being, divided into an upper and lower section on a plane cut-v ting said body enclosing shape diagonally on a division line between the outer side o-f each of said leg openings and a point approximately half way up the back of said garment, said upper and lower sections being detachably connected along said `division lille by fastening means,l said fastening means permanently connecting said upper and lower sections at the outer side of oneV of said legopenings, whereby said lower section may be swung clearV of the vwearers lower torso when said' fastener is opened, the terminal and origin of said fastener which permanently connects said upper and lower sections at one of the outer sides serving as hinges for said lower section.
5. A bifurcated foundation garment having a body enclosing configuration with a front and back formed ,integral with each other to provide opposite side torso-enclosing portions, said garment having separate legs each provided with a leg opening and said body being divided along a predetermined line into a body-enclosing` section and a lower leg and buttook enclosing section,A said dividing line commencing at the bottom edge. of Vone of said legs andl extending upward and then downward across said back to a point immediately adjcent to but short of the bottom edge of the other leg, and releasable fastening means connecting saidsections along said dividing line. Y
6. A foundation lgarment as defined by claim 5 wherein said fastening means is a slide fastener, and furtherV including an innerband along the margin of one of said sections for protecting the wearer of the garment fromA possible pinching by the fastener when the fastener isV being closed.
7. A foundation garment having a body-enclosing conliiguration with a front and back, means within the garment for creating twoY separateY legs each provided witha4 leg opening, each of said legs having an outer side, said garment being divided Vinto an. upper and a. lower section on a plane cutting said body-enclosing section along a curved division line extending between the outer side of' each leg opening and arcuately curving from one leg opening to the other, with its highest point of curvature approximately half' wayY up the back of the garment, fasteningimeans in the form of a slide fastener for detachably connecting the upper and lower sections 5 along said division line, the slide fastener having a closed References Cited in the le of this patent end terminating short of one of the leg openings, the other end of the slide fastener extending completely UNITED STATES PATENTS through the second Vlef; Opening and permitting the les in 2,293,627 Polesie Aug. 1s, y1942 which said second leg opening is lprovided to be opened, 5 2 454 963 Combs Nov 30 1948 the slide fastener including an operating slider for open- 218961633 McKee July' 28 1959 ing the sections of the fastener by movement of the slider toward the closed end of the fastener.